Elemental Connections

My second message this month is in response to a question about the Elements and the various effects they have when they are strong or weak in a chart.


In an earlier message I talked about my method of assigning a number to each of the Elements which represents its strength in a chart. This number represents the strength of the quantity  of that Element and does not necessarily reflect its quality. This is an important point to understand because it means that even a strong Element can produce a negative effect while a weak Element can also produce a positive effect. What we are measuring here  is the quantity of our connection, the scale of our relationship to a particular Element. The quality of that connection is not inferred here, because it arises from the nature of the specific objects in that Elements signs  and whether or not they are considered strong or not. For example, you may have many planets giving you a high score in Earth, but those planets could be debilitated and entangled in messy aspects that cause trouble. Conversely, a strongly dignified and well aspected planet in an otherwise weak Element can imply certain benefits are rising from that situation. Black-and-white judgements about good and bad are not particularly helpful in astrology at all, but sometimes they have to be made.

So when we talk about whether any Element is weak or strong what we are talking about is whether whether the relationship we have with that particular Element is a strong one. The Elements themselves are evenly distributed throughout the One self (they are omnipresent) and this means that it is a fallacy to describe ourselves as having more or less of one particular Element. What we have is more or less of a natural connection, but natural connections change and evolve and can be consciously trained through the development of particular faculties.

The following definitions may help to clarify.


When an Element is strong, it is our connection to that Element that is strong. This connection increases the flow and the expression of that Element in our life. At times this connection can overpower other aspects of our self represented by the other Elements, especially when those Elements are ‘weak’. Most other times it is an asset, a way of being that we naturally feel comfortable with. Strong Elements are those which the body easily generates by itself. If an Element is especially strong however, it can easily manifest its negative potential.


When an Element is weak it is not that we have an absence of the Element concerned, but a poor connection to it. This connection must be consciously cultivated to strengthen the Element. Weak Elements are those which the body does not easily generate by itself. Frequently the lack of quantity will need to be addressed.

The ideal from the magical point of view is to transform and raise up all of the weak Elements so that they are as strong as the strong Elements while toning down and transforming any negative characteristics that have arisen from an overgrown, excessively strong Element. Since problems can arise from either strong or weak Elements,  this process can be complex.

Aside from the magical work of character transformation, there are many ways to do this, the key to much of which lies in astrological and magical analogy. Fire for example is not only analogous to heat, light, and flame, but also to the colour red, the head region, to hot and spicy foods, to certain creatures like the salamander and geophysical entities like volcano, friends and lovers with strong Fire qualities, and so on, all of which intrinsically radiate Fire as a quality. This radiation can be interacted with and the connection can address the need for Fire to be increased. But the root cause of the lack will only be addressed when the Elemental equilibrium is attained – external sources of Fire alone can only provide temporary solutions and signposts. The subject on the operating table is the soul. Therefore, it is the soul that must be transformed. At times when the planets themselves move into Fire, such as when the inner planets traverse the Fire signs (roughly each year during Aries, Leo and Sagittarius birthdays) or when the slow moving outer planets emphasise the Fire Element (e.g. Jupiter and Pluto in Sagittarius, with Saturn in Leo, which occurred through 2007 for example) weak Fire will be naturally boosted by the increase in ambient Fire in the environment, and the lack of Fire will be mitigated. This is a tactic that can be used for other Elements when they are weakened, but it is not something that a magician should come to rely upon.

I will consider each of the four Elements in their strong character first followed by each Element in its weak character.



volcano-1172945Fire is the Element of volition or will. Fire is life, motivation, creative inspiration, and the light of being (pure awareness that, against all odds, we EXIST), and these people are bursting with it. When Fire is strong you may need to tame your own enthusiasm and thirst for life. Fire is associated with dragons (‘salamanders’), and dragons are symbols of the life force energy, chi, the magicians vital energy and the lifeblood of the land. These people basically have greater general access and a quicker path to replenishing this energy. It may sound good to have lots of something called vital energy, but in truth like all energies it can become detrimental in extremes. Therefore, impulsiveness, restlessness, impatience and over optimism will need to be controlled or the dragons may become tyrannical, inflammatory and aggressive. A key lesson of Fire is that power exercised over others is never as potent or effective as power exercised with others.

An abundance of Fire brings much positive potential – generosity of spirit, a fighting chance, warmth, enthusiasm, confidence, hopefulness and visionary creative power and intuition being among them. The Fire character depicts a highly-motivated person with many goals and aspirations for the future. You are vital and spontaneous, often enjoying the challenge of travelling down new and adventurous roads in your life. Your enthusiasm is quite irrepressible. Your weakness lies in your tendency to exaggerate, to over generalize and dramatize, or overestimate your own capability and your general inability to cope with the more mundane activities in life or the dull periods.

Fire refers to universal radiant life energy, it’s excitable, creative, enthusiastic and spontaneous and through its light brings colour and warmth to the world.  Strong Fire in a chart can lead you to feel that you are a “channel for life” and some cannot hide their pride in this fact. Fire exemplifies high spirits, great faith in oneself, unending courage and strength, integrity and direct honesty. Your will to be and express yourself freely is rather childlike in its simplicity, (as opposed to child-ish, the unbalanced manifestation), a fact which can endear you to others, but which can cause offence to more cautious or sensitive individuals (Earth and Water signs particularly). In other words too much Fire can singe or burn others through directness, insensitivity or impulsiveness. Fire  types rarely intend to harm, faults more often manifest through a lack of self control and sensitivity to others, they may seem wilful, overpowering, or rush into things with such haste that they unintentionally step on peoples toes or cause unintended destruction. The focus on the self identity can make them selfish and self serving, but there is always a generosity and sharing of the fortunes of their successes too. Fire loves to warm others. It aspires, is continuously on the move and hungers for new material to consume.

Fire types tend to be impatient with Earth and Water types. They feel that Water will extinguish their creative spontaneous flames, and that Earth will bury and smother it. Air types however tend to fan their flames by providing new ideas that the Fire type can act upon. However, Fire is often detrimental for Air to tolerate for long as it burns up their own energy, the Fire types are often too flagrant, dramatic and impatient for Air, and Fire easily becomes bored and tired with intellectual observations and endless discussions that cannot be quickly acted upon or produce winning results. The same dynamic holds true for planets in a birth chart as well as our interactions with other people.

Excessive Fire can result in behaviour which is ill considered, rash, poorly rooted in reality and in too much time spent living without reflection. Strong Fire is the most quickly destructive of all Elements. Such a person will tend to react spontaneously and push ahead when they should proceed more discretely and end up pushing away those they should be thanking or working with. Feelings may not be easy to express or connect with and represent messy complications to just getting what is wanted. In terms of Bardon praxis, the intensity of colour and clarity of sound and the feeling of heat and weightlessness may come more readily, and the exercises for the mental body may seem more natural, but the astral and physical steps may require more attention and time, along with all the exercises rooted in Water and Earth.


maui-starry-night-1626967Air is the mediating Element of the worlds. It is Neutral, where Fire is Electric, Water is Magnetic and Earth is ElectroMagnetic. Hermetically it is the infinite Divine Awareness (omniscience) which manifests in the sequential continuum of time-space as ‘Legality’, and astrologically it denotes our individual awareness and our skill in mental exercises such as communication, talking, writing, thinking, intellect, or any activity where we can experience a quick and continuous flow of awareness through the exchange and communication of notions. It not only denotes our intellectual sides, but also our social sides, the parts of us that interact with others on a mental level. Air moves and stirs the other Elements and Air is weightless and free; since the Divine Awareness is infinite, it is in all things whatever the form – awareness or consciousness is what connects the Universe together, rock, cloud, animal, plant, planet, star, woman and man. It cannot be grasped, possessed, or even quantified. Like the sky it is an infinite property, and was perceived in ancient times to be the home of the gods. This was an ancient tradition, because the ancients were astrologers. The power of the gods was always linked to particular planets and other celestial objects which were named after them. This is a natural expression of the direct perception of essential meaning, the objective perception of Legality offered by Air.

Strong Air increases the powers of perception but not necessarily the clarity. It brings a natural affinity for figuring things out with the head and a hunger for information, both intellectual and social, as well as spiritual,  technological and biological. The awareness is, for whatever reason, dedicating itself to the learning and the sharing of thought. It wants to understand what things mean, and what they are. Strong Air brings a great deal of curiosity, inventiveness, friendliness, neutrality and greater objectivity but  it can also make us trapped in our own heads, endlessly speculating over our choices and our ideas, while the world goes on around us and we get old.

Aside from getting lost in their own world of ideas and thoughts, another major weakness of strong Air is that the objective neutrality can become toxic by neutralising everything around it that it doesn’t want to deal with. If a strong Air person, for example, has a weak Earth or Water they might continually put off dealing with practical and emotional issues, diffusing anything sticky or complicated with a dismissive wave of the hand. When this happens, problems build up and gradually get worse, leading to a vicious cycle of more denial until the problem wakes up and unleashes its destructive potential. Then, the response of strong Air can be dismissive yet again – finding many good reasons why other things or other people are responsible for it.

Air is connected to the sense of hearing, to acoustic exercises and to the energy of the mental body, mind, the individual perception and the measure of awareness we have which is a mote of the Divine Awareness. With Air in high quantity and quality your mental body, sense of hearing, your connection to sound as information and movement through space, and the quality of your connection to all things of the mind is potent and yet light as Air is weightless. You allow new ideas and thoughts to move through it and lift up the veils of understanding as if they were curtains blown by the wind. You live a great deal in your head and also through social interactions with others. You may consider the world of other weaker Elements (emotions for example if Water is weak) to be irrational or have difficulty fully trusting them at times. You have a gift for detaching your reasoning capacity from the emotions and thus achieving a high degree of objectivity and fairness, which can also bring out a joyous sense of humour. This attitude brings about a clear and lively thought process, but can lead to extreme detachment and coolness, a lack of true caring. At times you also have an over active mind which must be guided and controlled. Additionally, you ponder on things mentally, and lack the capacity to take immediate action without thinking and analysing first. Your mind can run away with you, leading you into imaginary possibilities from which you then build up scenarios which will never come to pass and think through solutions or permutations to those scenarios.

