The Emerald Hummingbird: On Taurus

Greetings, and welcome back to Journeys! This month we return to examining the signs of the zodiac with a look at Taurus. Before we get started, you may want to know that as of the time of writing I have a post on Chiron in Taurus and one on Uranus in Taurus to study alongside this one. 


For Mum

The signs of the zodiac are tricky things to describe because they are archetypal processes and archetypes defy easy description. Archetypes are notions that are broad enough to be typical and essential but so over-arching that they can only be easily communicated in words by issuing a string of analogies that they incorporate. Astrology is a language of archetypes – planetary, zodiacal, etc, – and this is why the discussions of astrology involve long lists of analogies that point to the thing they represent without being able to completely define it. Below I have given you some examples to help initiate this process regarding Taurus. Taurus is therefore patient, calm, materialistic, plodding, jealous, etc. – individual notions that do not define Taurus, but taken together point to its essential meaning, an essential meaning that can be universally comprehended. This may seem like a very abstract and complicated beginning to an article about one of the simplest and uncomplicated of the zodiac signs, but as we dig deep into the archetype of Taurus we will come to see that its mysteries and its magic are very much concerned with understanding there is a fundamental and natural Form within things which perpetually in-forms its manifestation in the physical world, just as there is a basic spirit or essential meaning, a living thing, within each of the signs of the zodiac which in-forms its manifestations.

On the ground, though, Taurus is far less esoteric. In fact we might say that of all the zodiac signs Taurus is the most grounded of all, and in many ways also the most passive (Pisces is overall much more passive, but far less grounded with it). Think not of the raging bull charging at you, for while this is an appropriate analogy it is not a normal state of affairs for Taurus, being a reaction to an extreme situation involving threat and intrusion, but instead dwell upon the placid calf chewing the cud while it looks at you with kind eyes framed by curling eyelashes. Harmless, gentle, docile, calm. This is the Taurean factory setting. Life is not complicated – that is its response to polarisation with Scorpio, which sees deeper complications to everything. Nor is life worth getting all worked up over – that is its response to the extremes of its predecessor, Aries. Life is best lived in a simple and calm way, focusing on the here and now and getting down to the business of doing what needs to be done without complaint. It has to be slowly and carefully predigested – chewed over – before coming to any rash actions or conclusions about what it means. It’s natural bounties should be savored and cherished, from fine wines and sex to all the green things, because to Taurus these things make life a pleasure. Taurus listens not to the drum of Mars but to the soft melody of Venus, yet it is not an ethereal creature of harmony and love but one which knows how to walk and work with the physical mud, sweat and juice of the land and the material world. And as the saying goes, it is strong as an ox, containing within it the greatest potential physical power of all the signs.


Gentle giant


Lummox, clod
















The stars that lend their history to the zodiac sign of Taurus are among the most ancient and massive of constellations. They contain some of the most fabled and beautiful stars in the sky, the Pleiades, and stretch an enormous distance across the firmament, charging with lowered horns at Orion. These features make its stars easy to spot in a clear night sky because if you can identify the stars of Orion’s belt you can look for a nearby reddish-orange star (Aldebaran, the eye of the Bull, the ‘Watcher of the East’ in Persian sky lore) and the further away and brighter by far cluster of the Pleiades, which are visually stunning. The Celestial Bull (to distinguish it from the zodiacal sign Taurus)  is a huge creature that you have to swivel your head to scan the body of, even though it lacks any hind quarters. Its red eye called Aldebaran translates in Arabic (and also other languages) as ‘the Follower’, presumably because in the sky it follows (rises after) the jewels of the Pleiades, the Seven Sisters that lie in the heart of the Bull and which draw the eye like a nest of celestial diamonds.

Perhaps the most critical time in the human relationship with these stars took place about 4,000 to 6,000 years ago. For obvious reasons we do not have any deep records of this period with which to draw firm conclusions but we do have a vast body of circumstantial evidence that points to the stars becoming extremely important in human culture around this time. One thing which we can rely upon as factual is that beginning about 6,000 years ago these stars began to inhabit the sky at dawn just before the spring equinox, so that on this very important ritual day, just before the Sun rose, the giant form of the Celestial Bull was hovering over the eastern horizon. For about 2,000 years prior to this point, the same time and space had been occupied by the stars of Orion and Gemini (perhaps inspiring the proto-seeds of many myths connected with twins such as Isis and Osiris, Set and Osiris, Castor and Pollux, Ashwini Kumaras and others, as well as other myths connected with Scorpio), but it now began to be clear to observers all over the world that this was changing. At some stage it must have literally dawned on every ritual culture that habitually observed the equinoxes that the picture in the heavens was undergoing a dramatic change. Orion seemed to be falling over and the stars of Taurus were rising up over him. It is possible that at this time stories were created to explain this shift and this may have been when the mythology connected to Taurus and to bulls in general which we have handed down to us today was in its genesis. Given that this was also a very critical and important time in the development of our understanding of the patterns and movements of objects in the sky, the period from around 4,000 to 1,700 BC being considered one of the golden ages of ancient astronomy, it may be that this observation was one of or even possibly the most important catalyst in this golden age. Some authors writing in the much later Hellenistic period claim that astrology itself is invented by Hermes in this period, but as far as I am aware only vague references to time spans are given, and there are alternative reports on how astrology came about in other texts from the same era.

Regardless of whether or not astrology came into existence during this period, it was still an extremely important one for for the later zodiac sign of Taurus because it was during this period that many of the mythologies and magical practices connected to bulls attained a greater cultural significance across the world. The clear indication, of course, is that this was due to the sight seen at the spring equinox. Legends and magical practices connected with these stars surely existed before these times, but it seems clear that during this period ritual and magical practice across the world focused upon the symbolism and power of the Bull.


In Egypt, worship of an Apis – a sacred bull – began in earnest during the First Dynasty (in a 2013 study based on radiocarbon dates, the beginning of the First Dynasty—the accession of Hor-Aha—was placed at 3,100 BC give or take a century, placing it in the Precessional Age of Taurus). Devotion to this being was centred at Memphis until the Hellenistic period began when it was moved to Alexandria by Ptolemy I. It became a prominent cultural phenomena during the Second Dynasty (from around 2,890 – 2,686 BC), which is one of the most obscure periods in ancient Egyptian history. Worship was possibly started by Nebra (under whom the first depiction of the cat goddess Bastet also appears) and was very probably connected to Hathor – Apis may have represented Hathor’s offspring. In any case Apis was a physical creature as well as a Divine one and several ceremonial burials of bulls indicate that there was a ritual sacrifice. The bulls, which were kept at the Hathor temples for the duration of life, were eventually embalmed and encased in giant ritual sarcophagi which were lavishly adorned inside and out with powerful spells. Details of the mummification process can be seen on the Apis Papyrus. This creature, indicating again a connection to the spring equinox, was termed “the renewal of life” of Ptah (who conceived the world by thinking it into existence and then uttered it into being with the magic of his Word), and was transfigured after death by the magical ceremonies and the sarcophagi into Osorapis, i.e. the eternal Apis, the Osiris-Apis. Different forms of worship of Apis continued for many thousands of years until about 400 CE, being continued by the Greeks and later the Romans. Their reinterpretation of these earlier traditions and ideas gave rise to or informed the cults of the deity called Serapis, a god of abundance and resurrection designed to unify the Greeks and Egyptians, whose most important temple was also at Alexandria. The Taurus cults were widespread but also very tenacious and had to be aggressively subdued by later practices that wished to replace them, as I shall explain shortly.

Bulls were a central theme in the Minoan civilization, with bull heads and bull horns used as symbols in the Knossos palace, which legend has as the birth place, labyrinthine dwelling and death site of the Minotaur (again, more on this shortly). I visited the ruins of this palace when I was a child and can still recall the way it placed a silence upon my soul. The magical spirit of the place was still lurking there in the late 1970s. In the Indus Valley the sacred bull is called Nandi and was connected with worship of Shiva, from whom he received the knowledge of Agamic and Tantric magic and wisdom. In Norse lands we have tales from Snorri Sturluson’s Prose Edda about Auðumbla:

Then said Gangleri: “Where dwelt Ymir, or wherein did he find sustenance?”
Hárr answered: “Straightway after the rime dripped, there sprang from it the cow called Auðumla; four streams of milk ran from her udders, and she nourished Ymir.”
Then asked Gangleri: “Wherewithal was the cow nourished?”
And Hárr made answer: “She licked the ice-blocks, which were salty; and the first day that she licked the blocks, there came forth from the blocks in the evening a man’s hair; the second day, a man’s head; the third day the whole man was there. He is named Búri.

(Brodeur’s translation)

This idea resonates strongly with the function of the Egyptian Apis and other deities with a bovine form as being connected with the creation of humanity, form and life itself. Four streams of sacred milk also resonate with hermetic ideas about the four pristine Elements. We see the same notion of life genesis in ancient Phoenicia (Lebanon, Israel and southern Syria today) where the bull-god, “Father of Men”, is called El (which means ‘bull’), and in Zoroastrianism (an Iranian religion which spread throughout the Middle East) there are tales of a heroic figure called Ahura Mazda, the Bull-Slayer, who slays a great bull after riding it to exhaustion and then stands witness as its blood falls in rivers to produce life on Earth. There is deeply primal and occulted stuff here. To the Sumerian people (modern day Iraq) these stars were similarly representative of a Heavenly Bull, Gugalanna, sent to trample and punish Gilgamesh, an epic king who is the subject of what is considered the first great work of literature (note here the rulership of zodiacal Taurus by Venus). Gilgamesh is the Babylonian Orion, the warrior set against the charge of the Bull. The Bull is sent by the goddess Ishtar after Gilgamesh spurns her advances – an arrogant and potentially dangerous thing to do to the goddess of love, sex, war and the magic of fertility, although Gilgamesh did so because of her treatment of her former lovers. Gugalanna, whose feet made the Earth shake, was slain and dismembered by Gilgamesh and his companion Enkidu, but then becomes the first husband of Ereshkigal, ruler of the Underworld. In this he is a proto-Persephone, the Greek goddess of spring and vegetation who is wed to Hades and can only visit us seasonally to return life to the natural world.


Shades of the theme of the mythic and magical creation of life also show up in Celtic tales of Blodeuwedd, a magical woman made of flowers. The hero Lleu Llaw Gyffes is magically cursed by his mother, Arianrhod, to never find a human wife. To counteract this curse, two fabled magicians named Math and Gwydion gather petals and flowers from oaks, meadowsweet and broom and concoct a powerful spell that conjures the most beautiful maiden anyone has ever seen, a woman made of flowers. The tale is also a magical cautionary tale as they later have to punish their creation after it behaves badly, needing to chase it down and place their own curse upon it.

Darker and much more visceral themes seem to emerge towards the end of the Taurean Age. These seem to be connected to the ascendancy of the stars of Aries to the position of heliacal rising stars of the spring equinox, and to a widespread cultural shift away from sacrificial bulls to sacrificial rams. Rams and heroes – archetypes of Aries rather than Taurus – may now have started to become more significant. I feel that it’s this latter period that brings much of the blood spilling elements of the tales connected to Taurus. The bull cults were very well entrenched and widespread, and I feel that tales like that of Theseus slaying the Minotaur, Jason questing for the Fleece and facing the Colchis bulls (immensities with bronze hooves and mouths which breathe fire and which he must yoke and use to plough a field) and other myths featuring the slaying or taming of bulls are at least partly sourced in these events. Mystery traditions started shifting towards monotheistic and angry or ‘flaming sword’ deities, away from the Earth Mysteries and towards both agriculture and more modern concepts of godhood. Purification rituals and blood baptisms involving bulls seem to have been a common element of the transition. The worship of Ahura Mazda in the late Aries Age, for example, involved an initiate standing under a platform and being drenched with the blood of a sacrificial bull which they needed to drink in. In the Roman Mithraic Mysteries there are reliefs (called in todays language ‘Tauroctony’) which depict Mithras killing a bull while surrounded by suns, moons and stars. In the Hebrew bible an Israelite who had come into contact with a dead body would need to undergo a ritual purification involving a red cow being sacrificed, its ashes being used in the ritual purification. Followers of Moses distinguished themselves from the bull cults of the ‘heathen’ Egyptians who were ‘looking back to the past’ by adopting the lamb as the sacrificial beast. In other words, as the Age winds down the Taurus cults are still very strong and robust but they are perceived not as ‘renewers of life’ but as husks clinging to a decaying era and new heroes of life are called upon to vanquish them and usurp their power. A great deal of our knowledge of the ancient world was probably lost in the process. In Europe only the isolated proto-Druidic tradition of the British Isles seems to have escaped this purge and just adapted, but it was (except for certain symbols) an oral tradition and was later similarly lost.


This body of mythology, while in parts bloody, connects these stars with visceral and naturally sourced life power, potency, strength, sensuality and enduring influence – qualities which are primary virtues of the Taurus sign. We need to be very wary of attaching the significance of ‘sacrifice’ to these stars alone, since animals of other stars were also considered sacred offerings during their periods of influence. What is different in the sacrifices attached to the Age of the Bull is the transference of power, strength and vigour, often physical, procreative, virile or sexual.

Also, and most importantly, its vital to keep in mind that during the politically and socially tumultuous transition from the Taurus era to the Aries era much of the original lore of these stars was destroyed and has remained lost. It was not generally written down. The Bull Cults of Greece and the Mediterranean, the Babylonian priesthoods and the Hathor priesthood of Egypt, the Druids – all fonts of this wisdom were ultimately wiped out and their knowledge stemmed, subverted, conflated or vanished. The stars of the Celestial Bull became awash with bloodshed during the transition forwards and have carried a visceral quality to them ever since. Their Mystery schools went underground and their secrets were shunned and hidden away in labyrinths of the mind, like the bestial and enraged Minotaur slain by Theseus. This is the part that history vaguely recalls, the later age of Taurus, not the early age. We can only surmise the nature of the early teaching about these stars – fertility, sexuality, sexual potency and the magic of the renewal of life in spring, the magical power of the feminine and the secrets of the Seven Sisters and the mysteries of matter, nature and form are among the most likely focuses. It is also worth noting here that the Pleiades are referred to as ‘Seven Sisters’ (sometimes brothers or hens or some other representation of siblings) by diverse ancient cultures located as far away from one another as Australia, North America, China and Siberia, among others, cultures which are not supposed to have had any contact. The suggestion then is that this shows either a common link between early people (such as an ancestral race memory of a previous era of civilization, or a collective unconsciousness) or that they were more in contact with one another than is supposed – or both. Why else would they all designate these seven lights as ‘siblings’? Why not jewels, or seeds, or some other more reasonable coincidence? If it is down to some unknown connection, the stars of Taurus may have a much older lore that we have completely lost. The answer, like so many, is buried in the past, as well as in us.




To modern day zodiacal Taurus these tales have given many qualities, including a supremely tactile attachment to nature and the physical world, from food to touch. Taurus is always ready to experience more of the richness of life. It is a sign that saturates itself in qualities until it becomes sodden and heavy with them, and therefore takes forms that are difficult to mutate or remove. Patience is the requirement with whatever Taurus touches, and we might also say strength and endurance but we do not really mean just physical strength and endurance but mental and especially emotional as well, and we mean a quiet and peaceful strength not a violent and warlike one. Like seeds planted in soil things placed with Taurus take care, love and the natural passage of time to bear their fruit. Until then there is work to be done and Taurus is the most equipped to roll up the sleeves and start digging in the dirt.

No sign is more practical or hard working than Taurus – this is the sign that is always ready to buckle down with the back breaking work or the pulling of the cart. Its filled with muscular power and quiet determination. It tires far less easily than other signs and nearly always finds ways to make its resources last as long as they need to. The Taurus in human beings is the pleasure we feel listening to beautiful music while sitting in slippers by a warm open fire with a glass of red wine eating our favourite chocolates, basking in the satisfaction of a hard weeks work well done. Today it is mostly about an appreciation of the simple but often expensive pleasures of physical life, but once it was much more connected to the pleasure we felt when working the land, the satisfaction gained and the pleasure experienced in contact with Mother Earth. It was about the wet grass between our toes and the mysteries of an abundant Mother of life that just kept on giving and giving…and we kept on taking, but at some terrible point we stopped giving back. However these deeper pleasures still exist within the Taurus sign in all of us as do the yearnings to feel that pleasure again and so Taurus is nowadays often instrumental in bringing us ‘back to nature’ in whatever form that takes. You walk a while with the plodding tread of this beautiful, docile creature and your heart fills with gentleness and peace. Whatever Taurus touches in our chart it brings with it a modern day impetus to re-connect with the land around us and recover this deeper source of tranquil, natural pleasure at being alive in the physical world. We were formed from Mother Nature, after all, and have an instinct to be close to Her. However, this is often led astray by the pull of materialism in our societies.


Taurus is essentially practical, realistic, loving of ease but given to hard work, possesses great physical endurance or strength, is slow to act, and works persistently and patiently toward (usually material and physical) goals. Like the Bull which symbolises its astral character, the Taurus nature does not like to be led around the field and can manifest its fixed Earth energy in a very stubborn and intractable way, refusing to accept another way as better than theirs or not backing down when miffed. They do not like to be told what to do in great detail – they prefer to be left alone to get on with it without the unnecessary commentary – and like to take their time chewing over everything very carefully in order to fully digest it before they swallow it. Other signs (in particular Gemini, Leo, Aries, Aquarius and sometimes Scorpio) may find Taurus maddeningly slow unless other factors provide more restless qualities.

Taurus possesses great hidden reserves of strength, physical power and endurance. It is known for an ability to work hard and toil far longer than other signs. The ability to work persistently, quietly and patiently toward goals coupled with this strength is perhaps the signs greatest material asset. When Taurus is strong and healthy it is always there with a helping hand, a support that is more than just encouraging since it is geared to being actually useful. It has a weakness when it comes to emotional areas which we will discuss shortly, but elsewhere it is not only willing to help but eager to do something about the problem. They are the well known ‘rock’, the type of person you can rely on when the chips are down. This sign is devoted and loyal to others, like it’s opposite, Scorpio, because deep within it Venus, the signs ruler, whispers about the true foundation of all strength and power, love. When motivated by love, Taurus is loyal and will never abandon those who have shown it their own loyalty by their actions and deeds. Taurus is a builder by nature and so this sign carries the keys to building a better world in the future. It all depends on what motivates it in the first place.

Another great virtue of Taurus is the solidly Earthy nature of the attitude. It must be pushed harder and longer than is the norm – by far – before its equilibrium and temper snaps and it can take a lot of punishment before its bodies grow exhausted or its strength fails. This Earthy connection can also be a great help in all the Earth analogue exercises of initiation. Patience, practicality, an ability to work long and hard labour, common sense and practical acumen in dealing with physical things such as plants and money are also manifestations of this Earthy acumen. This is the sign that grows and makes things you can touch, from vegetation to savings, or build beautiful things you can experience physically, from buildings to jewelery. It likes to get its hands (hooves?) on experience and draws sustenance and vitality from steady but persistent physical activity. The signs resonance with the physical also makes it tactile and sensuous – this is a sexualised sign like its polar opposite Scorpio, but with Taurus the pleasure is more tactile than emotional. The spirit of this sign is not cold and stern but ruled by the loving nature of Venus – as well as needing to keep hands busy Taurus likes to take care of people and to protect them physically, to provide materially for those it loves and with whom it expects to form enduring and loyal bonds.

bird-of-paradise-3126284_1920Taurus is also a good listener because it possesses the patience to let people speak while they slowly consider advice that is sensible and actually useful. The sign is acquisitive in matters of love and can be accused of possessiveness yet is also constant, loyal, affectionate and very sensual. For Taurus love is not a passing emotion but a deep and lasting bond which must be honoured and worked at. Emotional bonds form more slowly and cautiously but are more enduring and resistant to adversity in life. What helps to sharpen the focus of the analysis here is to compare the ways in which Taurus differs from Scorpio, because it is these differences that matter. When we do this, the first contrast that leaps out is not about practicality but about the expression of feelings – with Scorpio the feelings are very intense, passionate and often dark or having a cynical humour, and they are expressed with controlled force. In stark contrast to this the Taurus emotional nature is simple, calm, tranquil, often having a soft and light hearted humour, and emotions are expressed with forced control.

Taurus naturally clashes with the other Fixed or Stable signs of Leo, Aquarius and Scorpio and harmonises itself with the other two Earth signs as well as with Cancer and Pisces. The squares and the opposition to its sibling Stable signs generate problems which are often motivated by mutual stubbornness. These are clashes of will that often stalemate, escalate or alienate but which can also combine into formidable resistance and power. Additionally with the Leo sign, Taurus is put off by the ego and sometimes a bit jealous of the success while Leo sees Taurus as pleasant but not particularly fun to be around (dull, not craving drama like Leo but instead insisting on a lack of drama). Compared to Aquarius, Taurus is very normal, sensible, predictable and heavily invested in the status quo rather than completely far out there, weird and incomprehensible. I’ve already said something about the relationship between Taurus and Scorpio, two signs which are very loyal but which have very different approaches to showing that loyalty, one of which is intensely emotional and complicated and the other very levelheaded and uncomplicated but naive of deeper issues. In both Cancer and Pisces, Taurus finds two passive allies that understand its need for peace, quiet and tranquility as well as signs which resonate with its caring nature. These two signs bring Taurus some much-needed Water that help it prevent itself from becoming stuck in its ways while Taurus gives both of these signs some critical stability, support and resources. The basis of the resonance with the signs of Virgo and Capricorn is of course the Earth Element which connects them together and so the harmony between these three signs encompasses all the virtues of the Earth Element, specifically being adept in dealing with the material and physical world.



Universal natural connection to Taurus is found close to fertile nature, near meadows and sylvan forests in the countryside, next to old rocks living in the mud, in ploughed fields and overgrown bush. Taurus is rock, seed, meadow, soil, spore, manure, ox, green leaf and blossom generally. Its totemic animals include not only bovines but also all cattle and farm animals generally as well as beasts which work, hummingbirds, bees, pollinating insects, giant creatures, physically powerful animals like bears, apes and gorillas, the elusive sasquatch, the fae who tend to nature, the rock people, horned gods, ants, sloths and whales (which are shared with Pisces). It generally has a powerful influence over all vegetation and plant life but is especially connected to wild rose, bird of paradise, prehistoric plant life (the bigger the better), and all the plants of Venus. In the mineral kingdom it resonates not only with emeralds (again via Venus) but also with precious jewels as well as the countless grey, featureless pebbles and boulders that make up the land, from small to large, with the largest becoming mountains and the province of another Earth sign, Capricorn. In the chakras it relates to the Root centre (as connection to Earth, grounding, stability, possession and sensual pleasure) and the Throat centre (as feeling for form and space), while in the physical body it is the region of the neck, vocal cords, upper shoulders, tongue and lower jaw, with a reflex association with the sex organs. chocsTaurus is also analogous to the receptivity and sensory capacity of the skin, the ears and the nose, especially the connection with emotional satisfaction and pleasure that these physical senses can bring, so to perfumes, music, massage and so on, as well as to the musical power of the voice (many belting singers have a Taurus emphasis). Its colours are browns, terracotta, shades of green and other forest hues – nothing too bold or dramatic. Its astrological direction is south-east, its season in the northern hemisphere is spring, its musical tone is F# and its places outdoors include farms, meadows, agricultural fields, muddy ditches, stone and wood circles, verdant forests, pastures, big old barns built to last, stables, financial districts, canyon floors, places where lovers gather for trysts, overgrown buildings, rocky plateaus and crystal caves or places where jewels and other riches of the Earth (and their spirit guardians) are gathered. Inside, Taurus points towards the lower places of a building such as the cellar, underground parking spaces, the cavities under floorboards, and to places where relaxation and rest as well as patient work with the hands or body take place, jewelery boxes, piggy banks, safes, places where work clothes and tools are stored and places where mud gathers, trees loom or indoor plants prosper. Its alchemical process is congelation (the conversion of a thin flowing liquid into a congealed thick substance, often by slow heating), and in the Kabbalistic Tree, Taurus is analogous to the Hebrew letter Vav (‘Nail’) and the 5th Path from Kether to Binah, called the root consciousness (“the fifth path is called the root consciousness because it is the substance of the unity, joining itself to that understanding [i.e. Binah] which itself emanates from within the province of primordial wisdom”.). As explained below, Taurus is connected with the magic of the creation of forms which are suitable to manifest essential meaning, the Art of transmuting forms so that they invite different essential meaning or so that they more completely and clearly manifest their native essential meaning (i.e. alchemy), knowledge of how each form expresses essential meaning and of how form and essential meaning are related, magical mastery of form and of the Primal Elements, the magic of agriculture, farming and plant cultivation and all the initiatory and magical arcana of the High Priest tarot image. In mundane astrology it is connected with the Sun sign in the current charts for Portugal (1974), South Africa (1994), Georgia (1991), Bangladesh (1971), Eire (1949), Sierra Leone (1961), Togo (1960), Japan (1952), Palestine (1994), Israel (1948), Monaco (1949), Great Britain (1707), Ecuador (1830) and Paraguay (1811) (expect to witness chaotic and radical change for these nations with Uranus now entering Taurus for 7 years). A Taurus Sun also shone over the days of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster (1986), the Hindenburg explosion (1937), German surrender at the end of WWII (1945), George Washington taking the Presidential oath (1789) and the sailing of the first fleet towards and subsequent colonization of Australia (1787).

Well known individuals with strong Taurus in their astrology include Karl Marx, Katherine Hepburn, Stewart Granger, Joanna Lumley and Carol Burnett (all with both Sun and Moon in Taurus), George Lucas, Steve Winwood, Randy Travis, Miriam Stoppard (all with Taurus Sun and Taurus rising), Dionne Warwick (Taurus Moon and Taurus rising), Adolf Hitler (Sun), Al Pacino (Sun), Barbra Streisand (Sun), Bertrand Russell (Sun), Immanuel Kant (Sun), Burt Bacharach (Sun), Cher (Sun), David Icke (Sun), Jack Nicholson (Sun), Michelle Pfeiffer (Sun), Orson Welles (Sun), Frida Kahlo (Moon), Bob Dylan (Moon), Bill Clinton (Moon), Carl G. Jung (Moon), Meryl Streep (Moon), Carrie Fisher (Moon), Diana Ross (Moon), Elton John (Moon) and Galileo (Moon), to name but a few.

gate to faerie


Petrification. Stagnation. The gaze of Medusa. Taurus may be loving, strong and hard working but it is also, however, the most averse to change, the most stubborn, the most possessive and the most obdurate of all the zodiac signs. Despite its hardworking nature it can also become extremely lethargic and can be ‘bull-headed’ as the modern saying goes, charging into things recklessly when enraged. It can get very attached to the ‘sacred cows’ of the way things have seemingly always been and it can also become trapped in the need for success in the material world, the desire to own things so that life becomes more pleasurable and comfortable. Its need for security can kill any chance it has of the one thing that it seeks – inner peace and tranquility stemming from a simple acceptance of life as it is. Ultra-conservatism can suffocate and choke the ability to adapt, leaving a mummified husk of a life that gets left behind as the rest of the world moves on to embrace the latest innovations.

A binding sign is basically an indication that life can become too attached to something; in Taurus it is typical that this attachment is to the physical things that life can offer, money, good food and wine, a beautiful, well stocked home, a stable love life, etc, and the dependence on these things for solving problems can become a problem in itself. The acquisition of material objects is one of the greatest illusions this sign can fall under, as it can perceive the purpose of life to be the capacity to acquire as much material comfort as possible, both for themselves and others, so that life is more pleasant, easy, and above all the future made secure. Taurus can become emotionally attached to physical objects in a manner similar to Cancer, refusing to part with them for anything, and it is more acquisitive than Cancer as well. In this way it loses sight of one of the signs greatest strengths – the true source of lasting inner peace and security, the peace of just being without needing anything to enjoy it.

