Greetings, and welcome back to Journeys! 🙂 This month I’m exploring Neptune in Libra with you –
Drink to me only with thine eyes,
And I will pledge with mine;
Or leave a kiss but in the cup,
And I’ll not look for wine.
The thirst that from the soul doth rise
Doth ask a drink divine;
But might I of Jove’s nectar sup,
I would not change for thine.
I sent thee late a rosy wreath,
Not so much honouring thee
As giving it a hope, that there
It could not withered be.
But thou thereon didst only breathe,
And sent’st it back to me;
Since when it grows, and smells, I swear,
Not of itself, but thee.
“To Celia”, Ben Jonson
This article can be taken as part of a series or cluster of articles on the same subject. Other articles in this series connected to the ideas discussed here are my introductory piece on collective astrology and my message about Neptune in Sagittarius. At this time, I’m also gradually working on producing a lengthy article on the discovery of Neptune and its astrological meaning. The following passages are from the articles already completed and serve as a reminder of some of what I have already said.
On the significance of Neptune –
“Neptune, the Guardian of the Great Ocean – this far out in space, the focus is on much broader issues than just you and I and even the future of the human race. Neptune represents something fundamentally beyond (yet one with) material existence. It is the urge to transcend, to unify one’s awareness with the completely boundless, commonly expressed in a yearning to seek escape from the ‘prison’ of a confining material reality through drugs, music, or the imagination, but Neptune is intended not merely for escape but for transcendence into unity. It therefore builds on the influence of Uranus, adding other dimensions and another challenge to the birth of the collective – whereby through the initiation of the planet Uranus we have to wake up and accept one another’s individual differences and emphasise our common humanity or face being fractured into ever more differing factions until we fall apart, by Neptune we have to remain anchored as we drift deep into dreaming worlds that embrace our wider unity, perceiving ourselves as one with all other things and coming to a place of deep mutual respect and compassion for them, or else fall to confusion, the collective dissolving in a stupor of warring faiths and dreams, entranced and overcome by secretive cabals and conspiracies which seek to supplant the collective with the most dominant religious or ideological paradigm, a ‘one truth to rule them all’. Humanity cannot exist in or sustain a healthy collective state of awareness without embracing the equality of all life – not just human life as with the agenda of Uranus – because if it does not move beyond an emphasis that places humans at the centre it becomes vain and egotistical and loses its soul. It is the evocation of the soul of the collective that Neptune is most concerned with, where Uranus is the evocation of its mind and spirit.
This is why Neptune associates itself with the far-out, the extremes of possibility that lie beyond even the inspired but semi-logical reasoning of the planet Uranus. Where Uranus shows us that there are always alternatives to the way things have always been, Neptune reveals that all alternatives are part of a whole, a voyage of awareness towards total awareness of Unity. The seemingly endless routes to enlightenment with their infinite promises dissolve into a single truth – that the multiverse is a living mind, with a soul of sorts that inevitably leads it to become aware of its own reality, throughout all of its diversity. Unconditional love – a phrase and concept often linked to Neptune – then becomes the only authentic way of being.
Neptune was discovered on September 23rd 1846 – just over 170 years ago – by use of (suitably arcane) mathematical equations. Its orbit is very lengthy – it takes Neptune just under 165 years to completely orbit the Sun and pass through all 12 zodiac signs. This has important implications for the 26 keys because it means Neptune will not activate every key of our chart since only about half of it will be visited by Neptune in a normal human lifespan. It means that the influence of Neptune is not just subtle and difficult to discern due to its slow movement, but also that its influence is somewhat of a partial glimpse of the whole – a human awareness of life cannot embrace it wholly – and so Neptune is more confined in form of development than any other planet except Pluto, although new discoveries like Eris now join this group. Neptune, however, was the first of its kind. It is also the most subtle planet to discern at work, bar none (except, again, new discoveries may be even more subtle in influence). As a completely invisible planet (to the naked human eye) Neptune represents completely invisible and intangible influences that generally take time to bleed into the collective or individual awareness, as well as the development of psychic senses which unveil the greater mysteries of the universe. The overall effect of Neptune tends to influence what physical beings are collectively feeling, while Uranus generally influences what they are collectively thinking, although these distinctions are not at all rigid.”
On the collective effect of Neptune –
“Neptune is that principle which we encounter when all of the usual rules and traditions established by Saturn (the things our parents teach us) and all of the innovation and radical alternatives offered by Uranus (the things our peers teach us) are exhausted. It represents the continually shifting shoreline between our total possible view of reality, and the mystifying whole of reality itself. We cannot possibly hope to totally encompass a shoreline because it has a formless shape and is in a state of constant flux, much as our awareness is. To put this another way, we see life through a variety of keyholes, all of which are partial views and therefore illusory, but they all show the same thing.
Over ten years ago a Pisces friend studying philosophy whom I had many in depth discussions with asked me about dreaming, and I told him that what we know as dreams are just glimpses through keyholes in doors within our minds, that what we see of the content of the room beyond is then arranged into some kind of pattern by our awareness, but that it was also possible to open the door and walk into the room. When he asked how, I could only say that it was possible through astral magic. Now I would say it is also possible through the magic of Neptune. This magic therefore leads generations of people into experimentation with meditation, sacred plants, prayer, spirits, music and fashion as a way of expressing connection to the intangible, it represents a shared view of the living and ever changing scenery of the room beyond the keyhole, a glimpse of the mystifying infinite that will present itself in symbolic form through the unconscious ideals and visions of a group of people. Sometimes these visions will bring them together in shared dreams, quite literally, with each individual playing a role in the drama and experiencing it differently – so there are actual dreams shared by everyone with Neptune in Scorpio, for example, often happening at the same time to all of them but with different symbols as dressing – but like many things with Neptune it remains invisible to us simply because we do not pay enough attention to it. It is a subtle effect, and this subtlety renders it invisible, but it does not render it impotent. Quite the opposite, in fact.
The Neptune (and Pluto) micro cycles are also mysterious partly because they are parts of the largest order of macro cycles (and thus contain complex nuances from other smaller cycles) and additionally because they are fragmentary as there is no possible transmission of the wisdom of a complete cycle from elder humans. Sometimes, there are historical flashpoints that illuminate the cycle. The Neptune micro cycle tends to manifest in music and visual and fashion trends, and in the modern era not just with themes and moods in film but also with the ways visual media are consumed, such as vogues in gaming (MMO, shooter, etc) but it also resonates fiercely with religious ideology and spiritual movements, and these are more often the flashpoints. The Neptune in Pisces era, for example, is a generation that will be the first born into a world where the delivery of visual arts is made through virtual reality – total immersion, with a deep shaping of the unconscious – but there is also a religious flashpoint in the form of the ancient feud between Islam and Christianity.
