Greetings, and welcome back to Journeys! My latest sharing with you is an in-depth look at 1200 years of Uranus in Gemini, looking for the patterns and themes within and how they play themselves out in the lives of its children. If you enjoy this article please consider contributing to the well-being of this blog via Patreon.
“We were born before the wind
Also younger than the sun
Ere the bonnie boat was won as we sailed into the mystic
Hark, now hear the sailors cry
Smell the sea and feel the sky
Let your soul and spirit fly into the mystic.”
‘Into the Mystic’, Van Morrison
To begin with, I would like to remind you all that Uranus takes about 84 years to orbit the Sun (I call this a macro cycle) and so pass through all 12 zodiac signs (an average of 7 years per sign, which I call a micro cycle), therefore there will be an 84 year gap between iterations of Uranus in Gemini which means there will be one or sometimes two periods of it per century. I have previously written a long rambling post about the essential meaning of Uranus, an article on Uranus in Scorpio and an article on collective astrology which covers the influence of Uranus through the signs. There is also an article on the nature of the sign Gemini. Each of these articles can help to place what I write below into context. The passage I am about to quote is taken from my article on collective astrology, reprinted here for ease of reference:
“The Uranus cycles are the ones we have to truly expand our minds to grasp. They are currently cycles connected with the integration of technology and human awareness since they resonate with the pace of innovation within the prevailing paradigm (which is scientific in our case), and given that the macro cycle is positioned towards the upper limit of our life span it also has resonance with the potential totality of conscious awareness that is present in human beings. In other words, it expresses the point at which the elastic nature of human awareness reaches its natural limits and begins to snap unless it radically adapts. It is difficult to remember everything (anything?) or even to care about the latest new thing when so much has already happened. By the time we are in our 80s the world has changed so radically from when we came in that it is almost unrecognisable, and we are struggling to keep up. Think on that – think of the struggle someone in their 80s has coming to terms with the fact that when they were born almost nobody had TV except the very rich, then they look up and contrast with today. Now, people have their own channels – and we just took one example. Its a total mindbomb nobody back then could have seen coming, and thats what awaits us all at the end of this cycle. Think on where you came into the world, now picture that accelerated far beyond your imagination. This is the spirit of the macro cycle. It is also part of the Great Work that is woven into reality by the Greaters.
This fact – that nobody can project crazily enough into the future to foresee the end of this macro cycle once it begins – is one of the greatest dangers facing us in our use of technology and scientific innovation. Our embrace of technology as an avatar of change and a bringer of solutions to our dilemmas is loaded with unforeseen consequences that we will only see play out fully if we reach a ripe old age, and this is what we need to realise – that only these people have this wisdom, and thus their alienation is part of our doom because we do not learn what they have learned, and just repeat the same mistakes on an elevated scale. Thus, the Uranus macro cycle is very much about how we treat our elders – will they be able to transmit what they have learned from their turn with (for example) Uranus in Scorpio to the newly born children of Uranus in Scorpio, or will that voice be lost because they are no longer seen as having a functional role in society?
This connection to the elderly is because the Uranus macro cycle is in a 3:1 resonance with the Saturn cycle – one orbit of Uranus around the Sun is equal to 3 orbits of Saturn. The third Saturn return and the Uranus return combine to bring to us an awareness of life coming to an end but also of having come back to the beginning. Therefore, the macro cycles of Saturn and Uranus intertwine about human awareness as it interacts with time and form the core or basis of collective or generational astrology. We might (as I propose) have to add Chiron to that heart of the matter, only time will tell.
The Uranus micro cycle is one quarter of the Saturn macro cycle, placing Uranus in resonance with Saturn on both scales. As mentioned previously, the 7 year scale of the micro cycle is resonant with generations we encounter in our schooling when we are young, and exactly when in the 7 year period we are born has a lot to do with the quality of social environment we encounter in school years. If we are born in the middle of the period, with Uranus in the middle of the sign, everyone we go to school with will be of the same collective mind and will easily form bonds (which can have an effect on sports teams, for example). If however we are born at the end or beginning of the period (with Uranus at the beginning or end of a sign) there will be more clashes in the early social environment, perhaps more ‘us and them’ cliquishness, with some groups being potentially very tiny and thus alienated, particularly when you add classroom division into the equation. However, this is a healthier environment in terms of variety and the kind of creativity that arises from chaos rather than co-operation. Its a matter of perspective, but also of recognising the different generations and finding ways to cater to both at the same time – then the magic is often remarkable and outstrips that of those with a more vanilla flavoured upbringing.
The micro cycle delineates a ‘techno-cult’ of some kind that forms around new technology and the first children to be exposed to it. Something new is introduced which has rapid and irreversible consequences for society, and what that is will be resonant with the sign that Uranus is in. It is important to understand what a technology is in the eyes of this planet, however – it is not necessarily a gadget or an invention, it can also be an ideal that drives societies, a ‘new wave’ of any kind or a major shock or collapse that forces movement in new directions, often on multiple trajectories. It leads to a new kind of meaning to things entering play. I have a theory that gatherings of the tribe bring about a rapid acceleration of change – that if you want to make a big, quick change, you get everyone with Uranus in a certain sign to be your ally. Rallies and demonstrations that are organised with a mind to emphasising the breakthrough potential of this planet may have a greater chance of forcing change, but that change may well be out of their control. This is why I have not spent much time writing about it. I feel we should work with Jupiter, Saturn and Chiron first. These also represent easier cycles to wield in intentional directions.”
Below I present you with 1200 years of occurrences of Uranus in Gemini, followed by an extensive collection of happenings within these periods that resonate with the astrological meaning or which I have identified as recurring patterns in the history even if they do not match the astrological meaning at first glance. Long and detailed though it is, I do not present this as an authoritative or conclusive document but merely as a starting point for people wishing to do their own research into this pattern and its historical significance. I will try to identify what I perceive as the main themes in this history after the presentation of the information and will then discuss the implications of these themes for the children of Uranus in Gemini along with their interaction with other Uranian clans.