Your nervous system is probably highly active and you need to both actively channel this and learn the peace which comes through the absence of thought, mind which is empty yet filled with infinite potentials and clarity. Become like an unfolding white lotus blossom on a serene blue lake being blown by a gentle breeze, and look within you seeking stillness and inner peace. You also need regular breaks in scenery and your routine or you tend to feel stuck in a rut. Once disciplined, your Air can become the channel for brilliant inventive insight in the world of ideas and thought, through the direct perception of essential meaning of any thing your mind turns its attention to. It can be like a magical Sword (the symbol of mastery of Air) that cuts through fog, dispels illusion and shines bright and sharp with the reflected light of Divine Awareness and wisdom, but all this is only possible with greater depth of feeling and an Earthed sense of whole being. The magic of Air is levitation, thought and consciousness transmission, flight and the antidote of Earth. It can feed or extinguish Fire depending on its quantity, and it moves Water or churns it into destructive forms. Earth and Water bring Air the most insoluble problems.


a-world-of-water-1400916With Water dominating the natural mix within, you speak ‘from the heart’, and are a compassionate and caring person with a strong psychic nature. You value your personal relationships, in which you often take on a caretaker role. You are such a sympathetic and understanding person that you are often caught in the role of comforter to others. Your weakness may often lie in the fact that you fail to take an objective perspective when necessary, and that you may tend to sluggishness and impressionability. You often react emotionally without thinking things through first or find your reasoning is clouded by nebulous emotions.

Those with strong Water in their charts realise from birth that various invisible and intangible factors play a greater role in life than is commonly believed. They are able to sense these currents at work even if they cannot name them. Water is of a feeling nature, tuned into the subtler nuances that many others don’t even notice. Water represents the realm of collective emotion and the quantity and quality of its significance (ranging from ecstasy to overwhelming terror) the deeper dimensions of life which can only be directly or consciously accessed via intuition, and psychic sensing. Water is also cleansing and purifying, its healing power gently washing away rather than burning up, and those with strong Elemental Water are able to use their emotional understanding and empathy to heal and counsel others by resonating empathetically and then washing away, either through sympathy and compassion, or simply through tears.

This same action of waves washing away also gives Water its surprising power; for in the waves that break over and over on a mighty cliff edge, or the smoothed rock in a bubbling creek, it flows around and over, Water does not typically deal with resistance by blasting it out of the way, it either flows around it, smoothing it in the process, or, if the object is too impassable, relentlessly laps away at it until it falls into the sea and Water moves in to claim the territory.

Water is often the most personally manipulative of Elements, simply because it has a more direct connection to feelings. Often, the swaying and stirring of feelings and moods is a natural way of communicating for these people. Other people however may not understand this or deal that way. When this transpires Water types often get hurt feelings. They need to understand that the world doesn’t always feel as deeply as they do and when it rejects something they feel strongly about or fails to understand they shouldn’t take it too personally. They can learn good lessons in this from strong Fire types who encourage them to bounce back and come out fighting but are often too selfish for Water, while strong Earth types bring them down to earth and help them to deal with their feelings. Air planets or people will generally find Water a mystery while the Air type seems too superficial to Water, but Air can ruffle and distort an otherwise placid and glassy, reflective surface. Intellect often mixes with feeling as oil does with water. Fire and Air bring the most complications.

Over-emphasis on Water can make us feel as if we are cast adrift on a vast sea in a small boat with no oars and no rudder, sail or compass, at the mercy of our own sensitivity and emotional tides over which we have no control, easily influenced by any wind that blows. If we do not know how to sail upon the world of feelings or to dive, we express them negatively. Strong Water makes us sensitive to the hidden significance of any experience which can lead to profoundly penetrating intuition, or to over reacting to the slightest stimulus. If emotions are out of control or poorly handled, strong Water people become like a water tornado or tsunami – easily devitalized by deep fears, strongly influenced by reaction patterns which whip them into a whirlpool of emotional turmoil and overwhelmed by emotions on a daily basis (and thus ultimately exhausted by them). The key to successfully dealing with vast reserves of Water is in the flow of the tides. Water must be shared and it must move or it stagnates, like all the Elements, but Water is especially fluid and so it is important to express what you feel as it comes up rather than brood on it or keep it secret. Sometimes, perhaps often, it will take you some time to process the magnitude and depth of your feelings, in which case you should of course do so, but it would be better that all involved are informed that that is what you are doing, rather than just retreating behind a heavy deep silence.

Significantly, Watery people do much better in life once they start to develop themselves spiritually or psychically. This is because the great depth of feeling within Water people is actually a deeper immersion in the astral plane, the realm of the soul, and any psychic or spiritual development will thus lead to a radical and often swift transformation of life. Yet the individual requires some kind of grounding from elsewhere in the chart if they are not to be swept along by their immersion in the realm of significance because this connection can become illusory if there is a poor grasp of physical reality. Then, instead of being able to sense the true and often hidden significance of things, the Water person is drowned in oceans of vulnerable ambiguity, imagination and self deception.  It can also lead to making too much emotional demand on others, people who don’t have so much Water to offer. Many Water people must discover the hard way that the world does not feel as deeply as they do.

With a strong astrological Water component, the magical exercises involving this Element and the Magnetic Fluid can often be accomplished more fluidly or easily and Water can become a powerful magical speciality in all its analogies. Frequently this involves some kind of astral talent. Fire and Air bring the most challenges.


Køivoklát - vánoce 2006

Earth is the holistic Element which binds and brings cohesion. It is ElectroMagnetic (caps to indicate these are Fluids), and relates to the Divine virtue of eternal life, or omnipresence. This means that all things live, and that all that lives will live eternally through the presence of the Eternal in them. This is the essential meaning of Earth. As the binding Element of the Tetrapolar Magnet of the Elements, Earth gives rise to measurement, and to space and time, and hence, astrologically, to practical and experiential approaches, to so called ‘common sense’, that which is acquired through physical and material existence in time and space. It gifts us with the measure of what is realizable and with awareness that life is an infinite eternal continuum. In other words, work for long and hard enough and you’ll get there.

Earth, in the astrological sense, equates to our measure of connection to the physical realm, the worlds of the tactile senses, especially to our senses of taste and touch, but our whole connection to the workings and ways of physical existence. In the human body, Earth relates to our waist, legs, feet and hands. Earth planets are also focused on the here and now, much more so than planets in the other Elements which tend to lack sufficient grounding in realities because their focus is abstracted from the physical realm by varying degrees.

When Earth connection is strong, you have an easier time coping with the realities of everyday life because you can apply the planets principles directly into the physical realm more easily, especially the principles of those planets which are found in Earth signs in the chart. Practical daily chores fall within your capabilities more effortlessly, and you have a knack for concentrating on matters at hand. Strong Earth types live rooted in the Now, and are focused on results, and on effects they can measure and physically benefit from. They know how to make the planets work for them.

You are naturally attuned to the corporeal world and the physical body or to the concrete limitations and requirements of survival in the material plane. You therefore run less risk of losing your grounding and acting in a spaced out or impractical manner. Your realization of your dependence on resources such as food, money, shelter and other practical consideration is rich in some aspect. In fact you may overemphasise these considerations in your favouring of physical nourishment. Materialism is one form of expression of strong Earth connection; another is the love and care of nature.

Earth is prepared to go the distance; it is the Element which measures time and space and in human terms this equates to measuring out how much time and effort will be required to meet certain objectives, and the ability to measure out stages of accomplishment that will lead to a gradual approach towards ones goals. Usually these goals are things which are intended to leave a lasting impression on the material world that will withstand the ravages of time. Earth types are builders and slow achievers, but they are no less ambitious than Fire types, just more considered in their approach. Nor are they less egoistic than Fire types, just more sober in their expression of their own self importance.

Earth planets and Earth types have difficulties with Fire and Air, and blend more smoothly with Water. Fire tends to be too egotistical and too restless for Earth, and Air tends to be too groundless, unreliable and impractical. Earth finds Water refreshing as it quenches the dryness of necessary practicalities with imagination and sensitivity. Water keeps Earth from drying out and hardenin

Earth is also supportive and resourceful, and capable of extreme endurance and hard work. It just keeps going, steadily but surely, mounting form upon form, ever changing, never repeating, but always slowly taking shape into something more cohesive and solid, more stable and enriched. It burns through energy the mostly slowly and resourcefully of all the Elements, and causes all planets activities to focus and condense. So, a strong connection to Earth can make us very hard working and this can contribute to tiredness and lack of energy. Lots of Earth connection can become sluggish and heavy, too mired in orthodox ways of doing things (because they are reliable) and too focused on material results. It has to learn to be more flexible, open to new forms, and less retentive, more willing to share all of its accumulated wealth and experience.



soft-flames-3-1313501When Fire is weak, we lack body heat, courage, inspiration, motivation, energy, will and the ability to quickly fight off disease in the physical and astral body. The Fire Element represents the aspect of energy and universal force, the omnipotent power of the Divine, which is  like every Element, given freely to each and every created thing. ‘Lacking’ this quality means that you really lack a relationship to it, due to the fact that there are few or no planets in that Element. You need to take charge more, be more active and dynamic, more willing to take risks and strike out confidently, guided by your will. You need to draw courage from life, and to act decisively.

Lack of connection to Fire makes it very difficult for us to act with great confidence. It can often bring a greater degree of shyness and resistance to putting ourselves forward or taking the lead in things. It tires easily, and enthusiasm wanes with great alacrity. We are more easily dispirited and put off and more often disappointed in the way things turn out for us. Exuberant enthusiasm on the part of others can really wear us down like a blistering heat from an equatorial Sun. We can become very daunted when confronted with foes or enemies and challenges can make us feel depressed. However, there are some positive aspects to having a weak Fire connection, but like all the positive aspects that come from weak Elements these only become fully available to us once we have strengthened the connection to the weak Element. Weak Fire makes it far less likely that we will lose our temper, say or do something rude, step on other people on the way to success, or push ourselves into risky or dangerous situations. The journey of having a weak connection to Fire and transforming it into a stronger connection makes these things so.