Moods in music shift in a Neptune way as Neptune transitions between signs – Disco and Punk (Neptune in Sagittarius – do not forget this is not only a gregarious and flamboyant sign but the only sign armed with a fashioned weapon in the zodiac) became ‘New Romantic/Pop’ (Neptune in Capricorn, the ‘glamour’ of the materialistic utopia lifestyle of the 80s) and eventually went with yellow faced smiley Techno and spontaneous, socially aware Rap (Neptune in Aquarius), but how exactly did those transitions happen? They were all gradual, seamless changes, not the jarring ones they might seem to be from different styles of the music, and yet they neatly encapsulate the mood of a specific era and make it look more dated as fresher visions emerge. This is the slow erosion of Neptune at work – once it leaves a sign, the ‘visions’ cease, and artists attached to them adapt or ‘lose their muse’ and fall out of popularity.
However, this is where the Neptune tribes come in, because they still carry a torch for that wave and still seek its visions. They will tend to cluster together in nostalgic recognition of certain ‘classic memes’ as time goes by. Once one of the other slower moving planets enters their Neptune sign, say Jupiter or Saturn, they will get busy with it again on some level. When Neptune goes into a different sign but one with the same Element, the muses are with a different tribe but what that tribe does sends ripples into our tribe which also get it working on the vision again, though this time more astrally, in daydreams and other forms of astral interaction. Yet when Neptune squares itself when we are about 41-42, it is part of the mid-life crisis our generation goes through, because the vision we came in with is challenged by its lack of realisation (and there is always a lack, because 42 years is not enough with only disconnected individuals working on the agenda, this should be a unified team effort). For all these reasons and others the collective astrology generated by Neptune in the signs is not as compelling or forceful compared to other planets discussed here, and this means that organised groups of these Neptune tribes rarely form and remain cohesive. But what if they did? What power might they hold if the tribes heard the voice calling them, saw the vision that was before them and followed in its light from childhood on as part of the sacred wheel of life? It was once so, when we took notice of the spirit world.
This square of Neptune to its own position is part of the macro cycle, and between one part of the micro cycle starting and this square Neptune will pass through 3 signs. Once it reaches the 4th sign, the total effect of what has already passed plus the arrival of a new generation starts to trigger the mid-life crisis. So even though the macro cycle is so massive and only partially encompassed in a human life, we still have enormous individual sensitivity to it. Our collective awareness is similarly endowed, but this is dulled to our sight. The other major challenge in the partial macro cycle is the Neptune opposition to itself which we encounter in our early to mid 80s. This dovetails into the Uranus return to show us again how far away from our vision of the future actual reality is from where we expected it to be. Our minds can begin to balk at the immense mystery of life, and if we have trouble this can even result in loss of faculties and senility. At the very least, the world looks like a very confusing place, but at the same time there is also a potential for us to see it all as a metaphysical exercise, even if we cannot grasp its point. The loss of detail is replaced by a perception of essences.”
With the Neptune in Libra generation it will be the Neptune in Capricorn era that brings about the midlife crisis, while Neptune in Aries will bring about the Neptune opposition. The current living generation of Neptune in Libra were born around the same time as the current living generation of Uranus in Gemini, discussed last month (a time when commercial aviation took off), but only the first half of Neptune in Libra coincides with Uranus in Gemini (1941 to 1949). Below you can see this current generation of Neptune in Libra as well as 5 previous ones, revealing the pattern of this influence going back to the early 12th century:
Generations of Neptune in Libra, 1000 – 2100AD
- 26th October 1123 – 12th September 1138 (excluding 1st March 1124 – 27th August 1124 and 9th November 1137 – 21st April 1138)
- 4th October 1287 – 17th August 1302 (excluding 27th March 1288 – 5th August 1288 and 6th January 1301 – 8th February 1301 and 20th October 1301 – 19th May 1302)
- 24th November 1450 – 1st October 1465 (excluding 22nd January 1451 – 15th September 1451 and 25th April 1452 – 8th July 1452 and 30th November 1464 – 18th March 1465)
- 6th November 1614 – 22nd September 1629 (excluding 2nd March 1615 – 7th September 1615 and 19th November 1628 – 21st April 1629)
- 18th October 1778 – 2nd September 1793 (excluding 25th March 1779 – 21st August 1779 and 2nd November 1792 – 15th May 1793)
- 3rd October 1942 – 6th August 1957 (excluding 17th April 1943 – 2nd August 1943 and 24th December 1955 – 12th March 1956 and 19th October 1956 – 15th June 1957).
It gets harder and harder to find events and happenings in the historical record the further back in time we look, which is one reason why the presentation of historical events below grows more dense in later centuries. In the case of Neptune, however, profound subtlety and elusiveness compound this situation so that a clear vision or picture of the influence of Neptune over a particular period is generally lost to the mists of time. It’s like looking for the fingerprint of a mood. There is a characteristic abstraction in the events so that that it becomes difficult to discern the influence of Neptune in a sign, until in typical style we approach the period with a meditative mind and the application of our imagination and third eye.
Chronicle of Neptune in Libra
1123 – 1138: Pactum Warmundi is established between the Republic of Venice and the Kingdom of Jerusalem; First Council of the Lateran convenes in Rome and demands clerical celibacy in the Catholic Church; St Bartholomew’s Hospital (“Barts”) is founded in London (it will still be operating as a medical institution on its original site into the 21st century); the minaret of Kalyan is completed in Bukhara (present day Uzbekistan); Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire, becomes the largest city of the world and a centre of its cultures; collection of Zen Buddhist koans is compiled in the ‘Blue Cliff Record’; Geoffrey of Monmouth produces the “Historia Regum Britanniae”; Saint Denis Basilica is completed in Paris; beginning of golden age of Mosan art; two previously written Chinese pharmaceutical works, one by Shen Kuo and another by Su Shi, are combined into one written work; the “Textus Roffensis” (an early legal document, actually two texts combined later) is written; China’s first permanent standing navy is established; Jin dynasty declare war on the Song Dynasty beginning more than a century of political division between northern and southern China; the civil war era begins in Norway; Conrad III is crowned anti-king to the Holy Roman Emperor; Order of the Knights Templar is ordained and founds its first stronghold; papal schism as factions back different successors; Louis VII of France marries Eleanor of Aquitaine in Bordeaux Cathedral; philosopher Peter Abelard has a love affair with his student Héloïse, which becomes legendary as a romantic tale.