Uranus in Gemini (1000 – 2100)
- 25th June 1020 – 27th April 1028 (excluding November 10th 1020 – 14th April 1021 and 12th July 1027 – 1st January 1028)
- 7th June 1104 – 30th March 1112 (excluding 4th December 1104 – 25th March 1105 and 25th June 1111 – 31st January 1112)
- 21st May 1188 – 9th June 1195 (excluding 3rd January 1189 – 25th February 1189 and 10th September 1194 – 18th October 1194)
- 28th July 1271 – 24th May 1279 (excluding 30th September 1271 – 5th May 1272 and 8th August 1278 – 21st November 1278)
- 1st July 1355 – 6th May 1363 (excluding 30th October 1355 – 18th April 1356 and 19th July 1362 – 15th December 1362)
- 10th June 1439 – 14th April 1447 (excluding 24th November 1439 – 29th March 1440 and 30th June 1446 – 11th January 1447)
- 23rd May 1523 – 13th June 1530 (excluding 23rd December 1523 – 3rd march 1524)
- 9th August 1606 – 5th June 1614 (excluding 2nd October 1606 – 15th May 1607 and 23rd August 1613 – 20th November 1613)
- 10th July 1690 – 18th May 1698 (excluding 4th November 1690 – 28th April 1691 and 31st July 1697 – 16th December 1697)
- 19th June 1774 – 28th April 1782 (excluding 2nd December 1774 – 8th April 1775 and 13th July 1781 – 12th January 1782)
- 2nd June 1858 – 27th March 1866 (excluding 1st January 1859 – 14th March 1859 and 27th June 1865 – 17th February 1866)
7th August 1941 – 10th June 1949 (excluding 5th October 1941 – 15th May 1942 and 30th August 1948 – 12th November 1948)
- 7th July 2025 – 22nd May 2033 (excluding 8th November 2025 – 26th April 2026 and 22nd May 2033 – 12th December 2032)
It is notable that the only living people with Uranus in Gemini alive today are advanced in their years having been born in the 1940s. This also means that the discussion of Uranus in Gemini which takes place in this article is relevant for anyone wishing to understand the near future, specifically the latter half of the 2020s and the beginning of the 2030s, since this will be the next period that Uranus is in Gemini. In that time we’re going to see a major acceleration and development of the themes of this pattern. It is also notable that Uranus in Gemini is a major factor in the astrology of Donald Trump and that it goes a long way to explaining a great deal of his more erratic behaviour.
Here are some of the significant events from these periods, with more information presented in later years mostly due to the density of the historical record as time advances:
25th June 1020 – 27th April 1028: Canute the Great codifies the laws of England; a Khitan princess is sent to marry into the Goryeo royal family, securing ties between the Koreans and the Liao Dynasty; the world’s first paper-printed money originates in the Sichuan province of China; publication of ‘The Book of Healing’, a comprehensive scientific and philosophical encyclopedia by Avicenna; Song Dynasty Chinese capital city of Kaifeng has some half a million residents by this time (including all those present in the nine designated suburbs the population is over a million people); lethal disputes over trading rights in South-east Asia; civil war begins in Japan; Chinese engineer Yan Su reinvents the 3rd-century south-pointing chariot, a mechanical-driven compass vehicle.
7th June 1104 – 30th March 1112: Eyeglasses and movable printing press become available in China; Zhu Yu’s begins writing his book ‘Pingzhou Table Talks’ which will provide the first description of a magnetic compass (a magnetised needle floating in a bowl of water); the Almoravid emir sends a maritime expedition to Palestine from Sevilla to ward off the Crusaders and maybe to reconquer Jerusalem but the fleet of more or less seventy ships rush into a storm in the Mediterranean and is never seen again; Great Comet of 1106 is observed worldwide as it fragments into countless pieces; Emperor Toba succeeds to the throne of Japan aged 4; the Taira and Minamoto clans join forces to rule Japan; the count of Barcelona obtains the county of Provence due to his marriage with the heiress; Inge the Younger becomes joint king of Sweden with his brother Philip; Chinese money is printed in 3 colours to stymie counterfeiting; Emperor of China, Emperor Huizong of Song, writes his ‘Treatise on Tea’; The Donglin Academy (an educational institution) is established in Song dynasty China; Investiture Controversy in England is resolved (it is the most significant conflict between Church and state of medieval Europe); the first European king supports the Crusaders; city of Florence starts expanding its control over the surrounding countryside; the transition of the Irish church from a monastic to a diocesan structure.
21st May 1188 – 9th June 1195: Cortes of León convenes with representatives of the nobility, clergy and towns (considered as the first parliament in Europe); the Third Crusade and the siege of Acre; Richard the Lionheart is crowned as King of England and immediately begins selling castles, lordships, privileges, and towns to fund his long-anticipated crusade against Saladin; Death of Saladin; King Richard returns to England after being ransomed on the way back and besieges Nottingham Castle to reclaim it from his brother John; the second coronation of Richard I at Winchester; ‘On the Harmony of Religions and Philosophy’ by Averroes is first published; ‘Speculum Virginum’, a German manuscript on female monastic life is published; first known foreign scholar commences study at what will become the University of Oxford in England; port of Portsmouth in England is granted a Royal Charter; Yellow River of China experiences a major course change; famine in Northern France due to catastrophic rains and hail storms; the first reference to a windmill in Europe; the monks of Glastonbury Abbey dig up the remains of a large knight and a blonde woman and announce they have discovered the tomb of King Arthur and Queen Guinevere; Venus occults Jupiter; Minamoto no Yoritomo is granted the title of shogun thereby officially establishing the first shogunate in the history of Japan; a general sacks and burns the ancient college-city of Nalanda, India’s greatest Buddhist seat of learning, and the university of Vikramashila.
28th July 1271 – 24th May 1279: Marco Polo makes his famous journey to Kublai Khan’s China; Kublai Khan renames his empire “Yuan”, officially marking the start of the Yuan Dynasty of China; Nichiren was nearly beheaded (a turning point in Nichiren Buddhism); land mine invented in Song Dynasty China; torpedo invented in Mamluk Sultanate (Egypt); eyeglasses re-invented in Europe; recording of the Alfonsine tables is completed showing data relevant to the positions of the Lights and planets relative to the fixed stars; the largest battle of knights in the Middle Ages (Battle on the Marchfeld with over 80,000 men trying to slaughter one another to decide the fate of central Europe); Thomas Aquinas quits his writing of ‘Summa Theologica’ leaving it unfinished after having a mystical experience during Mass; edict by Pope Nicholas III requires all Jews to attend conversion sermons; the earliest known written copy of the Avesta, a collection of ancient sacred Persian Zoroastrian texts previously passed down orally, is produced; Kitab al-Hawi (major Arabic work on medicine) translated into Latin; Condemnation of 1270 wherein 219 philosophical and theological doctrines are prohibited from discussion in the University of Paris by a bishops decree; first use of firearms in battle as the Song dynasty surrender to the Yuan; Kublai Khan’s Yuan Dynasty attempts the first of several invasions of Japan but they are repulsed on the main island by amassed Japanese warriors and a strong storm which batters their forces and fleet (credit for the storm — called a kamikaze, or divine wind — is given by the Japanese to the god Raiden); the verge escapement, a simple type of escapement used in clocks, is invented; Ramon Llull discovers diethyl ether; Merton College, Oxford, is first recorded as having a collection of books, making its library the world’s oldest in continuous daily use; Giles of Lessines writes his De usuris wherein he estimates that some credit contracts need not to be usurious as “future things are not estimated to be of such value as those collected in the instant”.