Aside from a binding of the heart to all things material the Taurus in us can be possessive in other ways too, especially in relationships. In fact it can make us as possessive and stubborn as we are loyal in the pursuit of love. Taurus can be very controlling and overbearing, especially when its feelings are hurt or it is worried, and as mentioned before it can easily get stuck in unhappy relationships, just because change is not secure. Jealousy and envy can also corrupt a good relationship when Taurus is strongly involved, as well as crises of loyalties and material and physical values – the question of whether something will last, the permanence of things and their true worth. Taurus can bore itself and its partners by perpetually maintaining a status quo where nothing changes or choke the sweetness with greed and possessiveness which offer no satisfaction and no peace. It is a tragedy when hard work and persistent loyalty in a relationship results in building too much predictability and stability into life or becoming too possessive, suffocating both partners and devouring inner peace, but this is so often the fate of a Taurus that will not change with the times.

chillinfieldTaurus may be robust and well built but everything has limits. Often it will tragically push itself way over the limits of its endurance and have to be stopped (by exhaustion, failing health, or someone more pig-headed). Yet when the temper snaps or that body and equilibrium breaks, it breaks bad – anyone in the path of the raging bull gets snorted at, charged, impaled, butted into the air, flattened, trampled, and left in the mud. You know it, in other words. There is no subtlety. There may be apology later, but don’t count on it – you pushed it way too far. Resistance to you doing it again will be firm and intractable. In extreme situations, Taurus gets extremely physical. Basic body language will often give this away to the observant before they go too far – faces will redden, nostrils will flare, looks will harden.

Great darkness in the sign can be avoided entirely by learning to take risks, especially emotional ones, not becoming stuck in any cozy comfort zone and also not falling into a work ethic in life where we spend all our soul energy on working hard just to make our way through. An often immovable obstacle in the way of progress, the signs nature faces an interesting challenge in the coming times because its respect for tried and true methods, the ways of doing things in the past, must be balanced with a total openness to all things new if it is to sensibly handle the severe effects of various paradigm shocks which will radically alter the world in the coming century. Now is a time for Taurus to recognize that new ways of doing things may be more productive and not to be afraid of the sweeping changes new things will bring, remembering in any wintertime that the seasons must always return to spring, but more importantly that there are times in life when the path that excites because it is new is the only way forward to security, that life is in motion and so are we. In a chaotic and rapidly changing world such as many of us live in today, and will continue to face, the fact that others can rely on a down to earth nature when heaven and earth are turning upside down is a great help to many, but Taurus can go down a dark path if it does not see that its character and attitudes must never remain static but need to shift slowly in the direction of the gradual arc of sunlight. This will be especially true now that Uranus is spending time in Taurus.



Ptah breathes life into the multi-verse with a single, simple Word. Mud begins to spin on the potters wheel, hands firmly grasp it (Taurus). Virgo plots, plans, measures, refines, purifies and perfects the form into discrete and measured shapes, Capricorn sees their potential and means of continuance through time, but Taurus provides the raw resources and the labour. At the causal level, Taurus is the hands, clay and the potters wheel itself, the basic instrument from which all Forms will be conjured. The most ancient human magic of the Earth signs is undoubtedly planting and tilling the soil (Taurus), cultivation and harvesting (Virgo), and conservation and maintenance of the whole cycle for future generations (Capricorn). After this the earliest magic of Taurus is probably then realizing the different properties of plants and cultivating them for these purposes, as well as gradually learning how to work with stones, metals and minerals.

Taurus is what I call a binding sign, like Scorpio. As a Magnetic expression of Venus what is being bonded is the essential nature of Venus, which is the significance of resonance, the ways in which things are sympathetic or repulsive to one another. With Taurus the binding action is Earthy and grounded, meaning that a physical objects essential meaning is expressed through its appearance, its form arising through a process that is guided by resonance. The binding, Earthy essence gives Taurus an acquisitive taste and a nose for a bargain, an appreciation for beautifully made things and money, but also this deeper more esoteric understanding of physical experience, that matter is based on Venusian principles of resonance, of desire and attraction. The feeling of cherishing something bonds its physical form to our emotional form, which gives us the feeling that it is ‘ours’. Yet it is not really ours to own, merely to appreciate and preserve for a time, there must come a time when we must let all cherished objects go, no matter how much we want to keep them for good. Some of these possessive attitudes of Taurus can go very deep, the most primal being our sense of ownership of our organs, muscles, blood and all the bits of the physical body as well as ultimately the body itself. All of these things are on loan only.


Image by R. Clark

As mentioned earlier I have also come to understand the connection between Taurus and the ancient practice of alchemy, for Taurus is the path on the Gra Tree which acts as a vessel for the Unity of Kether to manifest in infinite Form. It is the path that gives an initial influx of essential meaning to Binah, ‘pinning’ (or ‘nailing’) form and giving birth to an infinite number of Greater Selves. In this sense Taurus is the ‘Earth Mother’, the first or most primal of the Earth signs (which on the Gra Tree are all concerned with the emergence of the One Self into Form). This too may have had a bearing on the magical thinking of the early Taurus Age. Look at all those clay and earthen figurines and pots of the earliest Earth Mother deities, and the connection to Taurus becomes even more tangible – she is often voluptuous with curves and rounded with the luxurious signs of a pleasurable lifestyle, pregnant, her hair flowing wildly outward and her posture fertile and receptive.

In ‘The 26 Keys’ (p363, p424) and in this journal I tag Taurus as a “Binding, Externalizing, Form building, Stable Earth sign of the Causal plane”. I have already spoken about Binding signs and what they signify. Earth signs are signs focused on practicality (as opposed to intellect, emotion and will) and Fixed or Stable signs are concentrations and consolidations of energy. The combination of the Earth Element with the Stable mode produces the most inflexible of the 12 possible combinations, and so in many ways Taurus represents what most people typically think of when they think of the Earth Element – a solid, unmoving, inanimate block. This is a good place to start a meditation on Taurus, but I suggest you add a lush carpet of wildflowers, some moss and a clinging vine to the picture, along with the attendant symphonies of nature, the aromas, sounds and sensations of feeling and touch. It is an externalizing sign (a sign which focuses on external effects and objects and on the projection of the self towards those effects and objects) and the principle Form building sign, meaning the most primal and causal. At an esoteric level it is the sign which gives rise to Form itself, and thus the principle builder of Creation. Its operations and essential meaning organize raw, undifferentiated essential meaning into Forms of pure awareness, thus giving birth to the realm of the Greater Selves.

Taurus represents physical sensation and our ability to manipulate the physical world through the body, thus differentiating the body from other objects, teaching us about possession and ownership. The truth that giving and receiving are one is shrouded by the appearance of separateness between physical things; we have lost sight of the truth. The truth is so simple, a child could comprehend it: the only thing ever given and received, is love. When love is given, it is first received in the heart of the giver; and when it is received the gratitude of the receiver, gives. In this exchange, both giver and receiver are enriched together with all things. Karmically, what we do with what we are given comes down to a choice – we give thanks for it and use it to create more pleasure and wellbeing in others, thus multiplying the abundance of joy it brings, or we selfishly and fearfully hold onto it, fearing that we will be subject to scarcity, and thus block the flow of abundance.

Taurus gives a strong connection to the sense of touch and smell, enhancing magical exercises with these, and is very sensual and responsive to physical stimulation generally. Also, there is a connection to the Earth and a love of nature, particularly plants, and so Taurus lends what may be called “green fingers”. As Taurus rules the throat and larynx, it may also lend us a beautiful and luxurious or rich and deep sounding singing voice. People tend to calm down a bit just at the sound of a steady Taurus voice. Taurus also binds the sense of touch to the physical body, and is therefore attuned to all sensual pleasures and sexual arousal. Its magic is therefore carnal and has an association with sex magic, incenses, oils and other sensual tools for affecting the awareness through the physical senses. When we hear music and feel it in and with our body, when we dance, when we are kissed, when we sing, when something ‘smells’ wrong or right, when we hug, when we open the hot oven door, Taurus is with us enjoying the moment and making it possible. It is therefore intimately connected with our instincts and the ‘animal side’ in human behaviour which recognises signals in the environment at an inborn, primal and instinctive level of awareness.


Therefore initiation via Taurus is often about immersive, saturated experience in the tangible world and surrender to these primal instincts, as well as about initiation into the mysteries of Nature. The good news is that this means really indulging the physical and sensual experience – it means massages, fine foods and wines, soft beds, loving sex, bare toes in wet grass and skinny dipping under a velvet canopy of stars. It means utter and total immersion in the world of the physical senses, so it means listening or dancing all night long to music and completely losing the mind chatter in bodily and tactile experience. Of course, the warning against excess here is obviously about not completely wallowing in sensual experiences but using them as a tool to access a simpler and peaceful state of existing in the body. This inner peace is the true state of security and ‘practicality’ (i.e. practice) in the heart of the Taurean Ox – it is inwardly sourced in the awareness that simply enjoys the uncomplicated pleasures of being physically alive, the sound of the wind and the song of the birds in the trees and its caress as it brushes your hair, ear and cheek, the smell of the rain on wet grass and fresh rose buds opening in the spring, the glint of morning dew on a hedgerow, drinking in the light on the mountainside, the warm and cosy comfort of being slightly drunk. I have stressed the word inwardly here because it is vitally important – as I have said the Taurus nature has the habit of attaching the significance of security to external factors, meaning it gets possessive of the territory, the wine, the roses and above all the money that makes it all possible. It becomes unhealthily attached to things through the pleasure and security they bring, but in the process it loses sight of the fact that these things can offer no lasting security and that only the inner sense of security – the sense of peace and calm – can sustain this. It misses the real source of all these riches – the body itself and beyond that, the natural world which formed the body from mud, clay, water, juice and sap in a long, laborious process.

faebridgeHowever it is important for the external ‘props’ of Taurus to be present in order for the contact with sensual experience to occur – we need stuff after all! – and so the task is not to overcome any materialism or acquisitiveness but to interact with it as one would a door, a portal which leads to uncomplicated satisfactions. Also, it is prudent and pragmatic to recognise that some external forms of sensual and physical security and pleasure are more dependable than others – money comes and goes, but the individual who can go out into a forest or a meadow for a few hours and come back rejuvenated and invigorated has chosen a better resource. The sound of birds talking and the whisper of leaves or the sight of an animal, the solace of ancient stones, the feel of plunging your hands into dirt, singing in the shower, relaxing to music, cuddling – these things cost nothing but have greater value than anything you can buy.

Furthermore, winning or being right is not always (or ever) worth more than peace. Sometimes, the consequences of backing down are so trivial that the wisest course is the peaceful one that means walking away, but the stubborn bullishness of Taurus can make that difficult, or rather it can make it seem difficult until you do it, at which point it becomes clear that it is the easier option that additionally does not squander your precious energy. Effectively, you win certain battles by walking away from them – Taurus is the wisdom of knowing when it is ripe to do this.

The ancient maxim of ‘as ye sow, so shall ye reap’ applies powerfully here. This is not however a threat, except to the lazy. It is about the wisdom of understanding that there are natural laws which ensure that effort produces results, that for everything that manages to push its little green shoot out of the dirt and into reality there is a cause, and that cause connects to the witness. It doesn’t mean that everything that happens to us is our fault, although in some cases we do reap this way. It means instead we have a part to play in it that may not be a fault at all, but a choice, a seed we have planted for our growth, and that what we sow now can yield a fresh harvest later, provided we labour at it.


My mother, who was chronically deaf most of her later life, once went to a spiritual retreat but she felt isolated and shut out when she could not hear any of what was being shared, so she went out for a walk in nature while they talked. She immediately came to a large oak tree that drew her Taurus Sun like a moth to a flame. Going straight to it, she sat down to meditate with it. Now, my mum was a very even keeled person, she did not get easily excited or amazed, but whenever she told me about what happened next (which she did a number of times) she was filled with awe and astonishment. She said a winged being of light came out of the tree and spoke to her, blessing her with great conviction and assurance, “You are pure!”. It has always struck me as typical for Taurus that while everyone else was talking about them she was quietly actually having a spiritual experience.

Another tale connected to my mother is also relevant here. About 10 years ago I was in northern California, far away from my mother in the UK. I was staying in a cabin in the midst of redwoods without any mobile phone access (for text messaging – she could not hear), and my mother did not use computers, but I had heard while going into town and taking my phone with me that she was not well, and I was feeling a lot of concern because of the vast distance. I remembered my mothers story about the tree spirit, and so I went outside to talk to the redwoods. As I stood alone on the porch in the early evening, I sent my awareness out to sense my mother, who I knew would be asleep. I thought of the last time I had hugged her before leaving, and asked her if she was ok and if she was in need of anything. Precisely at this moment, my reverie was interrupted by a whoosh of air and an intense whirring noise, and as I opened my eyes I gazed upon an emerald coloured hummingbird that was hovering in front of my face. Immediately, I knew she was ok – I was literally filled with a sense of knowing calm. It was just as if she had been there and hugged me back. After bringing this message the hummingbird moved to a nearby fruit tree, fed, and then was gone into the woods with an echoing whir.

As these examples suggest, Taurus will often initiate through the Earth mysteries. The physical life that exists upon the surface of this world – ALL of it, from the microscopic to the gigantic, the inorganic and organic, animate and inanimate – is all connected in Form. We are all part of nature with everything else, and so at this level we share a Form by virtue of being on and of the same planet. This Form is in our awareness as well as in our physical form. Outside of this planets nurturing atmosphere, we still share higher levels of Form with the solar system (which is shown in our birth charts) and further out, with everything else in the physical universe. Matter is an expression of awareness (and so awareness is present in all material things, including trees and rocks) and it is the structure and shape of awareness that binds matter into various forms. The Form of inner awareness externalizes itself as physical form.

The Taurus way, its quest as a collective member of the zodiac, is to preserve and nurture something sacred – the human value system and our innate shared wealth, the natural world. It is the task of Taurus in human nature to assess the true value of the physical, astral and mental resources of our collective humanity and ensure their continuation. If the world is to avoid the total catastrophe it is currently heading towards we will need this impulse to save species, preserve ecosystems, resist corruption and teach us how to truly honour that which binds us all together – the sacred Mother Earth.




Business as Unusual: Uranus in Taurus

Greetings, and welcome back to journeys! This month, we look at the return of the planet Uranus to the sign Taurus which begins this year.


The only people who are alive today who will have Uranus in Taurus (except those about to be born) will be in their early to mid 80s, so the information about how Uranus in this sign behaves in society and how it affects Uranus tribes of other zodiac signs will probably be more relevant to readers, unless they know someone elderly. Information about how Uranus in Taurus behaves in society and history is, however, of great import to literally everyone alive on the face of this planet at this time.

When the planet Uranus entered Aries (2010 being the preview, 2011 being the committed start) we saw, basically immediately,  many obvious and direct manifestations of its qualities – angry crowds, civil wars, massive explosions (Deepwater Horizon), Fukushima, political and social protests, militant movements bent on revolution and overthrow, social media turned into a weapon and a means to direct force, cyber-warfare, and many more events that introduced massive social pressures and threatening situations globally. These themes and more have been the talk of the worlds people and media for several years now. This era is about to end, the zeitgeist is fading with Uranus leaving Aries for Taurus this spring, returning to Aries for a brief farewell and review of business later this year and early next, before finally entering Taurus for good next spring. This year of 2018, then, is the preview year of Uranus in Taurus and the wrap-up year of Uranus in Aries, but it is 2019 in which the Taurus show really starts to get on the road. This years preview, however, is looking set to be very dramatic indeed.

In a previous article I presented a discussion on the general nature of Uranus cycles, which I will reproduce here for ease of reference and because it is an important part of the context of this article.

“The Uranus cycles are the ones we have to truly expand our minds to grasp. They are currently cycles connected with the integration of technology and human awareness since they resonate with the pace of innovation within the prevailing paradigm (which is scientific in our case), and given that the macro cycle is positioned towards the upper limit of our life span it also has resonance with the potential totality of conscious awareness that is present in human beings. In other words, it expresses the point at which the elastic nature of human awareness reaches its natural limits and begins to snap unless it radically adapts. It is difficult to remember everything (anything?) or even to care about the latest new thing when so much has already happened. By the time we are in our 80s the world has changed so radically from when we came in that it is almost unrecognisable, and we are struggling to keep up. Think on that – think of the struggle someone in their 80s has coming to terms with the fact that when they were born almost nobody had TV except the very rich, then they look up and contrast with today. Now, people have their own channels – and we just took one example. Its a total mindbomb nobody back then could have seen coming, and thats what awaits us all at the end of this cycle. Think on where you came into the world, now picture that accelerated far beyond your imagination. This is the spirit of the macro cycle. It is also part of the Great Work that is woven into reality by the Greaters.

This fact – that nobody can project crazily enough into the future to foresee the end of this macro cycle once it begins – is one of the greatest dangers facing us in our use of technology and scientific innovation. Our embrace of technology as an avatar of change and a bringer of solutions to our dilemmas is loaded with unforeseen consequences that we will only see play out fully if we reach a ripe old age, and this is what we need to realise – that only these people have this wisdom, and thus their alienation is part of our doom because we do not learn what they have learned, and just repeat the same mistakes on an elevated scale. Thus, the Uranus macro cycle is very much about how we treat our elders – will they be able to transmit what they have learned from their turn with (for example) Uranus in Scorpio to the newly born children of Uranus in Scorpio, or will that voice be lost because they are no longer seen as having a functional role in society?

This connection to the elderly is because the Uranus macro cycle is in a 3:1 resonance with the Saturn cycle – one orbit of Uranus around the Sun is equal to 3 orbits of Saturn. The third Saturn return and the Uranus return combine to bring to us an awareness of life coming to an end but also of having come back to the beginning. Therefore, the macro cycles of Saturn and Uranus intertwine about human awareness as it interacts with time and form the core or basis of collective or generational astrology. We might (as I propose) have to add Chiron to that heart of the matter, only time will tell.

The Uranus micro cycle is one quarter of the Saturn macro cycle, placing Uranus in resonance with Saturn on both scales. As mentioned previously, the 7 year scale of the micro cycle is resonant with generations we encounter in our schooling when we are young, and exactly when in the 7 year period we are born has a lot to do with the quality of social environment we encounter in school years. If we are born in the middle of the period, with Uranus in the middle of the sign, everyone we go to school with will be of the same collective mind and will easily form bonds (which can have an effect on sports teams, for example). If however we are born at the end or beginning of the period (with Uranus at the beginning or end of a sign) there will be more clashes in the early social environment, perhaps more ‘us and them’ cliquishness, with some groups being potentially very tiny and thus alienated, particularly when you add classroom division into the equation. However, this is a healthier environment in terms of variety and the kind of creativity that arises from chaos rather than co-operation. Its a matter of perspective, but also of recognising the different generations and finding ways to cater to both at the same time – then the magic is often remarkable and outstrips that of those with a more vanilla flavoured upbringing.

The micro cycle delineates a ‘techno-cult’ of some kind that forms around new technology and the first children to be exposed to it. Something new is introduced which has rapid and irreversible consequences for society, and what that is will be resonant with the sign that Uranus is in. It is important to understand what a technology is in the eyes of this planet, however – it is not necessarily a gadget or an invention, it can also be an ideal that drives societies, a ‘new wave’ of any kind or a major shock or collapse that forces movement in new directions, often on multiple trajectories. It leads to a new kind of meaning to things entering play. I have a theory that gatherings of the tribe bring about a rapid acceleration of change – that if you want to make a big, quick change, you get everyone with Uranus in a certain sign to be your ally. Rallies and demonstrations that are organised with a mind to emphasising the breakthrough potential of this planet may have a greater chance of forcing change, but that change may well be out of their control. This is why I have not spent much time writing about it. I feel we should work with Jupiter, Saturn and Chiron first. These also represent easier cycles to wield in intentional directions.”


To begin with, as usual, I will give you the timeline of Uranus in Taurus for the last millennium and the next hundred years, coupled with a detailed and lengthy but incomplete report of its historical impacts. After that I will discuss the themes I see, or some of them, and then we will get into some of the astrological details. On the off chance that anyone has actually been reading every single word of these since I have begun sharing them, you may have noticed that many events had been mentioned before in other articles. From this, you can see that any single event in history or any single thing is actually a complex formed from different astrological influences, from different sources. For example, in the list below you will learn that Uranus in Taurus gives us the atomic and nuclear age of power. However, that development also shows up in my article on Pluto in Leo. Therefore, the emergence or birth of the nuclear and atomic age has characteristics of both of these influences. Additionally there are nuances, with the first atomic bomb attack happening under Uranus in Gemini, not Uranus in Taurus (although Pluto was still in Leo). Uranus in Taurus addresses the arrival of a new resource, horrific weaponisation of that power developed alongside but was only deployed later. These nuances can be critical when you are doing astrological research.

Uranus in Taurus, 1000 – 2100 AD

  • May 17 1013 – Apr 14 1021 (not including Oct 22 1013 – Mar 7 1014 or Jun 26 1020 – Nov 10 1020)
  • Apr 28 1097 – Mar 25 1105 (not including Nov 19 1097 – Feb 11 1098 or Jun 7 1104 – Dec 4 1104)
  • Jul 15 1180 – Feb 25 1189 (not including Aug 12 1180 – Apr 12 1181 or May 21 1188 – Jan 3 1189)
  • Jun 6 1264 – May 5 1272 (not including Sep 22 1264 – Mar 25 1265 or Jul 28 1271 – Sep 30 1271)
  • May 16 1348 – Apr 18 1356 (not including Oct 17 1348 – Mar 7 1349 or Jul 1 1355 – Oct 30 1355)
  • Apr 26 1432 – Mar 29 1440 (not including Nov 14 1432 – Feb 10 1433 or Jun 10 1439 – Nov 24 1439)
  • Jul 11 1515 – Mar 3 1524 (not including Aug 12 1515 – Apr 9 1516 or May 23 1523 – Dec 23 1523)
  • Jun 12 1599 – May 15 1607 (not including Oct 2 1599 – Mar 31 1600 or Aug 9 1606 – Oct 2 1606)
  • May 21 1683 – Apr 28 1691 (not including Oct 28 1683 – Mar 12 1684 or Jul 10 1690 – Nov 4 1690)
  • May 3 1767 – Apr 8 1775 (not including Nov 29 1767 – Feb 15 1768 or Jun 19 1774 – Dec 2 1774)
  • Jul 8 1850 – Mar 14 1859 (not including Sep 3 1850 – Apr 16 1851 or Jun 2 1858 – Jan 1 1859)
  • Jun 6 1934 – May 15 1942 (not including Oct 10 1934 – Mar 28 1935 or Aug 7 1941 – Oct 5 1941)
  • May 15 2018 – Apr 26 2026 (not including Nov 6 2018 – Mar 6 2019 or Jul 7 2025 – Nov 8 2025)



Notable events in history from these times that display a Uranus in Taurus motif:

1013-1021: Battle of Contarf ends Danish rule in Ireland but a Dane kills Irish King Brian Boru; Brian_Boru,_King_of_Munsterafter converting to Christianity in France, Olaf Haraldsson returns to Norway and promptly conquers land held by Danish, Swedish and Norwegian lords; Vladimir the Great dies and his domain splits into warring fiefs that eventually give rise to Belarus, Russia and Ukraine; Canute, Prince (and soon also King) of Denmark, invades and becomes King of all England; ‘Canute the Great’ codifies the laws of England; in China a hermit introduces the prime minister to “variolation,” an inoculation using germs from smallpox survivors; Machmud of Ghazni, a kingdom in central Asia, invades India and takes so many captives that the price of slaves plummets for several years; the Sunnis of Kairouan revolt against the Shi’ite Zirid Dynasty; the massive Kandariya Mahadeva Hindu Temple is completed in the Chandela capital of Khajuraho; Chola empire of India invades island of Lanka with 150,000 troops (largest amphibian military operation to date).

1097-1105: The conflicts of the First Crusade; the Kingdom of Jerusalem is founded in the Middle East; great flood of Goa leaves thousands cut off from the war-torn city of Ohpen Bheta; Tower of London takes in its first prisoner; Statue (moai) building begins about this time on Easter Island; Moai_Rano_rarakuWilliam IX, the Duke of Aquitaine, returns from the Crusades and composes songs about his adventures, thus becoming the first troubadour (he is excommunicated for licentious acts, but his lyrics lead to the “courtly love” genre); troubadour musicians organize in southern France; intense urban activity in north and central Europe.

1264-1272: Baron’s War is fought in England (a high point of struggle for political power between the landed aristocracy of England and the King); first English Parliament is called into session; first known meeting of Irish Parliament; Kublai Khan, grandson of Genghis Khan, moves his capital from Karakorum to what later becomes Beijing; Marco Polo departs from Venice with his father and uncle on his famous journey to Kublai Khan’s China; St. Thomas Aquinas pens his “Summa Theologica,” in which he attempts to reconcile theology with economic conditions; the Inquisition formed in Rome under Pope Clement IV; Mongol hordes sack Babylon and end 1,500 years of rule over Eastern Jewry by the high Mesopotamian priest known as the Exxilarch; Pope Clement IV dies and the following papal election fails to choose a new pope for almost three years, precipitating the later creation of stringent rules governing the electoral procedures; Roger Bacon completes his work ‘Opus Majus’ (the work contains wide-ranging discussion of mathematics, optics, alchemy, astronomy, astrology, and other topics); Pierre de Maricourt first describes magnetic poles and remarks on the nonexistence of isolated magnetic poles; Jews forced to wear yellow badges and other identifying labels in many places; the Eighth Crusade; construction of Caerphilly Castle, the largest in Wales, is completed.

1348-1356: King Edward III of England establishes the Order of the Garter, the first English order of knighthood; Europe and Eurasia decimated by Black Death plague – estimates range from 75 million to 200 million deaths; Danse_macabre_by_Michael_Wolgemutcountless Jews are persecuted and killed after being blamed for poisoning wells and causing the Black Death; nobility suffer shortage of labour following millions of deaths; Maori ancestors arrive at New Zealand on seven legendary canoes from Hawaii, the mother-island of the east Polynesians; leaning tower of Pisa was constructed; Luang Prabang is founded (it was the royal capital of the kingdom of Laos and a center of Laotian Buddhism and court arts); the Treason Act of 1351 defines treason in English law (it is currently one of the earliest statues still in force under English law).

1432-1440: The Thames River freezes; the 350-foot high dome of Santa Maria del Fiore, the cathedral of Florence, is completed following 140 years of construction; foundation stone of Nantes Cathedral in France is laid; Incas establish an imperial state in the Andes of Peru (including the building of over 25,000 miles of road); Johannes Gutenburg invents the printing press with movable type (this changes everything, much like the Internet has in the modern day); kissing is banned in England in order to stop germs from spreading; Byzantium formally submits to Rome; in Ming Dynasty China a long episode of drought, flood, locust infestation, and famine cripple agriculture and commerce in areas throughout the country; Ming Dynasty disbands their naval fleet, altering the long standing balance of power in the Indian Ocean; China returns to a policy of isolation; Portuguese traders deliver their first cargo of African slaves to Lisbon; Incorporated Guild of Smiths is founded in Newcastle upon Tyne; Florentine polymath Leon Battista Alberti begins writing the treatise ‘On Painting’, in which he argues for the importance of mathematical perspective in the creation of three-dimensional vision on a two-dimensional plane; Afonso Gonçalves Baldaia becomes the first to explore the western coast of Africa, past the Tropic of Cancer; Prussian Confederation is formed.