1287 – 1302: Altar of St. James in Pistoia Cathedral, Italy is begun (a masterwork of the silver-smithing trade containing nearly a ton of silver that will not be completed for nearly 200 years); oldest surviving bell in the clocks atop the dome of St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome is built; University of Montpellier combines various existing schools under the mantle of a single university; Dante Alighieri completes the book of verse on courtly love “La Vita Nuova”; Scots Parliament creates a law allowing women to propose marriage to men during leap years (men who refuse such proposals are required to pay a fine to the spurned bride-to-be); Wars of Scottish Independence; Edward I of England and Philip the Fair of France declare war on each other and tax their clergy to pay for it; Philip IV of France and Pope Boniface VIII begin having disagreements; Chinese diplomat Zhou Daguan spends a year at the court of a Khmer King taking notes in a journal; Marco Polo returns to Venice from his travels to China; death of Kublai Khan; England and Portugal enter into the first iteration of the Anglo-Portuguese Alliance (the oldest alliance in the world still in force); money from Florence, Italy becomes the first international currency; Amsterdam is officially declared a city; Aztec culture starts in Mesoamerica; Roger Bacon dies; scholasticism is the dominant philosophy; establishment of law schools in England.
1450 – 1465: Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor becomes the last to be crowned in Rome; Siege and Fall of Constantinople leads to the Age of Discovery and ends the Middle Ages; Hundred Years’ War comes to a close; Henry VI of England suffers a year of madness (likely to be schizophrenia); the Thirteen Years’ War between Prussia and the Teutonic Order; Wars of the Roses begin; Henry VI of England is deposed by Edward, Duke of York during the Wars of the Roses; Henry VI of England is captured by Yorkist forces and imprisoned in the Tower of London; Battle of Towton (thought to be the bloodiest battle ever fought in England); Edward IV of England secretly marries Elizabeth Woodville and keeps the marriage a secret for 5 months afterwards; fifteen year-truce between the kingdoms of England and Scotland signed; University of Basel is founded; Gutenberg Bible is the first book printed with movable type; retrial of Joan of Arc acquits her of heresy 25 years after her execution; Halley’s Comet makes an appearance and is noted by the humanist scholar Platina; Cape Verde Islands discovered; the wedding of Christian Rosenkreuz; a monk, Leonardo da Pistoia, arrives in Florence from Macedonia with the Corpus Hermeticum; Corpus Hermeticum is translated into Latin; Leonardo da Vinci and Sandro Botticelli become students of Verrocchio; François Villon writes “Le Grand Testament”; François Villon receives a reprieve from death by hanging; suffering from fever Pope Pius II departs for Ancona to participate in the Crusades in person (the crusading army melts away at Ancona for want of transport, and when at last the Venetian fleet arrives the dying Pope can only view it from a window and dies two days later); massive flooding in central and southern China motivates the initial construction of hundreds of new bridges.
1614 – 1629: Siege of Osaka (a series of battles undertaken by the Tokugawa shogunate against the Toyotomi clan, ending in that clan’s destruction); Sir Thomas Roe sets out to become the first ambassador from the court of the King of England to the Mughal Emperor Jahangir in India; Sir Thomas Roe witnesses the weighing ceremony of Jahangirs son; England establishes its first outpost in India; Johannes Kepler charged with practicing “forbidden arts”; Nicolaus Copernicus’ ‘De revolutionibus orbium coelestium’ is placed on the Index of Forbidden Books; John Cotta writes his influential book ‘The Triall of Witch-craft’ amid witch trials in Europe; 3,000 seat Teatro Farnese, the first permanent proscenium theatre, is built; William Shakespeare dies; James I of England grants Ben Jonson an annual pension of 100 marks, making him de facto poet laureate; Ben Jonson’s satirical comedy “The Devil is an Ass” is produced at the Blackfriars Theatre in London (poking fun at contemporary credence in witchcraft and Middlesex juries); Ben Jonson’s works are published in a collected folio edition, the first of any English playwright; Ben Jonson’s writes the love poem, “To Celia”; Peter Paul Rubens begins work on classical tapestries; René Descartes graduates in civil and canon law at the University of Poitiers, where he becomes disillusioned with books; Sir Walter Ralegh is released from prison in the Tower of London where he has been imprisoned for treason, in order to conduct a second (ill-fated) expedition in search of El Dorado in South America; Pocahontas (now Rebecca) arrives in England with her husband and their infant son; New England Indian smallpox epidemic begins to depopulate the region, killing an estimated 90% of the coastal native peoples; first African slaves are brought to Bermuda (to dive for pearls); first African slaves are brought to North America; Henry Mainwaring, Oxford graduate and lawyer turned successful Newfoundland pirate, returns to England, is pardoned after rescuing a Newfoundland trading fleet near Gibraltar, and begins to write a revealing treatise on piracy; first attack from Barbary pirates in south-western England enslaves about 60 people; Gothenburg is founded; capital of Madagascar, Antananarivo, is founded; Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion; law of refraction discovered; Henry Briggs publishes “Arithmetica Logarithmica”; modern violin is developed; Francesca Caccini, who most historians say is the first female composer, finishes the opera-ballet “La Liberazione di Ruggiero”, which is performed at a reception for Wladyslaw IV of Poland; in the Gregorian calendar, January 1 is declared as the first day of the year instead of March 25; Jamestown massacre begins the American Indian Wars; Richelieu is made Cardinal; Albertus Magnus is beatified; Huguenot rebellions in France; first record of bottled spring water; publication of the “First Folio”, a collection of 36 of the plays of Shakespeare, half of which have not previously been printed; era of Baroque art and architecture, noted for its grandeur; Zildjian begins the commercial manufacture of cymbals; Procopius’ long-lost “Secret History” is rediscovered in the Vatican Library; the first European enters Tibet; first European settlers in Barbados; mail service begins in Denmark; the highest ever known tide in the Thames (the sea walls in Kent, Essex, and Lincolnshire are overthrown and great desolation is caused to the lands near the sea); King Charles I dissolves the English Parliament; Oliver Cromwell makes first appearance in the English Parliament ; beginning of the Würzburg witch trial; last recorded Aurochs dies; philosopher Sir Francis Bacon dies.