1st July 1355 – 6th May 1363: A civil war in Sweden between father and son ends with the sons death; the majority of the Great Pyramid of Giza’s limestone casing stones are removed to build fortresses and mosques in the nearby city of Cairo, leaving the step-stone condition in which it remains today; Burnt Candlemas (Edward III of England burns down every town and village in Lothian, Scotland); King David II of Scotland is released by the English in return for a ransom; the Hanseatic League, a trading alliance between many cities in northern Europe, is officially founded; influenza is first identified as a disease; first public exhibition of the Shroud of Turin is recorded; the “Grote Mandrenke” storm tide strikes the Netherlands, England, Germany and Denmark, destroying ports and breaking the island of Buise into two.
10th June 1439 – 14th April 1447: Johannes Gutenberg develops printing press; Eton College is founded; King’s College, Cambridge, is founded; Zhu Quan writes the Cha Pu (“Tea manual”) in China; the Maya civilization splits into warring city-states after a revolt in the capital; first voyage where a caravel is used for maritime exploration; the first black African slaves are brought to Europe; first European slave market for the sale of African slaves opens; the Portuguese set up their first trading post in Africa; Hangul established as the native alphabet of the Korean language; Cosimo de’ Medici founds the Laurentian Library in Florence; the Iguvine Tablets are discovered (seven bronze tablets from ancient Iguvium (modern Gubbio), Italy, containing religious inscriptions that memorialize the acts and rites of a group of 12 priests of Jupiter); the Blarney Stone is set into a tower of Blarney Castle; Spanish Inquisition is revived.
23rd May 1523 – 13th June 1530: Verrazzano’s expedition makes the first European entry into New York Bay and sights the island of Manhattan; Spanish ship Santiago becomes the first to navigate from Europe to the west coast of North America; wandering as an itinerant physician, Paracelsus visits Nuremberg, Salzburg and Strasbourg and is appointed town physician of Basel; Paracelsus burns medical texts of Avicenna (see 1020-1028); the last Aztec Emperor is killed by Hernán Cortés; European-brought diseases sweep through the Andes, killing countless, including the Inca; Bubonic plague spreads in France and England; the New Testament is translated into English by William Tyndale; first complete printed translation of the New Testament of the Bible into the English language arrives in England from Germany (copies are burned by Church leaders); Niccolò Machiavelli dies; Jakarta is founded; Guatemala City is founded; Baldassare Castiglione publishes ‘The Book of the Courtier’; Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa publishes “Declamation on the Nobility and Preeminence of the Female Sex”, a book pronouncing the theological and moral superiority of women; Cardinal Wolsey falls from power in England.
9th August 1606 – 5th June 1614: Telescope, thermostat and microscope invented; Galileo Galilei first observes the four moons of Jupiter and is the first astronomer to observe the planet Neptune when in conjunction with Jupiter, yet he mistakenly catalogues it as a fixed star because of its extremely slow motion (this is disputed and some say he noted its movement relative to fixed stars, thereby suspecting it to be planetary); The Orion Nebula is discovered; sunspots are first observed; possibly first performance of William Shakespeare’s tragedy Macbeth and The Tempest in London; Hamlet is performed aboard the East India Company ship Red Dragon, anchored off the coast of Sierra Leone, the first known performance of a Shakespeare play outside England in English, and the first by amateurs; fire destroys London’s famed Globe Theatre; cryptographic text Steganographia is published in Frankfurt; the Authorized King James Version of the Bible is published for the first time in London; Thomas Shelton’s English translation of the first half of Don Quixote is published (it is the first translation of the Spanish novel into any language); Jamestown, Virginia, is established as the first permanent English settlement in North America (the modern-day United States), beginning the American frontier; a hurricane at sea separates 600 settlers en route to relieve the Jamestown settlement – one ship sinks, and one is driven ashore at Bermuda, thus effectively first settling the colony; Warsaw becomes the capital of Poland; Kuwait is founded; Captain John Smith of the Jamestown Colony is captured and then sent to Chief Powhatan for execution before Pocahontas rescues him; Quebec City is founded; Henry Hudson sails the Hudson River and enters the Bay thinking he has reached the Pacific; Henry Hudson, his teenage son John, and six crewmen are set adrift after a mutiny and are never seen again; the Dutch East India Company imports tea to Europe from Japan; Johannes Kepler publishes his first two laws of planetary motion; workers in a sandpit in the Dauphiné discover the skeleton of what is alleged to be a 30-foot tall man, the remains, it is supposed, of the giant Teutobochus, a legendary Gallic king who fought the Romans (these are later explained to be the bones of a prehistoric elephant)
10th July 1690 – 18th May 1698: Fort and trading settlement of Sutanuti – which later becomes Calcutta – is founded; Michel Rolle invents Rolle’s theorem, an essential theorem of mathematics; breakthrough of Newtons description of the fundamental force of universal gravitation and the three physical laws of motion; earliest recorded sighting of the planet Uranus by John Flamsteed, who mistakenly catalogues it as a star of Taurus; differential rotation within Jupiter’s atmosphere observed; Treaty of Limerick, ending the Williamite War in Ireland and guaranteeing civil rights to Roman Catholics, is signed (it was broken “before the ink was dry”); Salem witch trials; the last person in Britain to be executed for blasphemy; Qing dynasty issues the Edict of Toleration recognizing all the Roman Catholic Church and legalizing missions and their conversion of Chinese people; during a famine in Mexico City an angry mob torches the Viceroy’s palace and ignites the archives; 13th century royal “Three Crowns” castle in Stockholm burns to the ground and a large portion of the royal library is destroyed; John Locke publishes his influential book ‘Some Thoughts Concerning Education’; publication of Lloyd’s News, a predecessor of Lloyd’s List; William Congreve’s comedy stage play ‘The Double-Dealer’ is first performed; Charles Perrault publishes “Mother Goose tales” in Paris (a collection of popular fairy tales including Cinderella, Puss in Boots, Red Riding Hood, The Sleeping Beauty and Bluebeard); Dimitrie Cantemir presents his ‘The Book of the Science of Music through Letters’ (which deals with melodic and rhythmic structure and contains the scores for around 350 works composed during and before his own time in an alphabetical notation system he invented); HMS Sussex treasure fleet of thirteen ships is wrecked in the Mediterranean with the loss of approximately 1,200 lives; Royal African Company loses its monopoly on the slave trade; Bank of Scotland is founded; Bank of England is founded; Recoinage Act in England; Parliament of England passes the Triennial Act requiring general elections every three years; Queen Mary II of England dies of smallpox aged 32, and Mary’s sister Princess Anne is summoned back to court (having been banished after an unseemly row with the queen) as the official heiress; notorious voyage of the English slave ship Hannibal; English pirate Henry Every perpetrates one of the most profitable raids in history; a £2 fine is imposed for swearing in England; Peter the Great of Russia sets out to travel in Europe incognito; use of palanquins increases in Europe (a class of wheel-less vehicles, a type of human-powered transport).