1515-1524: At the Battle of Marj Dabik (north of Aleppo) the Turks beat Syria with the support of artillery, opening the way to 400 years of Ottoman Turkish rule over most of the Arab world; Martin Luther nails his ‘Ninety-five Thesis’ to the door of the Wittenberg Palace All Saints’ Church (signaling the beginning of the Protestant Reformation in Germany and Protestantism in general, shattering the external structure of the medieval church and at the same time reviving the religious consciousness of Europe); SONY DSCPope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther; first public burning of books; first published account of the discovery of North America appears in “De Rebus Oceanicus et Novo Orbe” by the Italian historian Peter Martyr; Ferdinand Magellan makes the first voyage to successfully circumnavigate the world (he is killed by the journey but one of his ships eventually makes it); Sir Thomas Pert reaches Hudson Bay; Erasmus publishes his version of the New Testament; Thomas More publishes his “Utopia,”; music printed from engraved plates is used for the first time in Italy; Titian paints “Offering to Venus”; Albrecht Durer, German artist and engraver, designs a flying machine for use in war; Leonardo da Vinci dies aged 67; Raphael dies on his 37th birthday; founding of the Hapsburg dynasty; Nanak founds Sikhism; the last Mameluke sultan of Egypt is hanged; smallpox is carried to America in the party of Hernando Cortes; the Aztec and their leader, Moctezuma, welcome Hernando Cortez and his 650 explorers to their capital at Tenochtitlan (Montezuma, believing that Cortez could be the white-skinned deity Quetzalcoatl, whose return had been foretold for centuries, greets the arrival of these strange visitors with courtesy–at least until it becomes clear that the Spaniards are all too human and bent on conquest. Cortez and his men, dazzled by the Aztec riches and horrified by the human sacrifice central to their religion, began to systematically plunder Tenochtitlán and tear down the bloody temples. Montezuma’s warriors attack the Spaniards but with the aid of Indian allies, Spanish reinforcements, superior weapons and disease, Cortez defeats an empire of approximately 25 million people); Conquistadors under Cortez plunder gold from Aztecs; Leutze,_Emanuel_—_Storming_of_the_Teocalli_by_Cortez_and_His_Troops_—_1848.jpgFrancisco Hernandez de Cordoba, Spanish explorer, sails from Cuba and discovers the Mayan civilization in the Yucatan; envoys of Montezuma II attend the first Easter mass in Central America; Juan de Grijalva, Spanish explorer, names the area comprising Mexico, Central America north of Panama, the Spanish West Indies, and south-west North America New Spain and is also the first known European to smoke tobacco; Aztec chronicler describes a comet as a “flaming ear of corn”; Seville Cathedral completed after 115 years of work; Florentine merchants granted a monopoly in the African slave trade; Bohemians minted silver Joachimsthalers, “thalers” for short – this was the basis for the word “dollar”; first running of the bulls was held at Pamplona, Spain; the first turkeys are introduced to Europe from America; first marine insurance policies are issued in Florence; Ottoman Emperor Suleiman the Magnificent successfully overcomes the Knights Hospitaller, bringing about formation of the Knights of Malta.

1599-1607: Tudor Queen Elizabeth I, the “Virgin Queen,” dies; she is succeeded by her cousin’s (Mary Queen of Scots) son, King James VI of Scotland, uniting the crowns of Scotland and England (ceremonies are limited because of plague); England’s King James I decrees the design of the original Union Flag (also referred to as the Union Jack); Sir Walter Raleigh imprisoned in Tower of London; Globe Theater has its first (recorded) performance; Shakespeare writes ‘As You Like It’ (“All the worlds a stage, and all the men and women merely players”); first recorded performance of Shakespeare’s comedy “Twelfth Night”; William Shakespeare’s tragedy “Othello” is first presented (at Whitehall Palace); “Henry IV”, “Henry V”, “The Merchant of Venice”, “A Shakespeare_portraitMidsummer Night’s Dream” and “Much Ado About Nothing” are published; Shakespeare writes “King Lear”, “Antony and Cleopatra” and “The Tragedy of Macbeth”; many other works by Shakespeare are produced; Christopher Marlowe publishes his version of the “Tragical History of Dr. Faustus”; first part of Miguel de Cervantes’ satire on the theme of chivalry, “Don Quixote”, is published in Madrid (it is one of the first significant novels in the western literary tradition and becomes a global bestseller almost at once); Arjun, the 5th Sikh guru, compiles the sacred book “Granth Sahib,” a compilation of over 6,000 hymns meant to be sung to classical Indian ragas; Kabuki theater starts in Japan; Tokyo replaces Kyoto as the administrative center of Japan; founding of the Tokugawa Shogunate; Caravaggio signs a contract with Pope Clement VIII’s treasurer and paints many works before fleeing after accidentally committing murder; Galileo invents the thermometer; Arequipa, Peru, is destroyed as the Huaynaputina volcano explodes catastrophically in the largest volcanic explosion in South America in historic times; the eruption continues with associated earthquakes and devastates the socioeconomic fabric of southern Peru and neighboring Chile and Bolivia; explosion in Peru has effects on climate around the Northern Hemisphere where 1601 is the coldest year in six centuries, leading to heavy summer rains and famine in Russia that kills a third of its population and sparks a revolution; British East India Company is chartered by Queen Elizabeth I; Dutch East India company is chartered; Christian missionaries arrive in India with the first European traders; first official condemnation of tobacco is made (by King James I); the Guy Fawkes gunpowder plot is foiled; Henry IV establishes a building code that sets architectural themes; sudden flood (possibly a tsunami) around the Bristol Channel in southwest Britain kills at least 2,000 people and becomes the worst natural disaster ever recorded in Britain; William Gilbert publishes ‘De Magnete’, one of the first significant scientific books published in England, describing the Earth’s magnetic field for the first time and initiating the beginning of modern geomagnetism; ‘Year of Three Popes’ (the last until 1978); the announcement of national bankruptcy in Spain causes Bank of Genoa to fail.

1683-1691: The first volume of Isaac Newton’s  “Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy” is published, inventing differential and integral calculus and stating Newton’s laws of motion which obliterate the Aristotelian concept of inertia; Newton declares that time is absolute… “It flows equably without relation to anything external.”; the first settlers from Germany to US leave aboard the ship ‘Concord’; Antonie van Leeuwenhoek reported the existence of bacteria; James II defeats James, the Duke of Monmouth, at the Battle of Sedgemoor, the last major battle to be fought on English soil; by revoking the Edict of Nantes, Louis XIV abrogated the religious liberties of the Huguenots and declares France entirely Catholic again; in Canada there was a shortage of currency and playing cards are assigned monetary values for use as money; clocks begin to be made with 2 hands for the first time; Quakers in Germantown, Pa., adopt the first formal antislavery resolution in America; William of Orange makes a triumphant march into London as James II flees in the “Glorious Revolution”; William_III_Landing_at_Brixham,_Torbay,_5_November_1688British Parliament adopts the Bill of Rights limiting the right of a king to govern without the consent of Parliament and so representing the end of the concept of divine right of kings; England’s Protestant King William III of Orange is victorious over his father-in-law, the Catholic King James II in Ireland, touching off three centuries of religious bloodshed; war between England and France leads them to use their native American allies as proxies; the first paper money in America was issued (the currency is used to pay soldiers fighting a war against Quebec); Iroquois take Montreal; Peter the Great became tsar of Russia; the clarinet is invented in Germany; Edmond Halley, Christopher Wren and Robert Hooke have a conversation in which Hooke later claims not only to have derived the inverse-square law, but also all the laws of planetary motion; the River Thames and two miles out to sea freezes; Peter the Great decrees the construction of the Great Siberian Road to China; planet Uranus is first sighted and recorded by John Flamsteed, who mistakenly catalogs it as the star 34 Tauri.

1767-1775: Industrial Revolution gets into full swing; tensions rise and peak with the lexington-180975_1920outbreak of the American Revolution; massive droughts in Bengal lead to the Bengal famine of 1770, in which ten million people die (a third of the population), the worst natural disaster in human history in terms of lives lost; the British East India Company increases its demands on the Bengali people to keep profits up; Moscow plague riot results from an outbreak of bubonic plague which kills 57,000; credit crisis of 1772 or the panic of 1772 (a peacetime financial crisis which originates in London and then spreads to other parts of Europe) forces banks to close and threatens the British East India Trading Company with bankruptcy; Los Angeles was born as El Pueblo de Nuestra de Los Angeles; Jeanne Baptiste Pointe de Sable settles what is now known as Chicago; boundary between Maryland and Pennsylvania, the Mason-Dixon line, is agreed upon (the line, extended in 1784, came to be known as the dividing line between free-soil states and slave states); birth era of the modern circus by Philip Astley; stampede at a celebration of the newly wedded Marie Antoinette and Louis-Auguste in Paris kills more than a hundred people; volcano Mount Papandayan in West Java erupts and partially collapses, the debris avalanche killing several thousands; first US Chamber of Commerce forms; a group of English traders break away from Jonathan’s coffee house and move to a new building which becomes the forerunner of the London Stock Exchange; English House of Lords rules that authors do not have perpetual copyright; British Parliament passes the Tea Act, taxing all tea in the colonies; British troops taunted by a crowd of colonists fire on an unruly mob in Boston and kill five citizens in what comes to be known as the Boston Massacre; some 50-60 “Sons of Liberty” of revolutionary Samuel Adams disguised as Mohawks defy the tax on tea and board a British East India Tea Company ship, dumping 342 chests of British tea into the Boston Harbor in what became known as the Boston Tea Party; Rhode Island becomes the first colony to prohibit importation of slaves; first edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica; Capt. James Cook charts the coasts of both the north and south islands of New Zealand and Australia; Cook discovers Great Barrier Reef by running into it; Cook becomes the first person to cross the Antarctic Circle; construction of Britain’s Kew Observatory is completed (it is an astronomical and terrestrial magnetic observatory); entire Ottoman fleet is defeated and destroyed by the Russians at the 3-day battle of Chesme on the Aegean Sea; in India a famine wipes out a third of the population of Bengal, hardening opinion against the British East India Company; Calcutta becomes the capital of British India; authorized King James Version of the Bible is published in England; invention of toothbrush by prisoner William Addis in Newgate Prison; a group of 79 underwriters establish the Society of Lloyd’s, Lloyd’s of London, at the Lloyd’s coffee shop; slavery is in effect outlawed in England; first naval attack of Revolutionary War takes place when residents of Providence, RI., storm the HMS Gaspee, burn it to the waterline and shoot the captain; Daniel Rutherford discovers nitrogen; shoelaces are invented in England; Joseph Priestley, a British chemist, recommends the use of a rubber to remove pencil marks; James Bruce discovers what he believes to be the source of the Nile; Paris Faculty of Medicine declares potatoes to be an edible food; potatoes-1585060_1920first public museum in America is established in Charleston, S.C.; large earthquake destroys so much of Antigua that the Spanish move away and build a new capital on a plateau 30 miles away that becomes Guatemala City; first sighting of the Orion nebula is made by William Herschel; conjunction of the Moon, Mercury, Venus and Jupiter in the same constellation spreads panic in Europe; Charles Messier discovers the Whirlpool Galaxy, an interacting, grand design spiral galaxy located at a distance of approximately 23 million light-years; Charles Messier publishes his catalogue of astronomical objects (Messier Objects) now known to include galaxies, star clusters, and nebulae; Kabul becomes the capital of Afghanistan; John Wilkinson invents his boring machine, considered by some to be the first machine tool; first recorded town cricket match is played at Horsham, England; America’s first insane asylum opens; Wolfgang von Kempelen develops a mechanical speaking machine, the world’s first speech synthesizer, James Hargreaves takes out a patent on his invention, the Spinning Jenny (a machine for spinning, drawing and twisting cotton); James Watt develops his steam engine, later to become a fundamental building block of the Industrial Revolution.

1850-1859: Panic of 1857 is the worlds first worldwide economic crisis (panic is sparked when a wooden-hulled steamship, the SS Central America, sinks while carrying 21 tons of gold from California to New York); court case in New York (Livingstone v Bank of New York) holds that a bank could not be deemed insolvent merely because, during a general panic, it could not redeem its notes; Charles Darwin publishes ‘The Origin of Species’; Benjamin Silliman fractionates petroleum by distillation for the first time; anti-slavery movements take root in America; Isaac Merritt Singer is granted a patent on his lockstitch sewing machine (he forms I.M. Singer & Co.); Henry Bessemer presents a paper titled “The Manufacture of Iron Without Fuel”and establishes the Bessemer Steel Works in Sheffield (his Bessemer conversion process revolutionizes the steel industry); English mathematician and physicist George Gabriel Stokes names and explains the phenomena of fluorescence; first attempt to lay a transatlantic telegraph cable fails; the first transatlantic cable is created, linking Newfoundland to Ireland, but it fails completely shortly after becoming operational; Gaston Plante invents the first lead-acid rechargeable battery; Japan is hit by three earthquakes (the 8.4 Ansei Tokai Quake, 6.9 Ansei Edo Quake and 8.4 Ansei Nankai Quake) resulting in tens of thousands of deaths and widespread destruction of infrastructure; San Salvador is destroyed by an earthquake; Nez Perce elders agree to sell most of their land to the US government but gold is soon discovered in the area and the US government calls for a new deal; San Francisco Mint opens; first California State Fair is held; first edition of The New York Times is published; the Lottery of the Golden Ingots in France (some 7 million tickets are sold for one franc each);torre-245996_1920 first of 17 ships arrive in SF from France following a lottery by Napoleon’s government which provided passage to some 3,000 for the gold rush; Australia’s first gold rush creates boomtowns; Herman Melville’s novel “Moby Dick” is published; Fruit of the Loom clothing is founded in Rhode Island as the B.B and R Knight Corporation; MassMutual Financial Group is begun in Massachusetts (in 2005 the company employed 27,000 people and managed assets of $350 billion); Western Union is founded as the New York and Mississippi Valley Printing Telegraph Co; first Chinese arrive in Hawaii; first edition of Peter Mark Roget’s Thesaurus is published; Charles Dickens authors his novels ‘David Copperfield’, ‘Bleak House’, ‘Little Dorrit’ and ‘Hard Times’; San Quentin State Prison opens; India’s first steam locomotive; massive architectural modernization of Paris begins which leaves the city paralyzed by debt but creates the landscape we know today; a third pandemic of bubonic plague breaks out in China, killing 12 million people and eventually spreading to every continent of the world; Yellow Fever kills over 9,000 people in New Orleans; first great disaster involving an ocean liner in the Atlantic occurs when the steamship Arctic sinks off the coast of Newfoundland with 300 people aboard; Pope Pius IX proclaims the dogma of the Immaculate Conception; Britain’s national meteorological office is founded; a mid-Victorian craze for household aquariums; Royal British Bank announces a suspension of business after eight directors of the bank are put on trial for conspiracy to defraud the public (and found guilty); Monaco opens its first casino; rabbits are let loose in Australia; Mendocino Indian Reservation is established in northern California; first Australian Parliament opens; Ottawa named the capital of Canada by Queen Victoria; London’s Big Ben bell, weighing over 13 tons, is cast at the Whitechapel Foundry in East London.

1934-1942: The Great Depression bites deep into the world economy; the Dust Bowl; 3550268287_114d4eb9a8_bmajor heat wave strikes North America; France shut down by millions of striking workers; Edward VIII abdication crisis; the ‘May Crisis’, the Munich Agreement declaration by Neville Chamberlain that “I have returned from Germany with peace for our time” followed by the immediate actual outbreak of WWII; Winston Churchill (considered one of the greatest orators of modern times) in his first address as Prime Minister tells the United Kingdom, “I have nothing to offer you but blood, toil, tears, and sweat”; food rationing begins in Great Britain; Parliament of the United Kingdom passes the Emergency Powers (Defence) Act 1939, giving the government full control over all persons and property; Dunkirk evacuation; Battle of Britain after Nazi occupation of France; “The Hardest Day” in the Battle of Britain in which both sides lose more aircraft combined than at any other point during the campaign, without the Luftwaffe achieving dominance over RAF Fighter Command; Churchill says “Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few”; bombing of Berlin begins in an all night RAF air raid; “Second Great Fire of London” (Luftwaffe carries out a massive incendiary bombing raid, starting 1,500 fires and many famous buildings, including the Guildhall, are either damaged or destroyed; demise of the League of Nations; rumor that Hitler is dead sweeps the United States as millions of CBS radio listeners hear the Führer cut off in mid-speech during a shortwave relay; attack on Pearl Harbor; Voice of America propaganda begins broadcasting; construction begins on the Badger Army Ammunition Plant, the largest in the United States during WWII; War Relocation Authority (WRA) becomes responsible for the internment of Americans of Japanese and, to a lesser extent, German and Italian descent, many of them legal citizens; Battle of Los Angeles (over 1,400 AA shells are fired at an unidentified, slow-moving object in the skies over Los Angeles for several hours, but nothing is downed, no wreckage is ever found and the official explanation is a weather balloon); Jewish Star of David is required wearing for all Jews in Nazi territory; Slipy_typu_Y-frontGerman Lorenz cipher machine operator sends a 4,000-character message twice, allowing British mathematician Bill Tutte to decipher the machine’s coding mechanism; Joseph Stalin’s ‘Great Purge’ or ‘Great Terror’ in the Soviet Union; worst coal dust explosion to date claims 1,549 lives in China; West China Famine (five million die); Tenzin Gyatso is proclaimed the tulku (rebirth) of the thirteenth Dalai Lama; Mahatma Gandhi begins a fast protesting against British rule in India; 1938 Yellow River flood (created by the Nationalist government in central China breaching embankments during the early stage of the Second Sino-Japanese War in an attempt to halt the rapid advance of Japanese forces) kills at least 400,000, cover and destroy thousands of square kilometers of farmland and shifts the mouth of the Yellow River hundreds of kilometers to the south; Great Hong Kong Typhoon kills an estimated 11,000 people; Hindenburg disaster; the Holocaust; death and concentration camps built; the Tsuyama massacre (Matsuo Toi kills 30 people in a village in Okayama, Japan in the world’s worst spree killing by an individual until 1982); Spanish Civil War; US National Archives and Records Administration is established; Volkswagen designed and created; first x-ray photo of entire body is made; Joseph Stalin, in his first address since German invasion, calls upon the Soviet people to carry out a “scorched earth” policy of resistance to the bitter end; Battle of Moscow begins as temperatures around Moscow drop to −12 °C and the Soviet Union launches ski troops for the first time against the freezing German forces near the city; Joseph Stalin opens the Moscow Metro to the public; US government opens a maximum security prison on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay and the first federal prisoners arrive; oil is discovered in Saudi Arabia; plan to construct oil pipelines under the English Channel between England and France is tested; US federal agents oversee the transfer of $1.5 million in gold from the San Francisco mint to the Denver mint (it was said to be the largest movement of treasure in the history of the world); Woodrow Wilson, the 28th US President, appears on a Gold certificate valued at $100,000, the largest note ever issued by the United States; Social Security Act becomes law as President Franklin Roosevelt signs the Social Security Bill; creation of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in the United States; General Motors recognizes the United Automobile Workers union; minimum wage is established by law in the United States; U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is placed under the Federal Security Agency; YMCA Youth and Government program is founded; Coit Tower in Pioneer Park on Telegraph Hill opens to the public; Griffith Observatory opens in Los Angeles; historic Uptown Theater (Washington, D.C.) opens; construction of Hoover Dam is completed; Golden Gate Bridge connecting San Francisco and Marin County is opened to pedestrian traffic; LaGuardia Airport is dedicated and opens for business; dedication of Thomas Jefferson’s and Abraham Lincoln’s head at Mount Rushmore; ground breaking ceremonies are held for the Pentagon and construction begins; Niagara Bridge at Niagara Falls collapses due to an ice jam; 600 foot (180 m) long center span of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge (known as Galloping Gertie) collapses; Borley Rectory (“the most haunted house in England”) is destroyed by fire; Mao Tse-tung decides to abandon his base in Kiangsi due to attacks from Chiang Kai-shek’s Nationalists and with his pregnant wife and about 30,000 Red Army troops, he sets out on the “Long March”; first pair of Jockey briefs goes on sale; first superhero to wear a skin-tight costume and mask, The Phantom, makes his first appearance; first appearance of Superman-52 (1)Superman; Batman makes his first appearance; first appearance of Captain America; first ever issue of ‘The Beano’ and ‘Dandy’ children’s comics are published; ‘The Wizard of Oz’ movie premieres; Orson Welles’ film Citizen Kane premieres; epic historical romance film ‘Gone with the Wind’ premieres; Walt Disney’s ‘Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs’, the world’s first feature-length animated film, premieres; CBS television begins commercial operation; NBC television begins commercial operation; world’s first legal TV commercial (for watches) occurs; Billie Holiday records “Strange Fruit”, the first anti-lynching song; first World Science Fiction convention; John Steinbeck’s novel ‘The Grapes of Wrath’ is first published; Bertolt Brecht’s anti-war play ‘Mother Courage and Her Children’ receives its first theatrical production; Billy Butlin opens his first Butlins holiday camp; Knotts Berry Farm amusement park is conceived and built; Polaroid sunglasses and Ambre Solaire sunblock first marketed; first canned beer, “Krueger Cream Ale,” is sold; breakfast cereal Cheerios is introduced; very first McDonald’s restaurant opens in San Bernardino, California; Nylon stockings go on sale for the first time (almost 5 million pairs are bought in the US on day one); László Bíró patents the ballpoint pen; flag of the Netherlands is officially adopted; stress is first recognised as a medical condition; US Congress declares soil erosion “a national menace” in an act establishing the Soil Conservation Service in the Department of Agriculture; in Quetta, India (later Pakistan), a magnitude 7.5 earthquake kills some 50,000 people; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, suffers the worst flooding in its history; Crystal Palace is destroyed in a fire; seismologists Beno Gutenberg and Charles Francis Richter introduce the Richter scale; steam locomotive ‘Mallard’ sets the world speed record for steam by reaching 125.88 mph; Austrian physicist Erwin Schrodinger imagines the experiment known as ‘Schroedinger’s Cat’; Alan Turing submits his paper “On Computable Numbers” introducing the concept of the “Turing machine” (computers); Otto Hahn discovers the nuclear fission of uranium, the scientific and technological basis of nuclear power, which marks the beginning of the Atomic Age; atom-1222516_1920Plutonium is first synthesized in the laboratory; LSD is first synthesized by Albert Hofmann; Kirlian photography is invented; Germany-based BASF discovers how to make recording tape; Roy Plunkett discovers Teflon; William Hewlett and David Packard begin their Hewlett Packard Co; Hagia Sophia Byzantine cathedral is turned into a museum; the Tsukji fish market opens in Tokyo and grows to become the largest fish market in the world; Alcoholics Anonymous is founded; world’s first parking meters are installed in Oklahoma City; first live television coverage of a sports event in world history (Berlin Olympics 1936); first ascent of the Eiger north face; all persons born in Puerto Rico are declared U.S. citizens by birth; Valley of Geysers is discovered on the Kamchatka Peninsula.

2018-2026: See the themes below and apply them in context with modern issues and times but consider: the sudden arrival of robot labour; the impact of cryptocurrencies; oil, coal or gas shortages; future power sources emerging; genetic modification of food; economic cyberwarfare; nuclear war (sadly); completely synthetic food; radical economic changes; nervous and paranoid markets; extreme stock market instability; drought and famine; complicated and protracted conflicts over land, resources or territorial rights; major new commercial brands and franchises (which often look very trivial or undeveloped at the time); changes to landscapes (iconic buildings arrive or are destroyed, rivers shift their mouths hundreds of kilometers away); long standing ideas in science, society and art either arriving or being replaced; the unexpected causing something long thought to be an unchanging and reliable fact of life to radically change, hand in hand with strong and resourceful resistance to that change; false reports or multiple reports of different physical realities (false starts, such as the May Crisis that preceded WWII, seem to be a manifestation of Taurus slowness to get going, while completely fake reports of alternate realities – like the idea that ‘Hitler is dead!’ – fracture the picture of material happenings; financial conspiracies; major revolutions in audio technology (probably 3D sound systems); mutation in both nature and in the traditions of society; major new industrial and commercial structures or entities being built or formed along with new trade agreements; workers groups and revolutions which arise from poverty, war, famine, drought or need for other physical resources.



Some of the themes which we see emerging from these periods of history include major economic reforms and upsets including labour inventions and heavy financial crashes and the consequences that follow them; conflict over territorial rights and borders; physical land invasions by outsiders; significant technological advances in audio technology; the creation of major new laws of the land and/or borders; geographical mutations; advances in immunology and understanding the bacterial and viral causes and vectors of physical disease; completion, planning, collapse or onset of the construction of massive monuments, in the modern day especially connected with commerce and business while in the ancient world it is religious locations like Jerusalem; advances in understanding magnetism, especially geomagnetic forces; more extreme than normal floods, quakes, avalanches, droughts and other disasters which affect farming and food production and so bring famine as well; abdication, death, or exile of long standing monarchs or empire rulers; new trade agreements (remembering the Brexit negotiations which will come into effect in this period and the many complex and lengthy trade negotiations Britain will be forced into); slavery (yes it still exists and the world is due a wake-up call  with an estimated 40.3 million people forced into modern slavery each day of 2016); holocausts and genocides based on religious traditions, racial hatreds or both; inventions and technologies which end up driving the future of the business and corporate world; in arts and modern culture work which has a traditional but truly lasting appeal that somehow reinvents itself anew; convenience or “junk” foods (the food for the consumer or worker on the go); iconic figures with ridiculously extreme physical powers and abilities (Batman, Superman, Captain America, also see Bruce Lee in the notable figures section) and the presence of superhero figures in general; invention of new items which become so much a part of the fabric of our everyday lives that we find it hard to imagine a time without them later (often causing some kind of consumer craze or distorted market); inventions which change how we earn a living (before the Industrial Revolution of the 18th century 80% of the global population were busy in farming, compared to just 1% after) and so require new social contracts between labourers and industries/governments; food rationing; resource and energy rationing; new conservation efforts; workers unions and labour conditions in the news; strikes so widespread they can cripple nations; ultimately, any kind of radical event or change that is definitely not business as usual but is instead business as unusual, at times extremely. By the time this era closes, the world is always in a very, very different place than it was just seven years beforehand. Things that we have long taken for granted as the way things usually go turn out to no longer operate that way, and something fundamental about our life on Earth changes. These changes introduce themselves dramatically in this period but take decades or even centuries afterward to make their full consequences known, as befits the plodding but thorough nature of Taurus. One of the key things they confront us with is the question of value, specifically the value of life, especially human life but also animal and plant life. It’s a critical question for these times. Complex and polarized social debates will dance around this key question with few ever really naming it – this question is what unites the arrival of the atomic bomb and nuclear power, extreme disasters arising from drought and famine and poor care of the lands resources, revolutions which arise from extreme poverty or lack and concerns about income and wages, living conditions, health care and the memory of the Holocaust. Human life is not a commodity, and yet we have seemingly made it one. This is the heart of the conundrum.

To be born into such a period must be a strange thing just a little later when we realise that there was a world before the one we knew. For example, imagine being born in 1938 in London, as my mother was. She was too young to remember much of the bombing she experienced, but there must have come a time in her childhood around the age of about four in the early 1940s when she came to realise something about what was happening, and how unusual this time was. One of the first things that she learned about her world was that this was not how it was meant to be nor how it was in the recent past. Anxiety and insecurity are often at extreme levels during these periods because the fabric of life, the status quo which we have been so used to for so long, suddenly shatters and falls apart or is disrupted in such a way that it can never be the same again. We are left without anything to rely upon, or at least the sense of it, as things which were once perceived as common sense are suddenly ineffective, old, inadequate and too simplistic. However, the children born into these periods have not known any other kind of world and they can only look forward to a future which is shrouded by obscurity, since the unusual nature of the times informs very few adults about what is coming. The adults of these times are busy struggling to cope with the changes to their normal way of life and have more important problems to think about than the future, which is exceptionally murky anyway because no one alive has ever seen this kind of thing happening before.

So this focus on the present moment and on the simplest and most basic daily needs for survival – food, water, shelter, money – is often not just made out of necessities but out of an inability to reliably plan ahead because the radical changes to the status quo heralded by Uranus in Taurus make the future unknowable. This generates fear. Readers of last month’s message about Saturn in Capricorn will realise how closely this resonates with that influence and so understand that fear is one of the great enemies we face between now and the middle of the next decade (at least), but most especially between now and 2020, while Saturn is present in Capricorn. When Saturn enters Aquarius after 2020, the emphasis will shift more towards something radically changing in the way the world currently works, in other words stimulus will be added that shakes up ideas abut the future world we are moving into. It’s hard to ignore the current energy crisis looming in the world and not wonder if this will play a major role. I would like to think that new technologies will replace combustion technologies and oil, and many powerful and wealthy individuals are pouring resources into this area which seem likely to bear fruit over the next several years. Transition from oil would certainly be an extremely fitting manifestation of Uranus/Taurus energy. However new technologies, while they may provide solutions to some of our problems, cannot help us to answer the core questions these times pose, one of which, concerning the value of life, I have already identified.