There is also often an aspect of the journey with a weak Fire Element that involves transitioning from a sense of powerlessness to one of much greater power and control over one’s own life and circumstances. Any planets found inside of or passing through the Fire Element can advance this agenda, but if there are no planets in a Fire Element sign then involving yourself in the temples/houses related to Fire in your chart is the way to go. These are the areas in which your soul has an intention to develop its relationship with the Fire Element. The same is, of course, also true of other weak Elements.

Generally there is a lack of ego, and selfish behaviour is minimised especially when Water is strong. The lack of a strong selfish ego and emphasis on politeness and staying calm and relaxed can make these coolheaded, steady people assets in many situations. However, strong emotions that are not adequately directed by the will can obviously have very disastrous consequences. If Air is strong,  mental exhaustion is likely at intermittent periods as the person uses up vast amounts of mental energy in thinking without recharging their vital sources. The strength of Air can, however, help to fan the Fire into a brighter flame by providing it with information and stimulus. When Earth is strong and Fire is weak, the problem is sluggishness and retentiveness along with a lack of warmth and colour – the spice of life is somehow missing. However, strong Earth can help weak Fire by building a container for it like a kiln, inside of which its heat can accumulate.

Fire is intuitive (Water is psychic; the subtle difference between them in my definition being that psychic is of the soul and therefore more feelings are involved, while intuitive is of the spirit and is more visionary and connected to mythic archetypes). You lack awareness of universal radiant energy, the dynamic core of creative force which flows spontaneously, in an inspired, life affirming way; thus, it is harder for you to get yourself motivated enough to take positive action or to initiate things, and you get heavy and down on yourself more easily, you are not necessarily a defeatist but your will does not impress itself easily onto the worlds of feeling, thought or matter. You get tired and wiped out by life, exhausted by the burdens you carry within you, and your spirit falters. In fact at times you may lack the self-confidence to even set personal goals. You may experience a general lack of enthusiasm, faith in yourself, vaporous willpower, succumbing to futility, drudgery and a fatalistic attitude through lack of confidence. This leads to a feeling of being overwhelmed by pointlessness and hopelessness. Digestion and skin tone or colour may be paler and weak, and you may lack spiritedness, self confidence, and tend towards despondency and lack of enthusiasm when facing life’s demands.

Pay special attention to all the Fire, Electric Fluid and vital energy exercises of IIH, and be prepared to work harder in these areas. Breathe in the golden fire of life, breathing down into your inner furnace, see it fill your bodies until they brim with energy and request increased energy to act from the Universe. Weak Fire can be corrected through improving the power of your visualisation during meditation and the ability of your mind to create animated pictures. A strong awareness of colour can also help. Meditate on the Fire Element in all its mythological and symbolic forms. You might benefit from Tai Chi, Reiki, vital energy therapy or similar Chi building/flowing arts, and from vigorous physical exercise and creative visualisation, which stimulate Fire. Do everything in moderation to avoid exhaustion, but be wilful.


clouds-5-1559423Air is the Element of mediation and of awareness, of thought, mental intelligence, sentience and cognition. It is the infinite pole of form and force on the mental plane, the continuum of meaning between alikeness and difference of meaning. In the human body it is the region of the chest and the upper arms, the lungs especially. This area mediates between us and the atmosphere and environment. The Element of Air is also an equilibrating quality on the social level which enables us to adjust easily and quickly to new ideas and different sorts of people. If Fire and Water are opposites, then Air is the continuum – the gradations – which connects them and the collective integration of all three together create Earth.

With a lack of connection to Air there is often therefore a lack of ease adjusting to new ideas and social situations and an inability to manifest ideas in real terms often due to lack of flexibility or forethought or a ‘fluffy’ or fuzzy concept of reality.  We need to sharpen our minds, possibly learn a few things, and generally do our best to become more intellectually focused as well as more socially curious. We need to start to probe with our mental awareness. We may also need to find  a greater sense of neutrality and objectivity. Air moves and stirs the other Elements and Air is weightless and free; since the awareness itself is infinite, it is in all things whatever the form – awareness or consciousness is what connects the Universe together, rock, cloud, animal, plant, planet, star, woman and man. It cannot be grasped, possessed, or even quantified. Like the sky and thought, it is an infinite property, it has no boundaries and is abstracted from – hovers over and around – all things. Meditation upon this and consideration  of multiple points of view in every situation can help to strengthen the connection to Air.

When a connection to an Element is weak, the body must work excessively to perform its functions, resulting in an effect upon the workshop of the Elements and therefore in the body, and thus many problems of health and conditions of life can be remedied with a strengthening of your connection to Air. Especially important and helpful is the technique of whole body conscious breathing, which can increase the effectiveness of the Air Element in the body and the strength of connection to it.

Air is involved in neutralising extremes which if left to develop can lead to imbalance and illness. It is therefore exceptionally analytical and skilled at figuring things out. A lack of connection to Air can therefore mean that you have difficulty figuring things out or making choices which are satisfactory to you,  partly because you have no clear idea of what you think or which ideas attract you. It can also mean the you are more likely to go to the extremes of whatever Element is strong in your astrology. What you lack is the ability to reason with yourself about your own feelings, actions or bodily needs. Fire signs can help you by stimulating your ability in these areas, but the Fire sign which lies opposite  to every Air sign is the most difficult one to extract this help from. This principle also applies to the other Elements – Water signs which are weak can be smoothly stimulated by Earth signs (except the one which is opposite to them),  weak Fire signs are stimulated by Air (except the one which is opposite to them), and weak Earth signs are stimulated by Water signs (except those which are opposite to them). The stimulus provided by helpful Fire signs arouses greater interest in social interaction, mental investigation and the development of neutrality.

You lack a comfortable way with mental flexibility, wits (fast mental reactions), social skills, objectivity and detachment – you need to cultivate the ability to stand back and view aspects of your life from a detached and rational perspective, to overcome any shyness or intellectual insecurity and work through any difficulty feeling comfortable with social situations. You have difficulty making quick decisions and in the process of weighing up the pros and cons in a cogent manner you ascribe too much attention to facts and details, some of which you only imagine as being important, and not enough to peoples thoughts and words. It will likely be difficult for you to express your concepts and ideas and so there may be a perception that you are always misunderstood.

Many of the effects of a lack of Air connection can be remedied by developing a strong Mercury connection, but if taken in isolation of work on Air in general this path can become too intellectualised. It is better in these cases to work with both Air and Mercury together, perhaps as part of an Electric conduction as described in The 26 keys.

Meditation on pure sound and weightlessness, decorating the environment with feathers, wind chimes, companionship with birds, recalling images of flight or other objects and colours connected with Air can stimulate the flow of the Element in your environment around you. The general idea is to somehow lighten every area of your life so that is less burdened and more flexible. The exercises pertaining to the Air Element in Initiation Into Hermetics may need extra work, and you could perhaps use your strong Element as a tactic in doing so. Weak Air can also make it difficult for us to identify qualities when building the soul mirrors, not only when it comes to identifying what they are but also when it comes to assigning them to a category. A further possible problem is that we will not ask enough questions of ourselves or of the material.


elements-series-water-1502680Water is the Element of feelings, of astral existence and of birthing. It is the root of the Magnetic Fluid because Water binds, collects and contains things, contrary to Fire which disperses, excites and blows them up. It is analogous to receptivity, the sensation of cold and wet, to dark, and to contraction, retention and centrifugal force, and has a correlation to the astral plane and thus to the seat of awareness in the soul, our astral body. It is also analogous to Divine Love, to the outpouring of Providence which sees that all needs are met (while the omniscience and Legality of the Air – the law of analogy –  ensures they are presented to us in the only form they could be presented to us in). It is directly analogous to the emotions, the feeling of cold, the absence of light and the exercises of the feelings and the astral body. If not adequately represented, the connection to this Element is one you will need to work on bringing into conscious use in life and in which you may experience most difficulty.

This can sometimes manifest as an innate distrust of intuitive or psychic knowledge. One of your biggest problems may be that you too easily dismiss the importance of your own feeling nature, seeing it as an untrustworthy or unimportant annoyance. You start life out of kilter with your emotions. Crying or losing your cool in front of other people would be a horrifying thought, let alone action, for you. You may often lack an empathic understanding for others in your human relationships, and need to learn to honour both your own and other people’s feelings. In order to do this you must first learn what they are. Only once you have the knack of discerning your own emotional condition will you be able to learn greater empathy for others.

Often it’s not that you don’t have feelings or strong feelings, its that you don’t know how to express them in a way that is satisfactory. Feelings tend to remain an enigma  or something which you are reluctant to fully explore both within yourself and with others. This is the classic problem of not being in touch with how we really feel, but also of denying that we have feelings simply because we do not know what to do or how to deal with them. If Air is strong we will tend to over-analyse everything that we do feel and dissected it loses its life. The conclusions that we come to often lack sensitivity. We may come up with extremely bright ideas that nobody feels good about. If Fire is strong we will tend to be impatient with our feelings or frustrated by them, and equally frustrated by feelings that are expressed by other people. We have a much hotter temper and are much more likely to display behaviour that others find rude and selfish. If Earth is strong then the lack of a connection to Water brings with it  an avoidance of emotions generally, because they complicate things. The lack of Water makes it extremely difficult for us to accept change or to handle our own feelings or those of others.

When the connection to Water is weak we also often need to intake more water because the body dehydrates, dries and becomes less supple. Weak Water can lead to excess toxicity in the body as Water is responsible for flushing out poisons. Diets should be carefully monitored with large intake of fresh water and you would greatly benefit from periodic fasts or detoxification diets.  More fundamentally, you need to remember that whatever is denied expression seeks unconscious channels to escape through. Any fear of emotional pain or vulnerability and the resistance you put up when others try to draw you out of your emotional shell only makes you feel lonelier and ironically only adds to inner misery. The Water Element is analogous in its highest to the eternal unconditional Love of the Divine, and so you must find your way to feeling this as the Source of all your emotions. This doesn’t have to have anything to do with religions. It involves speaking directly from the heart and recognising that even so called bad feelings are given to us lovingly, that we might grow into greater acceptance and understanding. As you open to Water in achieving the equilibrium your emotions may surface where they have been confined and you may experience psychic states for which you feel unprepared or out of your depth. In each case, try not to draw back but dive in, leaving aside the analysis and assimilation of the experience in your consciousness for later.