19th June 1774 – 28th April 1782: Invasion of Cherokee Nation by 6,000 patriot troops who destroy thirty-six Cherokee towns; American Revolution; Stars and Stripes adopted as the flag of the United States; Industrial Revolution rapidly develops in Great Britain; discovery of oxygen; discovery of Uranus, expanding the known boundaries of the solar system for the first time in modern history; John Wilkinson invents his boring machine, considered by some to be the first machine tool; invention of the modern screw-cutting lathe; invention of a mechanical air compressor that would become the prototype for all later mechanical compressors; a pioneering iron bridge is built in England; parachute design is developed; German cobbler Johann Birkenstock creates the first Birkenstock sandals; James Cook becomes the first European to sight (and name) the island of New Caledonia and the Hawaiian islands (to whose people he coincidentally appears to be a god); Father Francisco Palóu founds the Mission San Francisco de Asís in what is now San Francisco; Phi Beta Kappa Society is founded; Sturm und Drang movement in German literature; Edward Gibbon publishes the first volume of ‘The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire’; Scottish economist Adam Smith publishes ‘The Wealth of Nations’; Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s semi-autobiographical novel ‘The Sorrows of Young Werther’ is written in six weeks and published anonymously; Immanuel Kant publishes his ‘Critique of Pure Reason’; Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart writes his five violin concertos; Bolshoi Theatre company hosts its first annual opera season; Edenton Tea Party takes place; revision of the laws of cricket introduces a leg before wicket rule; Gordon Riots in London; Adam Weishaupt founds the Illuminati in Bavaria; Captain James Cook sets sail on his third voyage to the Pacific Ocean and Arctic, which proves fatal; hurricane hits Guadeloupe killing more than 6,000 people; Great Hurricane flattens the islands of Barbados, Martinique and St. Eustatius leaving 22,000 dead; the term “thoroughbred” is first used to describe a horse; unaccountable darkness spreads over New England (probably due to forest fire).
2nd June 1858 – 27th March 1866: First comet to be photographed is discovered; French amateur astronomer claims to have noticed a planet closer to the Sun than Mercury – later named Vulcan; John Tyndall first explains the workings of the greenhouse effect; the largest geomagnetic solar storm on record causes the Northern lights to be visible as far south as Cuba and knocks out telegraph communication; development or invention of the mechanical fax machine, the bowling ball, the carousel, typewriter, the internal combustion engine, car engines, shoe manufacturing machine, rotary washing machine, paper bag manufacturing machine, aerosol dispenser, battery operated flash lamp, the first lead-acid rechargeable battery, continuous-roll printing press, reinforced steel, reinforced concrete, linoleum, bicycle, the urinal, one-piece pedestal flushing toilet, refrigerated railroad car, Pullman sleeping car, revolving machine gun, dynamite, mechanical submarine, process of making colour photographs, modern corkscrew, the first transatlantic cable (President James Buchanan inaugurates the new trans-Atlantic telegraph cable by exchanging greetings with Queen Victoria), fire extinguishers and elevators with built in safety breaks; the realisation that radio waves must exist sets out basic laws of electromagnetism, Parisian inventor captures 10-second clip of a woman singing “Au Clair de la Lune,” using a phonautograph (a device that created visual recordings of sound waves, this is the world’s earliest known sound recording); discovery of chemical elements caesium, thallium and rubidium; the definition of entropy in physics; Mendel’s laws of inheritance brings basis for genetics; Great Clock at the Palace of Westminster was started and its bells ring for the very first time; chimes of Big Ben ring for the first time; the world’s first underground passenger railway; the first stock ticker; first aerial photography is carried out; John Hanning Speke discovers Lake Victoria, source of the river Nile; Abraham Lincoln is elected as the 16th President of the United States, the first Republican to hold that office; the Lincoln–Douglas debates; the historic debate about evolution is held at the Oxford University Museum; germ theory and the pasteurization process introduced by Pasteur; theory of electromagnetism is introduced; Macy’s department store opens for business in New York City; Denver, Colorado, is founded; Vladivostok is founded; homosexuality legalised in the Ottoman Empire; Expedition of the Thousand; first issue of the Vatican’s newspaper; the first published description of a fossilised bird, Archaeopteryx; Richard Wagner’s opera ‘Tristan und Isolde’ debuts; ‘A Tale of Two Cities’ by Charles Dickens is published; Charles Darwin publishes ‘On the Origin of Species’, introducing the theory of evolution by natural selection; Marx publishes ‘A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy’; Lewis Carroll publishes ‘Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland’; International Telegraph Union founded; Establishment of Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce; only recorded simoom ever in North America; Brisbane is declared the capital of newly separated colony Queensland; Niagara Falls crossed on a tightrope for the first time; the first oil well drilled in the United States, starting the first oil rush; the first ocean-going ironclad warship is launched; the Pony Express begins; Bernhard Riemann formulates the Riemann hypothesis (one of the most important open problems of contemporary mathematics); one of the worst storms ever experienced in the region hits the east coast of England, sinking more than 100 ships; cyclone kills 70,000 in Calcutta; State Bank of the Russian Empire is established; new Māori revolt begins in New Zealand; Albert Niemann makes a detailed analysis of the coca leaf, isolating and purifying the alkaloid which he calls cocaine; Abraham Lincoln signs the Emancipation Proclamation (executive order that states that if slaves can run free, they become free people); Lincolns assassination at a theatre; world-famous midgets General Tom Thumb and Lavinia Warren get married in New York City and P. T. Barnum takes an entrance fee; first section of the London Underground Railway opens; Adam Opel founds Opel AG; President Lincoln proclaims a national Thanksgiving day to be celebrated the final Thursday in November; the Football Association is formed; International Red Cross formed; Coinage Act mandates that the inscription “In God We Trust” be placed on all coins minted as United States currency; New York Stock Exchange opens its first permanent headquarters; first fish and chips shop probably opens; the first train robbery in the United States.