While they may not all realise it the people of this tribe are therefore seeking practical answers to this question of the value of life. They want to know not only what they (or any given thing) are worth, but what the meaning of that worth is. For these people, finding a secure and consistent and realistic sense of their own self-worth is an important gateway into the human collective awareness. They rapidly understand their own role in the human race by understanding both their own unique resources and the resources of the human species as a whole. Therefore, they will seek to find their own worth and their own value by asking others to value them and by assigning value to the contribution of others. If the human collective awareness were a bank, these people would be the currencies. They act as resource finders and evaluators, both to themselves and others. They are often also radically conservative and practical, eschewing waste and striving to get the most out of every drop, but they have financial and material fluctuations that make it difficult to hold onto anything they own for very long. Particularly if the value or meaning of a thing changes, a Uranus in Taurus person somehow ejects it. There is an inner dynamo in these people which in effect turns everything into a currency invested with meaning which they are continuously re-evaluating the worth of. This isn’t to say that they see everything with a price-tag on it or that they are perversely materialistic in some way, on the contrary it is to point out that they are specifically equipped as a people to evaluate the worth and value of things, especially material things. The most spiritual of them see all material things as the shared property of all human beings, in particular because all of these things are given to human beings by nature. Deep inside, these people understand that a loving and secure relationship with nature is not a possessive one but one of evaluating each parts contribution to life. In nomadic times, before we lived in settlements, these people helped guide the care of the lands they moved through, understanding its complex interactions and how to nurture and supply every part of it with what it needed so that it was secure place for all that lived there. In modern times, with the concept of landed property, the notion is instead that owning land brings security, and that is a notion that Uranus in Taurus people can become confusingly entangled with, seeking either to acquire as much as possible or to shun it all and live a life on the road, moving from territory to territory as needs demand, in a kind of rebellion against owning any of it.

The list of notable people with Uranus in Taurus provided at the end of this message supplies many clues as to the talents and predilections of individual members of the tribe. We see an array of painters, builders, comedians, composers, dancers, cartographers, architects, musicians (especially vocalists), orators, socialists, founders of empires (both geographical and corporate), reformers of traditions (religious, social, cultural and scientific), businessmen, bankers, industrialists and all kinds of people who make tangible and very material breakthroughs in our understanding or comprehension of the world. There is an immense power source here. There are genuine, real- life superheros in this gang.  Uranus is like a strike of lightning, while Taurus describes a creature with enormous physical presence and strength. Combining the two provides the power source that can make breakthroughs of these kinds. When this combination is operating there is a flash of intuition which reveals a new resource or a new opportunity to enhance one’s physical profile, and then tremendous effort and strength are poured into claiming that resource or opportunity. Sometimes, the flash of intuition pays off literally as you jump ahead of the game that all of your competitors are playing. At others, it lets you down. When you live your life by this kind of rhythm you become vulnerable to extremes of gain and loss, and so there are many members of this tribe who experience sudden changes in wealth and in security.

The notion of individual freedom (Uranus) is wrapped up in acquisition of physical security (Taurus) and so the tribe can be possessive in a variety of ways. More than some other tribes of Uranus, the Taurus tribe seeks financial but more importantly physical independence and autonomy. Without its own resources, savings and income, there is a tendency for these people to feel an extreme erosion of freedom until that erosion becomes unacceptable and there is a spontaneous reaction or outburst. Yet even when a sufficient degree of financial security is acquired either by fortune or hard work, these people will still tend to be restlessly unsatisfied with their material security. This is because there are deeper concerns underlying their need for material and physical security. We must not forget that Scorpio lies opposite Taurus, giving breath to all the complicated and messy emotions that Taurus does its best to avoid. The presence of the planet Uranus in Taurus, however, makes it so that the native is never allowed the luxury of completely avoiding these turbulent undercurrents. The emotions therefore have a cyclical habit of breaking through the surface of calm and serenity that Taurus tries to suppress them with, a habit that will be triggered by transits and progressions to Uranus in Taurus. This is also why things go ‘business as unusual’ at regular intervals as well, since the transformative undercurrents of Scorpio are intense enough to overwhelm even our own conscious intentions.


On the positive side the tribe can look to gain much greater inspiration through practice rather than by any teacher or book. They are inspired by doing. Their innovation arrives through perspiration and their strengths cause humanity’s resources to come into focus and to multiply. Compared to other tribes of Uranus, for example Uranus in Gemini, this tribe is slow to adapt to change despite being born into radically changed times, or perhaps because of it. However, they are on a wavelength that allows them to grasp and communicate new practices and norms of society to the rest of us, so despite being reltively resistant to change they are often inspired to provide it and on the whole the rest of us should listen because Taurus is always sensible. There is a heightened environmental awareness, and in some people telepathic ability with specific or many rural beasts. The tribe also has members in its herd with an electromagnetic affinity for the plant world and many others with unique mental insights and gifts related to various physical matters, including the intelligence of rocks and minerals. They are sensitive to both the ecosystem and the landscape so if there is a lot of building work or construction going on around them, they experience it at a much more heightened level than is the norm. They may be more prone to effects which cause physical mutation than other tribes of Uranus are. I suspect that many of them are very physically sensitive to electromagnetic fields and other invisible energy fields. If there is a continuing sickness affecting the body like a drainage of energy, tiredness and sleepiness, inability to concentrate, headaches or some other persistent phenomena which does not respond to conventional therapy, it may be due to overexposure to electromagnetic fields. Since these are a relatively recent tool in human history and we are still yet to understand human biology to its fullest extent, it seems likely that there are unforeseen and unknown effects upon our own bio-electric field given the dramatic increase and changes in the atmosphere of the Earth which we have rapidly introduced. It may be that when the current incoming group of Uranus in Taurus have grown up, someone among them may point this out or provide evidence of its effects. Or they may come up with a solution, or a source of power for our devices which is very different.


Some of the tribe’s more negative qualities are its illogical stubbornness and obstinate blocking and manipulating of others because it likes things the way they are or just because it can, its tendency to be close minded to anything that does not represent an opportunity for it to make material gain, its temptation to recklessly gamble security away, callousness and emotional coldness; a tendency for muscular spasms and other conditions affecting the strength and power or flexibility of the physical body, a tendency to deafness or hearing difficulties, a chaotic economic nature, inability to hold onto stability for very long, being bullish in unpredictable in often illogical ways, a reckless seeking of comforts and the material promise of luxurious security and strange sexual peccadillo’s, tending to involve the sensation of touch and/or bondage but any that provides a thrill for the skin or the more tangible and tactile senses like taste and smell.

The agenda of the tribe includes among other things, the question of the value of life and the process of integrating new visions of the future and radical changes into traditional conditions thought resistant to change (e.g., radically traditional religions, geopolitical ‘realities’, etc.), the agenda of setting up human institutions which facilitate these things and the task of creating a stable and sustainable relationship with nature and its resources while at the same time progressing technologically, the agenda of securing a society (Uranus) that provides for the basic needs (food, water, shelter) and comforts (health care, power, free time) of the common people (Taurus). All this and more is part of what stirs up the changes we are looking at in the next several years.

The greatest context for these changes will be found among the people in their early 80s who are having a Uranus return during the period of Uranus in Taurus because these people will have had a lifetime beginning from one iteration of the pattern to the current one in which they have been able to see all of the changes to society that have occurred in between. These people will have an insight into the nature of these times simply because they are born into similar times that speak of similar issues. For younger perspectives on their challenges the tribe can look to people of Uranus in Capricorn (1988-1995) or Uranus in Virgo (1961 to 1969). The younger tribe of Uranus in Capricorn help the tribe of Uranus in Taurus to bake in structure and give form to its inspirational use of its resources, while the Uranus in Virgo tribe helps the Taurus tribe by providing assistance in direct, practical ways that focus on rationing its resources and correcting any leaks in its storage tanks (by which I mean plugging up any flaws or holes in its plans). To both tribes Taurus is able to provide access to the resources needed to further the agendas of those tribes and to bring together the people and power necessary to make them happen. The Uranus in Taurus tribe can also find help from people born with Uranus in Pisces (2003-2010) or Uranus in Cancer (1948 to 1956). Both of these tribes help the Uranus in Taurus people overcome their obstinacy and lack of trust in emotions (emotions being chaotic and therefore something Taurus seeks to control). The emotional support these two tribes bring to Uranus in Taurus cannot really be overstated, because it’s these two groups that can help Uranus in Taurus stay healthy. The younger Pisces group keep their imaginations from becoming stuck by the multiple and chameleon like practical considerations they deal with, while the older Uranus in Cancer group provide protection and sanctuary, nourishment and sympathy, sentiment, sense of family, security and comradeship.

The same agenda is met by other tribes with resistance and opposition. Resistance towards the agenda of Uranus in Taurus comes mainly from people in the camps of Uranus in Aquarius (1995 -2003) or Uranus in Leo (1955-1962), while flat out opposition comes from Uranus in Scorpio (1974-1981). However, all three of these camps also provide vital motivation and energy for the Uranus in Taurus people who in turn have key things that each of these other camps need – the problem however is that such advantages will not come easily, without a struggle. Changes and compromises may have to be met more often than is the norm between such people, and it’s also worth pointing out that these three camps are not in any way in agreement over their resistance and opposition to what Uranus in Taurus represents, because they are themselves in disagreement with one another. For example, the Uranus in Scorpio people are very much concerned with among other things the penetration of technology into our private lives but for the people of Uranus in Taurus the answer is simple – keep your private life off-line, and don’t be so worried, relax…and then the person with Uranus in Aquarius chips in accusing the Uranus in Scorpio person of being a delusional paranoid conspiracy freak and the Uranus in Taurus of being out of date, which seems offensive to both the Taurus and Scorpio person, yet makes the Uranus in Leo person chuckle but then challenge the Aquarius person with several high profile celebrity stalker stories that prove there is a problem. They will probably not be able to agree what to do about it, anyway, but in the process of hacking it out together all 4 will find their opinions reshaped and (if it is an opinion worth defending and your opponents are any good) in fact strengthened by the attacks of the others, since many of its flaws will have been exposed to you and you will have some questions you need to think about. However, the Fixed nature of the challenges involved in the dynamic between these four tribes can sometimes be insoluble and in these cases impasse after impasse teaches that since no one will back down everyone will have to find a way to live together or fight it out until one is dominant.


Uranus is always a puzzle filled with a mass of contradictions, but Uranus in Taurus is an especially odd bird, a curious astrological combination that requires some mind expansion to fully understand. On the one hand you have the planet Uranus which is characterised as rapid or sudden change, revolution, spontaneity, craving excitement, eccentric and not normal, weird. On the other hand you have Taurus which is slow and steady as she goes, maintains the status quo, resists change, craves calm and stability and predictability, and is not weird but instead a comfortable, placid, familiar and grounded creature. The basic mix of these two is volatile, they are in conflict and part of the difficulty of mixing volatile astrological formulas together, especially ones involving Uranus or Pluto, is that they can unleash something which obliterates the entire laboratory. There is a pressure here of immense proportions which eventually results in explosive release. So it is almost written into the soul of this astrological combination that there will be some kind of explosive release because Uranus and Taurus do not mix easily together. We are likely to see immense changes but also immense and stubborn resistance to those changes until there is some kind of catalyst or overflow and then the whole thing escapes our control and possibly takes control of our lives. There are times in human history when it feels like we are just along for the ride, when events seem to overtake our ability to control them and we have to sit them through, like in World War II, and this is what I think we are about to encounter again, possibly on multiple fronts. I am not saying World War III is dawning, I am saying that a world changing event of that magnitude – like the Industrial Revolution, like the American Revolution, the Danish invasion of England, Newtons Laws, Darwin’s ‘Origin of Species’, the First Crusade and founding of Jerusalem, or the arrival of printed books and printing presses – is about to occur again, and the last time it unleashed nuclear and atomic energy, but it need not be war now. Whatever it is though, it will change our lives. There is still much we do not understand about how changes in human awareness globally affect global events, how quantum entangled all our mundane daily lives are with the great scale of life that extends into infinite material space, and so our fates are more our own to decide than not.

If we meditate upon this we may come to perceive that the opportunity of Uranus in Taurus is connected with setting the course, the future physical reality that we will begin manifesting for ourselves in which we will have to deal with specific material consequences in the future as a result. The arrival of Uranus in Taurus opens an esoteric or occult potential for completely new physical realities to begin manifesting. To put this another way, 84 years from now – in the 2100s – the world will still be dealing with and talking about the issues that come up in the next seven years. Therefore, the way in which the people of the Earth handle this oncoming change will determine much of the course of the rest of the century.

Notable Claimants [those in bold are with Sun, Moon or ascendant (with accurate time) in Taurus, and conjunct Uranus].

Anawrahta Minsaw (founder of Pagan Empire, father of Burmese nation); Al-Bakri (greatest geographer of the Muslim West); Baron Freidrich von Humboldt (naturalist and explorer who made the first isothermic and isobaric maps); Muhammad al-Idrisi (cartographer); John Ogilby (cartographer); Geoffrey of Monmouth (English chronicler who wrote that Merlin used magic to bring the stones of Stonehenge from Ireland); Chretien de Troyes (in the 12th century introduced Camelot into the Arthurian legend and placed Lancelot in the saga along with the quest for the Holy Grail); Francis of Assisi (founder of the Franciscan Order and first recorded person to bear the stigmata); Henry III (Holy Roman Emperor); Su Song (scientist and engineer); Dante Alighieri (Italian poet); Giotto (painter); Vincent van Gogh; Regiomontanus (Johannes Muller, astronomer and astrologer); Catherine I of Russia; Vladimir the Great (grand prince of Kievan Rus’); Ivan III (the Great); King Philip IV of Spain; William Wallace (Scottish knight who became one of the main leaders during the Wars of Scottish Independence); Mateo Realdo Colombo (Italian anatomist and discoverer of pulmonary circulation); Tecumseh (Native American Shawnee warrior and chief who became the primary leader of a large, multi-tribal confederacy); Charles I of England; Mary Stuart; William Lilly (astrologer); Claude Lorrain (painter); Rembrandt; Johann Sebastian Bach; Hildegard of Bingen (mystic writer and composer); John Gay (playwright, wrote the Beggars’ Opera which attacked the court of George II); Ramanujacharya (Hindu philosopher); Ram Mohan Roy (Hindu religious and social reformer who crusaded against social evils such as sati, polygamy, child marriage, caste system, infanticide and illiteracy etc.); John Harvey Kellogg (doctor, health reformer); Frank Winfield Woolworth (entrepreneur and the founder of F. W. Woolworth Company); George Dayton (businessman, founder of Target Corporation); Cecil Rhodes (businessman); George Berkeley (bishop and philosopher who argued that the things we see around us exist only as ideas); Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit (physicist and instrument maker); Benedetto Marcello (composer); Johann Adam Birkenstock (composer and sandal designer); Alexander Pope (poet who gave us ‘a little learning is dangerous thing’); John Quincy Adams (sixth president of the United States); Woodrow Wilson (28th President of the United States); Arthur Wellsley, Duke of Wellington “Iron Duke,” (defeated Napoleon at Waterloo and later became the British prime minister); Napoleon Bonaparte; William Wordsworth; Ludwig Von Beethoven; Johann Friedrich Schubert; Richard Trevithick (inventor of the steam locomotive); Johann Balthasar Neumann (architect); Antoni Gaudí (architect); Robert Owen (factory owner, socialist); Andrew Mellon (banker, philanthropist); Sir Walter Scott (novelist who wrote “Ivanhoe” and “Rob Roy,”); Alois Senefelder (inventor of lithography); Alexander Pope; George Bernard Shaw; Oscar Wilde; Arthur Rimbaud; Samuel Taylor Coleridge; Howqua (Chinese merchant, after the Opium Wars one of the richest men in the world); David Ricardo (economist and stockbroker who postulated that landlords become rich at the expense of society); Sigmund Frued; Antoine Henri Becquerel (physicist and the first person to discover evidence of radioactivity); Nikola Tesla (electrical engineer, inventor); André-Marie Ampère (physicist and mathematician who was one of the founders of the science of classical electromagnetism); Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck (physicist who discovered energy quanta); Emile Berliner (inventor of the flat disc phonograph record and the Gramophone); Sydney Pollack (director); Joseph Conrad; the 12th Dalai Lama of Tibet; current and 14th Dalai Lama; Arthur Edward Waite (commonly known as A. E. Waite, poet and scholarly mystic who was the co-creator of the Rider-Waite Tarot deck); H.R. Giger; Brigitte Bardot; Donald Sutherland; Rudolph Nureyev; Bob Dylan; Brian Epstein; Ringo Starr; Tom Jones; Dusty Springfield; Tina Turner; Kenny Rogers; Ritchie Valens; Marvin Gaye; Leonard Cohen; Glen Campbell; Bill Wyman; Roy Orbison; Bobby Darin; Frank Zappa; Michael Parkinson; David Frost; Peter Cook; Dudley Moore; Natalie Wood; Ursula Andress; Lee Remick; Burt Reynolds; Dionne Warwick; Mary Tyler Moore; Jackie Collins; Jane Fonda; Lily Tomlin; Julie Andrews; Germaine Greer; Vanessa Redgrave; Luciano Pavarotti; Warren Beatty; Woody Allen; Al Pacino; Dennis Hopper; Christine Keeler; Brian Blessed; Jim Henson; George Carlin; George Takei; Robert Redford; Juan Carlos I of Spain; Jack Nicholson; Oliver Reed; Nancy Pelosi; John McCain; Saddam Hussein; Colin Powell; Ian Brady; Silvio Berlusconi; Pope Francis; Morgan Freeman; Patrick Stewart; Anthony Hopkins; Ridley Scott; Francis Ford Coppola; John Cleese; Sir Ian McKellan; Pele; Bruce Lee.

Looms of Time: Saturn in Capricorn

Hello, and welcome back to Journeys! After my short vacation last month I’m back to share with you some thoughts about Saturn in Capricorn, which recently dawned upon us again, and so this message is not just relevant for people born with this placement but for life in general for all of us until the end of 2020.


In dealing with Saturn in Capricorn we are confronted immediately with a towering wall of fear – the texts from the ancient world (and many modern texts) are very clear that Saturn is not a happy planet and that when he is placed in Capricorn, a sign of rulership for him, his capacity to cause trouble is unfettered. Similar to Saturn in Scorpio this placement is not well reputed for its positive qualities. However, these positive qualities definitely exist – no astrological placement is without its virtues – but some are easier than others to acquire or involve dealing with what we deem to be hard facts of life. Yet we frequently observe in practice that those things which we strive the hardest to attain bring the greatest and most lasting satisfactions once certain goals are reached. This is the case with Saturn in Capricorn. It takes time and effort, but the reward is lasting and enduring.

Prominent among the fears that Saturn in Capricorn evokes is the fear of failure and the futility of mortal plans, for all efforts must eventually return to dust. Time and entropy never rest and ceaselessly wear away at all material constructs so that even the most titanic monuments must fall, and though this slow erosion of massive structures takes time to progress there is always a singular, dramatic moment in which the edifice topples and everyone scurries to escape the impact. This is the time watched over by Saturn in Capricorn, a time of judgment in which old rules and ways finally lose their last legs and crumble, making way for a new world order to take the stage under the following Saturn in Aquarius, which re-imagines the rules that will apply in the world for the next 25-30 years. It is also a time in which efforts that are sustainable in the long term or structures which have maintained a healthy profile and stayed current and relevant will be significantly empowered.

Here is the appearance of this pattern for 200 years centered on our current time, followed by an extensive list of historical events which occurred in these periods. This data is presented as a starting point for more serious and in depth research of its topics or as a guideline to the overall archetype we are talking about.

Saturn in Capricorn, 1900-2100

  • Jan 21 1900 – Jan 19 1903 (not including Jul 18 – Oct 17 1900)
  • Mar 15 1929 – Nov 20 1932 (not including May 5 – Nov 30 1929 or Feb 24 – Aug 13 1932)
  • Jan 5 1959 – Jan 3 1962
  • Feb 14 1988 – Feb 6 1991 (not including Jun 10 – Nov 12 1988)
  • Dec 20 2017 – Dec 17 2020 (not including Mar 22 – Jul 2 2020)
  • Jan 24 2047 – Jan 21 2050 (not including Jul 11 – Oct 22 2047)
  • Dec 3 2076 – Nov 27 2079 (not including Feb 28 – Aug 2 2079)

Below you will find an extensive list of historical facts which characterised these times:

1900-03: Cuba gains independence from the US; New Imperialism (aggressive acquisitions of overseas territories by Empire); the Wright Brothers prepare to take flight; France and England sign Entente Cordiale (bringing an end to a millennia of open conflict); United Kingdom and the United States sign a treaty for the building of a Central American shipping canal across Central America in Nicaragua; international arbitration court at The Hague is created; British Labour Party officially established; coal mine explosion in West Virginia, U.S.A. kills 50 miners; Scofield Mine disaster (an explosion of blasting powder in a coal mine in Scofield, Utah kills 200); 81 miners are killed in an accident at Universal Colliery South Wales; Rolling Mill Mine disaster in Johnstown, Pennsylvania kills 112 miners; 100 miners die in a pit explosion in Wollongong, Australia; J. P. Morgan buys mines and steel mills in the United States, marking the first billion dollar business deal; Anthracite Coal Strike begins in the United States; Berlin U-Bahn underground is opened; predecessor for Russian News Agency TASS officially founded; first Aswan Dam on the Nile completed; Botanist Hugo de Vries rediscovers Mendel’s Laws of Heredity; Gold Standard Act is ratified, placing the United States currency on the gold standard; Wizard_title_pageThe Wonderful Wizard of Oz is published in Chicago; the first zeppelin flight is carried out; Scott, Shackleton and Wilson reach the furthest southern point reached thus far by man, south of 82°S; Planck’s law discovered marking the birth of quantum physics; British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia federate as the Commonwealth of Australia; the first Australian Parliament opens; Australia’s Public Service created; Carnegie Institution is founded in Washington; London School of Economics opens; Circuit Court prevents Thomas Edison from having a monopoly on motion picture technology; first movie theater in the United States opens; the first million-selling recording (Enrico Caruso); Typhoid fever breaks out in a Seattle jail; the first great Texas oil gusher; Mount Pelée erupts twice, destroying two towns and killing over 31,000; Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom dies at age 81 after more than 63 years on the throne; fire burns through the Indiana business district causing $175,000 of damage; anti-Jewish rioting breaks out in Budapest; anti-Jesuit riots sweep across Spain; New York becomes the first U.S. state to require automobile license plates; Panic of 1901: The New York Stock Exchange crashes; first United Kingdom Fingerprint Bureau is established at Scotland Yard; the second-in-command of Butch Cassidy’s Wild Bunch gang, Kid Curry Logan, is sentenced to 20 years hard labor; longest covered bridge in the world opens in New Brunswick Canada; the first claimed powered flight (by Gustave Whitehead); U.S. Vice President Theodore Roosevelt utters the famous phrase, “Speak softly and carry a big stick” at the Minnesota State Fair; Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first American President to ride in an automobile; 3639380183_2af371d669_bfirst teddy bear is produced; the body of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln is exhumed and reinterred in concrete several feet thick; the British Royal Navy’s first submarine is launched; Alzheimers first diagnosed; the first trans-Atlantic radio signal; the first Nobel Prize ceremony is held in Stockholm; Nobel prizes for detecting and producing X Rays, the Zeeman effect concerned with light and magnetic fields (physics prizes), work showing that very dilute solutions follow mathematical laws that closely resemble the laws describing the behavior of gases, work on sugar and purine syntheses (chemistry prizes), serum therapy, work on malaria by which it was shown how it enters the organism (physiology or medicine prizes), poetic composition which gives evidence of lofty idealism, artistic perfection and a rare combination of the qualities of both heart and intellect, mastery of the art of historical writing (literature prizes); founding the International Committee of the Red Cross, being one of the main founders of the Inter-Parliamentary Union (peace prizes).

1929-32: Black Tuesday ends economic boom and brings Great Depression crushing the global economy (crash occurs with Saturn retrograde in late Sagittarius but its consequences are all under Saturn in Capricorn); DOW_Market_Crash_after_Black_TuesdaySoviet famine kills millions; Communism and fascism begin a rise in power; defeat of Labour Party in the UKs greatest ever electoral landslide; United States Department of Veterans Affairs established; Babe Ruth makes his famous called shot; the inaugural Monaco Grand Prix; first FIFA World Cup; The Star-Spangled Banner is adopted as the United States’ National anthem; the first time that a senatorial race, with continual tallies of the votes, is televised; Vatican Radio first broadcasts; Al Capone is sentenced to 11 years in prison for tax evasion; Federal Bureau of Prisons established in the US; Rikers Island jail is opened; plans to build Alcatraz get underway; the FBI Crime Lab officially opens; first Purple Heart is awarded; full autonomy for Catalonia for the first time during the late modern period; Getúlio Vargas establishes a dictatorship in Brazilian revolution; Ghandi is repeatedly imprisoned and released and goes on hunger strike; dedication of George Washington’s sculpted head is held at Mount Rushmore; California gets the go-ahead to build the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge; construction of the Empire State Building is completed; George Washington Bridge across the Hudson River is dedicated; building of the Hoover Dam is started on the Colorado River; San Francisco Opera House opens; Brave New World by Aldous Huxley is first published; radio drama The Shadow airs for the first time; Dick Tracy, the comic strip detective character, makes his debut appearance; 15694508911_30fc70b1e1_bSalvador Dalí’s The Persistence of Memory is put on display for the first time; Mickey Mouse comic strip makes its first appearance; cartoon character Betty Boop premieres; Warner Bros. release their first cartoon series called Looney Tunes; original film version of Dracula with Bela Lugosi is released in the United States; Buck Rogers in the 25th Century debuts on American radio (the first science fiction program on radio); radio and film mark the final death knell of vaudeville as a popular entertainment; millennialist Bible Student movement adopts the name Jehovah’s Witnesses; strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in films begins with Hays Code; first frozen foods of Clarence Birdseye go on sale; Hostess Twinkies are invented; chocolate chip cookie is invented; automobile manufacturer Porsche is founded; the world’s first flight attendant (Nurse Ellen Church); Porsche_Carrera_GT_(2)conference of Anglican bishops approves the use of birth control in limited circumstances; Communist Party of Vietnam is established; Clyde Tombaugh confirms the existence of Pluto; Amy Johnson lands in Darwin, Australia, becoming the first woman to fly solo from England to Australia; Mount Merapi volcano in central Java erupts, destroying numerous villages and killing 1,300 people; China floods reach their peak in possibly the deadliest natural disaster yet recorded; Ernest Lawrence invents the cyclotron; deuterium is discovered; Joseph Stalin gives speech calling for rapid industrialization; Nobel prizes for ground-breaking work in the field of light scattering (physics prizes), researches into the constitution of haemin and chlorophyll and contributions to the invention and development of chemical high-pressure methods (chemistry prizes), discovery of human blood groups and discovery of the nature and mode of action of the respiratory enzyme (physiology or medicine prizes), vigorous and graphic art of description and ability to create, with wit and humour, new types of characters and for poetry (literature prizes); efforts to involve the churches not only in work for ecumenical unity, but also for world peace and social reform work and leading the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (peace prizes).