One of the strengths of having weak Water is that you are far less vulnerable to emotional manipulation  and far less likely to find yourself drowning in a sea of complicated, messy feelings. The experience of having Water weakened in our awareness leads us to discover a more objective viewpoint on the world of feelings once we have corrected the lack of connection. However, life being what it is, emotions arise and sometimes a lack of Water in these cases can be extremely destructive.


crack-1484513Earth is the holistic Element which binds and brings cohesion. It is ElectroMagnetic, and relates to the Divine virtue of eternal life, or omnipresence. This means that all things live, and that all that lives will live eternally through the presence of the Eternal in them. This is the essential meaning of Earth. As the most cohesive Element of the Tetrapolar Magnet, Earth gives rise to measurement and to space and time, and hence, astrologically, to practical and tactile approaches, to so called ‘common sense’, that which is acquired through time and space. It gifts us with the measure of what is realisable and with awareness that life is an infinite eternal continuum.

When Earth buckles or is weak, you generally have greater difficulty coping with the realities of every day life. Practical daily chores seem at times beyond your capabilities and interest, and you have difficulty concentrating on matters at hand. Dealing with mundane life becomes depressing because of all the chores it entails. Strong Earth types live rooted in the now, so a loose connection with Earth leads to a lack of anchoring in life, either through too much feeling (overpowering Water), abstract thinking (Air) or enthusiasm (Fire). You are not naturally attuned to the corporeal world and the physical body or to the concrete limitations and requirements of survival in the material plane. You therefore run the risk of losing your grounding and acting in a spaced out or impractical manner. Your realisation of your dependence on resources such as food, money, shelter and other practical consideration is possibly threadbare in some aspect. In fact you may prefer to ignore these considerations. This can foster a lack of contact with the material dimensions of life which leaves you feeling totally out of place in this world with no roots to support and solidify your efforts to express yourself. You may end up looking around and saying “but what have I accomplished that will outlast me?”

The absence of Earth may lead you to seek direct experience with some dimension of life that seems more real to you or into pursuing a spiritual quest to transcend the limitations of the physical world once and for all. With a dearth of Earth, we often perceive opportunities that we would otherwise miss if we lived strictly in adherence to tradition and the “accepted ways of doing things”. In other words, lack of Earth can be beneficial, so long as there is at least some common sense. However, a severe weakness of connection to the Earth Element from birth can also lead to some form of neglect of the physical body, and you may forget to eat properly, exercise and rest at regular intervals. Your concentration and energy levels may drop as Earth holds in and binds the other Elements. This can lead to all kinds of health problems with consciousness (dizziness, lack of focus, lack of self acceptance as a spiritual being in physical form). There is often a poor skin tone (lacking in oils or colour), an indication that life energy is not strongly vitalizing the physical vehicle, and a sense of being spaced out in meditation coupled with a lack of concentrative ability. The remedy for all these ailments is to increase and deepen the connection to Earth.

There are many ways of connecting with Elemental Earth – nature herself offers many old trees and plants with which to do so. You would benefit immeasurably by cultivating a regular schedule in your life, eating, exercising and resting regularly, accepting the physical limitations of your life, and strengthening the bond of your connection to Earth through working on your lower body awareness, particularly the Root chakra at the base of the spine and the region from the waist down. If possible, you should take the necessary measures (given by Franz Bardon in Initiation into Hermetics) to increase the quantity and quality of Earth in your astra-mental body; if you are a practitioner you may experience a need for greater persistence generally but especially with the Earth exercises involving tactile sensations, weight and gravity. Essentially, until you manage to correct this weakness you will lack the ability to bind and thus materialise your consciousness.

Earth itself, like Air, is not considered a `true` hermetic Element because it is the solidification and condensing resulting from the activities of the other 3 Elements, from which time, space, weight and measure have come about. Therefore we must consider a lack of Earth to represent an inability to manifest and to measure ones thoughts, feelings and spirit, in a physical and temporal sense. There is a need to learn focus, and to cultivate realism, practicality and awareness of the physical plane.

The Verdant Path: Chiron in Taurus


Astrology is changing, and not just as it always has in terms of systems and approaches, but at a fundamental level that has not occurred in its history until recent times, with the discoveries of new and significant objects in the solar system throwing today’s astrologers into a very deep end, the depths of which they have not yet truly fathomed. Chiron is a primary entity in the emergence of a new sub-class of celestial bodies that are coming to be known as ‘minor planets’ or ‘dwarf planets’ but which are less rudely referred to as ‘planetoids’ or ‘planetesimals’. In my writing for simplicity I use the term ‘planetoid’ to refer as a group to the asteroids, centaurs and mythic (Trans-Neptunian or Kuiper Belt) worlds described in my book. This is not the astronomical definition, but astrologers have never paid much heed to those, long referring to the Sun and Moon as planets.

Identified in 1977 and considered first a moon of Uranus, then a comet and then an asteroid, now Chiron has come to be called a centaur, a planetoid which displays some characteristics of both asteroids and comets. They are relatively small bodies – the largest known, Chariklo, is about 260km in diameter – and they orbit through the far reaches of the solar system extending from Jupiter outward, crossing the orbits of one or more of the gas giants, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, and often venturing far beyond Pluto. They are numerous – it is estimated that there are over 44,000 centaurs with diameters larger than 1km.

Chiron is in orbit between Saturn and Uranus, forming a conceptual bridge between them. This has led astrologers to more or less conclude – one of the few things on which there seems to be consensus about the new objects – that he is the link which permits us to transition between the rigid rules of Saturn and the liberating freedom of Uranus. We should be paying attention to the evolution of the concepts that we are attaching to Chiron because this will be of interest to later astrologers when they come to ask questions like “How did Chiron become associated with…?”. Careful attention was not really given to the evolution of concepts that we attached to Uranus and Neptune when astrology was busy doing so, leaving us with many gaps in our knowledge of this area of our history even though it happened very recently.

In an article on generational patterns and astrology I wrote concerning Chiron that:

“We can theorise that the macro cycle is connected to the later parts of the mid-life crisis, like Saturn is via its second return, where the earlier parts are connected with Uranus and Neptune. Chiron fits into the mid life crisis zone right at the point at which our awareness encompasses an entire half century. Its a huge psychological transition that forms a bridge to the latter chapters of life. In terms of generational or collective astrology, 50 years divides things into a historical unit that lets us take in both broad and sweeping changes (Uranus) and the Saturnine methods and paths by which this occurred. This is exactly what the individual human awareness encounters when it turns 50.

I propose that the micro cycle is an initiatory one that mimics this effect on a smaller scale. The sign of Chiron would then become a way by which a generation working together can both comprehend and achieve the conditions which will allow it to leave this world healed by the time it reaches its 50s, so that it can rest as a whole being and teach us in its latter years. It would promote a way for that generation to bridge gaps between tradition or custom and innovation or adventure. It would reveal a wound or fracture in the human collective awareness, drawing it to the surface so that we can work on it. And it would ultimately clue those people in to how they can pull off a successful combination of Saturn and Uranus in their individual and collective lives, showing them the quest of how they can achieve the liberation of Uranus through the discipline of Saturn”.

Our current knowledge of Chiron is limited by the amount of time we have known him and his slow orbit of over 50 years. Here and in The 26 Keys I share with you what I have learned from my own personal work with Chiron in the last 15 years along with the small amount he has taught me about his influence in Taurus. I am reluctant to offer this detailed commentary on his influence in Taurus because I have not had a chance yet to explore it fully, so this is a highly experimental and speculative message. However I have had the opportunity to gather experience on Chiron’s nature myself and have learned from him about his influence in each of the 12 signs and temples, the significance of his aspects and the mission he initiates for humanity. I have just not had an opportunity to apply all of this lore in reality and was taught some things in confidence which I am reluctant to share at this time. It is meant to be a collective voyage, after all.

The sign of Chiron shows the Elemental focus of Chiron for an entire generation of people as the average time Chiron spends in a single sign is about 4-5 years, however this average does not apply in practice due to the eccentricity of the orbit of Chiron, which is not circular but highly elliptical, so he spends 7-8 years in Aries and Pisces but only 1-2 years in Virgo and Libra. Taurus is one of the signs he spends larger portions of time in. The pattern of Chiron in Taurus from 1800 and up to 2100 is outlined below, with the current actively living tribe underlined:

Chiron in Taurus (1800 – 2100)

  • 8 May 1828 – 21 Apr 1835 (not including 11 Nov 1828 – 5 Mar 1829 or 3 Jul 1834 – 15 Nov 1834)
  • 6 Jul 1876 – 31 Mar 1884 (not including 31 Aug 1876 – 21 Apr 1877 or 13 Dec 1877 – 4 Feb 1878 or 14 Jun 1883 – 11 Dec 1883
  • 25 May 1926 – 23 Mar 1934 (not including 20 Oct 1926 – 25 Mar 1927 or 7 Jun 1933 – 22 Dec 1933)
  • 28 May 1976 – 11 Apr 1984 (not including 14 Oct 1976 – 28 Mar 1977 or 21 Jun 1983 – 29 Nov 1983)
  • 19 Jun 2026 – 5 May 2034 (not including 18 Sep 2026 – 14 Apr 2027 or 19 Jul 2033 – 24 Oct 2033)
  • 29 Apr 2077 – 28 Feb 2085 (not including 22 Nov 2077 – 24 Feb 2078 or 25 May 2084 – 14 Jan 2085)

Note the regularity here: in our era he revisits the sign approximately once every 50 years in the 20s and 70s of the century, and he enters Taurus around April or May and leaves it about 7-8 years later in the same period of the year. In total he spends about 7 years in the sign each time, taking into account the times when he is not in Taurus because he is moving backwards and forwards between signs as shown above. This behaviour will change only slowly over many centuries so it is worth remembering.