7th August 1941 – 10th June 1949: World War II ends but sees wide use of air warfare, air raid bomb shelters and various uprisings and conspiratorial resistance movements; the atomic bomb; the first nuclear chain reactor; world’s first long range ballistic missile (V2); Mengele experiments on twins and dwarfs; the death trains, the Holocaust and the gas chambers; gasoline and shoe rationing in the United States; Nuremberg trials; use of propaganda and censors in film; the Enigma machine and Colossus (the world’s first totally electronic programmable computing device built to crack the Enigma machine); assembly of the world’s first general purpose electronic computer (ENIAC); first recorded use of the word computer in its modern sense; the first man-made object to reach space (the first A-4 rocket); radar waves bounced off the Moon, measuring the exact distance between the Earth and the Moon, proving that communication is possible between Earth and outer space (effectively opening the Space Age); Palomar Observatory telescope is finished; first monkey astronaut, Albert I, is launched into space; first radar installation aboard a commercial ship; development of a compact magnetron for use in airplane radar navigation systems; first jet fighter tested; first commercially designed helicopter; the ejector seat invented; Memex first proposed (a desk-sized memory store later crucial to electronic books and the world wide web); Oswald Avery establishes DNA is the genetic material of the chromosome; the consumer barcode invented; theory of fully covariant formulations that were finite at any order in a perturbation series of quantum electrodynamics; holography invented; hydraulic fracturing technology invented; first atomic clock; aqualung invented; first mobile long-distance car-to-car telephone conversation; Bell Labs invents cellular phone technology; first tape recorder sold; 33 1/3 rpm vinyl records introduced (the record could hold 45 minutes rather than 8); microwave invented; the X-ray reflection microscope invented; basic oxygen steel making is developed (the vast majority of steel manufactured in the world is produced using the basic oxygen furnace); first element to be synthetically manufactured (astatine, element 85); invention of a process called fluid catalytic cracking (which became essential to increasing the yield of high-octane gasoline from crude oils); lens that provided zoom effects demonstrated; Polaroid Land camera introduced (it can develop a black and white photo in 60 seconds); sound amplifiers invented; Jeffries Report addresses the “dilemma of technological progress in a static world order” and warns that “technological advances without moral development are catastrophic.”; Anne Frank makes the first entry in her new diary; construction and dedication of The Pentagon; ‘Bambi’ receives its world première; the debut of Mickey Mouse; Rodgers and Hammerstein’s ‘Oklahoma!’ opens on Broadway heralding a new era in “integrated” stage musicals; Bertolt Brecht’s play ‘Life of Galileo’ receives its first theatrical production (it features the telescope); ‘No Exit’ published by Jean-Paul Sartre; Tennessee Williams play ‘A Streetcar Named Desire’ opens; Arthur Miller’s tragedy ‘Death of a Salesman’ opens; original stage version of ‘The Glass Menagerie’ by Tennessee Williams premieres; Laurence Olivier’s ‘Henry V’ opens (it is the first Shakespeare film in color and critics hail it as the finest film of a Shakespeare play ever made); David Lean’s ‘Great Expectations’ is released to great acclaim; publication of exiled French aviator Antoine de Saint-Exupéry’s self-illustrated ‘The Little Prince’; Vannevar Bush’s ‘As We May Think’ published (anticipating many aspects of information society); ‘Casablanca’ premières; Errol Flynn is accused of rape by two teenage girls; civil disobedience movement across India; hurricane and flood in Bombay kill 40,000; Plutonium is isolated for the first time; the first self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction (Manhattan Project); DDT is first used as a pesticide; Vicodin and Lortab are first produced in Germany; Albert Hofmann self-administers the psychedelic drug LSD for the first time in history; mass production of penicillin; world’s first undersea oil pipeline is laid between England and France; discovery of chemical element 61, the only one still missing between 1 and 96 on the periodic table, which they name promethium; ‘A mathematical theory of communication’ is published (a seminal paper in Information theory); the Philadelphia Experiment is alleged to have taken place; “Black Dahlia”, is found brutally murdered (dismembered); death of Tesla; Hans Asperger publishes his paper on Asperger syndrome; discovery of the ‘Dead Sea Scrolls’; the Education Act in the United Kingdom; Arctic explorer Henry Larsen returns to Vancouver, becoming the first person to successfully navigate the Northwest Passage in both directions; Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the only U.S. president elected to a fourth term; Arab League is formed; United Nations Charter is signed and United Nations is founded; the Universal Declaration of Human Rights; International Court of Justice (“World Court”) established; foundation of UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization); International Telecommunication Union begins; Universal Postal Union (UPU) begins; International Civil Aviation Organization begins; U.S. Air Force Office of Special Investigations is founded; creation of the World Bank; International Monetary Fund begins to operate; Bank of England is nationalized; Tokyo Stock Exchange is founded; the beginning of Xerox’s copy business; Interpol organization re-founded; creation of the NATO defence alliance; Korea is divided; Arthur C. Clarke puts forward the idea of a geosynchronous communications satellite; United States Atomic Energy Commission is established; World Health Organization is established; Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering (later renamed Sony) is founded; “Battle of Alcatraz” prison riot; Truman Doctrine is proclaimed to help stem the spread of Communism; Cold War begins; McCarthyism; Doomsday Clock of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is introduced; Basketball Association of America is formed; the bikini is first modeled; the first railway theme parks appear; first Tupperware is sold in department and hardware stores; BBN Technologies established; severe winter in the United Kingdom brings extensive disruption of train travel; proceedings of the United States Congress are televised for the first time; largest recorded sunspot group appears on the solar surface; multiple tornadoes strike Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas; Kenneth Arnold makes the first widely reported UFO sighting; the Roswell UFO incident; Thomas Mantell crashes while in pursuit of a UFO; first practical electronic transistor is demonstrated (this is the birth of the modern Information age); the first bipolar junction transistor is created; the first commercial microwave oven; railways of Britain are nationalized to form British Railways; National Health Service Acts are enacted in United Kingdom; the first colour newsreel; Miranda, the innermost moon of Uranus, is discovered; Nereid, a moon of Neptune, is discovered; stock car racing organization NASCAR is founded; RAND Corporation is established; Hells Angels motorcycle gang is founded; Beethoven’s Symphony No. 9 is played on television in its entirety for the first time; world’s first Air Car-ferry service is flown; University of the Andes is founded; Casimir effect discovered; the term Big Bang is coined during a radio broadcast.