1778 – 1793: Captain James Cook becomes the first European to land on Maui; American Revolutionary war ends; George Washington resigns his commission as commander-in-chief; George Washington is unanimously elected the first President of the United States; the first time the presidential veto is used; United States Constitution is produced; naming of the United States; United States Senate attains its first quorum; Judiciary Act establishes the US federal judiciary; Bill of Rights is adopted; the Supreme Court of the United States convenes for the first time; cornerstone of the United States Executive Mansion, known as the White House after 1818, is laid; America’s first recorded riot (residents of Manhattan grow angry about grave robbers stealing bodies for doctors to dissect); Great Hurricane flattens the islands of Barbados, Martinique and Saint Eustatius (est. 22,000 dead); Calabrian earthquakes (five earthquakes in Italy leaving 50,000 dead); volcano Laki in Iceland erupts starting a chain of natural disasters which kill tens of thousands throughout Europe, including up to 33% of Iceland’s population, and causing widespread famine; huge locust swarm hits South Africa; Jeremy Bentham’s “Introduction to Principles of Morals and Legislation”, presenting his formulation of utilitarian ethics, is printed; William Herschel discovers the planet Uranus and two of its moons, Titania and Oberon; discovery of the element uranium; Henry Hurle officially founds the Ancient Order of Druids; Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor abolishes serfdom; the Affair of the Diamond Necklace; first American commercial bank (Bank of North America) opens; the dollar is chosen as the money unit for the United States; bald eagle is chosen as the emblem of the United States of America; the founding of the capital city of Bangkok; city of Sevastopol is founded; Sydney is named and founded; Brandenburg Gate in Berlin is finished; Jardin des Plantes and the Muséum national d’histoire naturelle are created; The Louvre is officially opened; phenomenal popularity and death of Mozart; Sweden’s national drama company is founded; Peking opera is created; first American novel, “The Power of Sympathy or the Triumph of Nature Founded in Truth”, is printed; Mary Wollstonecraft’s “A Vindication of the Rights of Woman” is published; hot air ballooning literally takes off as Montgolfier brothers first test fly a hot air balloon; the first ever recorded public demonstration of a parachute descent; the world’s first aviation disaster (hot air balloon crashes in Ireland causing a fire that burns down about 100 houses); the first fatal aviation disaster (balloon suddenly deflates without the envelope catching fire and crashes in France killing both men); “Purple Heart” to honor soldiers wounded in action created; Princess Yekaterina Vorontsova-Dashkova becomes the first woman in the world to direct a scientific academy; Benjamin Franklin invents bifocal spectacles; in China the Siku Quanshu is completed, the largest literary compilation in China’s history; first issue of the newspaper later known as The Times is published; Robert Burns writes his version of the Scots poem “Auld Lang Syne”; Joseph Haydn is awarded an honorary doctorate of music; Henry Cavendish’s paper to the Royal Society of London, “Experiments on Air”, reveals the composition of water; Immanuel Kant’s essay “Answering the Question: What Is Enlightenment?” is published; phenomenon of black holes is first posited in a paper by a clergyman; cholesterol is isolated; Count of St. Germain dies; Goethe undertook his Italian Journey; oldest musical organization in the United States, the Stoughton Musical Society, is founded; last reliably recorded wolf in Ireland was hunted down and killed; penal colony becomes the first European settlement in Australia, establishing new legal precedent; Australian frontier wars begin; the beginning of the French Revolution; Regency Crisis when George III becomes deranged; King Gustav III of Sweden is shot in the back at a midnight masquerade at the Royal Opera; mutiny on the Bounty; Denmark becomes the first country in the world to outlaw slavery; first written examinations in Europe are held; Miller Arnold Lawsuit changes world law by introducing the concept of all men being equal under law.
1942 – 1957: The Holocaust and the horror of the gas chambers; Manhattan Project; many submarine conflicts and skies filled with air raid sirens; first A-4 rocket is successfully launched becoming the first man-made object to reach space; World War 2 ends; the Cold War begins; Germany is divided between the Allied occupation forces; Korean war divides Korea into two; in South Africa the Group Areas Act is passed, formally segregating the races; segregation begins to be deemed unconstitutional in the US; Nuremberg trials; creation and first meeting of the Bilderberg Group; Vietnam War begins; first Geneva Summit meeting between the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and France; France adopts the constitution of the Fourth Republic; Egyptian leader Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalizes the Suez Canal sparking international condemnation; Franklin D. Roosevelt proposes a Second Bill of Rights; People’s Republic of China is officially proclaimed; Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke and dies and the Soviet Union starts releasing political prisoners and deportees from its Gulag prison camps; hurricane and flood in Bengal kills 40,000; Flint–Worcester tornado outbreak sequence (a single storm-system spawns 46 tornadoes of various sizes in ten states over three days); Hurricane Diane hits the northeastern United States, killing over 200 people and causing over $1.0 billion in damage; the Great Smog – a “killer fog” of air pollution – descends on London; the movie “Casablanca” premières; Rodgers and Hammerstein’s “Oklahoma!” opens on Broadway, heralds a new era in “integrated” stage musicals, becomes an instantaneous stage classic, and goes on to be Broadway’s longest-running musical up to that time; “Show Boat” and “South Pacific” open on Broadway; Benjamin Britten’s “Peter Grimes” premieres in London, which signals the rebirth of British opera; Agatha Christie’s murder-mystery play “The Mousetrap” opens in London and today remains the longest continuously running production of a play in history; Samuel Beckett’s play “Waiting for Godot” has its first public stage première; “The Crucible” by Arthur Miller opens on Broadway; original stage version of “The Glass Menagerie” by Tennessee Williams premieres in Chicago and catapults the author to fame (the play opens with a caution from the narrator that the events are from his memory and may not be what actually happened); Broadway musical “My Fair Lady” opens; John Osborne’s “Look Back in Anger” opens, changing the scope of theatrical and other forms of drama in the UK; the first time that a stage musical is presented in its entirety on TV almost exactly as it was performed on stage (Peter Pan on Broadway); Elliott Carter composes his “String Quartet No. 1” and becomes a leading avant-garde composer; first Eurovision Song Contest is broadcast; Laurence Olivier’s film “Henry V”, based on Shakespeare’s play, opens in London, to huge acclaim and marks the first time Shakespeare’s works appear in colour film; numerous alien invasion/ classic sci-fi films (“The Day the Earth Stood Still”, “The Man From Planet X”, “The Thing From Another World”, “When Worlds Collide”, “Them!”, “Forbidden Planet” “Cat Women Of The Moon”, etc.); “It’s a Wonderful Life” and “Miracle on 34th Street” films are released; “The Third Man” is released; Cecil B. DeMille’s epic film “The Ten Commandments” is released; “Rebel Without a Cause” is released; publication of the first James Bond novel; “The Catcher in the Rye” is first published; Aldous