1959-62: Cold War gets underway; Construction of the Berlin Wall; Bay of Pigs invasion; Kennedy presidency; America commits heavily to Vietnam war and counterculture (hippie) revolution gets underway; 7051-33first large unit action of the Vietnam War takes place; United States Navy SEALs, elite special forces, are activated; waves of independence across Imperial Europes former colonies reshape world order; Cuban government of Fidel Castro is internationally recognised; Caves of Nerja are discovered in Spain; Motown Records is founded; European Court of Human Rights is established; Knox Mine Disaster in Pennsylvania; coal mine collapses at Holly Country, South Africa, killing 435 miners; mine explosion in Czechoslovakia leaves 108 dead; France tests its first atomic bomb; the first patent for a laser; Boeing 707 airliner begins service; NASA announces its selection of seven military pilots to become the first U.S. astronauts; Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first human in space, orbiting the Earth once; Explorer 6 sends the first picture of Earth from orbit; the first underwater circumnavigation of the Earth; the first submarine ever to surface through the Arctic ice cap at the North Pole; the first ever photos of the far side of the Moon; Polaris missile is test-launched; the first weather satellite is launched; first CERN particle accelerator becomes operational in Geneva, Switzerland; the world’s first approved oral contraceptive pill; The Wizard of Oz is rerun on CBS only a year after its previous telecast, thus beginning the tradition of annual telecasts of the film; Wizard_of_Oz_Lobby_card_1939Domino’s Pizza is founded; Mattel’s Barbie doll debuts; first appearance of Astérix the Gaul; Joanne Woodward receives the first star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame; Harper Lee publishes her novel To Kill a Mockingbird, which later wins the Pulitzer Prize for the best American novel of 1960; chartered plane transporting musicians Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens and The Big Bopper with pilot Roger Peterson goes down in foggy conditions over Iowa, killing all four on board (“the day the music died”); Ben-Hur starring Charlton Heston is released; The Beatles form and begin playing Liverpool’s clubs; the first televised anime, Three Tales, debuts; Marx Brothers make their last television appearance; West Side Story is released; Catch-22 by Joseph Heller is published; first edition of Private Eye, the British satirical magazine, is published; British TV series Coronation Street premieres; Bonanza premieres (it is the first regularly scheduled TV program presented in color); classic anthology series The Twilight Zone premieres; animated sitcom The Flintstones premieres; Cassius Clay (later Muhammad Ali) wins his first professional boxing match; Tibetan uprising erupts in Lhasa – 14th Dalai Lama escapes to India; Hawaii granted statehood; the first section of the M1 Motorway opens in the UK; British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan makes the Winds of Change speech; Reserve Bank and Commonwealth Bank are created in Australia; Declaration of the Rights of the Child is adopted by the United Nations; 12 countries, including the United States and the Soviet Union, sign a landmark treaty that sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve and bans military activity on the continent; Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is founded; Aswan High Dam construction begins in Egypt; Aswan_Damdemocratic uprising in South Korea brings revolution; President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Civil Rights Act into law; the formation of the Central American Common Market; the farthing, a coin first minted in England in the 13th century, ceases to be legal tender; Supreme Court of the United States upholds a lower Federal Court ruling that the State of Louisiana’s racial segregation laws are unconstitutional and overturns them; Richard Nixon and John F. Kennedy make the first televised debate; Nazi criminal Adolf Eichmann captured, put on trial, convicted and executed; Joseph Stalin’s body is removed from the Lenin Mausoleum; Nobel prizes for the invention of the bubble chamber, pioneering studies of electron scattering in atomic nuclei and for researches concerning the resonance absorption of gamma radiation (physics prizes), method to use carbon-14 for age determination in archaeology, geology, geophysics, and other branches of science and research on the carbon dioxide assimilation in plants (chemistry prizes), discovery of acquired immunological tolerance and discoveries of the physical mechanism of stimulation within the cochlea (physiology or medicine prizes), soaring flight and the evocative imagery of his poetry, which in a visionary fashion reflects the conditions of our time and for the epic force with which he has traced themes and depicted human destinies drawn from the history of his country (literature prizes); for being in the very forefront of the struggle against apartheid in South Africa and for strengthening the U.N. (peace prizes).

1988-91: Berlin wall falls; thousands storm the Stasi headquarters in East Berlin in an attempt to view their government records; Berlin_Wall,_Fort_HuachucaIron Curtain falls; Cold War gradually ends; dissolution of the status quo in the Soviet Union; Mikhail Gorbachev is elected as the first executive president of the Soviet Union; foundation of modern European Union; the idea of creating a physical barrier separating the Israeli and Palestinian populations is considered by then-prime minister Yitzhak Rabin; NATO agrees to talks with the Soviet Union on reducing the number of short-range nuclear weapons; Poland begins to liberalize its currency exchange in a move towards capitalism; Soviet Union issues its first Visa card; end of apartheid South Africa; unification of Yemen; breakup of Yugoslavia; Bank of Japan governors announce a major interest rate hike eventually leading to the peak and fall of the bubble economy; in London a man brandishing a knife robs a courier of bearer bonds worth £292 million (the second largest mugging to date); amid food riots and looting set off by inflation the Government of Argentina declares a nationwide state of siege; Colombia’s cocaine traffickers declare “total and absolute war” against the government and begin a series of bombings and arson attacks; Poll Tax riots in Britain (“Can’t Pay! Won’t Pay!”); Margaret Thatcher betrayed and toppled from power; John Major becomes the UK Prime Minister; Strangeways Prison riot (the longest prison riot in Britain’s history); construction of ADX Florence (a supermax prison in Colorado for male inmates); British police arrest 250 people for celebrating the summer solstice at Stonehenge; smoking is banned on all cross-country flights in the United States; first ban of smoking in bars in the US (and possibly the world); Nazi document implicates Kurt Waldheim in World War II deportations; Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North and Vice Admiral John Poindexter are indicted on charges of conspiracy to defraud the United States; the notorious guard at the Treblinka extermination camp known as “Ivan the Terrible” is found guilty and sentenced to death (conviction was later overturned by Israeli Supreme Court); in what was the largest prison sentence to date Thai financial scammer Mae Chamoy Thipyaso and her accomplices are each sentenced to 141,078 years in prison; U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs a bill providing the death penalty for murderous drug traffickers; notorious drug baron José Gonzalo Rodríguez Gacha is killed by Colombian police; Elizabeth II strips jockey Lester Piggott of his OBE following his jailing for tax irregularities; Florida executes Ted Bundy by electric chair; The Satanic Verses controversy (Iran places a US $3-million bounty on the head of The Satanic Verses author Salman Rushdie); the largest FDIC assisted bank failure in history; a new British political party, the Liberal Democrats, is formed; Reagan gives his farewell speech and George H. W. Bush is sworn in as the 41st President of the United States; Kuwait_burn_oilfieldGulf War sees oil fields set alight; U.S. President George H. W. Bush bans the importation of certain guns deemed assault weapons into the United States; the world’s first legislation for civil union between same sex partners (in Denmark); homosexual acts between consenting adults are decriminalized in Western Australia; World Health Organization removes homosexuality from its list of diseases; Section 28 (outlawing promotion of homosexuality in schools) is passed as law by Parliament in the United Kingdom; first World AIDS Day is held; independent State of Palestine is proclaimed at the Palestinian National Council meeting; Hirohito dies and Akihito is enthroned as the 125th Emperor of Japan; the Soviet Union commits itself to withdrawal of its forces from Afghanistan; bloody Romanian revolution; Ayatollah Khomeini’s first funeral is aborted by officials after a large crowd storms the funeral procession nearly destroying Khomeini’s wooden coffin in order to get a last glimpse of his body (at one point Khomeini’s body almost falls to the ground as the crowd attempt to grab pieces of the death shroud); Burns’ Day storm kills 97 in northwestern Europe; Tbilisi massacre in Georgia; Halabja chemical attack is carried out; The Hillsborough disaster (a human crush at Hillsborough football stadium in Sheffield resulting in 96 fatalities and 766 injuries making this the worst disaster in British sporting history); Hajj stampede (stampede in a pedestrian tunnel leading to Mecca kills 1,426); the Tiananmen Square protests; Hurricane Hugo devastates the Caribbean and the southeastern United States causing at least 71 deaths and $8 billion in damage; 300,000 Siberian coal miners go on strike, demanding better living conditions and less bureaucracy; after 74 years Iceland ends its prohibition on beer; first McDonald’s restaurant in a country run by a Communist party opens; Microsoft releases Windows 2.1 and 3.0; Nintendo releases the Game Boy portable video game system; first Nintendo World Championships; Voyager 2 makes its closest approach to Neptune; NASA launches the unmanned Galileo orbiter on a mission to study the planet Jupiter; Hubble Space Telescope is launched; Pale Blue Dot photograph of Earth is sent back from the Voyager 1 probe after completing its primary mission from around 3.5 billion miles away; first of 24 Global Positioning System satellites is placed into orbit; Time Inc. and Warner Communications announce plans for a merger, forming Time Warner; earliest known portable digital camera sold in the United States;http-368146_1920 first known web page is written; Disney-MGM Studios at Walt Disney World opens to the public; world’s first HDTV broadcasts commence in Japan; first commercial dial-up Internet connection in North America is made; Tim Berners-Lee produces the proposal document that will become the blueprint for the World Wide Web (this is the start of the WWW); genetic modification of adult human beings is tried for the first time in a gene tagging trial; the first case of successful somatic gene therapy; formal beginning of the Human Genome Project; The Last Emperor (directed by Bernardo Bertolucci) wins nine Oscars; television show Seinfeld premieres; satellite television service Sky Television plc is launched in Europe; Steve Jackson Games is raided by the U.S. Secret Service prompting the later formation of the Electronic Frontier Foundation; Roy Orbison dies of a heart attack; first anti-stalking law passes and goes into effect; the U.S. Supreme Court rules that police officers do not need a search warrant to search through discarded garbage; cyclone in Bangladesh leaves 5 million homeless and thousands dead; Exxon Valdez oil spill; twelve European Community nations agree to ban the production of all chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) by the end of the century; geomagnetic storm causes the collapse of the Hydro-Québec power grid (affecting 6 million people) and power outages in the NE United States and Sweden; introduces the Olduvai theory (about the statistical collapse of industrial civilization); International Trans-Antarctica Expedition, a group of six explorers from six nations, reaches the South Pole; the first dog sled crossing of Antarctica; Channel Tunnel workers from the United Kingdom and France meet 40 metres beneath the English Channel seabed; The_Leaning_Tower_of_Pisa_SBLeaning Tower of Pisa is closed to the public because of safety concerns; Joanne Rowling gets the idea for Harry Potter while on a train from Manchester to London Euston railway station and begins writing Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone; Nobel prizes for the invention of the separated oscillatory fields method and its use in the hydrogen maser and other atomic clocks and for the development of the ion trap technique (physics prizes), discovery of catalytic properties of RNA and for development of the theory and methodology of organic synthesis (chemistry prizes), discovery of the cellular origin of retroviral oncogenes and for discoveries concerning organ and cell transplantation in the treatment of human disease (physiology or medicine prizes), a rich and intensive prose which with restrained compassion forms a challenging vision of man’s vulnerability and for impassioned writing with wide horizons, characterized by sensuous intelligence and humanistic integrity (literature prizes); for advocating peaceful solutions based upon tolerance and mutual respect in order to preserve the historical and cultural heritage of his people and taking a leading role in the peace process which today characterizes important parts of the international community (peace prizes) and finally for clarification of the probability theory foundations of econometrics and his analyses of simultaneous economic structures and for pioneering work in the theory of financial economics (economics).

2017-20: President Trump wants to build a wall between Mexico and the US; UN Security Council votes 15–0 in favor of additional sanctions on North Korea, including measures to slash the country’s petroleum imports by up to 90%; Guatemala, Honduras and Panama follow in the footsteps of the United States by announcing that they will also move their Israeli embassy to Jerusalem; North American cold wave takes place with record low temperatures gripping the Central and Eastern United States; NASA and NOAA report that 2017 was the hottest year on record globally without an El Niño and among the top three hottest years overall; Turkey invades northern Syria; violent protests continue across Iran against the government and supreme leader Ali Khamenei; Hawaii Emergency Management Agency sends a false alarm warning of an incoming ballistic missile attack, causing extreme widespread panic across the state; mezzanine floor collapses at the Indonesia Stock Exchange building; United States Government enters a Federal Government Shutdown as a result of a dispute over Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals; scientists in China report in the journal Cell the creation of the first monkey clones; Germany is outraged by human and animal testing in which the subjects inhaled motor exhaust in an attempt by Volkswagen to prove that it was not carcinogenic; launch of NASA’s InSight is scheduled (InSight is expected to land on Mars in November and use a drill to conduct geological science); going forwards there is the certainty of continued environmental collapse of the ecosystem (the Great Barrier Reef is perhaps omenously named at this time and is undergoing accelerated bleeching which is destroying it), possible re-organization of the UN or NATO or other power structures, the possible collapse of US hegemony and the petrodollar, possible collapse of EU, possible collapse of Russia, potential for China to reshape global power structure, the rich following Yuri Gagarin and beginning to fly through space or the upper atmosphere, the rise of cryptocurrencies and synthetic foods and other major economic disruptions are likely to prompt a complete re-design of world order by 2020, an historical shift that plays out through that decade.   


Some of the recurring themes which we see threaded throughout these periods in recent history include major changes to the global political and social power structure, often prompted by extreme economic pressures; game changing events which clearly mark the passing of boundaries in history (no going back circumstances in which limitations are bridged, such as our steps into space and air); grim or doom-laden events which bring about a significant increase in fear and an authoritarian response; periods in history which signify the end of a long-standing era and its rules; advances in the ability of law enforcement institutions to gather intelligence which will lead to convictions (particularly in genetics); blood-draining atrocities and human acts which spread misery; the capture and punishing of elusive criminals and people who have long had it coming to them; conversely and equally, recognition and honour conferred on those whose work has been long and hard without enough reward; a highlight on significant periods and leaders in political history; economic recession or depression following long standing irresponsible practices (or a bust following a boom period); the emergence of iconic cartoon characters and other family oriented entertainments; events involving the welfare of children, often involving laws or horrific reports of bad treatment; news connected with important capitalist monuments; advances in the corporate lifestyle; the arrival of phenomena or works of art which have an enduring and timeless impact and legacy; also, the end of such phenomena or art (note that in the present iteration the original Star Wars characters and storylines are all bowing out, Game of Thrones is ending, the seemingly endless series of Marvel films are concluding their first phase and other long running media events are reaching climaxes); oil spills and coal disasters and events involving oil and underground things in general, like volcanic eruptions; environmental and man-made disasters involving high-pressure or crushing; environmental pressures needing to be acted upon; technological, legal and scientific breakthroughs and mergers which empower corporate and business empires; news connected with endeavors subterranean or made under extreme conditions; clampdowns and controls on practices which the status quo considers hazardous; the building of prisons and issues connected with conditions within prisons; building or crumbling of walls and dams; the establishment of authoritative law and order institutions; the removal or end of archetypal individuals and icons of power; dis-internment of the dead or naked exposure to mortality with the death of revered and timeless figures; important treaties or commitments signed for the long term and focus on political boundaries, borders and territorial claims.

This is not attributable to confirmation bias – the pattern is too robust to attribute to that and continues historically as far back as we have historical records, once every 28-30 years. Confirmation bias in astrology is often a problem that must be weeded out, especially with planets like Neptune which have very subtle effects that often represent an undertone, but with Saturn the cycle is very tight – 30 year blocks means that patterns show up 3 times a century and so a specific arc of patterns can be pinpointed, whereas with Neptune cycles the pattern appears only once every 2-3 centuries and is thus strongly contextualized by the social and technological progress made between iterations so that they are often not connected by a temporal sequence – e.g. “Cold War starts”, followed by “Cold War ends” – but instead they are connected by more nebulous means like archetypes. Additionally, Saturn as a planet is one that requires relatively little interpretation – compared to other planets the lessons and the essential meaning of Saturn is made clear and not nearly as mysterious at the time it is happening. I mean, come on – Cold War? Iron Curtain? Walls dividing governments and countries? For these reasons confirmation bias is less of a problem with Saturn – especially when in his rulership and thus unfettered – and the cycles are more practical to work with. To illustrate this further, Saturn in Capricorn brought about the following in the 19th century:

  • 1811-1814: Napoleon invades Russia, his army is reduced to a fraction of its strength, Napoleon is exiled, major shift in European politics, largest battle in Napoleonic wars claims at least 2 million lives. US declares war on Britain.
  • 1841-44: Two parts of Canada are united, Second Seminole war ends (“most costly” war of American Indian wars), First Opium War ends with Hong Kong being handed to Britain until 1997, founding of modern New Zealand, Rebellions across the world.
  • 1870-73: Franco-Prussian War results in the collapse of the Second French Empire and the formation of both the French Third Republic and the German Empire (greatly disturbing the balance of power that had been created with the Congress of Vienna after the end of the Napoleonic Wars).

Argentina Mountains Cerro Torre Fitz Roy

If you are at all familiar with astrology you will quickly understand that the fingerprints of both Saturn and Capricorn are all over these themes – boundaries, walls, borders, pressures, fears, coldness, economically hard times, ‘no going back’ moments, world order and the status quo rulebook are all some of the clear associations that we can name, and there are many more. The only themes in this list which may require some explanation are those connected with family entertainment like cartoons and events involving the welfare of children, but these immediately explain themselves when it is remembered that Capricorn is a parental sign focused on the family like its opposite sign Cancer, with which it shares many other qualities. It is a nurturing entity but an Earthy one, not a Watery one, its nurturing is therefore focused on our material and physical needs rather than our astral and emotional ones. Archetypal Capricorn is the Father of Humanity, where Cancer is its Mother. Capricorn is a material guardian of the human family, including its moral standards, and its insistence on laws and following certain rules establishes structure and stability and provides for our material needs in a predictable way, but it can become too strict in adhering to rules that work and so become incapable of seeing when they are old and tired and need to be revised. This revision becomes a forced act when Saturn is in Capricorn – what does not undergo restructuring will often perish if it has resisted change for too long. An iron bell tolls, time is up, and the house of cards collapses. This is often the most disastrous consequence of Saturn in Capricorn – a thing collapses because it was outdated and out of touch, leading to widespread consequences filled with burdens and misery if it was a macro system like a political or economic system, and a fall from grace if its a life story. However, its possible for a system (including an individual) to take note of the winds of change, rethink its future course, and make serious re-structuring efforts that strengthen it for the next three decades during this period. It’s not the early bird that will catch the worm here, it’s the well prepared, persistent and responsible one.

People born into this tribe (by being born during any of the periods listed above) have their lives powerfully shaped by turning points in history which end one era and begin another. It is not only present in their physical, astral and mental nature by virtue of being symbolically represented in their birth charts, but it is also triggered anew each time they have a Saturn return when Saturn returns to Capricorn. In other words, their Saturn returns are coincident with changes in the global power structure and the shape of the world order. Sometimes, individuals become the catalysts for that change and icons of historical periods as a result (not necessarily with Saturn in Capricorn in their natal charts, though). For this reason, people with Saturn in Capricorn have unique Saturn returns which involve the challenge of adapting to a restructuring of the global power structure coincident with their returns and this is one way the grand arc of their lives – the coming of age times when we transition between youth, adult and elder years – is characterized as being much more Saturnine than other Saturn returns. All of the people in the list at the end of this message who are still alive will be having a Saturn return sometime in the next three years, with many of them set to experience increases in pressure and responsibility and a period in which their past efforts will either be rewarded or have its failures exposed. All of them will experience some kind of realization in which they settle into the idea of being older and hopefully wiser and more mature. It becomes time, in fact for all Capricorn people and indeed all Capricorn keys to grow up, get older, and settle into a sober acceptance of realities.

The individuals of this tribe, especially the men, typically have an extreme seriousness and soberness to them and are often deemed to be ‘hard men’ with unemotional and often skeptical appearances, but this often creates a raw sex appeal based on composure and grit. The extensive list illustrates this fact with a virtual Who’s Who of tough, unmoved guys from film, art and politics. The women tend to have stronger bone structure and a classical beauty to them, and both sexes have a timelessness and a magic that frequently makes them look younger as they get older. They are ambitious, they struggle against something that hardly budges but when it does it makes a lasting impact, they are realists and often highly pragmatic, they tend to place a higher value on age and experience than is the norm and they seem to fall into two camps – those who promote tradition, family values and conservative values and those who push against authoritarian control, limitations on personal responsibility and freedoms and so kick against established forms of expression. This often has something to do with the way Saturn is configured in their charts, especially in terms of aspects. Either way, every member of this tribe looks like a survivor once you see them working up close, they are in things for the long haul, are highly committed and they often have a heaviness to them which communicates an innate understanding of strife and struggle.

Failure or disappointment are not destinies until we choose them, however. Saturn in Capricorn is not about removing choices completely, instead it is about learning to live with their consequences and not repeating mistakes which will lead to the same consequences. This tribe has to learn from history in order not to repeat it, and they are well equipped to be able to do that for both themselves and the collective awareness of humankind. They have a particular skill at drawing out the practical lessons from history and tradition and they are not shy at all of taking charge and accepting responsibility when someone has to do it. They are likely to do this not because they seek attention or status, but more because they feel they are the only one sober and sensible enough to do the job. In this way, Saturn in Capricorn can lumber itself with a huge number of responsibilities which end up burdening it and making it ineffective at executing its duties, which builds pressure and a feeling of great anxiety, even depression until some of the pressures are released. Slowly, over long periods of time, this tribe can grow weary of the weight it carries, repressed in the extreme (often sexually) or fearful of changing the rules or the way things are done, yet the long haul imparts a great deal of wisdom and if the co-operation with Saturn through time has been constructive then it must ultimately meet with recognition and some kind of status as something with a long lasting impact is materialized.

The troubling issues of Saturn – fear, restriction, limitation, inadequacy and social alienation for example – are often much more problematic in youth, before the first Saturn return, and can then begin bearing the fruits of Saturn – discipline, persistence, conservation, legacies, the support of authority for example – until finally leading to attainment and recognition of the hard work put in. So early life, particularly childhood, is often much more of a burden, with the person learning how to handle Saturn being the turning point at which things go more smoothly.

cave-1566205_1920A particularly complicated coming-of-age must be expected for everyone born in the Saturn in Capricorn period that fell between 1988 and 1991. All these people hover on the cusp of 30 years old. They also have Uranus and Neptune in early Capricorn, meaning that all three of these planets are conjoined in their natal astrology and that every time they have a Saturn return all three of those planets are activated by a super strong Saturn in its own sign. This is especially true for those born in the last quarter of 1988 and any time in 1989, as Saturn was closest to Uranus and Neptune in the zodiac in these periods. This particular group of individuals seem destined to have a significant role to play in world history, and in the next years we will have to watch closely how the youngest members of this tribe respond to their first Saturn return in order to decipher the extremely complicated astrology involved here. It’s worth noting that, as of this year, Uranus will also enter Taurus meaning that it will be in a trine to anything in early Capricorn and so it seems that the moment is dawning in which this group of Saturn in Capricorn individuals will instigate or witness a moment of great change. It may not come this year, as they will probably be busy dealing with Saturn return issues, but as the next several years unfold and Uranus proceeds through Taurus I imagine we will begin to see some kind of political or economic aspirations for a new system stirring in people who are in their early 30s, and one or two of them may have some suggestions that would truly shake things up. I also think it is likely that the group born in the late 80s and early 90s are among the first generation to immerse themselves in virtual reality phenomena, changing the way we spend daily life and even the appearance of the landscape, and so there is reason to suppose that it will make some kind of lasting impact on global culture in the next 5-6 years. They may also embrace physical genetic modification and enhancement or be the first generation to live largely from synthetic foods like lab grown meats. Many telling things about our long term future will be revealed in the signs and portents to come in the near future. Astrologers know this and are waiting to see how and what pans out, and most especially in the lives of those turning 30 now. The recent passage of Pluto through early Capricorn (2008-2011/12) provides one of the biggest clues to what this coming period is setting up. This connects it to the impacts of the global financial crisis of 2007-2008 and the subsequent bank rescues funded by tax payers. With Saturn in Capricorn the realities of this desperate action are likely to be materializing and sinking in, or more bailouts may be deemed necessary.

The strength of Saturn in Capricorn comes from its empowerment with the Magnetic Fluid which, coupled with the Earth Element of Capricorn, endows it with the ability to accrue matter into crystals and to cause structures to form. It has an astral power to draw streams of significance and effort together into a loom and to weave them into materialization over time. If you get up and do something every day at the same time without fail it will train in you, however you still need the astral power to be disciplined enough to do that, and you must choose realistic goals. Saturn in Capricorn struggles with heavy burdens but it has these qualities in impressive bundles. Discipline, persistence, patience, wisdom and sobriety guide its cloven footsteps up the rocky path. It also knows when to retreat and how to draw up strategy and plans, and one of its least talked about qualities is its attitude to boundaries and fences – goats are notorious for jumping over them, just as they are gifted with being able to spring across vast chasms and gaps on the mountain trail. Saturn in Capricorn literally presents chasms, dangerous abysses, boundaries and fences for the Capricorn within us to jump over in the pursuit of our goals and our autonomy. In this way the sign and planet combination slowly teaches us and especially its natal children how to master their fear or be imprisoned by it. Such obstacles need not be physical in nature and rarely are purely physical, however, they are more often astral because when it is present, fear controls our astral body, often directly and powerfully enough to take control of our physical actions – we run in terror, quake in panic, become paralyzed, lose control of bodily functions, etc. The point here is that the heart of the fears faced by Saturn in Capricorn are often not about being poor, destitute or old, which are definitely fears that move on the surface, instead they are really about deeper issues like the fear of being alone, or that life itself is simply a struggle that is entirely meaningless. These kinds of things represent the true abysses and chasms that must be leaped over. In essence, as I’ve said elsewhere, Capricorn is an Earth sign with a mysterious astral agenda, imparted by its ruler Saturn – to master and harness the astral realm, especially in respect of mastering fear. The mature, truly Saturnine goat looks time in the eye and gently smiles. I will return to this later.

Mountain_Goat_Mount_MassiveWith Saturn in Capricorn there are also two distinct and different forms of expression depending upon whether we are born during the day or during the night. If we are born during the day, especially if Saturn is above the horizon, then its principle becomes warmer and less brittle meaning that we become slightly more flexible and cheery, less bound to our own rulebooks and less inclined to bind others to them. Saturn in Capricorn during the night, however, especially when it is below the horizon, is bone freezingly cold and rigid and prone to excessive stoicism and skepticism, sometimes to misanthropy and a gloomy outlook on life that is difficult to shift. Think of Scrooge, created by Dickens who had a natal Saturn in Capricorn, and you get the picture. Scrooge is especially expressive of Saturn in Capricorn given that he is visited by three spirits of Time who show him the reality and the crushing error of his ways. However, this kind of Saturn also makes for the greatest architects and builders of the tribe, the souls who have the greatest power to wield the loom of time causing it to crystallize work and effort into concrete and lasting manifestations. Although a miser, Scrooge accumulated an impressive amount of stuff. He just had to learn what it was for, and that meant reviewing his past history, his karma, and facing his mortality and impending death. It’s a textbook narrative of Saturn in Capricorn and possibly its greatest expression in literature or even in art. Scrooge is clearly born in the night time with Saturn in Capricorn below the horizon.

Saturn is especially strong in the last part of Capricorn – the last 10° of the sign are his decan in the Triplicity sequence (sometimes called the Parasara or Vedic sequence of calculating the decans). Furthermore, his terms or bounds are located in the last 10° of the sign in both the Ptolemaic and Egyptian methods. In the Ptolemaic sequence of terms, Saturn is strong from 25° to 30°, while in the Egyptian sequence his terms are given as 22° to 26° of Capricorn. Either way he seems to be at the height of his power of rulership with dignity by rulership, decan and terms around 25° to 26° of Capricorn. In terms of the tribe of Saturn in Capricorn people, this roughly equates to those born in the last year of each Saturn in Capricorn period.

If you are born in any of the periods listed at the top of this article then all people in the same group are the people you grow up with, not just in your childhood but throughout your life, as whenever Saturn is in Capricorn he will be wizening each and every one of you, aging you at different stages of life but at the same time, you are maturing together with these people on the same wine rack, you are each pressed from the same kind of grape. This symmetry applies in other ways at other times too – when Saturn is in any other Earth sign (Taurus or Virgo) you are each given greater support in building, persisting, handling responsibility or any other Saturn issue; when Saturn is in any other Active sign (Aries, Cancer or Libra) there are challenges thrown down and your Saturn tribe runs a collective gauntlet, regardless of age; and so on. When you combine efforts with other people born into the same tribe of Saturn – in this case when you join with someone else with Saturn in Capricorn but perhaps also born in a different era – you can make great progress in almost any area of life if you are prepared to work hard together. This is extremely powerful magic once known only by the eldest amongst us but the wisdom is still available to all today.