These are all individual tribes of Chiron in Taurus. Living or dead, these tribes will all generally ‘click’ with one another on the matter of what pains them and how they encounter healing for that pain, and the living tribe will share a quest, a task of the nature of Taurus which they must complete before the next time Chiron enters Taurus. This task is both personal and collective, and those aspects are holistically interchangeable. They will also resonate harmoniously (i.e. find ideal quest allies) with all those who have Chiron in Virgo (Sept. 3rd 1993 – Sept. 9th 1995) or Capricorn (Dec. 11th 2001 – Feb 21st 2005 and July 31st – Dec. 5th 2005), and can experience mutual stimulus to the completion of quests by working with Chiron in Cancer (Jun. 21st 1988 – July 21st 1991) or Pisces (Jan. 20th 1961 – Apr. 1st 1968 and Oct. 18th 1968 – Jan. 30th 1969, as well as babies being born today), but find they encounter healing crises quite often with Chiron in Leo (Jul. 21st 1991 – Sept. 3rd 1993) or Aquarius (Feb. 21st 2005 – Jul. 31st 2005 and Dec. 5th 2005 – Apr. 20th 2010 and Jul. 20th 2010 – Feb. 8th 2011) people. Chiron in Scorpio (Dec. 29th 1996 – Apr. 4th 1997 and Sept. 2nd 1997 – Jan. 7th 1999 and Jun. 1st 1999 – Sept. 21st 1999) is another tribe that brings great challenges, mostly in relating to one another without inflicting further pain. An emphasis on any of these signs which does not include Chiron also carries the same resonance, but (unless it includes Uranus, Neptune or Pluto) it is not essential to the issues of collective astrology and represents how more personal and individual astrological factors interact with collective ones, a hugely complex area where as far as I know little to nothing has been said.

Seven years in a single sign is a long time which puts Chiron in Taurus in the same playing field as Uranus as far as generational astrology is concerned. It will cover such a large and varied amount of people in that time that it will become much harder for us to perceive what the pattern of Chiron in Taurus is, and he will usually be in the detail anyway. Additionally, for people who are born at the start of Chiron in Taurus it will encompass everyone they end up going to school with. Conversely, those born at the very end of Chiron in Taurus will find themselves a minority among a tribe of Chiron in Gemini people, while those born around the middle of Chiron in Taurus will find themselves schooling with an older generation of Chiron in Aries people and a younger generation of Chiron in Gemini people. The point being made here is that when you have a slow moving obse born with Chiron in the early part of Taurus have a much clearer and stronger idea of what Chiron in Taurus actually represents for them, because it will not have been complicated by social interaction with Chiron in Aries or Chiron in Gemini.

cow-174822_1920 - CopyThis is one way in which we can compensate for the noise effect created by a large population of Chiron in Taurus people when trying to identify what Chiron in Taurus represents. By focusing upon those who are born at the beginning of Chiron in Taurus and trying to understand their early experience of it in relation to their social peers, the other kids who share it, the essence may be clarified. Another way for us to do this is to focus our attention on those individuals who have the Sun, Moon or ascendant in conjunction with Chiron in Taurus, as those individuals will express it more clearly and obviously than others do, provided it is not suppressed or overwhelmed by contrary factors. In the list of well-known people supplied at the end of this message, you’ll find some of the names have been highlighted in bold to indicate that this is the case. Two of them will be briefly considered later in this message.

As I have shown in this series of articles, we can also look at the periods of history during which Chiron was in Taurus to ascertain what its qualities are. Below I have compiled a collection of events and happenings which, to my understanding, resonate with these themes. In choosing these events I have (as is my usual way) focused on events which resonate with Taurus as a way to identify the imprint of Chiron, and when there have been other slow-moving planets in Taurus which could have created these Taurus like events, such as Jupiter, I have been more selective and tried to identify whether the event is part of those themes rather than the Chiron in Taurus themes before adding anything to the list. Sometimes, as in the period 1876-1884, I have been ignoring entire periods, resulting in less data.

1828 – 1835 (excluding the dates mentioned above): Swan River colony secures the western ‘third’ of the Australian landmass for the British; Perth founded; Chicago established; various Maori chieftains of Northland region of North Island proclaim their independence; ‘Merthyr Rising’ (rioting for better working conditions in the UK); the Kaspar Hauser mystery; Kaspar_hauserthe Belgian Revolution; the Bosnian Uprising; Treaty of London establishes an independent Greece and Athens becomes the capital; ‘The Liberator’, an antislavery newspaper, begins publishing in Boston, Massachusetts; ‘Indian Removal Act’ passed by US Congress; the Black Hawk War; Bad Axe Massacre ends the last major Native American rebellion east of the Mississippi; Fort Cass is established (the military headquarters and site of the largest internment camps during the 1838 ‘Trail of Tears’, to come under Chiron in Gemini); Britain retakes the Falkland Islands (see 1976-1984); the first enzyme, diastase, is discovered by Anselme Payen; Charles Darwin makes his historic voyage aboard HMS Beagle; The Hunchback of Notre Dame is first published by Victor Hugo; the Book of Mormon is first published; Advent Movement in the United States launched; French Foreign Legion is founded; James Clark Ross locates the position of the North Magnetic Pole; volcanic island of Graham Island briefly emerges in the Mediterranean; cholera epidemic in London claims at least 3,000 victims then spreads to France and North America; Reform Act becomes law in the United Kingdom; the first assassination attempt against a President of the United States (Andrew Jackson); economic prosperity in Europe and North America as a result of connective infrastructures like railways.
NOTE: This is a good period to study Chiron in Taurus, as the only other slow moving planet in Taurus during this period is Jupiter (24th June – 28th Oct 1833 and 11th Feb – 28th June 1834).

1876 – 1884 (excluding the dates mentioned above): Atlas bear of Europe and Cape lion of Africa driven to extinction by humans; long-awaited First Symphony of Johannes Brahms is premiered;x13-1880-commercial-nfm-main1 “Dull Knife Fight” (in retaliation for the dramatic American defeat at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, troops under General Ranald S. Mackenzie sack Chief Dull Knife’s sleeping Cheyenne village at the headwaters of the Powder River, destroying all of the villagers’ winter food and clothing, and then slashing their ponies’ throats); Alexander Graham Bell installs the world’s first commercial telephone service; discoveries of Deimos and Phobos (moons of Mars); Thomas Edison announces his invention of the phonograph, a machine that can record sound; Thomas Edison patents the incandescent light bulb; the journal ‘Science’ is first published; Tokyo Stock Exchange is established; Cleopatra’s Needle is erected in London; world’s first recorded floodlit football fixture is played; Yellow Fever in the Mississippi Valley kills over 13,000; Anglo-Zulu War; first successful shipment of frozen mutton from Australia; The Snow Winter or Great Blizzard of 1880; first cash register is patented.
NOTE: There were many planets passing through Taurus in this period – Jupiter, Saturn, Neptune and Pluto – bringing greater obscurity to the impact of Chiron in Taurus. It is not a good area for study of this pattern as all of the above can also be attributed to a major planet in Taurus. However, Chiron is in there somewhere!

1926 – 1934 (excluding the dates mentioned above): Chinese Civil War begins; “Black Tuesday” (the stock market crashes, leading to the Great Depression); The Jazz Singer (and the first full talking pictures); Jukeboxes being introduced; “All Quiet on the Western Front”; Mammoth Cave National Park is authorised by the United States Congress; strong hurricane devastates Miami, leaving over 100 dead and causing several hundred million dollars in damage (equal to nearly $100 billion today); weather map televised for first time; League of Nations Slavery Convention ‘abolishes’ all types of slavery; golden-gate-bridge-1528350-1600x1200U.S. Bureau of Prohibition is founded; banking crisis in Japan; Great Mississippi Flood (the most destructive river flood in the history of the United States); actual carving begins at Mount Rushmore; Joseph Stalin gains undisputed control of the Soviet Union; Griffith’s experiment indirectly proves the existence of DNA; volcanic island (Anak Krakatau) appears; St. Francis Dam north of Los Angeles fails, killing 600; Chinese warlord Shi Yousan sets fire to the Shaolin Monastery in Henan, destroying some of its ancient structures and artifacts; first public demonstration of colour TV is held (first images are a bouquet of roses and an American flag); the birth of radio astronomy; “Winnie the Pooh” published; Mickey and Minnie Mouse appear; “Betty Boop” premieres; “Looney Tunes” cartoon begins; “Lone Ranger” begins; “Dick Tracy” appears; Clyde Tombaugh confirms the existence of Pluto; “Birdseye” frozen foods go on sale, founding the modern frozen food industry; Hostess Twinkies are invented; chocolate chip cookie is invented; first FIFA World Cup starts; California gets the go-ahead by the United States Congress to build the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge; construction of the Golden Gate Bridge begins in San Francisco Bay; Sydney Harbour Bridge opens; construction of the Empire State Building is completed; Salvador Dalí’s “The Persistence of Memory” is put on display for the first time; Bible Student movement adopts the name “Jehovah’s Witnesses”; floods in China reach their peak in possibly the deadliest natural disaster yet recorded; Al Capone is sentenced to 11 years in prison for tax evasion in Chicago; “Brave New World” by Aldous Huxley is first published; “Tarzan the Ape Man” opens; Kong33promo“King Kong” premieres; first Purple Heart is awarded; 15,000 World War I veterans arrive in Washington, D.C. demanding the immediate payment of their military bonus; Ghandi repeatedly imprisoned and on hunger strike; Soviet famine (millions starve to death as part of the government’s effort to break rural resistance to its policies. The Soviet regime denies the famine and allows millions to die); FBI Crime Lab officially opens; the start of the Dust Bowl in the United States; political rise of Hitler and the Reichstag fire; Dachau, the first Nazi concentration camp, is completed and opens.
NOTE: This is an excellent period to study Chiron in Taurus, as the only other slow moving planet in Taurus during this period is Jupiter (3rd June 1928- 3rd June 1929).