Huxley first tries mescaline, leading to writing and publication of his book “The Doors of Perception”; Sidney Gottlieb approves of the use of LSD in an MKUltra subproject; publication in New York of exiled French aviator Antoine de Saint-Exupéry’s self-illustrated children’s novella “The Little Prince”; “Casper the Friendly Ghost” character debuts; first issue of Playboy magazine; first edition of the “Guinness Book of Records” is published; Vladimir Nabokov’s controversial novel “Lolita” is published; Bill Haley & His Comets record “Rock Around the Clock”, thus starting the rock and roll craze; Duke Ellington plays at New York City’s Carnegie Hall for the first time; Elvis Presley releases his first gold album; first colour television sets go on sale; Columbia Records introduces the 33 1/3 LP record which allows listeners to enjoy an unprecedented 25 minutes of music per side, compared to the four minutes per side of the standard 78 rpm record; the first themed amusement park opens; later, Disneyland opens to the public; Christian Dior introduces the “New Look” in women’s fashion; ITV begins broadcasting in the United Kingdom (the first station in the UK with patrons or commercial sponsors); DDT is first used as a pesticide; Abstract Expressionism emerges as the dominant new style of art; death of Tesla; The Pentagon is dedicated; American movie studio executives agree to allow the Office of War Information to censor movies; McCarthyism; The Pentagon announces a plan to develop intercontinental ballistic missiles armed with nuclear weapons; United Nations and International Court of Justice (“World Court”) are established; the Warsaw Pact is signed; the NATO defense alliance created; co-operative movements gain traction in society; world’s first undersea oil pipeline is laid between England and France; International Civil Aviation Organization created; Boeing 707 is released; Arthur C. Clarke puts forward the idea of a geosynchronous communications satellite; largest recorded sunspot group appears on the solar surface; “flying discs” phenomena (Roswell, Kenneth Arnold, first MiB report); discovery of chemical element 61, the only one still missing between 1 and 96 on the periodic table, which is named promethium; cytogeneticist Joe Hin Tjio discovers the correct number of human chromosomes to be 46; emergence of computers; the first scientifically founded many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics; discovery of the ‘Dead Sea Scrolls’ in the Qumran Caves; multiple tornadoes strike Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas (killing 181 and injuring 970); Hurricane Audrey demolishes Cameron, Louisiana, killing 400 people; assassination of Mahatma Gandhi; Pope Pius XII witnesses the “Miracle of the Sun” at the Vatican and defines a new dogma which says that God took Mary’s body into Heaven after her death; United Methodist Church in America decides to grant women full ordained clergy status; discovery of REM sleep; United States Supreme Court rules that religious instruction in public schools violates the U.S. Constitution; International Police Association (the largest police organization in the world) is formed; Stasi (secret police) is founded in East Germany; videotape is first demonstrated; first use of a credit card; first McDonald’s opens; Mattachine Society is founded in Los Angeles as the first gay-liberation organization; Alan Turing commits suicide; Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II; world’s first commercial nuclear power plant is opened; first successful surgical separation of Siamese twins is conducted; the words “under God” are added to the United States Pledge of Allegiance; joint resolution of Congress is signed authorizing “In God we trust” as the U.S. national motto.
Among some of the major themes that we see emerging as this pattern repeats throughout history are events and happenings associated with iconic religious and cultural places and times (the Renaissance, the Louvre, the power of Constantinople, the Aztec Empire), grandeur and aesthetics in art and things of great beauty focused on the mystery of love (all the works of Mozart, the latter works of Shakespeare, “To Celia”), metaphysics or surreal or supernatural elements in art (Shakespeare again, the 50s craze for sci-fi films, translations of the Corpus Hermeticum, Kants “What is Enlightenment?”, see also many of the names in the list at the end of this article), pursuit of the vision of human flight (in particular the development of ballooning), schisms and divisions arising in culture or through religion and often giving rise to some kind of artistic stimulus (McCarthyism, the divisions of Korea and Germany, the French and American Revolutions,the European witch trials), State spectacles (coronation of Elizabeth II, marriage of Louis VIII of France, opening of the Louvre, the Eurovision Song contest), fear and wonder from the heavens (air raid sirens of World War II, comets, those 50s movies again, the discovery of Uranus, the arrival of the commercial airline era), accords and treaties – often for peace or cultural exchange rather than trade (Pactum Warmundi, Warsaw Pact, NATO alliance, Anglo-Portuguese Alliance), devastating winds, especially tornadoes as well as numerous floods (which often cause new bridges to be built), iconic characters who advance the cause of feminism and gender equality as well as advances towards sexual identity equality (law allowing women to propose marriage to men during leap years, acquittal of Joan of Arc, Francesca Caccini becoming the first female composer known to exist, Mary Wollstonecraft’s “A Vindication of the Rights of Woman”), religious legislation (“In God We Trust”, “under God”, Pactum Warmundi, First Council of the Lateran demanding celibacy), theme parks and other societal amusements (Disneyland, McDonalds, colour TV, Rock and Roll, Playboy), the development of policing and criminal justice (Stasi, IPA, arrival of videotape, penal colonies, Nuremberg Trials), major diplomatic missions between places of different spiritual and cultural philosophy (Marco Polo, Zhou Daguan, United Nations), technology which involves hovering or being suspended in space (balloons, satellites, flying discs) and phenomena related to mysterious spectacles in the sky (flying discs, comets, “Miracle of the Sun”, black holes, sunspots), the story of slavery and its related story of human rights and colonisation, especially by religions in exotic cultures, often with the theme of spiritual and cultural dogma from one party absorbing or destroying that of another (African slave trade, Holocaust, Native American Wars, Australian frontier wars), iconic artistic developments in architecture and theatre/film (proscenium arches, Peking Opera, The Louvre, “The Third Man”, “The Mousetrap”), philanthropy and patronage of the arts as well as new artistic visions (violins, Huxley, “Oklahoma!”, Shakespeare on colour film, development of courtly love philosophy), alien diplomacy (i.e. encountering ‘the other’ – those 50s sci fi movies, Marco Polo, Huxley again) and something I will call the ‘friendly ghost syndrome’ (Caspar, Klaatu, “The Little Prince” and many other benevolent forms of spiritual ‘otherness’), the fusion of religious and cultural values and reaction to it (French Revolution, papal schisms, the American motto and oath of allegiance, French and English kings taxing their clergy to war on one another), prison reforms or reprieves (death of Stalin, liberation of concentration camps in WW2, storming of the Bastille, establishing penal colonies, Walter Ralegh and Henry Mainwaring), issues surrounding air quality (the “killer fog” of London, the rise of the aviation industry, DDT and other chemicals building up in the atmosphere) and the end (sometimes the start) of major wars (WW2, Hundred Years War, American revolution).