Sifting these elements we can reduce them to a number of overarching themes. A big one is connected with currencies and global trade (and its connection to travel and transport), and this seems intertwined with another huge theme, the build up in history towards the current information age. In fact its only in the context of our modern age that we can look back and see the connection as these themes lead to that but begin as more distinct and separate threads. There are also voyages of discovery, often with unforeseen and catastrophic twists, and sailing in this period was not particularly safe in earlier ages. The inventions, breakthroughs and technologies which fuel Uranus in Gemini themes are connected with these areas of trade, globalisation and frontier discovery – it produces city states with huge populations, educational reforms and institutions, the automobile and jet engine, transportation and navigational instruments, clocks, legal codes, encryption, ciphers and alphabets, computers, portable power supplies, atomic power, satellites, cell phones and instant cameras. Generally there is a big ‘SCIENCE!!’ theme overall with inventions that involve seeing and hearing, motion, counting, energy dynamics, communication, data storage (such as DNA), mathematics, computing and electronics. Sometimes things are invented twice by different cultures (either in parallel or centuries apart from one another, like eyeglasses) and there is also the theme of accidental discoveries and/or of mistakes being made in initial observations (Uranus being discovered twice and accidentally catalogued as a star is a prime example). The technologies and discoveries often bring rapid, uncontrollable and controversial social change. It’s likely that the next iteration of this pattern (2025-2033) will bring a wave of drones in the sky that will play a major role in reshaping global economies, communications and transportation. It seems also likely to bring the age of quantum computing and/or civilian space travel and advances in machine intelligence/robotics (especially their mobility), and 3D printing will likely become commonplace in technological societies. Socially and culturally the themes are a mix of the extremely dark and the very light and trivial – holocaust and genocide, use of firearms by civilians, subjugation and slavery, forced conversions, prohibitions, airborne pathogens that spread quickly, heresies and condemnations, secret societies and conspiratorial deals, destructive winds and storms, air pollution (industrial and electronic as well as in the mental sense of the Air Element), pedagogic cons, ransoms, robberies, revolts against oppression (often by peasants or an underclass), improved rapid response nursing care and emergency aid, tea and other socially polite customs and etiquette, cricket, horse racing, odd couplings and marriages, gossip or controversy involving siblings, the modern faerie tale, operas and musicals. We also see socially revolutionary, counterculture or fringe movements gaining ground, like the suffragettes, gay rights, synthetic drug use and the birth of the modern UFO conspiracy theory.
In my article on Gemini I identified the key themes and patterns of the sign as I perceive them, and we can see some of them in the themes revealed by history:
• The Electric and Magnetic Fluids
• The Pattern which emerges from their interplay
• The quest for immortality or eternal youth
• The concept of order as a balancing factor working indivisibly with chaos
• Good and evil, right and wrong, falsehood and truth
• Choice and dilemma
• The balance between social rule and social liberty
• Gossip, innuendo and rumour; intrigue at court, the media
• Buying and selling, news and speculation, arts and sciences
• Protection while travelling
• The perceptive and cognitive functions of the brain
What we get with the planet Uranus in Gemini is a combination of disruption, revolution, complication, breakthrough, acceleration, rapid advancement and polarisation in these themes and patterns. The people born into these eras are generations which become focused on new forms of communication and new social frontiers. Original and inventive ideas spring to life among them empowered by the technological gifts of Uranus in Gemini, which also serve up complicated multiple choice puzzles and factional or ideological contrasts between different ideas. Keywords of the changes this generation bring to the world are quick comprehension, fast communication, bizarre interests, short lived pursuits, wide debate, sharp eccentric wits and restless inquiry. Due to their mental restlessness they generally travel a great deal, and are more inclined to be immigrants or settlers far beyond their native land, putting them in touch with large numbers of people. These contacts are on the whole quite friendly but undeveloped, mostly being on the level of acquaintances. The development of travel (the train, automobile, passenger boats and the commercial jet plane) lead this generation not just to social interaction far beyond what was known before, but also to mixing of the human genetic material in ways which were previously unheard of. They are the progenitors of a new way of thinking, possessed of brilliant intuitive but reasoned minds, pioneers of new ways of communicating, doing business, educating and socialising, but also of new racial and cultural backgrounds from which these things emerge. They also tend toward extreme restlessness, having a vast number of ideas to process which arrive in clusters all at once, and tend toward growing quickly bored and moving on to the next exciting idea or fad. A constant need for motion swirls and eddies among them, bringing the scent of far off curiosities and displacing them from one forest of flowers to another. In order to follow their revolutionary and inventive ideas through they will need more self discipline from somewhere else in the chart. The alchemical procedure associated with Gemini is Fixation, the operation of making a volatile subject fixed or solid so that it remains permanently unaffected by fire. Thus, the operation of Uranus in Gemini is to apply this alchemy to the human collective. This is why they are often split – the task is to join the hands of The Twins in the human collective awareness. Thus, social equality becomes a focus and the clan works towards the day when women and men, gay and straight and everything human that is divided into two have equal access and are accorded equal respect by human society.
They are similar to Uranus in Libra in this agenda, except that they are not focused on the end product of actively creating or striking the balance – instead Uranus in Gemini people are process focused, busy with opening up the discourse and the dialogue so that clear and specific information is shared throughout the collective, because it is only through talking to one another that we can achieve the ends of social equality. Sometimes, this means sharply establishing the boundaries which separate different ideas and thus to social schisms as underlying differences become divisive and commonplace challenges. Groups form saying “daylight is awesome!”, which immediately gives rise to the formation of a group which says “night is awesome!”. From there, we run into trouble as one or other of the groups usually then says that their concept is better. It is this situation which Uranus in Gemini enjoys making chaos with the most. The impact of Uranus in Gemini on this regrettable situation is to cause the polarisations to multiply beyond counting or keeping track of, so that the group backing daylight divides itself into numerous groups backing the individual hours of the day, and each of those groups divide into smaller groups backing the individual minutes of those hours, and this happens across the board. This is the way that Uranus in Gemini has of saying “forget your black-and-white world, it’s really not that simple!”. This is his way of poking us with a stick and telling us to sort out the problems that we have with each other so that we can share our vastly different ideas without feeling threatened by diversity, and thereby profit from a collective pool of thought that can inspire genius.
The clan have great freedom in their thinking patterns and an awareness of multiple options usually presents itself in the consideration of any problems. They are puzzle solvers and problem addicts who are drawn to complicated and abstract conundrums and moral dilemmas. Collectively they can see experience as a kind of jigsaw made up of millions of pieces which they have to assemble together without having any picture to guide them, and often the design seems to be not a rectangle with clearly defined edges but instead an irregular and confusingly formless shape. They tend to rationally proceed with placing the pieces in order, but frequently move them around trying out different combinations and positions for individual facts, opinions and ideas. There is usually an assumption that there is a “right” position for each piece to be placed in, but the reality is more that there is an ever-changing “right” place for each individual piece to be placed in. This mental awareness reflects the nature of the human collective awareness when it is extremely populous – thoughts and ideas are disseminated throughout the human collective awareness by talking and through transmission by various means through the mental plane, and these thoughts cluster together and bring people into contact with one another in an ever-changing interchange of individual pieces.
In order to facilitate this process the Uranus in Gemini clan come equipped with flexible identities which allow them to adapt to different situations and environments. They are adept at wearing masks which allow them to interact with almost any kind of person at any level of society. Many of them have “a gift of the gab” or a persuasive silver tongue which may not necessarily always tell the truth. In fact the relationship of Uranus in Gemini to the concept of truth is as flexible as its relationship to identity – it perceives that every identity has its own relationship to truth and that to communicate from one identity to another involves connecting with the truth that is shared. The more devious members of this tribe use their knowledge of identity and truth to persuade and con, wearing masks that do not reflect who they are but which they have selected for the present moment as an effective means of manipulation. Often, these individuals can be identified by their evasive and ambiguous statements designed to create confusion amongst those listening as they become difficult to pin down even to themselves and attempt to obfuscate this confusion by creating a distraction from it.