1976 – 1984 (excluding the dates mentioned above): 1979 energy/oil crisis; the worst economic performance of most industrialised countries’ since the Great Depression; first complete DNA genome to be sequenced; the first child to be born via in vitro fertilisation; the world’s first test tube baby is born; eradication of the smallpox virus is certified, making smallpox the first of only two human diseases that have been driven to extinction; first known outbreak of Ebola virus; artificial insulin is invented; “The Muppet Show” is broadcast for the first time; “Garfield”, which eventually becomes the world’s most widely syndicated comic strip, makes its debut; “Dallas” premieres; “Saturday Night Fever” is released in theatres and becomes the biggest dancing movie of all time; “Grease” releases; Michael Jackson releases “Thriller”, the biggest selling album of all time; “Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark” releases; the Chimpanzee is placed on the list of endangered species; death of Bob Marley; Elvis Presley dies; John Lennon is murdered; Groucho Marx dies; Sid Vicious dies; a new volcano, Murara, erupts in eastern Zaire; eruption of Mount St. Helens kills 57 and causes US$3 billion in damage; Kīlauea begins slowly erupting on the Big Island of Hawaii (and is still erupting today in 2016); meteorological El Niño phenomenon brings severe weather worldwide; Sahara Desert experiences snow for 30 minutes; Great Blizzard of 1978; subterranean Sarawak Chamber is discovered in Borneo (the largest known cave chamber in the world by area and the second largest by volume ); 3.5 week sit-in of the San Francisco Federal Building to persuade implementing the first Federal civil rights law for people with disabilities; Winniethepooh“Star Wars” (entire original trilogy) arrives and brings with it the modern era of movie merchandising; the era of arcade video games arrives; “Superman” premieres; CDs and Walkmans appear; colour TV replaces black and white globally; first oil through the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System reaches Valdez, Alaska; blowout at the Ixtoc I oil well in the southern Gulf of Mexico (causes at least 600,000 tons of oil to spill into the waters, the worst oil spill in history except for the Deepwater Horizon oil spill); Falklands War (see 1828 – 1835); United States Senate hearings on Project MKUltra are held; The Big Ear, a radio telescope operated by Ohio State University as part of the SETI project, receives a radio signal from deep space (the event is named the Wow! signal for a notation made by a volunteer on the project); Soviet icebreaker “Arktika” becomes the first surface ship to reach the North Pole; modern Food Stamp Program begins; UK mining disputes; “Never Mind the Bollocks, Here’s the Sex Pistols” reaches no.1 a week after release despite being withheld from sale by many retailers; Chiron, first of the Centaurs, is discovered; Voyager 1 probe confirms the existence of Janus, a moon of Saturn; Charon, a moon of Pluto, is discovered; U.S. Voyager 1 spaceprobe photos reveal Jupiter’s rings; Pioneer 11 becomes the first spacecraft to visit Saturn; Space Shuttle Columbia launches and returns to Earth (the first time a manned reusable spacecraft has returned from orbit); poison-filled pellet, supposedly injected using an umbrella, poisons Bulgarian defector Georgi Markov in London; home-brewing of beer in the United States signed into law; McDonald’s introduces the Happy Meal and McNugget; the first international election in history (elections to the European Parliament); NASA’s first orbiting space station Skylab begins its return to Earth, after being in orbit for 6 years and 2 months; “Pennsylvania Lottery scandal” (fixed lottery draw by a TV presenter); the first computer virus (the Elk Cloner, written by a 15-year old); the Thames Barrier.
NOTE: This is another excellent period to study Chiron in Taurus, as the only other slow moving planet in Taurus during this period is Jupiter (28th May – 23rd August 1976 and 16th Oct. 1976 – April 3rd 1977). Additionally, Chiron was discovered in this period.


I prepare these lists not as a definitive exercise, but more as a starting point for the research into Chiron that some of my readers might wish to do. My aim is primarily to provide enough material for someone to do that, and secondarily I hope to identify some of the major themes that they may seek to begin investigating. They are also a good way to illustrate some of my thinking about Chiron and a particular sign, thinking that I usually only have a chance to communicate when writing to someone on a personal level.

So my investigations are speculative and meant to provide you with pieces to start thinking about putting together for yourselves, it is important to emphasise that we have no consensus yet on the true nature of Chiron, that astrology is still discovering what this little object means. We should be keeping an open mind as well as seeking to define it. That said, I think we clearly see that Chiron is connected with economic and financial events when placed in Taurus – we get the cash register, the 1920s financial crash and the Great Depression, the Tokyo Stock Exchange, banking collapses in Germany and Japan, Al Capone going to jail for tax evasion, disputes over pay and working conditions and some of the biggest selling movies and records of all time, including the totally maverick success of The Sex Pistols, followed by the death of their figurehead. In fact I think the theme at hand here is more clearly expressed as a portrayal of the stark division between those who have virtually everything and those who have virtually nothing. It seems fair to say that Chiron in Taurus squeezes more of the middle classes into the poverty zone, leading to a bigger gap between social classes. Necessities grow perceptibly more scarce, and tension and a need for healing then arises out of this gulf and the uneven distribution of resources. It seems also pertinent to note here that in many cases there is a connection between the poverty and environmental situations (long blizzards and severe floods seem popular, but consider the shady financial history of Chicago) which act as causes of famine, poverty, contamination or failure of crops. Conditions are sometimes measurably harder for the working classes in these periods, and the rich feel the lash of resentment more. The exception seems to be the 1830s, but only if we measure wealth and economic prosperity in the western world. The original Americans were being butchered in this period, and losing all of their anciently tended land.


I think the main point here is that Chiron in Taurus does not necessarily bring poverty, since there are plenty of individuals with Chiron in Taurus who enjoy massive wealth. However, those who do so find that it troubles them on some level, because there is an awareness that their gain is at the expense of a poorer person’s loss, or because they acquired their wealth through circumstances which were less than honest. Other people, however, experience the other end of the spectrum, and struggle with conditions and pay, a path which becomes a healing path for them. Unlike Saturn in Taurus, which can really put on the squeeze in denying needed things just to make us resourceful, Chiron in Taurus illuminates the relativity of wealth and poverty. Audrey Hepburn was born into privilege and wealth in Belgium in 1929. When she was five or six years old her parents separated and later divorced and she described this as “the most traumatic event of my life”. Shortly after this, she and her mother were on vacation in the Netherlands when Hitler’s Nazi army occupied and took over the town, and she said she suffered from malnutrition and depression during the long period in which she was trapped there. After the liberation, she became a ballet dancer and a model which later led to her movie career and her famed role as Holly Golightly in “Breakfast At Tiffany’s”. She has been described as “the most beautiful woman of all time”, and her beauty was a simple, elegant, fresh, natural one. At the end of her life she devoted a lot of her time and resources to the welfare of poor children through the charity UNICEF. Audrey was born with Chiron in Taurus in the (Placidus) 2nd temple, in conjunction with the Sun and near to Jupiter in Taurus, and with both Sun and Chiron in sextile with the Moon in Pisces in the 1st and Pluto in Cancer in the 5th. Her chart puts paid to the myth that Chiron in Taurus makes you poor. It just makes you extremely sensitive to the pain of poverty.

Geological and meteorological events also show their fingerprints – volcanic eruptions give birth to new islands or proceed with a slow burn, giant caves are discovered, El Niño wreaks havoc and man-made disasters occur involving oil. The television weather report is born, the position of the Magnetic North Pole is identified and in space, small but fascinating things are discovered – moons and rings, Pluto and Chiron itself – which add important but small physical details to our knowledge of the solar system. Here we are seeing a direct connection with the physical universe which involves not only learning about important but small details, but also with the Earth itself and the ecosystem struggling to maintain an equilibrium or simply to exist. Volcanic eruptions are Taurean because they allow for a lush and verdant landscape to appear. Chiron in Taurus seems to play a role in instructing us about physical nature, the consequences of our actions upon it and our choices in living from it.

rack-o-cookie-1523457-1599x1919One fascinating detail we see is that Chiron in Taurus tends to bring us small, sweet treats, what is commonly referred to as “junk food” – the chocolate chip cookie, the Twinkie, the chicken nugget. They tend to be things that large numbers of people enjoy, but which are not actually all that good for them in terms of nutritious value or in terms of the production methods used to create them. These foods often become a pacifying factor when there is increased class division due to the uneven distribution of wealth – they are ‘opiates of the masses’. They are foods for the poor, or the depressed, or the pressed for time. We also see the production and commercial transportation of frozen foods, highlighting the ability of Taurus to keep things fresh and long-lasting, while also increasing the potential for global economic gain. We can also add in here the phenomenal success of video arcade games (the most successful of all time being “Pac Man” which debuted in this period), the arrival of the Walkman and the CD, and the initially mysterious appearance in the list of colour TV  and cartoon figures and icons like Mickey Mouse, Betty Boop, The Muppet Show, Loony Tunes and the quintessentially Taurean Winnie the Pooh. When you remember that Taurus is ruled by Venus, and has dominion over the taste buds, throat and the voice, the fact that Chiron in Taurus connects with laughter, cartoons, marathon binge watching and cookies should come as no surprise. Laughter is an incredibly healing thing. So is comfort eating.


Since Taurus is a sensual sign connected with singing and the voice as well as the body and dancing, we see massive success for those things in the media in the modern era under this period. Chiron in Taurus introduces the jukebox, the Walkman and the CD. The public responds to the potential healing these things offer them during these times. Also popular are stories and entertainments which focus upon wealth or poverty and transitioning between them. “Dallas” seems to take all the themes of Chiron in Taurus except the quest to heal through singing and dancing (mercifully) and roll them all up into one big bundle. “Saturday Night Fever” and “Grease” were both phenomenal at the time they released, sweeping everyone up in a wave of feel-good dancing and singing along. This theme intersects with events connected with hearing and the transmission of sound, bringing about the telephone, radio transmissions and other communications through space such as the ‘Wow!’ signal.