It is interesting to see how involved Neptune in Libra is with the entire idea of the American Dream. We see it steeped in the history of the setting up of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, as well as a number of other significant motifs. “Truth, Justice and the American Way” sounds as if it may have been inspired by this astrological influence, regardless of what you think of how America has lived up to it. However, far more than this and probably more than any other single item in this list the spirit of Neptune in Libra is best exemplified in the music of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Neptune was in Libra throughout the entire time that Mozart was composing his concertos and symphonies, and Mozart was perfectly astrologically positioned to channel it – it was in trine to his Sun/Mercury conjunction and Saturn in Aquarius in the 5th temple as well as his Venus in Aquarius in the 6th, also trine his midheaven in Gemini and sextile his conjunction of the Moon and Pluto in Sagittarius in the 4th, as well as making a conjunction to his Jupiter in Libra in the 2nd. By birth, Mozart was born with Neptune in Leo in the 11th opposite that Sun/Mercury conjunction in Aquarius, so he was acutely attuned to Neptune. The fact that his Neptune is in opposition to the Sun/Mercury conjunction describes the fact that he literally had no choice in whether or not to express the connection to the music of the spheres he was hearing. It overpowered him and he drove himself into exhaustion as a result. The music that he left behind is to my years clearly channelling the multidimensional harmonies of Neptune in Libra, but it came at a terrible price to his constitution, a sacrifice that contributed to his early death at the age of 35 (in fact there is still debate about what caused his death, with poisoning and disease being suspected).
This generation was seeded to question the nature of the ideal relationship, to break free from and dissolve traditional marital structures and commitments in order to evolve their own vision of these things. Music is also an analogy of Libra and Neptune and the current generation truly flowered in the 1960s, bringing their sense of balanced harmony into the outer world through the arts. This generation is peppered with narcissistic seekers, those who must peer into the mirror of their own natures for greater understanding, trying to determine what, if anything, is really there. The Neptune Libra vision that this generation seeks in its own reflection is one of global relationship and responsibility, as embodied in the symbol of the United Nations, for example.
This generation also brings to the world a new awareness of karma, the law of cause and effect. Deep and knowing levels within these people understand that all relationships are shared relations, we reflect our attitudes and ideals, our beliefs and our disillusionment upon each person we meet; and they in turn reflect their energies onto you and others. The ultimate lesson then of this Neptune is to reflect unconditional love to one another (without losing sight of it for ourselves), for it is in our power if we do so to change the world through simple interaction with one another. Frequently there is a need to dissolve karmic energies which relate to partnership and relationships from previous lives, and to simultaneously dissolve those patterns of relationships which are unbalanced. For instance, equality and balance between the sexes is part of this generations plan for completion of their mission. But this extends to many other areas beyond the old sex wars; it is about dissolving the negative karmic imbalances which result from ego based relationships.
We are taught that we need to compete for energy in order to survive. Our parents teach us this. But we rarely questioned their wisdom. They inherited their beliefs about the world and the need to compete for energy from their parents, and they from theirs, and so on. This is how we have become trapped in illusions through many lives, believing that we have to gain all kinds of energy from our partners, but the truth remains eternal – we are always connected to the source of all love. The Neptune in Libra clan progress toward this realisation, which will not end relationships but advance them into a new arena. As we give our loving energy freely and unconditionally, we receive exactly as we give. By raising the empathy of every person we meet and relate to we increase their awareness of others and exalt them so that there is a chance of them transmitting a powerful message. The message, then, of this Neptune is that there is a spiritual relationship and partnership between self and Greater Self, and when this is in balance, or equilibrium, it is reflected in harmonious interaction with everything, for in unity all is equal.
The people of Neptune in Libra embrace of philosophy arising from reason and perceived universal equality. They and their world are exposed to major conceptualisations of the ideal principles of law, order and justice and are concerned with how to implement them in reality. At an occult level they are engaged with the concept of karma, particularly karma which is held with others or through relationships and partnerships. They are frequently sensitive to the insanity of war and have strongly developed aesthetic or spiritual values related to pacifism, caring for others and liberalism. They come in with an imagination keen to explore the concept of relationship as a spiritual entity, a keenness which brings an impulse to merge and dissolve into each other and other people. It is also why many of them are drawn to caring institutions and ways of making society more caring or sensitive, and it is also a major factor in the connection they have to artistic muses with whom they easily form spiritualised love relationships. Legendary tales of love, mutiny and sacrifice for others are woven among them, but rarely reach the pages of any history books.
The tribe can roughly and for the purposes of illustration only be divided into three camps – a group which seeks an ideal love partner, a group which seeks an ideal expression of artistry, and a group which seeks an ideal expression of truth and justice. An individual can belong to all three camps or just one or two, but will often have a focus in one particular area. An overall focus can also be perceived at work but this requires a metaphysical explanation, which I will come to at the end of this writing.
The group which seeks an ideal love partner is obviously prone to a degree of disillusionment in the process of finding such a person, since it is very unlikely that it will be the first person they fall in love with. The capacity these people have to fall in love is very mysterious and hypnotic, and part of what they land here to do in order to find that ideal partner is to probe this mystery and its power over their behaviour. They need to heed cautions concerning the potential blind spots of falling in love and the way we can delude ourselves or sacrifice our own interests in the pursuit. They also often need to scale down their idealism so that a real human being can enter their lives. The astrology of Neptune in Libra itself does not promise that such a true soulmate actually exists, although it might. However, such is the capacity to feel love for another that it does not necessarily have to deposit itself in human relationship – the capacity of Neptune in Libra to feel love for all living things capable of relating to love is universal. Legendary love affairs lie hidden away from the gaze of history within the private lives of these people.