For often generally smooth and easy-going long lasting alliances a Saturn in Capricorn tribe can look to members of Saturn in Taurus (most recently born in 1969-1972 and 1998-2001) and Saturn in Virgo (most recently born in 1977-1980 and 2007–2010) as well as Saturn in Scorpio (most recently born in 1982-1985 and 2012-2015) and Saturn in Pisces (most recently born in 1964-1967 and 1993-1996). They typically experience clashes with the tribes of Saturn in Aries (most recently born in 1967-1969 and 1996-1999), Saturn in Cancer (most recently born in 1973-1976 and 2003-2005) and Saturn in Libra (most recently born in 1980-1983 and 2009-2012). With the other Earth signs (Saturn in Taurus or Virgo) there is patience and hard work (Taurus) or problem solving ability and humble service and adherence to duty (Virgo) and with the two Water signs of Scorpio and Pisces there is arousal of the emotions, empathy and frequently a nudge towards magic and mysticism which keeps Capricorn from drying out and losing touch. To all of these easier to get along with groups Saturn in Capricorn gives staying power, an impressive plan and often vast resources. With the other Active or Cardinal signs there is a clash of methods and often also of motives and goals, a need to respectfully and gradually resolve differences. Push and counter-push is characteristics of Active dynamics, and so these combinations can be highly motivational rather than just disruptive.

So what do we make of Saturn in Capricorn? Answer: anything we are prepared to work long and hard for without seeing immediate fruit or gratification. This is an ambitious Saturn with plans for the long term future that involve scaling some metaphorical or tangible mountain path towards a summit of influence and mastery. It invites us to become more disciplined, grounded, mature, responsible, practical and practiced. It aims to leave a reasonably time-proof legacy of some kind both for itself and the material world. It is a Saturn that is ripe with the qualities it needs to rise to a position of great authority and leadership and to become known as an elder and a wise counselor on weighty and serious matters. In fact, it is an entire tribe of these people, so here we are talking not just about political leaders but directors and managers of all kinds. Many will be drawn to political, governmental or corporate ladders, but not all and it is the few rather than the many that will hear the true call of Saturn in Capricorn, as I shall explain.


Financial stability may be centrally important for the future security it offers, for these people know that everything has its price and we must all contribute to the work of the world. Nothing worthwhile is built without the expenditure of time and effort. They will exert a strongly disciplined effort toward the fulfillment of obligations and responsibilities (which they take very seriously), but if they over develop their organizing ability it can lead to having too tight a control over things. There is innate fear of societal disapproval which stems from a deep need to be a reliable and dependable person. Government and politics, authority, structure, law and order are important concepts of this Saturn because it seeks to organize things and contain chaos with rules, regulations, and disciplines. Its tribe have a choice, like all forms of government, to reach either the heights of wise leadership by integrating moral or spiritual and earthly wisdom into a practical plan and therefore govern over things wisely, or to callously plunder the depths of materialism, control and imprisonment of freedom, probably to fall as the wings melt in the light of the Sun and they plunge from a lofty and lethal height. This tribe can use the resources, influence and finances they have in life to strengthen and support themselves and others, or it can become driven by ambition and materialism and other rigid attitudes, which will lead to its own discontent and perhaps a mighty downfall.

They need to learn to cultivate and tend to the implications of Saturn in Capricorn and in so doing there is little they cannot achieve with time. This means developing the wisdom of practical know-how, embracing slow and gradual lessons, accepting help from powerful figures without a sense of inadequacy when it is simply that they see our long term prospects and maturity better than we do and help us in avoiding taking on board too many unnecessary responsibilities or working out rigid and intractable fears that focus on taking responsibility, perpetual failure, crippling inadequacy, severe strictness, plodding slowness or the rigid following of rules and the presence of older or more authoritative figures. For this tribe a near absolute law is that there are never or very rarely any easy short cuts to get to where they want to be because the influence of time in ripening situations is inescapable and omnipresent.

It is vitally important that in deciding what to achieve in life long term they are clear that it is what will satisfy their ambitions and needs and not another person or force which they have deemed to be an authority. The problem that often arises with Saturn in Capricorn is one of wanting to please, impress or fulfill the expectations of some authority figure in our life, such as a stern and demanding father with lots of rules or the managing director of the company we work for, or the author of this journal…the point is that the tribe are incredibly sensitive to the expectations and demands placed on us by others – they only have to hear the magic words ‘it is your responsibility…’ and they already know it is probably right, they want to measure up and this opens them to the possibility that their goals are not their own but merely ways for them to feel that a duty is discharged or to be respected by certain people they need to impress and prove themselves to. This also applies not just to authority figures in their life but also to all the rules and laws of society and culture. They do not want to dismantle the way the world works or challenge the power of rulers or the rules of culture and ambition – they know what these things are in their bones and see changes to the game as a major disadvantage and a threat to the stability of their goals. They just want to follow the rules that promise a rise to the top, and so having the rules change seems unfair.

By becoming more shrewd and more cynical as they grow older they could become more callous, displaying a cold indifference to emotional pleas, but they could also mature the same way into a sage whose skepticism is like a staff of wisdom – doubtful of things that have little basis in known realities they can become the sagacious one whom others go to when in need of really useful and sensible advice. They could become known for their wisdom, the value of their hard earned experience and the practical usefulness of their sobering advice, or they could become the grumpy and grisly mean old man who lives next door and never smiles for anyone because life has become too serious, too weighty for such expressions of simple joy. The tribe avoid this cold and lonely destination by not completely losing sight of trust and the chance of something miraculous and wonderfully unexpected happening even as time teaches them again and again to err on the side of extreme caution and toward being more pessimistic to be realistic.

They should aspire to wisdom and patiently discipline their own immaturity and that of others. Acting like a real grown up – recognizing that we must be responsible for our own life and not looking around us for encouragement – are always good strategies but for this tribe it brings greater recognition and reward. They need to just get going and keep going, leaping over crevasses and carefully but nimbly navigating narrow ledges with the skill of a mountain goat. They should opt to take the long, high road and remember that wealth and influence are not the reasons they are here and so doing as time goes by, they will become sagely.


I see two issues that are worth going into deeper here – one is that for these people the rule of Saturn involves understanding the inner reality of practicality. To put it simply, this Saturn is about realizing that the things that appear practical are not truly the kind of practicality the tribe are seeking. Saturn in Capricorn comes in with an advanced wisdom and understanding of what being enlightened means – it is not about sitting on a rock and contemplating the naval, at least not just that, it is about acting in the physical world, bringing the wisdom into reality by making it something we can make use of and gain practical benefits through. It is about constructing a significant form for spiritual laws to adhere to and manifest a material shape around, one that can stand the test of time. This is about the journey up the mountain rather than the summit itself. This is why this Saturn has no time for airy fairy, ‘New Age’ thinking – simply wishing or meditating our way into a better life or using a magic spell or ritual to get there will not work for us. It is not meant to and there is nothing to be done about it but work with it and take the long, scenic road to the top of the mountain, whatever it is, slowly, so we can enjoy the scenery and come to a really tangible and grounded experience of what it actually means in practice. So, point number one is that Saturn in Capricorn involves understanding the inner reality of practicality as a channel for truly enduring spiritual laws and for this purpose Saturn has cut off all the short cuts. The whole point of their incarnation is to put the spiritual laws into practice through long and hard work. They often start out not knowing what these laws are and may even go through life pouring scorn on them, but the agenda is still there.

This brings the understanding that the reality of genuine practicality is that it supports human civilisation and provides an ordered and dependable framework for it to adhere to. The stronger the bones of this framework are, the more solidly and wisely they are put together, the more powerful the muscle that it can support. The issue is that if we lack an awareness of the spiritual dimensions of life then we will make the mistake of thinking money, wealth, physical insurance and attaining influential positions are what will support us practically, and this is error. Therefore the degree of awareness we have of the spiritual laws which govern material laws is the degree to which we will truly be able to capitalize on this gift from Saturn. That is why those of Saturn in Capricorn who only want to climb the material ladders of life do not reach anywhere of real significance, why for them scaling those corporate and political towers without a spiritual awareness ends up feeling empty and oddly unfulfilling.


The other issue worth exploring here is that, according to the operating manual and rulebook that Saturn keeps for us during these times and the tribe overall, we must achieve something that can outlast us. They feel it in their bones – they have to do something in life that makes them look back and feel that they have built something and climbed a mountain in some way. They (and we) need to do this partly because it is the only way we can feel content and respect ourselves, and also because there is a deep urge to do something that improves the world for people who are suffering and struggling through it. The tribe have to leave a legacy to pass the life test of this Saturn, – to look time in the eye and concentrate something of the vortex of it into reality – but Saturn is not clear as to what that should be. He simply challenges to leave something behind that outlasts mortality, and the choice of what that turns out to be is left up to us, but it should be wisely chosen.

This is a Saturn that truly calls its tribe to act in concert because what is being built by the incarnating individuals at the collective level spans generations. Saturn in Capricorn sees birth through individuals as a massive wave of karma and an awareness of the responsibility it takes to face up to and deal with the reality of time and mortality. Only by acting together over the long term can this tribe truly complete its mission. The core of that mission collectively at this point in time and space is to preserve and conserve the planet and its resources – it is an environmental tribe, but these are not activists, they are conformists who have to change the character of the power structures from within by rising to the top. If they want to see environmental change they should aspire to become the owners and managers of the corporations and the companies and the leaders of the institutions doing the damage and then proceed to order a change from the top down. The tribe has to leave a practical legacy behind it too; something that will last for centuries beyond its last breath is taken. This is no small order from Saturn, but the rewards are scaled appropriately and the scoring in this game may not be as straightforward as it seems. In many ways the outcome is not as significant as the effort is and so less focus on material results and more focus on the spiritual essence of the goal are required here too.

Therefore spiritual awareness is a critical factor in determining how much of the huge potential of this Saturn we can tap into and realise. A lack of this will just lead to crystallising our acumen in the wrong investment and eventually leave us feeling strangely alien from ourself, because deep down we know we came to practically pursue things that make a real difference and which embody timeless laws. Yet we have to stay away from just meditation and take a course that invests the wisdom gained from meditation in the problems of the mundane world, and we have to gradually train ourself to operate from within the framework of a long term perspective. The loom of time weaves beneath hands both serenely wise and industrious.

Below you will find a wall of noted characters with Saturn in Capricorn, with 5 emphasised as special case studies due to having Saturn in Capricorn conjunct a Sun, Moon or accurately timed ascendant in Capricorn.

Antoine de Saint-Exupéry; Charles Dickens; Barbara Cartland; John Steinbeck; Henry Rollins; Laurence Fishburne; James Earl Jones (actor); Peter O’Toole; Roy Scheider; Ian Holm; James Dean; Edward Woodward; William Shatner; Leonard Nimoy; Robert Duvall; Sean Penn; Sean Bean; Clark Gable; Sean Connery (actor); Omar Sharif; Larry Hagman; Clint Eastwood; Steve McQueen; Jean-Claude Van Damme; Robert Wagner; Richard Harris; Gene Hackman; Neil Armstrong; Buzz Aldrin; Gary Cooper; Diego Maradona; Tallulah Bankhead; Zeppo Marx; Emperor Hirohito; Rupert Murdoch; Boris Yeltsin; Mikhail Gorbachev; Raul Castro; Desmond Tutu; Donald Rumsfeld; Rasputin; Ted Kennedy; Bob Hawke; Helmut Kohl; Kevin Spacey; Mike Pence; Barack Obama; Thomas E. Dewey; Charan Singh (‘champion of Indias peasants’); Harold Pinter; Fay Weldon; Louis Armstrong; Stephen Sondheim (musician); John Williams; Johnny Cash; Ed Sullivan; Jean-Luc Godard; Marie Antoinette; Marlene Dietrich; Bertrand Russell; Andy Warhol; Harvey Milk; Casey Kasem; George Gallup (the pollster); Rolf Harris; Walt Disney; Charles Lindberg (The Lone Eagle); King Saud of Saudi Arabia; Jim Jones; Gerry Anderson; May Von Sydow; Dan Rather; George Clooney; Kyle MacLachlan; Tim Roth; Andrew Sachs; Eddie Murphy; Simon Cowell; Sylvia Plath; Diana Dors; Audrey Hepburn; Tracey Ullman (actress); Angie Dickinson; Rosanna Arquette; Barbara Bain; Princess Margaret of the UK; Dian Fossey; Nichelle Nichols; Adele, Rihanna; Meg Ryan; Petula Clark; Sean Young; Elizabeth Taylor; Diana, Princess of Wales; Reinhold Ebertin (astrologer); Louis XVI of France; Olympia Dukakis; Joanne Woodward; Woody Harrelson; Darryl Hannah; Piper Laurie; Yulia Tymoshenko; Tilda Swinton; Forest Whitaker; Emma Thompson; Kenneth Brannah; David Duchovny; Antonio Banderas; Matthew Modine; Jeremy Clarkson; Eddie Murphy; Christopher Plumber; Nicholas Courtney; Robert Loggia; Colin Dexter; John Le Carre; Umberto Eco; Tom Wolfe; Prince Andrew, Duke of York; Sam Cooke; Colin Wilson; Robert Anton Wilson; Proust; Voltaire; Neil Postman; Bill Hicks; Glenn Gould; Magic Johnson; Luc Besson; Boy George; Michael J. Fox; Bono; The Edge; Michael Stipe; Michael Hutchence; Taylor Swift; Daniel Radcliffe; Emma Watson; Jennifer Laurence; Ricky Gervais; Erwin Schrodinger; Peter Jackson; Ben Hardy; Anton Yelchin.

The 12 Temples (Part 3)

Greetings and welcome back to Journeys! This month I give you the final part of my series on the 12 Temples –  the 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th.


The 9th Temple: Discovery, Faith, Philosophy, Initiation

Location: The 9th temple is the zone of sky that an object moves into after immediately it reaches the midheaven – it is where things begin to move to the western horizon to set. They have just passed their place of bright, burning power high in the sky for that day and are now in a position to make great discoveries about life.

Discussion: The 9th house is the temple of discovery or revelation and its key may be thought of as ‘Lessons in the Awareness of Existence’. Through this temple we become more aware of our existence and thus of our own being and identity – it elaborates on the 1st and 5th temple. It shows our experience of faith or belief, since what we believe becomes the teacher of our self identity, its moral guide and conscience.

Meaning is life affirming even when it is bitter to taste and not what we expected it to mean – encountering meaning means we are alive. Even a total nihilist must believe in themselves at some level, in their ideas or in their senses, and likewise an atheist believes in their own belief rather than in just nothing at all. Total absence of belief is impossible because the multiverse is infinite in scope – the human brain cannot be aware of it all at once, therefore it is forced to conjure beliefs to fill in the gaps. The 9th temple shows which ideas (from the opposite 3rd temple) inspire us to ‘look upwards’ into a broader scope and perceive broader ideals or archetypal or essential meaning which we seek to identify self and our life with, meanings which were in ancient times perceived as deities to follow but in modern times are also represented by our beliefs and our faith in a higher and greater law or truth and a sense of adventure in our freedom to roam in exploring beyond the boundary of what we know. It is where we learn though inspirational means about the greater and broader laws in operation throughout our universe and within the Self, and the greater universal intelligences which guide us ever outward. Nothing is alone – the state of feeling alone is a consequence of misapprehending the state of being all-One – everything is guided to an ever broader awareness of reality by a greater awareness. In practical human terms, this guidance comes under the purview of the 9th temple, so it is a temple that relates to long distance travels, prophecy and astrology, illumination, magical or mystical initiation and instruction, enlightenment (though significantly this temple only shows our approach to enlightenment and the consequent experiences we will have – our present maturity of consciousness or the degree of spiritual awareness we have is not specifically captured in the birth chart, though it is symbolically inferred by the whole), dreams and epiphanies, gurus and awakening through mentors, philosophy, religion, higher education (in universities, colleges – modern apprenticeship to a mentor), Gnosis, the search for truth, a sense of discovery and adventure, justice, the broad spread of knowledge through publishing, contact with ‘Divine Providence’, the Greater Self, etc. In ancient times this temple was the home of the gods, indicating (among other astrological factors such as our heliacal stars) which deities we would worship and be protected by. It is anything which can broaden the mind or blind it with dogma. The Sun has its joy in this temple as it is the planetary source of illumination. It is especially strong here when we are born in the day as a Fire or Air Sun sign. In these cases it often makes for someone notably pious and moral.

Along with the other temples with an affinity for the concept of existence (the 1st and 5th) the 9th reveals our broader attitude to the radiant light of our self identity and the power of life, something fundamental about our identity or self awareness, the 9th being especially about our attitude of learning and growing in this respect. So we can say that this temple governs our ability to learn from life, while the 5th governs our ability to enjoy it and the 1st our ability to live it. These temples are about the experience of being alive and how much we take out of it, and this one concerns itself with learning from life and drawing meaning from it.

From a hermetic and astrological point of view, each person or individual is the centre of an infinite universe. The possibilities for learning and for expanding horizons in all directions in this scheme are literally endless (and thus also beginning-less). When we are surprised or astonished by the breadth of possibility in this universe, when our personal horizon of consciousness or awareness expands, we are always reminded of the infinite property of all things, even if we only know it unconsciously – this is the province of the temple of discovery. Metaphorically, then, if the 1st temple corresponds to the direct result of light and heat from a star (the impact of the sacred identity on the local and immediate environment, the body, the clothed ‘I Am’), and the 5th is like the local star or Sun itself (the luminous creative radiation of the power of life and the identity, the creative life force, the ‘I Create’), then the 9th is the dazzling array of twinkling lights in the universe at night (the vaster and greater eternal light of cosmic identity of which our Sun is but a part, the ‘I Discover’). Together these 3 conceptually form what I call the Temples of Existence or the Temples of Life, which have an indirect affinity for the Fire Element as they aspect the ascendant, the source of emerging life and light, by trine or conjunction. The other Triplicities in this model of the temples are the Temples of the Soul (4th, 8th & 12th) which have an indirect affinity to Water and with astral matters; the Temples of the Mind & Society (3rd, 7th & 11th), which align themselves more with the Air Element and mental spheres of life experience; and the Temples of Bodily Experience (2nd, 6th and 10th), the temples indirectly akin to the Element of Earth and more material experiences. These natural biases of Elemental quality, which are the same for every chart, are subtle and are weaker than the actual Elemental influences of the zodiac signs that personally control the temples. If, for example, Libra rises on the 1st temple, the influence of Air will be much stronger than that of Fire over that region of life and we could categorize that temple as Fire of Air.

So what we are faced with here is some kind of journey, some kind of pathway through and up into new realms of life experience and existence, to broader and more meaningful realms, whether through travel, education, religious devotion or initiation. The astrological influences from this temple become significations of our contact with the Greater Self and the opening up of broader life experience. These astrological pieces are like initiatory talismans, some of which may be imprints carried forward from former initiation. Primarily these influences will come from the sign which opens this temple, the ruler of that sign and any planets in this temple (whether permanently through the natal chart or temporarily through the 26 keys). Here in the 9th we learn not just a broader definition of what we are but what that means. The sign supporting this temple will tone all our experience of these areas by controlling the processes which occur to lead you to them. The ruler of that sign will bring about revelation through the temple it inhabits, and any occupants will do the same through their sign, parans and aspects.

In mundane terms the sign on the 9th temple describes the kinds of learning and the subjects which will broaden our mind and help us perceive things more truthfully, the comprehension of meaning through greater objective perception. This objective perception of the universe is really the entire aim of this temple. In our human world of experience we can more easily attain this objective perception by utilising astrology. Leo, for example, might indicate that any subject that is entertaining, illuminating, cheerful, dramatic or visually spectacular can in some way lead you directly to the guidance of the Greater Self – an objective perception of the universe. We might say that Leo and the Sun and the Sun sign would in that case act as ‘phone numbers’ of the Greater Self and so working with their keys will dramatically broaden your view of the world and place it in a context which is revelatory.

Certain places can also fulfill this function: the countries and cities connected to the sign on this temples cusp according to their national or founding charts are probably interesting vacation areas that may significantly broaden your awareness of existence. The strongest connections come from countries with one of the Lights in this sign or which have the ruler of the 1st or 9th temples from your chart in that sign. Remember that when nations or cities go through major changes, the connections move around.

Going further with this, in particular those national charts which have the Lights, planets or angles at the specific degree of the zodiac that opens your 9th temple or are nearby to it or anything nearby to the specific degree of the ruler of the 9th in your chart will strongly connect with your 9th temple (assuming you have an accurate time of birth). Since the 9th temple is also about culture we can also look to charts of cultural events for any which have a connection to this degree.

This path is part personal (being drawn from your temple positions and rulerships) and part impersonal (this then being applied to the independent astrology present at different physical locations). An even more personal and individualised path is also available, however. All of the objects located in the birth chart can be projected onto a map of the globe showing where they are located for the person. Before the advent of computers this was done by re-casting the birth chart using a new location – the same time, date and so on were used, only the location was changed. This practice is called relocation astrology and in the past charts were usually only cast for a specific location. For example, I was born in London and moved to live in Berlin in 1999, so a relocation chart for that would involve recalculating my birth chart as if it took place in Berlin rather than London (using my original birth time and date). The further you go from where you were born the more the differences show up, especially if you go across the equator – here we see evidence that says if we want to escape some of the binding conditions of the birth astrology we have we should move away from where we were born. With the advent of computers this form of astrology has not only become easier but it has also become more visual. This computerized representation of the same information is an emerging practice called astro-cartography. Using ACG the objects in the chart can be plotted as curved or straight lines (depending on what is looked for). You can check out some more about that here.

Opposite the 3rd temple is the 9th temple. The polarity of the 3rd/9th temple is what I will call the cognitive polarity, the blending of intellectual and social cognition with universal cognition. The mental body must integrate its opinions, thoughts, social circumstances and personal ideas (3rd) into a framework of ever broader guiding principles such as morality, law, truth, ethics and the influence of the conscience (9th), and vice versa. Both of these temples relate to our experience of the ability to process cognitive information, to extract meaning and truth from data. In the 3rd, pieces of information are separated and compared, things are broken down into smaller units – opinions and perspectives – and the workings of an idea are examined with the intellect. In the 9th, the pieces are being assembled into a greater philosophical whole; here we are trying to perceive the meaning behind the notions, how it all fits together, the truthfulness which connects them together. The cognitive polarity is concerned with the balance and translation of concepts between specifics and generalities, between the individual and the universe, in both directions.

Concepts: Long distance travel, exposure to the exotic or alien, philosophy or faith, belief, the initiatory path, mystical matters, magic and divination, how contact with the Greater Self manifests, education beyond school years, publishing and law.

Ancient terms: Place of God, House of Religion, Deus, Theos, the Good Decline.


The 10th Temple: Aspiration, Ambition, Destiny and Perspective

Location: The 10th temple is the region of sky positioned in the space just to the side of the midheaven of the sky, towards the eastern horizon. It is where the Sun moves just before (and when) it reaches its highest point in the sky for the day at that location.

Discussion: This is the last of the four powerful angular houses, the places of power – the 1st, 4th, 7th and 10th temple cusps, otherwise known as the ascendant, imum coeli (IC), descendent and midheaven (MC or medium coeli), respectively. The 10th house is the temple of destiny and its key focus is ‘Awareness of Physical Action’. It is the most public temple of any horoscope and its cusp or degree is arguably the most sensitive degree of the entire Earth Zone but is at least second in sensitivity after the degree of the ascendant. This sensitivity is very directly attuned to active manifestation in the external physical and material world, however, more so than any other place in a chart. Planets in the 1st temple show principles we identify ourselves with in the present, while 10th temple indicators show what we hold up as being important or aspire to attain in the future, or well established physical things we kick against, something we seek to become or do and will experience as an active force in our public life. It is the place where we act to directly impact the material world by building a career, pursuing wide reaching goals or influencing society as a whole in some way, often because we feel that it is important to do so and thus this is also the place of the most public visibility, of reputation, how we are seen or the role we play in public life, just as planets in this region are in the most visible portion of the heavens – above us. It shows what is important to us, what we seek to attain or aspire to. Through this temple we have constructed all manner of hierarchies of government with which to implement human laws and hand order and status to physical existence from the top down. In ancient and not so long ago times this region was of importance to kings and heads of state, who would only plan important ceremonials during hours of the day in which auspicious influences like Jupiter were active in this region of the sky. Nowadays it is less well known, but governments, corporations, banks and individual politicians still use the same or similar tactics (much more advanced ones, actually), with great success, all over the world. The question of why nobody talks about this is easy to answer without referring to conspiracy theory. The nature of astrological practice today is, to be blunt, that many clients with high status in society are embarrassed to admit to consulting it as many fear consequences for their reputation if such practices were to be disclosed. For their part, professional astrologers respect clients wishes and do not reveal their names – their business depends on it.

On a personal level the 10th temple is a place of ambition and striving for recognition and material status or occasionally of just being born into a ruling or privileged class. Its power to create physical circumstances extends to our bloodline through the status that automatically comes with the family we are born into; the 10th connects by polarity with the 4th temple. In astrological lore, we are taught that the 10th region of sky is about all the overt ambitious activities we take on through the physical or material plane, our professional goals, career and natural degree of recognised authority, the respect we command in society, personal social values (our motivations and politics), our influence and place of power in society, what we strive to attain to and so on. It is our crown, our perceived destiny, the place where we ourselves would be in a position of greatest influence and effect, our chosen field of public influence. This isn’t necessarily a profession or career, but is always some kind of calling or vocation that we can find within us and fulfill in the material plane. Generations ago it was this temple and not the 7th that represented marriage, because then who you married reflected much more upon (and was predestined by) your status and station in life, a custom which still stands in much of the non-western world today – the temples are temporal spatial constructs that evolve different expressions of their essential meanings through time and are shaped by human cultures. Some change more than others because our attitudes to those areas of life are more fluid and experimental.

Sometimes this place is just handed to us, especially in previous generations when there were things called a family business, a lineage you followed. Many of our more common surnames – Carpenter, Smith, my own surname Coleman – have some roots in this tradition. Other times we are born into a royal line, or a business empire which then becomes a legacy. These things will be shown here, but whatever the case when we learn to consciously tune in to our inner guidance instead of being blindly driven by our desires for ambition or reputation or other external goals, the temple of destiny ‘sheds a skin’ and begins to instruct us in our deeper ‘calling’, our true vocation in material life, which is not an act but a measure of their personal significance. That is, behind our external career goals and ambitions, there are those internal things which we hold up as important, and behind those things, behind the things we want to achieve, there is our reason or motive for holding them up as being important (which is different to what we value about what we already possess – the 2nd), something often based upon our past – the polar opposite 4th temple of memory once more. Its development may thus often be seen psychologically as an extension or consequence of our 4th temple. Sometimes we are just born into a bloodline that has ruled for centuries, sometimes we have experiences in early life which we never truly escape, but we always act from the foundation of (and often adopt ambitions, political leanings and careers for ourselves) as a rebound or reaction to our childhood or parental influence, our memories of the past, and we shed or adapt this early foundation as we attain to the goals of the 10th temple. This is thus not where we have come from in life it is where we are destined or bound to be going, often as a consequence.

That word destiny is problematic for a lot of people. It is not meant to imply a fate from which you cannot escape, but one which you will not escape without some sort of conscious change of direction. It is the ultimate destination of a chosen direction or course, the innate ending of where a path must by its nature lead. Factors in the 10th temple will be inevitably encountered on the road to any goal, ambition or career, no matter its form. What we have control and influence over here is the specific form that they will take and we are often given a very generous space in which to do so because astrological symbols are rich with potential – one Sun in the 10th temple in Cancer, for example, may become a cook, another may choose to take care of children. Both are responding to the destiny described by Sun in Cancer. Importantly, at least in my experience, it is therefore more helpful when approaching this temple to instead think outside of the box, in terms of what will not work for you as a career choice. For example, it is unlikely that any Cancer Sun will enjoy being a bomb disposal expert (too much high tension and danger) or an exotic dancer (too much exposure). Exceptions to such general rules will exist but will be exceptions arising from other chart factors.