More tragically, we see the extinction or the approach of the extinction of powerful, iconic beasts (one of the greatest movies of all time, the original King Kong, debuted under Chiron in Taurus and beautifully epitomises this theme). These atrocities occur not just through the erosion of an environment but through an intentional hunting by human beings, okay let’s be honest – almost entirely by white men and poachers who work for white men. Taurus is a bestial sign, meaning that it is connected to instinctive awareness, to the animal world, but it is also a docile sign, on the whole. These more predatory expressions of Chiron in Taurus are consequences of our misalignment with nature, and the clue we are given is that Chiron in Taurus affects land dwellers with physical strength. They become threatened by the insensible keeper of the physical garden. These periods offer us a potential for course correction with respect to our relationship with the entire natural world, especially plants and animals, but also rocks. I believe this to be a critical theme to the current tribes well-being and a part of its modern sacred quest. The verdant path is in reinvigorating the natural world and establishing common sense principles in how we handle its resources. It is part of the rising interest in subsistence and local farming, and the interest in long relied upon, traditional methods of growing and feeding things (now existing on the fringe and cunningly disconnected from those roots by being called ‘organic’). Many people want a new life ‘outside of the system’ and want to own land in order to grow their own food. They perceive the economic system to be on the verge of collapse, and so some also build survival bunkers crammed with stuff. All of this, instructs Chiron in Taurus, is part of a package. We instinctively sense that our own survival as a species is fundamentally physically connected to the survival of all physical life in general.

One major theme that needs a lot more research is the connection Chiron in Taurus has to physical impairments and physical disabilities. It is one of the themes that are often focused upon (in a negative way) when astrologers talk about Chiron in Taurus – its potential to disfigure or distort the physical form is often given an emphasis in interpretations. This used to be perceived as a malefic role of Saturn in Taurus until we decided that was too harsh to make a central tenet of. We do see, in the list above, an indication that Chiron in Taurus is connected to the social disenfranchisement and the economic handicaps that are always associated with physical disability (the three main examples being injured World War I veterans seeking their financial settlements in Washington, the 3.5 week sit-in of the San Francisco Federal Building to persuade implementing the first Federal civil rights law for people with disabilities, and the story of the Hunchback of Notre Dame, perhaps also the mysterious tragedy of Kaspar Hauser).


We do not, however, see instances of physical disfigurement and disability rising (although that is hard to track). In many of the figures that are associated with Chiron in Taurus in the list below, especially those who have Chiron in connection with one of the Lights or the ascendant, or in some kind of difficult arrangement of planets, we do see physical diminishing or deformity, or protracted struggles with physical illness. However, my sense of it is that Chiron in Taurus relates to the efforts and struggles of these people to be more accepted and equally treated in our society, and as such it represents a concern of the tribe more than it represents an affliction to the tribe. Additionally, the history of physical disability being what it is, there have not been many efforts to tell history from the point of view of physical disability – a point of view that may have a lot of correlation to Chiron in Taurus.

Alexander Pope was an 18th-century satirist poet also known for translating ancient words written by Homer. He was born the son of a linen merchant in 1668 in London. Because at the time Catholics were not particularly popular around London (they were forbidden from teaching, voting, holding public office or attending university, upon pain of perpetual imprisonment), he was taught to read by his aunt and moved out to the countryside when he was 12 years old. Later in his life, he would draw a great deal of inspiration from his long walks in the forests and woods. However, also from this age, he suffered from many physical problems including Potts disease (a form of tuberculosis) which stunted his growth at 1.37 m (4 ft 6 in), deformed his body, severely hunched his back and generally made his life a misery with fever, swollen eyes and a lack of energy. These two factors, the attitudes to Catholicism and his physical challenges, arguably led to him being more reclusive and finding more solace in things like poetry. Although he began his life in hardship, he ended up with vast sums of money, which he was philanthropic with. He never married, but allegedly had a lifelong lover in the form of a friend named Martha Blount. Pope was born with Chiron in Taurus conjunct Uranus in opposition with the ascendant and in a square with Moon in Aquarius in the 3rd.

Taking Pope as an example, if we widen the scope of this theme a little to include events involving disease, we end up catching more in the net. We still know relatively little about Ebola, such as its natural host or how it survives in the wild, but most people by now have heard of this terrible disease. It spreads through the natural secretions of a human host, such as blood or sweat, and attacks every organ of the body except the bones and skeletal muscles. It literally digests the collagen in the body, the tissue that keeps the organs in place, leading to massive hemorrhaging and blood clotting. As the blood slows down it leads to systemic blockages and the appearance of steadily growing red spots upon the skin. Cholera mostly affects children and is spread largely through water and food that has been contaminated by human feces, and so it thrives in areas of poverty or during times of extreme economic and social degeneration. The skin turns bluish. Yellow Fever is spread by mosquitoes and so thrives in wilderness areas – 90% of Yellow Fever today is in Africa, where it originated. Its name comes from the strong cold fever and damage to the liver which causes yellowing of the skin. Smallpox, one of only two infectious diseases to have been supposedly eradicated in human history, is a truly ancient disease with a history stretching back at least 10,000 years. It is inhaled and was the scourge of the 18th-century, bringing about a third of all blindness. It quickly attacks the skin which it leaves in a terrible condition. So we begin to see a pattern involving Chiron in Taurus which focuses upon diseases which show symptoms upon the skin, a Taurus area, and which damage physical senses or thrive in impoverished places.

Widening the scope of this theme of things that affect the physical form a little more we can start to draw connections to IVF treatment and test-tube babies, the unlocking of DNA sequences and the creation of an FBI crime lab. The focus of Chiron in Taurus with respect to this theme therefore might generally be defined as “the quest to master the world of physical forms”. Here, Chiron may be setting us up for a moral dilemma in the future – one which brings us full circle back to where we began this discussion about people with physical disabilities – since there may come a time when we will be able to screen out the very building blocks of these conditions. What does it say about the value we place on people with physical disabilities if our science is working to eradicate them? This goes right to the very heart of the question “what does it mean to master the world of physical forms?”

We see an interesting theme in terms of location with Chiron in Taurus on the one hand bringing us horrors like concentration camps – places where physical conditions lead to ill health and death – and on the other, quirkily, to iconic and financially significant bridges – The Golden Gate, the Oakland Bay Bridge and the Sydney Harbour Bridge, even the Thames Barrier can be placed in this category. Other iconic financial and political structures, such as the Empire State building and Mount Rushmore, also have stories expressing the themes of Chiron in Taurus, particularly during the construction. The arduous and costly transportation of Cleopatra’s Needle to London and the ceremonial ritual wherein Freemasons buried objects beneath where it was erected, as well as the burning of the Shaolin Monastery with the loss of many long treasured cultural artifacts, also fit into this theme. Aside from iconic landmarks, we also see events connected with territory, with Maori chieftains and Indian war chiefs fighting for their land, the British retaking and retaking the tiny but strategically important Falkland Islands, western parts of Australia coming under the sway of the British Empire and Stalin gaining complete control of the Soviet Union. Not to mention Hitler and the Reichstag fire. Fascism of one kind or another seems to crop up in connection with economic stresses as part of this pattern.

verdant-1394976-1600x1200These and other clues emerge from the historical evidence. Further clues can be gathered from what we already know about astrology, even when we know nothing about Chiron. Taurus, the Fixed/Stable Earth sign and the Magnetic expression of the planet Venus, is a steady, cautious, externally and practically focused sign whose strategy (in contrast to the transformative complexity of Scorpio) is to simplify things and maintain the integrity and vitality of their form. When Taurus is a block it resists even positive change and clings to things like mud, so it is often accused of being slow, stubborn, possessive, unadventurous, materialistic, ‘base’ and envious of the valuables that others have sticking to them. It is often depicted in art as being connected to all the green things, especially to fields and meadows, and to all solidly built, robust and physically powerful animals who live upon the ground or within it, but Chiron implies a warping or distortion (now go look at Dalis “The Persistence of Memory” and see the Chironic effect on concrete things, the surreal and relativistic warping of time and space, and the often overlooked detail of the tiny but potent ants). In my book “The 26 Keys” I describe Taurus as a “binding sign” because it is the cohesive power of the Earth Element, the Magnetic power which keeps things in form. A rock is a rock is a rock, says Taurus, and no matter how much philosophy we throw at it, it will always be a rock. Taurus is a sign where the spirits toil and labour, where nature is put to work by the beings of the plough and the soil, the animating power of the Sun and the richness and fecundity of the ground. Its focus is on getting things done, ignoring complicated distractions in favour of continued labour towards the goal. It does not concern itself with the occult, but only with the tangible. Chiron in Taurus causes these attitudes to melt like Camembert left in the Sun, as Dali himself put it.

The placement of Chiron in this sign, therefore, essentially points towards a search for sacred material values of some kind, for something tangible that can contain and express a spiritual essence in its form. There is additionally a desire to preserve those material values which have demonstrated their usefulness and resourcefulness in the past, and so this tribe is not as inventive as other Chiron tribes, it is less interested in innovation and newness and more interested in preserving things that already exist. It’s magic is in gaining such a mastery of physical form and an understanding of material rules by doing things its own way and not aligning with any factions. As an instructor, Chiron in Taurus seeks to preserve the old ways which continue to work, but it has to do so in a way that belongs to it and it alone, a way that is distinctly tailored to suit the circumstances. The tribe has a task to identify those things which need to be preserved and continued, and it must labour to ensure that those things occur.

The sign of Chiron shows the Elemental focus of Chiron, in this case Earth, and it is Stable. The essence of Earth is focus on the material and physical zone of life, on sustaining, forming and shaping things. The essence of Stable is that of concentrated fixity and solidity, of continuity. It is the antithesis of change and the quintessence of strength. These are the reliable clues as to how Chiron operates in Taurus – he is about sustaining something with substance in a continuous effort. He looks upon the labour and the unpleasantness involved in navigating through the material world with a spirit of readiness, calling for enduring determination and resolve to make peace with its unyielding nature, to work hard at making something through persistent effort. Yet there is a warning about stagnation through a lack of fluidity and openness to change, a potential to become stuck in the swamp and mud, stubbornly refusing to budge from painful places. Chiron in Taurus can become possessive of its own pain. It is a Chiron who distrusts change because it is inherently unstable and is therefore prone to distrust anything new, which is precisely the medicine being called for since the pattern of adherence to proved methods leads to orthodoxy and the status quo. The balance is delicate and requires persistent hard work.