Some of this hunger for an ideal conception of love brings about great poetry, song and other forms of artistic expression in an attempt to communicate these feelings to the world. Other individuals have no interest in love relationships (often for personal evolutionary reasons) and instead focus purely on elevating some kind of artistic medium to exalted heights. These people have deep, spiritual connections to the spirit of art itself and often have powerful relationships with their muses wherein the boundary between the artist and the art is nebulous and deeply mysterious. Spiritual, mystical and supernatural elements or abstraction and surrealism are often features of the expression for this reason. In others, art becomes the ultimate form of escapism from reality and the boundary between what is real and what is merely artistic imagination becomes porous and can lead to delusion. A dreamlike and often romantic quality also pervades the artistic expression present in this tribe and they are often the conduits through which wondrous new creative visions pour forth.
The third group of people we can identify in this tribe include people from a wide range of different fields including philosophy, politics, religion, law, social equality and human rights, each of whom is concerned with the concepts and principles of truth and justice. This group perceives an ideal society in which there is a vision of fairness. The concept itself may be fuzzy and lack clarity, but the instinct towards it is felt within and thus sought without. However, when it comes to the specifics of choosing between one thing and another this group can fall into the trap of hedging its bets in a futile effort to remain impartial. It also runs into the problem of having to analyse confusing evidence and form judgement in order to come to fair conclusions about things, conclusions which others may not share. The tribe here often has a great tolerance for different views and can frequently see every point of view as it applies to a given issue. In its essence Neptune in Libra withholds judgement on moral issues because it is aware of the hidden complexities involved in the behaviour of other people, their capacity for deception, the difficulty of being a truly fair witness to events and the elusiveness of what is really going on in human relationships. So often, the challenge for them is in learning to universally see all the sides involved and to apply both reason and a third eye to the matter. Its the awareness a true seer needs to do their job.
Of course, we also see the shadow side of all these things moving amongst the tribe – an addiction to comfort and pleasure and sweetness, intentional deception and smearing of the truth, inveigling, a persistent loneliness arising from unfulfilled emotional hungers, inequality, slavery, artistic laziness, romantic projections that make us live our lives through our partners and lead to a loss of discrete identity. Often we also see “phenomena X dissolving here” with “phenomena X rising here” e.g. segregation starting in South Africa and reaching an ending in the US, as Neptune is transcendent and therefore manifests in more than one direction, and also because Libra is polarised.
This polarisation of Libra coupled with the confusing and often mesmeric qualities of Neptune can bring about a recipe for disaster in terms of indecisiveness. It is perhaps one of the biggest banes of the tribe has to contend with, and it can manifest in many different ways, such as not being able to settle on an artistic direction to not being able to settle on a romantic partner. In some cases in fact it can be a nearly universal problem for the person in their life affecting nearly every aspect of their existence. The tribe is probably one of the most prone to confusion that exists, as it can also easily mistake what others feel and think for what it thinks and feels. In many ways it is similar to Uranus in Gemini in that it mirrors or mimics what is placed before it, adopting easily the characteristics of others.
The tribe finds allies among the people of Neptune in Gemini (1887-1902 and 2051-2066) and Aquarius (1998-2012), and likely companions among the people of Neptune in Leo (1914-1929) and Neptune in Sagittarius (1970-1984). Its agenda clashes with the agenda of Neptune in Cancer (1901-1915) and Neptune in Capricorn (1984-1998) as well as that of Neptune in Aries (2025-2039), of which there are no living souls, but they are about to arrive. Individuals or tribes with an emphasis upon these signs that does not involve Neptune can also have similar chemistries. Nobody alive today has Neptune in Gemini, and the next arrival is some way off (30-40 years). As I have said before, with Neptune tribes the age gaps mean that there is always one major supportive tribe not active in life at the time it arrives (in this case Neptune in Gemini) and one major opposing tribe that is not active the time they arrive (in this case Neptune in Aries). The supportive tribe that is not alive alongside the tribe in question will represent something they aspire towards, something intangible at the time, while the tribe opposing them which they clash with but are not alive usually represent the ideology and vision they are kicking against. The most influential challengers are from the final sign, the one ahead in zodiacal order who are busy being born during our mid-life changes and will grow up kicking against our ideals. The resonance between Neptune in Gemini and Libra is in the sharing of ideas through discussion and art, while with Neptune in Aquarius the resonance shifts towards a more social arena in which concepts of justice and equality play major roles. Each form of Neptune in an Air sign perceives the universal laws in a different way and sometimes with a different agenda, but they are able to communicate with one another about these things. With regard to the two Fire signs, with Neptune in Leo there is a mutual stimulus that applies itself to artistic and creative expression, particularly drama, while with Sagittarius there is a resonance with the pursuit of truth and a less known resonance in the sense of humour or appreciation of comedy. The issue with Neptune in Cancer is often connected with empathy, with the Neptune in Cancer tribe feeling that the detachment and reasoned judgement of Neptune in Libra is too cold and clinical while the Neptune in Libra tribe tends to view the Neptune in Cancer people as too nostalgic for the past and are too conservative for the liberals in the crowd. Similarly, the Neptune in Capricorn people come across as ultraconservative icons of the status quo, materialists who do not understand aesthetic values, while from the other side Neptune in Libra people are frustratingly indecisive, vague and vacillating.
Those of this clan who seek enlightenment or psychic development discover that the opening of the third eye is in a creative seeking of justice and fairness in all things, the enlightenment of polarity through direct perception of unity with others, it opens in transcending moral judgment and the need to moralise over the behaviour of others and in understanding that everything is in a close relationship with everything else. It is this awareness which opens the soul to artistic inspiration and aesthetic appreciation of the infinite beauty that inspires it, the staggering complexity of the universe as it remains in a constant state of balance throughout its existence. The universe IS Art. On the Gra Tree of Life, Libra is positioned as the path between Gedulah and Yesod. This Path imbues the astral realm with Force from the mental realm, acting as a bridge which communicates the essence of Tiphareth (heart of the mental realm) to the astral realm. The Force which is imbued into the seat of the astral realm is one of harmonisation and equilibrium, of infinite alikeness. Essentially, we are shown that Libra represents a merciful or compassionate energy which is involved in a creative act, one which involves equilibrating the astral awareness. It communicates to the soul the awareness that it is connected to others and that this connection is significant. This is the true “soul-mate” that Neptune in Libra is seeking, the soul belonging only to us which is a true expression of our individual spirit and nature, and on a deeper level far beyond this the “soul-mate” that Neptune in Libra is seeking is not just the individual soul but the universal soul, the soul of the astral realm itself. This accounts for the deep connection to astral muses, art and the need for the very highest expression of human love and relationship.