The 10th temple differs from the 6th in that it shows our overarching ambitions and personal goals, while the 6th shows our service or employment which does not further our ulterior goals directly. An aspiring artist (for example, Libra on the 10th) may work for a time as a kitchen assistant, as a nanny or kindergarten teacher, or as a nurse (Cancer on the 6th), for example. If she or he has Venus, ruler of the 10th, in Cancer in the 6th, these inclinations will apply more forcefully, and it may in fact turn out to be that persons true calling – a job that genuinely fulfills them – to work as a nurse or a kitchen assistant, etc. However if the same persons Venus is in Libra in the 10th, the inner call to be an artist can be far stronger and they will tend not to make such adjustments. Also, if the ruler of the 10th temple aspects the midheaven, Sun or Moon or ruler of the chart, its influence will be very strongly felt on life as a whole but in the career in particular and if it aspects the ascendant, Sun or Moon then this whole area of life will be taken much more personally. The aspects involved in both cases are characteristic of an ease or difficulty in realizing ones goals in the physical world. So the placement of the ruler of the 10th in the chart strongly accentuates the expression of this temple. In other words, if whichever planet rules the 10th is elsewhere, it will tend to show a modification to our goals and to where we actually end up career wise. If the ruler of the 10th is in Libra or the 7th, it may be the chart of a relationship counselor, for example. The sign on the 10th shows an approach or attitude, the ruler a direction, and the planets in the 10th are often representative of important goals, events or people. This applies as an approach to every other temple according to that temples own essential meaning.

Finally it must be understood that the influence of signs on the temples should not be taken too strongly. They are best thought of as general inclinations that may be easily offset by planetary forces. The influence of signs on temples is not a potent one, its often cosmetic and connected with an inner role than an outer one, at least when compared to planets that rule or inhabit that temple. The sign here does not necessarily describe our profession, although it might (and then not by mere chance); it’s more accurate to say it shows our vocational attitude, approach and the kind of experience we have rather than our choice or type of profession, although this will be inferred, of course – someone who wants to help and heal people is more likely to become a doctor but they may also become a musician, a research scientist, a builder or a psychotherapist; it is the inner attitude that this temple depicts, but the outer form often follows in typical ways. However, planets found in temples exert far more potent effects over our choices than the sign does, and especially in the powerful 10th.

The 4th/10th temples are the temporal polarity because they relate to past memories and important future ambitions, which are where we come from and where we are going, respectively. In other words they relate to our experience of orientation in time, our perception of both our past and our anticipated future, the vertical axis of power which bisects the horizontal axis of the identification polarity of the 1st/7th, creating the cardinal or primary realms of experience which turn life on Earth – identity bisecting and moving through time (and vice versa). We move through time with our memories beneath and our ambitions above. An imbalance in this axis will result in both an inability to learn from the past and a lack of awareness of where your life is heading overall.

Concepts: Ambitions, what is important to us, goals and future plans, occupation, reputation, public eye, professional role, physical impacts, authority, government, perspective (from assuming a loftier position).

Ancient terms: Place at the Peak, Midheaven, the Crowning Place.


The 11th Temple: Community, Friends, Allies and Hope

Location: The 11th temple is a region of sky positioned midway between the eastern horizon and the zenith of the sky, the midheaven. It is roughly the portion of the heavens midway between the eastern horizon and the zenith of the sky, in other words, looking east and roughly 45 degrees up from the horizon. In the course of a day it is the ‘mid-morning’ temple in which the Sun and other objects have risen, broken free of the horizon, and are now ascending to the top of the sky.

Concepts: The 11th house is the temple of fellowship, companionship, alliance or hope and its focus is ‘Awareness of Mental Security’ because its activities put the mental awareness in context with something like itself but broader and more inclusive, through sharing and connecting. We can say it takes the raw opinion, hearsay and ideas out of the 3rd temple and translates them into societal and intellectual ideals, things we share with others that lend us a sense of social and mental refuge – a sense of collective group awareness. This region relates to our allies and friendships, our sense of common purpose, our societal ideals, our role in group dynamics, wishes for the future and hopes (social conscience as well as social fears); it is where we seek and aspire to find a sense of a better future which is not our creation alone but which harmonises with those of humanity as a whole, and it is where what we have put out into the collective (the creative light of the 5th temple) comes back to us, for example as audience appreciation, applause, offers of assistance, recognition of our gifts, etc. It is about comprehending that we rise or fall together and that what we share will return to us, the place of reaction to our efforts. It is the temple of cosmic allies and was called ‘Bonus Spiritus’ (‘Good Spirit’) by Ptolemy and other early writers. Hellenistic astrology and later Renaissance texts mention a Good and Bad Genius (Bonus Spiritus and Malus Spiritus), and a Good and Bad Fortune (Bona Fortuna and Mala Fortuna). These are the 11th and 12th, and the 5th and 6th temples, respectively. The Good and Bad Spirits are above the horizon (thus of the spiritual world) and the Fortunes below (thus of the material world). What makes a temple ‘good’ or ‘bad’ in the view of the ancients is both its position relative to the 1st temple and ascendant which is the source of light and life and whether it is angular (the most favorable places, the 1st, 4th, 7th and 10th), succeedent (the next best category, the 2nd, 5th, 8th and 11th) or cadent (the worst places, the 3rd, 6th, 9th and 12th).

Jupiter is in its joy in this temple. Jupiter’s essential quality of empathy and commonality and its emphasis on widespread or shared growth is given a natural place when it comes to working together with others to achieve a common goal in a spirit of camaraderie. Jupiter is also in its joy as the planet of faith and mercy in a temple which is connected with spiritual fortunes. Lights, planets and other celestial objects placed within or connected to this temple generally bring many benefits and often much welcome assistance, but are not entirely providential – sometimes they assist us in unwise ventures. And an alliance always goes both ways.

In some ways though it is an even more auspicious zone of the sky than the angular 10th temple, which brings professional status and recognition or attainment and influence, a certain favour of destiny, sometimes by birth. By primary motion planets in the 11th have risen in the east, already extricated themselves from the obscurity of the 12th temple, and now have a place to climb and an ultimate prize to aspire to, whereas objects in the 10th are ‘already there’ and can only really go ‘down’ from there, sinking rapidly into the west. Therefore any planets and influences in the 11th (by birth or temporarily by the keys) are considered to be our friends, influences which extend a helping hand up the stairwell of the sky into the realm of our aspirations and will tend to lend us aid in manifesting our wishes and hopes for the future, especially when they are not ours alone but belong to a group of individuals connected by their shared hope or purpose – when they have scope and scale. In such situations we are befriended by that planets essential meaning and furthermore its power increases swiftly as time passes and the more it gives away recognition for itself to a shared recognition of achievement. The planets and other influences in this temple reach out or down with benefits to help us through or up to the fulfillment of our wishes but they withdraw when we reach for glory just as group dynamics suffer when one ego attempts to hog them.

Here then are our allies and our ability to attract them. Our (secret, hidden) enemies follow, in the 12th, while our public (known) adversaries are sometimes described by the 7th (astrology regards known rivals and enemies and marriage/relationship partners as analogous through the 7th temple, as both are considered ‘significant others’). ‘Allies’ and ‘friends’ do not necessarily imply ‘pleasant associations’, however – as Oscar Wilde said, ‘A good friend will always stab you in the front’. It’s those good friends we find here, the ones who stab you in the back belong more to a 12th or 8th temple experience, perhaps, but we must not lose sight of the potential for secretive betrayals or ideological and political power struggles, perhaps indicated by a troubled Pluto in the 11th.

The other temple related to the intellectual and social sphere, the 3rd, governs our more immediate communications and perceptions, our interactions with neighbours and siblings and the local environment, whereas the 11th specifically describes our more global interaction with wider human society, its reaction to our performance, our larger ideals and those who share a dream of some form with us, the groups we will freely interact with and the close friendships we have. We might say, the 3rd is our personal neighbourhood (guy upstairs), the 7th our closest partners or opposite numbers (a lover), the 11th the more wider social network we connect with (our buddies), our often more deliberately cultivated group memberships, the people that like us and with whom we can form common bonds which benefit both parties. If we are a performer, this is the audience. If we are a politician, this is the electorate. If our work is about other people, here are our networks. If we work in a team, here is the group and our interaction with it, regardless of the individuals who come and go from it.

So while the 10th is often – like the top – lonely and highly vulnerable to a spectacular fall, the 11th is blossoming with ‘good spirits’ that surround us in mutual interest and offer the protection and advantages of a herd. Being a mentally and socially focused region which lies opposite the 5th, the temple of creativity and self confident expression or radiation of life, the 11th temple is the audience to the performer and performance of the 5th. It not only represents ones allies and ability to make friends, it also represents the ability to connect with ones audience and to involve oneself with the wider social and mental network upon which we all depend, the human collective awareness; thus, all our group interactions and our interpersonal group dynamic as well as the socio-political world we find ourselves living together in – the capacity to make friendships. As the creative light of the 5th temple – the joy of being alive – is ramped up and shines out more brightly, as we truly radiate our unique light of Self creatively in life, energies are set in motion in the 11th temple which produce a reaction from the human collective mind and draw in feedback and allies who share compatible visions. And it is a temple which focuses on hopes, wishes and ways in which the human condition can be improved for everyone in the future, a temple of idealism, of shared tomorrows. We find broader meaning for our life and self identity in the 9th and we find our loftiest objectives in the 10th, but it is the 11th that gives us purpose and hope, which are sacred ingredients in any enjoyment of 5th temple pleasures. A life that feels without these things will have issues to work through in this temple. A life with too much invested here will be over committed and overly idealistic in some manner.

The sign here shows our approach and the kind of experience we have in all these areas, the basic way in which we process the 11th temples array of experience. Its ruler may be considered a planetary agent who can put us in touch with the right people, so that if we work with its essential meaning we will meet people or situations which can help us move up in life and will gain numerous benefits. The same is true of occupants of this region. However, in either case their effect is better when the planets dignity is strong and its aspects supportive and not too challenging in order for you to be naturally open enough or positioned with enough support to receive the assistance. If any of these conditions are not satisfied lessons sometimes need to be learned before you become open to receive and accept help (or the right kind of help), lessons which frequently involve idealism and hope, the need for company and audience appreciation or sometimes in overcoming social inequalities or handicaps.

What is the dark side of the 11th temple? Apart from being without the support of friends and a group we can belong to (exclusion), or being left to cope without hope and a sense of purpose, other possibilities are inherent – peer pressure can dominate behaviour in an unhealthy way, herd mentality and ideological drives may consume the focus of life with whimsical and unrealistic goals, socio-political movements can sweep us up in a total loss of identity, friendships may actually be the kind that help you get on by hurting you or may lead to endless drifting from one group to another, our dependence (or the lack of it) on a philanthropic group such as a charity organization can become problematic, we can become lazy because we have fantastic allies doing everything for us – there are many ways in which the beneficial help offered by this temple can wither on the vine. The key to avoiding them all is to find within you the future intentions that inspire you to be hopeful, share them with others of like mind, and work to ground that shared vision into reality by focusing on that goal when working together with these people. It is not something that will just magically arise like a gift from the heavens, and it is not something that will take place in the future either – that way is the way of hoping for a miracle – it is instead an ideal that becomes more real in the present through the activities you undertake in this temple with others who share the same or similar intentions for our collective future.

The 5th and 11th temples are what I call the co-creative polarity, the axis of individual and collective expression. The polarity of these temples can be described as ‘creating/giving’. Like the 11th, which governs shared goals, utopian hopes and images of the future that are shared with others and have somewhere to go, the 5th is also a temple of hope and vision, but of a fundamentally more internally self centred, private and personal kind. Rather than the global hopes represented by the shared goals and broad ambitious visions of the 11th temple its opposite the 5th is more like the private hope that lies behind every work of art, and every new-born child, a more personal expression of hope and the best qualities in humanity. The 5th is often very strong in those motivated to seek fame for instance (or even notoriety, as some do), as a means to establish lasting security for the identity through creative powers and works of art which outlast the mortal span of the personality, while the 11th seeks a kind of collective fame, the fame of a group and its ideals being realized. The connection between the two temples is also displayed in the way the ideals of a society shape its arts, and vice versa. This axis is therefore concerned with the levels of experience that create security for us in the intellectual/social and identity areas. The 5th -11th division of the sky (pleasure/hope) gives rise to our potential for focused creative and co-creative stability; it delineates two zones or temples which share a common function of delineating our relationship to enriching life and society; the 5th temple expresses the creative potency of our own unique identity and its life – what we have to contribute; the 11th our intellectual or social utopia, our wishes for a shared belonging with others – the purpose we aim to attain by contributing. In finding the balance and eventually the equilibrium between these two focuses we uncover not only important parts of our role in life, the larger society and the human collective awareness, but also our own power to influence it.

Concepts: Hopes, friends, gifts, community spirit, group contact, political and ideological views, networks, audiences, contacts, allies, dreams and the collective movement to Utopian ideals.

Ancient terms: Bonus Spiritus, Good Spirit


The 12th Temple: Retreat, Undoing, Redemption and Inner Reflection

Location: The 12th temple is the zone of sky above the eastern horizon where the Sun appears to rise every day. It is always dim and cool at this time of morning, with nature reflecting upon the passing of the caress of the stars at night, but with a promise of bright new beginnings dawning. This is the spirit of the 12th.

Discussion: We have come to the final segment of the heavens having traversed the sky from the eastern horizon (the 1st temple), descended below the Earth (reaching the lowest point underneath us at the 4th temple), emerged again at the western horizon (at the 7th temple) and continued round past the midheaven of the 10th temple to descend again towards the east. The 12th temple lies adjacent to the 1st temple and is separated from it by the degree of the ascendant. However unlike the 1st temple the 12th does not have a fortunate reputation in astrology. Traditionally it was seen as the temple of curses, madness, witchcraft, devilry, imprisonment, chronic diseases or plague, slavery, secrets and guilt along with the notoriety, shame and fear associated with them. I will attempt to explain this perception in the following discussion.

The final sky zone or celestial temple is what I call the temple of undoing or the unseen, the ‘temple obscura’; it is the temple of the hidden enemy and of shadow and self-undoing, and its essence is ‘Awareness of Astral Body Learning’. It is where we are not fully (or at all) conscious of ourselves because the astrological influences are invisible or concealed. We do not see and so we trip ourselves up over them. At the far end of the spectrum from the conscious self identity of the 1st temple, the 12th is our astrological blind spot, the subconscious and unconscious identity. It is here we are required to retreat, dive within and work in isolation on ourselves, transforming by merging with our essence, in short the place of self liberation from all our hidden contents. It is fundamentally a place of unfinished business and self development left over from previous lives, but the focus here in the 12th is on bringing these to closure in readiness for…something mysterious.

We experience it most directly pressing in on us when we are utterly alone, and ‘far from the madding crowd’. The Mystery looms large when we stand before it in isolation. Saturn joys in this temple. He becomes more Saturnine as his essential qualities are supported, specifically his esoteric astra-mental influence over the formation of matter and his connection to time and karma, but on a more mundane level it is because we are often felt to be all alone even when surrounded by people, and this condition seems fixed and immovable but is in fact just maturing very slowly. The centre of stillness is  always in motion.

It is traditionally an abode of ill-omen, misery, bane and toil, an alien sickly place where any object is toxic or dissipating in strength, doomed to captivity or to climb and not know recognition, power or attainment. The ancients viewed this realm very superstitiously, assigning it a cursed association – the ‘Evil Spirit’. Part of the reason for this is because of the low visibility of celestial objects just above the eastern horizon. Visibility with the naked eye is an important factor in astrological effects. Planets which are so visible include all those out to and including Saturn. Although Uranus is at times faintly observable, planets beyond this distance cannot be seen by the naked human eye and thus cannot influence the human world of the Earth in as direct a form, they manifest through abstractions, collective will and the Akasha so their influence cannot work upon the physical plane directly but must mediate with it through the astral and mental planes. In this connection it is worth meditating on the discoveries of quantum mechanics and the significance of the observer.

Not only are potentially visible planets blocked from sight by any features on the landscape, but their power is also said to be obscured and weakened in this place because when the Sun rises here any stars or planets in the region are rendered invisible, combust in the solar radiance, so they will not be seen at all day or night until the Sun moves on. In fact the entire spectacle of the night sky gets extinguished here, obscuring the heavens completely from our view. Thus the degrees above the ascendant on the lip of the eastern horizon (beyond 5 or 6 degrees of the rising degree) are thought to be especially dis-empowered and even evil, for here the influence of forces wanes dramatically because it is struggling to become visible. The same was also thought to be true of any planets found near the Sun anywhere in the chart. Thus, though it may be empowered, such an object is engaged in a struggle to be seen or noticed – it is obscure. Just as the Sun rises and climbs through this region at the break of day, its light and heat only a fragment of its true power, planets in this area have had their moment of morning glory when they touched the world as they rose on the horizon in the east; now they must only work hard and invisibly to rise up to the zenith of the sky, at the cusp of the 10th – here they are all embattled in that process of breaking away from the horizon, seeking to become more visible, seeking assistance in manifesting themselves, assistance they gain when they reach the 11th through primary motion.

Thus the 12th temple is about our blindness, our sense of clueless isolation, our invisible or hidden flaws and weaknesses, our invisible struggles, the blindness in us or the toil which we must rise above and which can foil us and strike, venom like, inducing altered states and self undoing or alienating us from others. An important thing to remember when considering this temple is that its baneful, hidden effects are of a temporary or temporal nature. Objects which are obscured or battling to arise here will eventually appear; hidden enemies (12th) eventually become known enemies (7th), prisoners and patients eventually escape from their institutions (even if it is only in death) and inevitably any unconscious patterns must rise to the conscious mind through the subconscious. In other words, there is a quality of things surfacing or rising up in this temple, which differentiates it from the 8th and 4th where such things tend to stay buried.

Planetary activity here can also lead us to involvement with institutions where things are hidden or people spend time in isolation such as hospitals, jails, libraries and the armed services (which can remove and isolate people from the rest of the world and contain people invisibly), or to experiences with subconscious fears, self perpetuating curses, hidden enemies, the secrets we’d rather not anyone ever find out about us (but which we are keen to uncover in others), the things we wont admit to ourselves, hidden occult groups, sacrifice, unredeemed karma (i.e. stuff we inwardly knew we should have done but did not, or stuff we know we should not have done but did, for whatever reason), and in some cases with forms of redemption or selfless service to humanity and the consequences of decisions in previous lifetimes, hence it comes to be linked with superstitions, ‘curses ‘ and ‘evil spirits’. Through all of these things we come to know the contents of the temple of the unseen. It is a chaotic place of jumbled, unknown disorder, a place where there exist only entombed premature energies not yet fully recognised by the conscious being, a storage space for guilty secrets and hidden vices, but through exploring and consciously working it out we come to know a blissful release from its bindings and experience self liberation from mysterious feelings of persecution. Many people perceive it as a way in which the world is out to ‘get’ them (a persecution complex), and this is especially typical if Pluto or Neptune is present or activates the 12th temple key. In the 12th we find all the matters which our conscious awareness has neglected to garden – an inevitable reality of incarnate life since conscious awareness is infinite – and so here we find many mysteries and very few solutions to them. In fact we might say there is only one solution to the problems of the 12th and that is transcendence.

Indeed it is this temple which yields us a direct offer of transcendence, a merging with the all and a resolution to things that have been left without closure, by simply atoning for them and then rising above them, moving on with grace and acceptance. In this temple we can assimilate things and atone for and gain freedom from the results of past actions. We can correct our mistakes and may even at times undo them or rise above them. We can begin to start over. So it is very much a temple concerned with internal shifts that lead to transcendence of all kinds. However, this process is often made difficult by the meddling influence of our own blind spots, the unconscious and subconscious, unless the nature of the subconscious is no longer so hidden from us through the application of our conscious awareness, then we can use the subconscious to consciously glimpse things in deeper and deeper parts of the unconscious. So the task for us here is to make it so and transform the subsconscious into an ally and the first task in this process is to examine its nature.

There are two very powerful and reliable ways to know this relatively hidden part of oneself – one is to isolate yourself figuratively or literally, and notice who or what you become when no-one else is around. A question often posed by the 12th is “who do you become when you are completely abandoned, physically and astrally alone in life and stripped naked against the storm?” To know ourselves we must encounter ourselves nakedly. In the 12th we can discover that being alone is a short perceptual step away from being All One. This is the magic of introspection and of meditation and self contemplation, the foundational work of all magical practice including the creation of soul mirrors and magical equilibration in hermetic praxis. It is initially plagued or cursed by subjectivity and lack of clarity, but as we look within things emerge and become more apparent. However, this is a completely private insight that cannot really be perceived by or shared with anyone else, although we can communicate part of it.

The other method allows not only you but anyone an objective but symbolic insight into this subconscious character and it is astrology, the cosmic mirror. The sign on the cusp of this temple reveals something only astrology can do in the way it does, for all to understand – the essential meaning or character of this hidden place in each individual. It holds a zodiacal mirror up to our blind spot, a blind spot within us which is ever hidden from our own sight and yet seeks to be owned and reintegrated as us through its continuous interaction with the consciousness (the cusp of the 1st house, our ascendant), a process which is ultimately experienced as total self liberation. This part of the heavens is not cursed at all; on the contrary, it offers us the gift of insight and a blissful release from those things which are our greatest undoing. It is principally humanities fear of looking within its own soul and its attribution of responsibility to the gods and fates rather than to conditions of its own inner world that has given this temple its cursed reputation, for if we do not face these things, they will manifest in our undoing and they will behave in devilish ways.

We must remember that there is an unconscious, which by definition we have no awareness of, and a subconscious, which we have some partial awareness of, and that the 12th temple is concerned with both. If we wish to attribute a rough astrological zone for each we can choose the beginning of the 12th temple up to its middle and the 12th temple key itself as the core of the unconscious and the 10 degrees or so before the end of the 12th temple and the start of the 1st temple as the subconscious zone. The 12th temple is not the only place where we find unconscious and subconscious patterns – in fact they permeate the entire chart – but here we are looking at major features, how to deal with it, the foot we can gain in that door, and how it generally looks if we do not, and these two signs and their inhabitants and rulers are our primary clues.

So, returning to the nature of the 12th temple, ultimately from an astrological perspective this region of the sky and the cause of self undoing in our lives are chiefly a lack of conscious connection to the Element and the sign and the planetary ruler of this temple along with its inhabitants. It is a manifestation of the gulf between our conscious and unconscious intent, a realm of awareness we call the subconscious which is often harboring guilt and shame, failure, denial and self persecution for our misdeeds and weaknesses, and when gazed into it seems to be a void that appears to us to be infinitely wide but since just a shift in attention is required to traverse it, it is never as insurmountable and futile as it appears to be. For the magician, this transformational magic of the subconscious is done in stages, step by step, as the initiate actively transforms the unconscious into a more conscious, magical perception of the universe and works on themselves to transform the content revealed. For the mystic, it is more yielded to, fallen into, immersed in through transcendental meditation and allowed to encompass and envelope, and then passed through, let go of and released on a voyage into the infinite essence of essences. Steven Forrest (a practicing Buddhist as well as an astrologer) refers to this as a merging with pure consciousness but to me as a magician it is more than that, it is a merging with the incomprehensible truths that consciousness is capable of apprehending even if it does not have the capacity to communicate them to any other awareness, and it is the puzzling journey of somehow evolving a way of bringing this insight back to reality, making it useful.

For most people nowadays therapy and counseling serve a similar role. By whatever method used, when this journey is embraced there is a conscious intent to engage and transform the subconscious and there is then a change in emphasis in this temple, as it becomes a focus for a different kind of un-doing, not the undoing of the self through behaviours which trip us up but the undoing of the illusory attachments to our concepts of ‘self’ through meditation and magical states of consciousness which flow from and into an infinite point on a journey of transcendence. We also draw close to the temple of the unseen when we are left with whatever haunts us when we are alone or adrift in deep trance states. All these approaches achieve the desired effect, which is to bring one closer to a state of unified communion and ultimately peace with all the astral materia we have no other way to grasp or bring conscious control to.

The 6th/12th temple polarity I call the essentialising polarity. It is about extracting the essence of learning on the physical and astral plane and its two positive poles of activity can be summarised as “being here now/transcendent bliss”. On the one hand, the 6th temple calls us to focus on the mundane now moment we are in physically, but the 12th draws us away into fantasy, dreams and escapism, the astral and mental realms, eventually leading to self undoing, spiritual liberation and transcendence of the physical realm. The two – being here now and transcendent bliss – are obviously polarised from a human point of view, but the polarity they express is unified in the magicians’ awareness because being focused in the physical now is the point of access to magical and mystical awareness and objective perception. This is reflected in the initial lessons of IIH, in which Bardon begins students out on the simultaneous processes of introspection (12th temple) and awareness of the mundane moment and care for the body in physical life (6th temple) during the first step. So it is fundamentally about the relationship we have to walking a physical path as more than physical beings and the process by which existences are tied together through the essential lessons they impart about the mundane and spiritual.

Concepts: Meditation, mysticism, reflection, isolation, chronic or mysterious illnesses, failures, closure, what happened to mum when we were in the womb, redemption, salvation, redemption, sacrifice, martyrdom.

Ancient terms: Malus Spiritus, Bad Spirit, Pre- Ascension of the Hour Marker, Place Between Worlds.


The Temples (Part 2)

Greetings, and welcome back to Journeys! This month we continue looking at the houses, discussing the 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th.


The 5th Temple: Joy, Creativity, Self Expression and Luck.

Location: The 5th temple is a space half way between the nadir of the sky and the western horizon. This means it is a completely non-visible area of the sky that is always below the horizon and out of view.

Discussion: At the 5th temple our tour of the temples has traveled over one quarter of the way around the wheel of the chart and this means that we are approaching the second of the 3 temples focused on pure existence, life and being (the first such temple was the 1st), and it is a place where that light of being is expressed as spontaneous joy and fun. It is worthy of deep reflection that such a place as the Temple of Joy and Pleasure exists alongside a temple for acquisition, memory, being and communication. Fun, or leisure, is just as fundamental an ingredient in life experience as any of these things are. In fact it is something vital, as the temples of existence – the 1st, 5th and 9th – are fundamentally about the experience of being alive.

The 5th temple is a place of joy, co-creation and pleasure and it develops and harmonises with the expression of the previous temple of spirit or existence, the 1st, by channel ling self identity through our creative outpouring of the life force, securing our procreative and co-creative life essence in acts, so its core aim is ‘Security of the Awareness of Existence’, a search for some kind of affirmative display and sharing of the creative potential of our own truly unique inner light through an emanation of it into the world. Whereas in the 1st the task is simply to be who we are in the 5th the task is to create who we are, to externalise who we are as some kind of creative output. It is a region that often naturally aspects the ascendant by trine (120 degrees, a harmonious, flowing aspect) and is a succeedent temple (temples 2, 5, 8, and 11 are succeedent temples because by primary motion objects are succeeding to or moving to one of the places of power, the Angular temples) therefore any natal planetary occupants tend to experience a slow but steady re-vitalising climb in energy through the course of life (this only applies to the occupants of a temple, not their rulers, so Mercury is only succeedent if it is inside a succeedent temple, not if it rules one.). In the 5th objects get charged up by our inner creative light and take form in our creations. This is the temple of The Art, the temple of creative power in which our lives become our creations. This is why the ancients called this temple the ‘Good Fortune’ (for it is indeed a great fortune bestowed on us by life) and attributed it to matters of mundane (earthly rather than spiritual) luck and chance. It has some connection then with reputation, with fame, lucky wins, notability and notoriety, especially for entertainers, gigolos, lovers and sports enthusiasts, but really it is fundamentally about securing a sense of joy in life by expressing our own uniqueness brilliantly to the world. It proclaims “I exist, and I am uniquely creative in this way…”

The 5th temple on the surface then is simply about fun and creativity; it contains and gives active expression, identity and meaning to all our procreative and artistic efforts, from the birth of children to love affairs to competitions, practical jokes, art, sports, our natural talents and hobbies and dramatic or theatrical gifts. In no other area of life do we connect with the radiant feeling of being alive so directly and vitally than in the 5th. It’s why countries go crazy ape shit with happiness when they win the world cup. LIFE IS MEANT TO BE FUNDivine Providence has gifted each created thing with the capacity to enjoy all of creation. This is why the 5th is so fundamental a part of life experience, along with communication and memory and the other temples. When there are problems in this temple, the whole chart can suffer as the joy of life is felt to be missing. We can feel very dead inside and cursed with bad luck when the creative spark is dim. Usually it becomes this way because we do not nurture it like the child it is. Our child. It has to be regarded as if we were its parent.