With Chiron in Taurus people will experience a crisis of material and physical values – the ethics of what is right and wrong, the question of whether something will last, the permanence of things and their true worth. This may show itself in a number of ways. Individuals may experience a lack of self-worth and over-compensate by accruing money and possessions, or valued possessions may break more easily and more often than they expect. They may also have a deep distrust of the body, or feel that their body is not beautiful, is broken, unfit, unattractive or slow. Poverty may be a major theme in the life, the kind that leads to the loss of basic necessities like food, shelter and self worth, but this need not be a permanent situation and wealth can also be a burden. Some people may have plenty of money but find it cannot afford any of the things they truly need, or they may have sensory impairments such as a lack of the ability to see or hear things. The neck and the sex organs are particularly sensitive to blockages or wounding with Chiron in Taurus.

The tribe heals through enjoying the richness of physically being alive – good food, healthy green environments, fine wine, beautiful rocks, touching and feeling. Awareness of all these things are ways in which the tribe preserve ways to care for the physical body and physical things in a manner that is healing for all of the being, not just our flesh. The point of Chiron in Taurus is to initiate us into certain Earth mysteries – resourcefulness, patience, an enjoyment of the simple things in life like clean air and water, fresh rain on meadows and the grounding that comes from contact with the soil and the dirt, the quiet pleasure of a good task well done and a place to rest in comfort afterwards. Chiron in Taurus reminds us in many ways of the preferred lifestyles of J.R. Tolkien’s creations, the hobbits. Or, is there any honey left in this pot? Oh, dear…:(

Considering three apparent primary roles of Chiron – maverick, healer and initiator – what can be said of the influence of Chiron in Taurus? Taurus is perhaps as far from being a maverick as you can get, being given to just quietly pulling the plough until the job is done. Yet the sign can still be expressed in a maverick fashion, it is simply a question of not being swayed or overly persuaded by the material world and its concrete, unyielding laws. To put it simply, the conventional Taurean attitude is both down to Earth and materialistic, but the maverick Taurean attitude is not persuaded that this is all there is or all that is really important. It tries to utilise money not for its own enjoyment but to bring people together and make problems and pain go away. It sees its body not as a thing it possesses or its senses as the only thing to trust, as is typical with Taurus, but instead as the relative means to an end, a way to make the physical world better. It pulls the plough in a straight and untiring line across the muddy field of life but it does so not because it is in its nature or in its interests, but because it is stupid and painful not to. Here again, we see a connection with the circumstances of the working classes. Cheekily, but with his usual wisdom, Chiron in Taurus suggests that the people who work in the sewage system should be paid millions. That’s the maverick side of his mood in Taurus.

If individuals in this tribe walk the path of a healer they will learn to rely on their own body’s wholeness, its integration with healing dimensions of awareness, and Chiron will help to develop the ability to create self sustaining and continuing physical healing magic. They may be able to help people with throat and vocal issues, muscular tensions, sensual disabilities (deafness and blindness especially), mental and emotional health issues connected with poverty and need or lack, negative self worth, problems which stem from the Earth Element and our collective dissociation from nature. Some who reach deep into the territory of Chiron in Taurus as healers will find themselves able to work much more directly with the physical realm than they thought possible, discovering the secrets of how to affect the physical plane of substance directly without mediating essential meaning through the mental and astral planes. His natural lore here can lead us to not only preserve the ecosystem but to strengthen it.  The healing path of Chiron in Taurus very often requires repeated and consistent actual walks in nature (VR be damned) because the beings of nature invisibly help them to integrate their experiences, especially the emotional experiences they are resisting or blocking. The path of the healer for Chiron in Taurus is however about acquiring the knowledge and lore required to heal through encountering some physical misalignment within yourself and questing to restore the integrity of your being. This is a very Gaian path, filled with rainforest magic.


The initiatory path of Chiron is always a journey from the separated and fractured awareness of ‘unique individual left to fend for itself alone in a stormy sea of people all in the same boat’ to ‘unique individual who is an equal, vital and integral part of the functioning whole’. When Chiron is in Taurus, this journey leads you through an exploratory quest in search of the attitudes you have about physical life and the values you see in it. Chiron instructs you in your own inherent and integral self worth, showing you that the way you look at the world stems outward from this trunk like the branches from a tree, and ultimately that these branches have roots and that the entire thing – trunk, branches, roots, glimmering leaves – is all connected to everything else in the forest. However, an initial vital level of instruction has to be grasped and that is that change must be introduced to the physical value system in greater quantities than it is allowed to by the nature. These souls must not only give up possession of pain but also overcome the apprehension that change brings pain, that disrupting the way things are is in itself a suffering.

In their search for values on the material plane – the answer to what things are worth and what they are used for – this tribe make use of things that already exist and preserve the value of things they believe to work. This may leave them feeling that they create nothing new, that they add nothing fresh, but they cope well when they have few physical resources because they have the gift of producing things from the works of others, like farmers benefiting from centuries of planting. Typically they will have a very principled moral code which they value very highly, but it will be rigid and outmoded because it refuses to adapt itself, and they can then become stuck in it. What needs to be recognised and understood here is that this tribe is motivated by the preservation of standards and principles and they need not feel inadequate because they do not create new structures for the healing of the collective. Their way, their quest as a member of the collective, is to preserve and nurture something more sacred – its value system. It is their task to assess the true value of the physical, astral and mental resources of our collective humanity and ensure their continuation. If the world is to avoid the total catastrophe it is currently heading towards we will need these people to save species, preserve ecosystems, resist material corruption and teach us how to truly honour that which binds us all together – the sacred Mother Earth.

This verdant path is a slow, dense path of initiation that may require continued physical effort and persistence with a tradition of some kind to traverse, but will become an instinctive thing after enough practice, at which point traditions need to be parted from. Large parts of it may initially at least be connected with getting in touch with your own body or immersing it in the sensual world, with feeling comfortable within a physical form. The verdant path leads directly and deeply into the physical world of substance and form, teaching us about the vast resources available to physical beings. It calls the tribe to preserve the world around them for future generations by calling upon common sense and our ancient connections to the land. It highlights divisions and fractures which arise through economic inequalities and the uneven spread of physical resources, factors which compel this tribe to seek solutions and healing. Within both the sprawling concrete jungles of our cities and suburban landscapes and in the depths of the Amazon rainforest and Africa, the verdant path weaves its way towards an emerald encrusted destination.

Chiron was in Taurus in the astrology for Edward Higgins White (first person to perform a spacewalk), Roy Chapman Andrews (an Indiana Jones type figure famous for exploring China and Mongolia, discoverer of the first fossilised dinosaur eggs and director of the American Museum of Natural History), Neil Armstrong, Edouard Manet, Pablo Picasso, Andy Warhol, Rupert Murdoch, Ross Perot, Mata Hari, Jim Jones, Anne Frank, Maya Angelou, Lewis Carroll, Shirley Conran, Helmut Kohl, Emily Dickinson, Allen Ginsberg, Gene Hackman, James Joyce, Philip K. Dick, Alexander Pope, Fidel Castro, Chuck Berry, Igor Stravinsky, John Coltrane, Patsy Cline, Miles Davis, Nina Simone, Joanne Woodward, Buzz Aldrin, Robert Wagner, Stephen Sondheim, Johannes Brahms, Joseph Haydn, Rolf Harris, Marshall Applewhite, Boxcar Willie, James Brown, Martin Luther King, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harvey Milk, Pope Benedict XVI, Emperor Akihito, Grace Kelly, Albert Einstein, Alexander Fleming, Liv Tyler, Joan Collins, Ian Holm, Shirley Temple Black, Larry Hagman, Elizabeth Taylor, James Dean, Clint Eastwood, Sean Connery, Roger Moore, Audrey Hepburn, Michael Caine, Jayne Mansfield, Dan Rather, James Earl Jones, Aaliyah, Barry Humphries, Jensen Ackles, Chris Pratt, Orlando Bloom, Sam Cooke, Marilyn Monroe and Fay Weldon.

The Lorekeepers: Saturn in Cancer

Hello, and welcome back to  journeys.🙂 This will be my only post this month, as I have unfortunately injured my hand – this writing was finished before my injuries. Since my hand will need several weeks to recover, I will only be posting once per month during this time.

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Mirrors of Eternity: Pluto in Libra

Greetings, and welcome back! Today I have another post about collective or generational astrology, and one that has a particular significance for anyone born in the 1970s or early 1980s. If you enjoy this post, please consider supporting further posts on Patreon.

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An Introduction to Collective Astrology

Currently I am in the process of publishing a lot of words about generational or collective astrology and its impacts. Collective astrology is a phrase I use to describe astrological factors that affect everyone born in a period of a year or more, so if there is something happening up there that is slow enough to be in the chart of everyone born in a single 12 month period, I am calling it a generational or collective effect. From this point of view, then, a generation is a very elastic concept, as it can encompass any unit of time greater than a year. With an astrological model we can talk about different sizes of generations of people being connected to different planets and signs, and that’s what this message is about. journey deeper…

Naked Secrets Unearthed: Uranus in Scorpio

Greetings, and welcome back! Today I am offering some thoughts on the influence of Uranus in Scorpio. I have published a detailed message about Uranus earlier in this journal, but it is not necessary to read it to understand what I have to present below, as I present a summary of its most important points. journey deeper…

The Burning Path: Chiron in Aries

Hello and welcome back to journeys for April 2016🙂 This month and for some months to come I am going to be publishing articles with a more specific focus than the ones I have been sharing this year so far. Hopefully, these will also be briefer and easier to absorb than the heavy dishes I have placed on the table recently. However, in the background I am continuing to cook up fattening feasts for later…its just my way of writing.
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