While this fluidity of identity in the clan can help them connect with different people and move among society, the same flexibility does not just make them prone to being confused about their own identity but also has an impact on their ability to form closer relationships with other human beings. They tend to demand too much freedom in relationships of a more intimate nature and can be called out for being flirtatious and vacillating, especially if contacts from Uranus in Gemini are made to Venus. There is usually nothing sinister going on, it’s more often that the Uranus in Gemini person is being very friendly and breaking the norms of behaviour in that respect. However, there can be an inability to settle with a partner and many insecurities connected with what the partner is thinking as the impetus of Uranus in Gemini to probe the collective mind cannot be switched off entirely, nor can it be fully controlled or focused in a sustained way. Sexual identity can also grapple with dilemmas, inability to choose and “on again off again” situations.
Overall what is happening is that the Uranus in Gemini generations are acting as transceivers and “role – players” for the human collective awareness, they are born adept at navigating the collective mind and wearing different hats in different times and places as part of what drives them towards a more enlightened personality and individuality. The idea or notion of “self ” is perceived as and experienced as being mutable when it is placed in the context of the human collective awareness. Simply by being around other people our identity shifts, revealing different facets of itself depending upon the circumstances of the moment and the person/s we are interacting with. Core individuality may remain consistent, but it is always adapted to the environment. The innate awareness that this clan have of this natural phenomena becomes something that they learn to consciously and magically wield in their lives, or else it wreaks havoc. In the worst cases this trait becomes paranoid and bent on seeing conspiracies everywhere, extremely divisive and lost in the madness of the human world of opinions and crippled by its own contrariness. In the best it becomes a genius for bringing people together, an understanding of the magical science of words and the ability to catalyse rapid and widespread changes in the mental plane.
Underlying all this is a development of our awareness of the thing we call ‘sanity’, which through Uranus in Gemini is shown to be more relative than we might like. If what one person calls reality is labelled as ‘insanity’ by another we then see this relativity clearly, but it goes deeper – those who struggle with what we call ‘mental illness’ may in fact just be seeing things very differently, such as those with autism who were once labelled ‘insane’ by ignorant masses. Shamans who have met with people labelled as ‘schizophrenic’ have lamented and said that these people would have been shamans if they had been born into a shamanic culture. This shifting of the agreed upon conventions of sanity is an underlying movement carried forwards by Uranus in Gemini as it brings us to a more enlightened awareness of the mental plane and its reality. This clan sometimes gives rise to ‘eccentrics’ as a way of questioning the sanity of our own agreed upon ideas of reality. Strange, bizarre and exotic lifeforms with fascinating ways of seeing our world permeate the tribe and are continually advancing this agenda. The end goal here is to perceive that what we call sanity is a social convention, albeit a firmly reinforced one. Social conventions are in motion, and so our definitions of sanity are also fluid. For example many cultures once performed human sacrifice, some with willing and some with unwilling victims, but in their own view they did not do this out of madness. Instead they did this for cosmological reasons, often for example because they truly believed that if the sacrifices were not performed the Sun would not return and everything would fall into darkness. To that society this was not madness but a sacred reality. It is only our society that perceives it as insanity, and that’s the point that Uranus in Gemini is making, while pointing out that our cultures definition of sanity will be no less mad to those in our future.
The relationship between the shifting sands of our conventions of sanity and the sciences and technologies which Uranus in Gemini seeds is part of the occult dimensions of this influence, its tribe being a people who inherit a technology that makes commonplace what was previously thought mad. The telephone, the printed book, the communications satellite, the computer – all these Promethean gifts introduce changes to the thinking and mental structure of the human collective awareness, so that what was previously thought to be magic becomes science and social software. In particular these inventions and discoveries act to connect distant points making it possible to speak, see, hear, and experience across both time and space. The curve of this technology into the future therefore points towards an apex at which all human thought will be joined and the definition of sanity will be collective, but the journey to that state is made in realising how insanely polarised our collective thinking has become.
The tribes of Uranus in Libra (1968-1975 and 2051-2059) and Uranus in Aquarius (1995-2003 and 2079-2087) are the firmest allies of this clan in advancing their agenda. I have already spoken of the similarity and difference between this clan and Uranus in Libra – social justice and social equality are the common ground, with the Gemini tribe being able to supply information, contacts and data to the Libra tribe, who then act to bring balance or diplomatically apply things. The much younger Uranus in Aquarius clan, on the other hand, is the source of all the craziest and most fascinating information, and the mixing of these two clans can throw up solutions to almost any problem (while uncovering multiple new ones with all their questions). The common ground here is the keen mind drawn to new and curious ideas.
The two other tribes that can help with moving the agenda forwards smoothly are the Uranus in Aries (1927 – 1934 and 2010 – 2018) and Uranus in Leo (1955-1962 and 2039-2046) tribes. These two Fire tribes spur the Uranus in Gemini clan with motivation, praise, appreciation and excitement. They act to catalyse the clan out of indecision and dilemma, giving it the help it needs to make breakthroughs and overcome deadlocks or ignorance. In return the Uranus in Gemini tribe acts to mentally and intellectually clarify the drives and motivations of the two Fire tribes, articulating the reasons for their actions and providing debate and words for them to be further fuelled by. With Uranus in Aries there is a chemistry of a more volatile and explosive nature while with Uranus in Leo the chemistry is more stable and focused but no less dramatic for it.
The tribes which help to give shape to the agenda of this tribe and to advance it by providing challenge or something to kick against are the Uranus in Virgo (1961-1969 and 2045-2052), Sagittarius (1981-1988 and 2065-2072) and Pisces (1919-1927, 2003-2010 and 2087-2094) people. The problem with Uranus in Virgo is a conflict between sticking to facts and being free to speculate, while the clash with Uranus in Pisces is more a problem of confusion arising every time there is an exchange and a clash between the significance of feelings and ideas. With Uranus in Sagittarius there is a face to face confrontation with the tribes own dark mirror and its evasive, superficial and truth-warping qualities. On the other hand, the Uranus in Gemini people challenge the beliefs, faith and broad assumptions of the Uranus in Sagittarius tribe, waylaying them with facts, new data and an overwhelming amount of critical discussion.
It’s worth noting here that there is a collective pattern at work in the cycle of Uranus in the signs:
- The sign that is square and behind the current sign in zodiacal order = people 21 years older than us when we are born. They are the more challenging role models and rivals we have, we will grow up to kick against their agenda when they are in their 40s and we reach our 20s.