Below I have presented you with a long sequence of names belonging to the tribe of Neptune in Libra. Those names which I have given in bold have either the Sun, Moon or ascendant in Libra in conjunction with Neptune in Libra. These people serve as particularly bright or clear examples of the qualities and themes of Neptune in Libra. In particular, the chart of Lech Wałęsa has a New Moon conjunction with Neptune in Libra, although I would also draw attention to the art of Clive Barker which relentlessly explores metaphysical themes.
Eleanor of Aquitaine (queen consort successively of France and England and patron of the arts); Lu You (Chinese poet); Averroes (Andalus judge and physician); Elisabeth of Schönau (German Benedictine visionary who transcended 12th century gender roles); Joachim of Fiore (Italian mystic); Henry II of England; Hōnen, (founder of Pure Land Buddhism); Peter of Blois (French poet and diplomat); Saladin (Sultan of Egypt and Syria); Louis X of France; Philippe de Vitry (influential French composer); Philip V of France; Philip VI of France; Richard III of England; Henry VII of England; Amerigo Vespucci (explorer); Poliziano (humanist poet); Jacopo Sannazaro (humanist poet); Maximilian I (Holy Roman Emperor); Alessandro Alessandri (lawyer); Pietro Pomponazzi (philosopher); Henry Medwall (first known English vernacular dramatist); Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de’ Medici (Florentine patron of the arts); Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (philosopher); Mercurino Gattinara (statesman and jurist); Nicholas Culpeper (herbalist, physician, and astrologer); William Holder (music theorist); Richard Lovelace (poet); Lozang Gyatso (5th Dalai Lama); Yamazaki Ansai (philosopher); Charles Le Brun (painter and art theorist); Cyrano de Bergerac (poet); Shalom Shabazi (poet); Camillo Massimo (Cardinal and patron of the arts); Molière (comedic playwright); Algernon Sidney (political philosopher); Blaise Pascal (mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and philosopher); David Schirmer (lyric poet and librarian); William Petty (scientist and philosopher); Jane Leade (mystic visionary, esotericist); George Fox (founder of the Quakers); Giovanni Legrenzi (composer); Robert Boyle (scientist, one of the founders of modern chemistry); Shivaji (founder of the Maratha Empire); Charles Perrault (folklorist who lays the foundation of modern faerie tales); Miguel de Molinos (mystic, initiator of Quietism); John Heydon (lawyer, astrologer); Humphry Davy (physicist and chemist); William Ellery Channing (influential Unitarian theologian and minister); Elizabeth Fry (prison reformer, humanitarian); Swaminarayan (Hindu religious reformer, later accepted by followers as a manifestation of deity); Shaka Zulu (Zulu king); Daniel Webster (lawyer, statesman); Simón Bolívar (revolutionary leader, statesman); Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm (folklorists); David Wilkie (artist); Davy Crockett (folk hero); William Bradley (Britain’s tallest man ever, who was 7 ft 9 in); Franz Gruber (church organist and composer who is best known for composing the music to Silent Night); Robert Peel (Prime Minister of the United Kingdom); Arthur Schopenhauer (philosopher); John Martin (painter); Michael Faraday (scientist); Carl Czerny Pianist, composer); Samuel Morse (telegraph code co-inventor); Théodore Géricault (pioneering Romantic painter); Charles Babbage (mathematician and inventor); Nodira (Uzbek poet and stateswoman); Percy Bysshe Shelley (poet); Michael Crichton (author); Bob Hoskins (actor); Christopher Walken (actor); Robert De Niro, (actor); Sylvester McCoy (actor); Anthony Daniels (actor); Bernard Hill (actor); Alan Rickman (actor); Tommy Lee Jones (actor); Goldie Hawn (actress); Susan Sarandon (actress); Meryl Streep (actress); Sigourney Weaver (actress); Oprah Winfrey (actress, producer, hostess); Samuel L. Jackson (actor, producer); Mark Hamill (actor); John Goodman (actor); Diane Keaton (actress, film director); Michael Douglas (actor); Tom Hanks (actor, director); Julie Walters (actress, comedian); Martin Scorsese (film director); David Cronenberg (film director); George Lucas (film director); Steven Spielberg (film director); David Lynch (film director); Chris Carter (director, writer, creator of “The X Files” in which law enforcement investigates the supernatural); Oliver Stone (film director, producer); James Cameron (film director); Joe Biden (politician);John Major (politician); John Kerry (diplomat, politician); Lech Wałęsa (politician, peace prize winner); Ban Ki-moon (politician, diplomat); Vladimir Putin (politician); Tony Blair (politician); Theresa May (politician); Nicolas Sarkozy (politician); Hillary Clinton (politician); Angela Merkel (politician); Bill Clinton (politician); George W. Bush (politician); Donald Trump (businessman, politician); Benjamin Netanyahu (politician); Shinzō Abe (politician); Billy Connolly (comedian); Rowan Atkinson (comedian, actor); Robin Williams (actor, comedian); Steve Martin (actor, comedian); Kelsey Grammer (actor, comedian); Bill Murray (actor, comedian); Dan Aykroyd (actor, comedian); Whoopi Goldberg (actress, comedian); Christopher Reeve (actor, activist); Brent Spiner (actor, comedian); Eric Idle (the musical Python); Patrick Swayze (actor, dancer); Jimi Hendrix (musician); Janis Joplin (musician); George Harrison (musician); Vangelis (musician, composer); Marc Bolan (musician); Van Morrison (musician); Olivia Newton-John (singer); Peter Gabriel (musician, singer); Neil Young (singer, musician); Natalie Cole (singer); Annie Lennox (singer, musician); Bob Geldof (singer, activist); Diana Ross (singer); Joe Cocker (singer); Barry White (singer); Chrissie Hynde (singer); Bob Marley (singer, musician); Stevie Wonder (musician, singer); David Gilmour (musician); Cher (actress, singer); David Essex (singer); Sting (singer, musician, philanthropist); David Bowie (singer-songwriter); Stephen King (author); Clive Barker (author, painter, film director); Salman Rushdie (author); Douglas Adams (author); Fernando Savater (philosopher, author); Ananda Coomaraswamy (art philosopher, metaphysician); Jean-Paul Gaultier (fashion designer); Steve Jobs (businessman); Bill Gates (businessman); David Copperfield (illusionist).
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