- The sign opposite = people about 42 years older when we are born – the status quo when we are born and what we kick against most directly in youth, while when we reach 20 they are already the old guard.
- The sign that is square and ahead in zodiacal order = people about 63 years old when we are born (the old guard when we are born who die out when we are in our 20s) AND the wave of those who will challenge us when they reach their 20s and we are the status quo in our 40s.
Considering this and the qualities of the signs involved can be very helpful in understanding the agenda of a particular iteration of Uranus in the signs, especially when you take the context of current events into mind. It shows that the status quo and ideology that the Uranus in Gemini people are kicking against is an evolving structure , whereby for example what we see on the way out when we are born comes back in a new form to challenge us when we are in our 40s.
The magical and mystical side of Uranus in Gemini is not only connected with awakening the mental plane and connecting space and time, but also with opening portals and passing through them into new patterns of reality. It leads us on an exploration of space and time which is fuelled by questions about reality and conjecture about its nature. The clan are psychonauts – people who explore activities by which altered states of consciousness are induced and utilised, whether through substances or invention – and they are embarked on voyages beyond skies and conventional wisdom. If they are not advancing the spread of information they are generating it, and if they are not talking about human society they are thinking about it. They are singing a song about humanity and its many thoughts and ideas, puzzling out from the dance we all perform to it many clues and insights into our humanity, which find their way back into the song in an ever developing relationship.
Below I provide you with a huge crowd of well known faces from this tribe. Those whose names are printed in bold type have the Sun, Moon or ascendant (with reliable birth time) in Gemini and in conjunction with Uranus in Gemini. Alois Alzheimer is perhaps the best example astrologically as he has Sun, ascendant and Uranus in conjunction in Gemini.
Su Song (famous Song Dynasty Chinese scientist and engineer), Harold II (last Anglo Saxon king of England, he dies at the Battle of Hastings with a legend that he is pierced in the eye by an arrow); Vincent of Beauvais (Dominican author of the most popular encyclopedia of the middle ages); Albertus Magnus; Bonaventure; Parameshvara; Giovanni de’ Medici (founder of the Medici dynasty of Florence); Hua Sui (Chinese printer and creator of metal movable type printing); Sandro Botticelli; Christopher Columbus; Hans Staden; John Milton; Alexander Cooper (Baroque miniature painter); John Clarke (physician); John Pell (mathematician); Johannes Hevelius (astronomer); Jodocus Hondius (cartographer); James Stirling (mathematician); Louis Racine (poet); John Byrom (poet and inventor of a revolutionary system of shorthand); John Harrison (self-educated carpenter and clockmaker who invented the marine chronometer, a long-sought after device for solving the problem of calculating longitude while at sea); Henry Pelham and Thomas Pelham-Holles (siblings who were successive Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom); Anna Ioannovna, Empress of Russia; François-Marie Arouet (Voltaire); Francesca Cuzzoni (Baroque operatic soprano); Pietro Antonio Domenico Trapassi (‘Metastasio’, considered the most important writer of opera seria libretti); Peter Roget (thesaurus famed inventor of the slide rule and pocket chessboard); Robert Southey (Romantic poet and biographer); Meriwether Lewis (explorer, soldier and public administrator ); Johnny Appleseed (John Chapman); E. T. A. Hoffmann (writer, composer and painter); Amedeo Avogadro (chemist who contributed to understanding of molecular gases); Sophie Germain (female mathematician and pioneer of elasticity theory); Carl Friedrich Gauss (mathematician); Thomas Moore (poet, singer/songwriter); Giacomo Beltrami ( author and explorer); Charles Nodier (author and librarian); Elizabeth Fry (humanitarian reformer, “angel of prisons”); Mary Somerville (‘The Queen of Nineteenth-Century Science’); William Miller (preacher); Emmeline Pankhurst (mother of the famed Pankhurst suffragettes); Edith Nesbit (author of ‘The Railway Children’); Giacomo Puccini (“the greatest composer of Italian opera after Verdi”); Theodore Roosevelt; Jagadish Chandra Bose (physicist who pioneered the investigation of radio and microwave optics); Sir Arthur Conan Doyle; Pierre Curie (physicist); Billy The Kid; John Dewey (philosopher, psychologist, and educational and social reformer); Fusajiro Yamauchi (founder of Nintendo); Annie Oakley; Gustav Mahler; Anton Chekhov; Rachilde (bisexual female author); J. M. Barrie (author of Peter Pan); Rudolf Steiner; Alan Leo (astrologer); Lizzie Borden; William K. Dickson (inventor who devised an early motion picture camera); Robert Bosch (founder of the world’s largest supplier of automotive components); Lillian Russell (singer and vaudeville star); David Hilbert (mathematician); Edith Wharton (fiction author); Claude Debussy; Pierre de Coubertin (founder of the modern Olympic Games); William Grant Stairs (notorious African explorer); Henry Ford; Edvard Munch; Black Elk (Medicine man, voice of ‘Black Elk Speaks’); Alfred Stieglitz (photographer); W. H. R. Rivers (psychiatrist known for treating WW1 shell-shock); Casey Jones (railway engineer); Alois Alzheimer (neuroscientist and identifier of Alzheimers); Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (painter, printmaker, draughtsman and illustrator); Richard Strauss; Heinrich Rubens (physicist); William Butler Yeats; King George V of the United Kingdom; Robert W. Chambers (author of The King in Yellow); Bernie Sanders; Otis Redding; Anne Rice; Paul McCartney; Rupert Sheldrake; Harrison Ford; Michael Crichton; Bob Hoskins; Britt Ekland; Sally Field; Stefanie Powers; Susan Sarandon; Martin Scorsese; Joe Biden; Steve Martin; Billy Connolly; Bob Marley; Jimi Hendrix; Janis Joplin; Goldie Hawn; Bette Midler; Freddie Mercury; Debbie Harry; Jimmy Page; Mick Jagger; Eric Clapton; David Bowie; Joe Cocker; Van Morrison; Robert Plant; John Kerry; Muammar Gaddafi; John Major; David Cronenberg; Michael Palin; Robert De Niro; Diana Ross; Helen Mirren; Michael Douglas; Gerhard Schröder; George Lucas; Steven Spielberg; Bernard Hill; Ban Ki-moon; José Carreras; Richard Dreyfuss; Franz Beckenbauer; Glenn Close; Robert Englund; Terry Pratchett; Dean Koontz; Stephen King; John Carpenter; Cher; John Denver; Grace Jones; Cilla Black; Kathy Bates; Diane Keaton; Alan Rickman; Anthony Daniels (C3PO); George W. Bush; Bill Clinton; Hillary Clinton; Donald Trump; Peter Sutcliffe; Dilma Rousseff; Barbara Hershey; Arnold Schwarzenegger; Prince Charles; Samuel L. Jackson; Brent Spiner; Jessica Lange.