As a temple which creatively expresses our unique experience of existing it is more objective than the 1st because the 1st temple planets are right in front of our nose, so to speak, and we can suffer from not being able to see the woods for the trees, we are them, whereas planets in the 5th are not so entwined with our identity but more with what it creates, though 5th temple influences can still become factors in our displays of ego through our expression of creativity and self confidence, especially in the form of a desire for fame and praise. Our creativity allows us some objectivity on our own identity, so there is greater objectivity on ourselves in this temple than in the 1st temple as we can externally perceive ourselves in our creative acts, but this objectivity can make disruptions here have greater effects on our sense of the joy of being alive since we will equate it more with fortunate and unfortunate external effects and conditions – ‘luck’, the ‘slings and arrows of outrageous fortune’ which either crush our creations or exalt them (with the danger that the ego will identify itself with its creations and grow self important). In this sense, working with the 5th temple can feel like falling in love or being heartbroken. In fact, those well known states are often very much to do with things stirring in the 5th. The joy of this temple is Venus, for here her essential meaning is strengthened by location in a region of sky that is fundamentally suitable to her principles, specifically, that of pleasure and romance, art and fun.


In summation, because the successful and fortunate outcome of any creative effort is always joyous and uplifting for the human spirit this temple concerns our self confidence as well as our capacity to have fun, kick back, and amuse ourselves with recreation, hobbies and games, leisure time, sport, theatre, entertainment or art. In astrology it is therefore consulted in matters relating to ones own co-creations, our joys, creative acts, our children (and thus our fertility and issues involving pregnancy and parenthood) and in any matter in connection with fame, fun, games of luck and fortune, risk taking (which makes us feel alive) or following bliss, such as pleasurable hobbies and romantic flirtation and love affairs, gambling fortune and dating, but above all and most fundamentally, it is important to turn to whenever we are neglecting ourselves or life feels dull or overwhelmed with sorrows. Its planets and its key are the ones we should turn to when we cannot smile. The quest of the 5th temple is simply to live a happy and joyful existence and to express our unique creative power.

To truly know the joy of being alive and to unleash our creativity we have to express the highest creative power of:

1) The sign that opens this temple
2) The ruler of that sign
3) Any objects within the 5th temple, whether that be a natal placement or a temporary one

The secrets of the art of living are enacted here, and when we tap deep into them the inspiration is endless. Often we will sabotage this temple in the same way that we sabotage the inner child within us – we discipline it too much and keep it hidden away, because as every performer knows you make yourself vulnerable when you step into the spotlight. Yet this vulnerability is most often rooted in our need to impress the audience, and vanishes almost entirely when we focus on the creative flow, the art, the muse that is playing with us. Thats when we become extremely powerful, because we can allow the creation to happen without editorial gatekeeping – we become the creative power. Aside from this another major challenge of this temple is that we need to unlock our own point of contact with that creative power, a task which often involves ridding it of the narratives and stories of other creators. We have to overcome the tendency to copy our icons and heroes in order to reach our own creative inspiration. Its only when we do this that, magically, other people start to take notice because we are triggering in them their own embrace of their unique creative power – this is the greatest gift we can give to others through this temple.

Concepts: The art of living, eminence, creative self expression, dating and romance, gambling, fun and hobbies, leisure and sport, games, theatre and entertainment, fortune, procreation, our children.

Ancient terms: The Good Fortune, Place of Good Doing, Place of Freed Slaves.


The 6th temple: Purification, Service, Daily Work, Apprenticeship, Skills

Location: The 6th temple is located just below the western horizon and is the place where everything in the sky goes to after it is seen to set and is no longer visible. It is therefore the place where the planets, Lights and stars visibly sink into the Earth like celestial seeds.

Discussion: At this point in our journey through all 12 temples which began at the eastern horizon (1st temple) and sank below it traveling through the non-visible portion of sky, first reaching the nadir at the 4th temple and then beginning to rise, we are now approaching the western horizon from underneath. This is the invisible region where planets and the Sun go after they completely set in the west, where they are buried like seeds each day by the turning of the Earth. It is the temple of physical service – the planets essential meaning is being absorbed into the Earth to be broken down and employed in natural processes, it is moving into the soil and the Plant and Elemental Realm, producing remedies – and it is the temple of the purification of flaws, a place where planetary energies tend to swiftly discorporate and become disembodied, just as the Suns light does when it sets here. The essential focus for the 6th temple is simply ‘Physical Awareness Learning’ but this simple phrase hides a complex set of expressions in human experiences. Here is where we learn to treat the physical body itself as a temple that receives Divine input and so discover the daily practices that are involved in maintaining it.

The cadent temples – the 3rd, 6th, 9th, and 12th – are traditionally the ‘weakest’ places in the sky because by primary motion they are places where planets and the Sun and Moon go after they have been in the places of power, the 1st, 4th, 7th and 10th. What is really meant by this is that the objects in these regions are undergoing processes which tie up their energies, usually dissipating their effectiveness to some degree, draining them of substance but resulting in a learning experience. Thus they are busy places of learning. The 6th is the place where this learning is focused physically. It is not a place of high ambition (the 10th temple is that place) – here instead is the temple where we learn how to feed, clothe, clean and care for ourselves and other people in material terms and set about doing what needs doing to tend to such essential necessities. This is a temple that is grounding and habit forming for us. It is a place of apprenticeship, a place where we hone our skills.

Our learning process in respect of life in the material realm takes place chiefly through the acquired skills we develop and employ in daily acts of service and the toil we undertake in service to others and self while we are embodied here (any work and employment which does not directly further our ultimate goals – as noted above, those goals are symbolised by the 10th temple instead), also through our repetitive experience of humdrum routines (washing, cleaning, repairing), the mundane requirements of modern corporeal life, and through our experiences with the debility of health and the necessities of being tasked with the regular maintenance of a physical body (food, fitness, the prevention of and treatment of illness). All these areas embody the chief matters of the 6th temple.

Today this learning manifests in a truly vast variety of human expressions such as the countless fads in food and diet, physical illness and injuries sustained by accidents, toil and labour, workers rights and our employment of others (our servants and people we pay for services; in ancient days, also our slaves (with slavery in the ancient world being a matter of both the 6th and 12th houses), trade unions (in ages past, guilds), skills (practised abilities, rather than innate talents), tenants, hygiene and daily routine, servitude, any kind of daily work which holds little or no promise of advancement to our ulterior goals (scrubbing the kitchen dishes, cleaning the windows, taking out the garbage), the countless variety of remedies for the little things that ail us, our relationship to work colleagues, daily rituals, relations to pets and other small animals, and to cattle and farm animals, to name but a few. Along with poor maintenance of the body, work stress, unemployment and anxiety over day to day issues are fundamental causes of poor health and the 6th temple expresses this reality. There is a strong connection between the state of our health and the toil and labour we undertake every day.

The connection to small animals (‘pets’) and farmland animals is often taken as a “master and servant” relationship when in reality animals are far more than our servants and have much to teach us about material life. The truly magical expression of this temple towards domesticated animals is in allowing them to be what and who they are and respecting their spirit as equal, not training them to do whatever we command or using them as resources without respect, although some lines of communication must always be established within appropriate boundaries. In other words, our human perception of animals must often be purified of arrogant, superior human attitudes toward ‘lesser’ life forms in order to permit the magic to flow.

Some animals, though, have taken it upon themselves to gently remind us of our true significance…


Mars has its joy in this temple not really because it accentuates his malevolence and ability to injure and sicken or because he indicates some form of enforced slavery as traditional books may indicate, but more because his energies and drive are given a regular outlet and because he gives such people a lot of energy to get their backs into labour at repetitive hard work, or for healing (many surgeons will have a prominent Mars here for example). Mars in this temple is also often a robust boon to physical repair or body strengthening – the blood is ruled by Mars and when found in the 6th, being ‘sunk’ into the flesh, Mars commonly purifies it via heat and more robust circulation, giving the cells of the body greater fighting spirit and empowering the muscular system. Being born with Mars in the 6th temple also busies our daily life and the drive of our will in helping other people, a focus which undermines the tendency of Mars to act selfishly, and at a more metaphysical level the cutting edge of what defines us as individuals (Mars) is what we achieve not for ourselves but for the benefit of other individuals. These are the real reasons Mars is given joy in this temple.

So the 6th temple represents all fields of life where we learn about the day to day realities of being in our body and in a physical world and so try to do things to keep it fit and running – it is where we learn about our basic physical condition and through this learning perform some kind of act of material service, a helpful contribution to or even a purification of physical matter. We get up early in the morning to bake bread for the town, we take the dog for a walk, we clean up the living room for guests, etc. It is more than our sweat and time that we must learn to physically give, as the Prophet of Orphalese in the well known book by Kahlil Gibran said –

“Work is love made visible….for if you bake bread with indifference, you bake a bitter bread that feeds but half man’s hunger”. –  Kahlil Gibran, The Prophet

The ancient world was not a very comfortable or easy world in which to try to make a living or even to physically survive day by day. Plagues, quakes, fires, floods, storms, famines, droughts, wild animals, insurrections and all kinds of troubles assailed daily life, and there was little to nothing in the way of support when calamity fell, as it regularly did. Struggle, toil, hardship and the danger of being eaten by a hungry or pissed critter were widespread. There was frequently nothing to stop someone else claiming your body and using it as a commodity in the slave markets, especially if you were a woman. Most people had to find water every day. Hard won stocks spoiled easily. So in the ancient world this temple is called The Bad Fortune, because the facts of life were far harsher. Today, such ill fortune still exists for billions of people all over the world and ancient world slavery is still very much alive and well, contrary to popular belief – its just less visible in polite society – but modern astrology focuses on sickness and the drudgery of being a wage-slave as the chief misfortunes of this temple. Like all the temples this place is really neither good nor bad, troubles come from anywhere and there are many blessings to be found in each of the houses. We can see illness as a bane, or we can see it as a signpost calling for healing. A true healer has experienced pain and been healed. My mum, on the advice of my nan, let me play in the dirt. This was very wise as I grew stronger in constitution. My immune system was also made stronger after the measles, the chickenpox, and who knows what else. Your day job might suck the life out of you, but it pays for all your stuff, staves off hunger and thirst and puts clothes on your skin. So there is something of a trade-off in this temple and our attitude to that is important in terms of how much ‘bad fortune’ we will draw from it. I have met people crippled in wheelchairs with less ‘bad fortune’ than some healthy millionaires I have known. They might complain endlessly about their daily troubles, while the person in the chair has had to purify and transcend them. Trouble is character building, and taking the easy short cut is not always wise – ask the sorcerers apprentice!

Concepts: Daily chores, routines, skills, our employees, co-workers, apprenticeship, illness (diagnosis and/or remedy of health problems), services, animal companions.

Ancient terms: The Bad Fortune, Place of Slaves, Place of Sickness and Troubles.


The 7th Temple: Partnership, Contract, Rivalry and Polarity.

Location: The 7th temple lies directly above the western horizon and is the first of the temples in these articles to be a completely visible area of the sky.

Discussion: This visibility shifts the focus from the private world of the individual (1-6) firmly into the court of the public areas of experience, the areas of life the rest of the world has a window on. They don’t see our family interaction, our creativity, our bank account, our state of health or our thoughts, or if they do its because something is up there and we are showing something that is usually private. From the 7th to the 12th temple, the houses are now about things that have more of a public edge to them. The heart of the private sphere is in temple 4, while the heart of the public sphere is the 10th.

Importantly, the quality of light now shifts too – if we are born in the night hours then the Sun has to be in the 1st – 6th temples, so that temples 7-12 will be without daylight, and conversely if we born in the day the Sun must be in temples 7-12, filling them with daylight, so that temples 1-6 are dark. Every chart is half light and half dark. The light of the Sun will then fill an entire hemisphere of the chart, indicating more of a broad life focus on public or private experience. If the placement of planets reinforces this, for example if all of our planets are above the horizon including the Sun, then that hemisphere becomes super emphasized and the other one is often underdeveloped.

So the 6 temples following govern realms of life which are more public and in general nature they involve the notion of public self and attitude to dealings with others (above the horizon), rather than focusing on the inner realms and personal resources of the private self (below the horizon). This temple therefore introduces the concept of temporal polarity, the stark difference between night and day, internal and external, private and public, self and other. It is the place where night and day exchange evening kisses in the twilight, where I become you and you become me and together we become something new. Its magic is a measure of our ability to co-operate with another.

This is the temple of partnership or relating and its key phrase could be described as ‘Mental Awareness in Action’. The mental awareness or mental body joins with whatever it focuses itself on. Through our interactions, partnerships and face to face relationships with others we learn about our own way of thinking, communicating and being and see ourselves reflected in the thoughts we think about others and the faces they present to us. Our face to face relationships are mirrors. The intellectual and social dimensions of this temple encompass our intimate relationships as well as our business partners and open opponents (known enemies and rivals, competitors etc.), because all face to face relationships are reflections of our own thinking processes, our conscious and unconscious awareness. This region of the sky is the place where our spirit of being is reflected in the people we pair with, who are in turn drawn to us for mutual contact in mental and social experiences, but it is also descriptive of the way we relate to relating itself.

More technically, the spirit or mental body has a component which is analogous to the Earth Element which Bardon calls the ‘I – Consciousness’, the mental awareness of the being as a discrete and physical self (this does not mean that the 7th temple is always ‘Earth Element’ because in the section under discussion Bardon is talking about the pristine Elements of the universal mental body, the spirit, and the astrological chart is a map of the soul). This ‘I Consciousness’ contains and gives form to all the other Elements of the spirit through its binding cohesion of the spirits intellect, will, and feelings and operates as a transceiver on the timeless mental planes, thereby materially attracting and binding to us other mental qualities – other minds and ideations – ‘Others’ – according to its maturity and development. Whatever we identify our Self with must, due to the law of polarity, have an opposite which is not identified with Self, but like two sides of the same coin or night and day these two concepts express a singular meaning or idea and are thus inseparable. What we see in others we must first have within ourselves and then see reflected in them in mirror form. If we think someone is jealous it must first belong to us on some level, otherwise how could we re-cognise it when it comes? Further, since within the mental plane like attracts like, having thoughts attracts experience to us that is similar in nature to that thought; it attracts to itself that which complements it. That is the deeper mystical meaning of the biblical words ‘Love thy neighbour as thy Self’. It is the understanding that we are all connected as unified expressions of the Eternal, and seeing this in its infinite variety as everyone and everything we interact with. Mind is One Mind, with an infinite number of unique facets, each refracting the light of singular awareness into infinitely varied prisms. This temple is positioned to teach us this truth and to explore it through our primary and most significant personal relationships. Simply put, it is the temple where we learn to walk in the shoes of an infinite multitude of others and to see the world from their perspective, as well as explore the mystery of how we open the doors that invite them to do the same, either with us or with other people in their lives.


Thus, this temple – and so all human relationships, not just those we have with a singular but significant other – serve as a reflective mirror of being (a mirror of the 1st temple) in external forms which change shapes and appear as different ‘others’, different partners and opposite numbers who are drawn to us as complementary forces by the radiation of our whole Self and yet are also discrete and independent embodiments of awareness in themselves, drawing us to them at the same time but from within their own centre. There is much more meaning and wisdom in the old adage “When the student is ready the teacher will appear” than is at first apparent, but we might also say “When the teacher is ready the student will appear”.

When we say “This is who I am, this is my identity” we are speaking from the 1st temple, but this identification automatically imply an Other which we are not – “that is who you are” – which is to say, something we actually are in truth, because it is shown in our 7th temple, but we do not recognise it being so because we do not identify our own being with it, it becomes something ‘others are’. These others then seem to complete us.

Deeper thought on this reveals that identity does not take on mental form without another for a reference point. Many people experience this as a person who complements them, but for a magician, who must be whole in and of themselves, this is not satisfactory and a deeper exploration is required in order to own the projections and experience the partner objectively, as they truly are, as well as to own the whole self so that it can be gifted to them. This is sometimes called clearing the air in relationships. Others call it chemistry, the kind we commonly experience between people but which can also apply to things, places and concepts – it is possible to fall in love with an idea and to marry oneself to that idea for life. All are appropriate views of what the 7th temple is about, but 95% of the time people gravitate to another human being who can mirror their own complexity to them.

Although its form is as infinitely varied as the variety of individuals who come into being, the purpose or intention of this process is always the same: to relate to others in a way which fully expresses our own uniqueness and in a way that the uniqueness of the other person (or thing) can open itself up to, thus creating a mutual enhancement of both identities. We have to know ourselves and be ourselves (1st temple) and at the same time allow partners to be themselves, adapting our own uniqueness so that it can be understood by theirs, which means we have to know what their needs are too (7th). This is what ‘making love’ really is – two people consciously engaged in this process: I am loving you in the unique way that I have to give my love and in a way that your unique way of receiving love can appreciate, and vice versa. Its what elevates having sex to spiritual communion and connection.

So this temple describes our marriage partners, known enemies or major rivals in public life, the type of people we are attracted to and attract, and our associations (often unto death), because who we are attracted to, the quality that draws us to them, is precisely that quality which we ourselves feel a lack of – or antagonism towards – within our self projection or being; that is, it is the opposite quality to that of the ascendant, and thus a quality that is not easily recognised by or as the Self in the now moment and is thus sought for externally in others – a lesson in polarity. The 7th temple is a ‘mental magnet’ that pulls people into a close orbit of our chart and so these people offer us what we have denied ourselves while at the same time receiving from us that which they need. Yet more than that it is also a way we have of interacting with entities who we perceive to have a life outside of our awareness, so for a magician it has important connections to evocation as well as the wandering of the mental body.

If the 7th temple and its ruler is well supported, essentially and/or accidentally dignified and with easy to handle aspects, and no occupant of the 7th temple objects and overturns this, the chart typically has its general wishes for partnering heard easily and so this will come more smoothly. If all of these conditions applying to the ruler and occupants of the 7th show a lack of support – the 7th ruler has no essential or accidental dignity, no harmonising aspects and nothing in the 7th temple provides any of these either, then it means that even finding someone compatible to be with can present dramatic problems and relationships in general are fraught with complications and difficulties because they are necessary learning experiences. A Light or planet in the 7th temple will have an even more powerful role to play in this, because planets in this temple are often more manifest than the ruler is, especially when close to the opening degree. Still, with a well placed ruler of this temple we will more likely attract marriage and business partners who work well with us rather than known enemies who spur us on by challenging and competing.

It should also be explained here that, as has been noted earlier, this temple introduces polarity. It should be obvious from a study of the 1st and 7th temples that the cusps of these places delineate the primary way the chart has of expressing the total complex of the Self into the world, through the quality of the identity and the interactions it forms with others. The 1st is “my outlook on my self” and the 7th is “my outlook on other people”. Together they form a fundamental polarity, one that underpins our entire existence. The other temples also polarise in a similar fashion, though they are far less fundamental:

Polarities in Astrology

  • Self (1st) and Others (7th) – the identification polarity
  • Holding (2nd) and Releasing (8th) – the sensual polarity
  • Thinking (3rd) and Believing (9th) – the cognitive polarity
  • Memory (4th) and Aspiration (10th) – the temporal polarity
  • Making (5th) and Sharing (11th) – the co-creative polarity
  • Grounding (6th) and Transcending (12th) – the essential polarity (as in essence)

In the zodiac the Elements are arranged in the following scheme:

  • Fire polarises with Air
  • Water polarises with Earth

Please note that the Elements of astrology are arranged with Fire opposing Air, not Water, and that Water opposes Earth, not Fire. I call the (non-astrological) oppositions of Fire-Water and Air-Earth a magical opposition, and the astrological type of Fire-Air, Water-Earth a natural opposition. The difference between them is that a magical opposition of the Elements involves Elements of two differing Fluid qualities (it is either an Electric/Magnetic, or Neutral/ElectroMagnetic pairing) and a natural opposition involves Elements of a similar Fluid quality (Electric/Neutral or Magnetic/ElectroMagnetic). Looking at the symbols for the Elements this is clearer:

sign_firesign_air Fire and Air have a bias to upward pointing Electric Fluid

sign_watersign_earth Water and Earth have a bias to downward pointing Magnetic Fluid

So why is the zodiac arranged in a natural opposition of the Elements (similar Fluid) rather than a magical opposition (different Fluid)? The reason is because the origin of the zodiac and its formulation is tied to nature, to the cycle of the natural seasons marked off by the four major stations of light in the calendar year, which also rotate the Elements in a natural opposition sequence:

  • Fire (Aries, Spring Equinox)
  • Water (Cancer, Summer Solstice)
  • Air (Libra, Autumn Equinox)
  • Earth (Capricorn, Winter Solstice)

Another way to say this is that a natural opposition emphasises the Fluids while a magical opposition emphasises the Elements. The natural opposition sequence is rotating, while the magical sequence is radiating in nature. The alternating triangles of the natural opposition sequence of the Elements are more stable and cohesive than the magical opposition sequence, which is more energy releasing, more explosive.

The polarity of the 1st-7th I will call the ‘identification polarity’. This polarity encompasses the concept of what we identify with both in ourselves and in others. The Elements in control of this axis and the factors connected to it will contribute to revealing:

1) The Fluid which is most identified with.
2) The personal qualities we identify with.
3) The relative stability of our identity, i.e. whether it changes frequently or almost never.
4) The processes involved in forming identifications.
5) The basic Elemental qualities of all our relationships.

Concepts: Partnership, co-.operation, empathy, contracts, rivalry, every kind of significant other, from business partner to the love of your life.

Ancient terms: The Setting Place, The Dying Place (many ancient thinkers associate the 7th with death and the end of life, rather than the 8th).

chiang-mai-1670926_1920 (1)

The 8th Temple: Release, Hidden Power, Rebirth, Compulsion, Debt.

Location: The 8th temple is a region of the sky about midway between the western horizon and the midheaven of the sky.

Discussion: Although this is a realm of sky above the horizon it is one with a reputation for growing darkness and concealment because when the Sun reaches this place each day its light begins to fade as it sinks into the twilight of the west and the shadows begin to lengthen, especially in winter. As the area which marks the creeping approach of twilight and the dawning of the night the 8th house is the temple of release in which life lets go of the day, governing the ending of things in loss and death but also rest and hence peace. It is also a magical temple in which shadows become animated and lengthened. Its essence is occulted and astral, related to the 4th and 12th temples in that it is also, like they are, somewhat mysterious and deep, each being concerned with matters that are concealed. Each of these temples lead to arenas of life which unlock the most secreted experience, the most hidden and occluded aspects of our awareness where things must first be detected before they can be transmuted, transcended or grown through in order to become personal gold (consciously realised), infused with their own concealed power. This action of wilfully transmuting the Elements of the soul is the heart of the modern perspective on the 8th temple, its key being ‘Awareness of Astral Security’.

What does this mean? It means realising – really knowing in every fibre of your soul – that you are ok and that when you die your awareness will not. It means being at peace with your deeper (feeling) self and with physical mortality and releasing compacted emotional traumas from the tortured places they hide away in. It means letting go of the inhibiting darkness of repression, guilt and shame and casting off our emotional baggage, being ready to face and process what needs to be changed in our psyche, and it often represents something we do not want to give up or go through and have an innate resistance to even looking at but find secretly or even shamefully compelling, something perhaps that is for us taboo, forbidden, but promises great ecstasies as its mystery is unveiled. Hence it is the temple of our sexuality but is also the temple of death (our experience with people dying, and eventually our own death) because it is where things go for regeneration and recycling. The most ancient texts on astrology which survive assert that the 8th temple is not the only temple which has strong ties to death, but the others have fallen out of favour in modern times. The 4th temple is associated with death through its connection with things which are beneath the Earth, hence the grave and the consequences following death. The 7th temple begins at the western horizon, where the Sun sets, and so visually it represents the end of life, nominally in old age. The 6th and 12th temples were also always looked on as abodes of unfortunate or evil occurrence that could result in death. These were more superstitious times. Additionally, the ancient texts make no connection of the 8th temple with sexuality – this is a modern (and somewhat controversial) addition that emerged with the arrival of Pluto. It lies opposite the temple of acquisitions and is all the experiences we have of letting things go, of giving them up – surrendering even – and so of sharing with others. So it shows what we must relinquish in ourselves and with other people, or what we must somehow completely let go of to uncover a deep hidden power within us far beyond that attachment, an encounter that transforms and offers rebirth on a deep emotional level and the experiences which can lead to this. We can say that above the 8th temple is written the phrase ‘Emergency Exit’ and that it avails us an instinctive way out of situations that have outlived their usefulness, often a final way out.

But leaving is often laced with sorrow and regret and the matters of the 8th strips away the superficial layers we have cloaked our deeper feelings in to reveal what is wriggling underneath. So the 8th temple involves us in the journey of feeling more and more deeply and thus securely through connecting with and exploring our own (largely hidden) psychic-emotional and psycho-sexual drives and complexes, especially those related to the 8th temple – death wishes, grief, orgasm and the onset and approach of all kinds of irreversible endings in the world around us, trauma and tragic losses which evoke deep inner demons that confront us with feelings we must give up but don’t really want to surrender or face because we feel powerless against them, through the compulsions or lusts of sexual energy and the private sex life, in material and emotional resources lost or given away to others (taxes, debts, things stolen or favours owed, wrongs done to us), the flowering and the development of occult faculties of the soul and its penetration into the deep mysteries of our own innate magical power. This is the sometimes macabre and unsettling garden of the temple of release.


Its function is different from the preceding astrally focused temple, the 4th, in that its task is to secure a quality of tranquil rest for the soul not by working through or outgrowing habits ingrained in it by the past, but by separating or weeding out – often violently culling – those parts that are no longer valuable to its present security or growth, however painful and grievous that might be; it volcanically purges deep emotional substance, thereby consigning the old of the soul to a regeneration rather than to habitually acting out on the impulses that found its existence. “That which does not kill us makes us stronger”, wrote Nietzsche (who was born with Cancer over the 8th temple and its ruler the Moon rising in the 1st in Sagittarius – which is actually a hopeful and comforting outlook). And it differs from the 12th temple in that here in the 8th there will always be an often traumatic or at least difficult experiential process, a purge or transmutation to move through, a demon to face so that the power within will rise to meet it; with the 12th temple, there is the possibility of an absolution, an immediate transcendence from karmic entanglements; not so here. Here, we have to go through something visceral and intensely tumultuous often because we must give it up, let it go, but feel too attached to things the way they are or are afraid to surrender to its power, which is to say, to our own literally undying power. This is the place where we scare ourselves as we discover what we are capable of, which is always so much more than what we expected. It is also the place where things have to rot and decay, decomposing into sticky substances before they are regenerated. It seems to be a place of horrors, until we look deeper.

So it is an emotionally visceral temple. Here in the 8th, grief, pain and loss are inherent aspects of life itself that must be felt so that the process of purging or releasing the infinitely hidden can emerge. Often this purge is a frightening or even grievous journey because it involves confronting some of the deepest and most troubling aspects of self and our sense of power and, more significantly, powerlessness. Things left overflowing or hemorrhaging from previous lives often end up here. Things left undone or incomplete belong more to the 12th temple.

Just as the light of the Sun begins to wane when it reaches this temple so too do the influences of other planets, they surrender or release control to a transformative process that causes their energy to begin draining by flowing from one state into another – they yield to the horizon of the Earth and prepare to rest upon Her bosom. The Sun dims and falls faster and faster from its height as it moves through this region in the space of each day and as it does it bleeds spectacular colours into the sky. Thus in the texts we find that this temple shows things that are in spillage – either completely out of our direct control, in decay or decline – the inevitable approach of death (of self and others), debts, inheritance, taxation, emotional trauma, victimisation and abuse, the threat of oblivion (fear of armageddon, rape, murder, suicide), our taboos and in modern astrology our inner (often secret) sexuality – this temple is our (often concealed) sexual potency and drive, with our more conscious, openly flirtatious, procreative sexual energy and our degree of fertility belong to the 5th temple. Ancient texts would have sourced all eroticism in the 5th and with the sign Scorpio (as well as Taurus, but less so), and with Venus and Mars. It is also the place of our magical and occult (hidden) power, separation and loss, situations in which our loss becomes another’s gain, etc. All these things are connected here and call for some kind of surrender of our need to control and retain attachment to what we have, emotionally and materially. In essence this temple is an arena whose champions hold the key to understanding and perceiving the purpose of mortality and the nature of what we must give up to experience renewal at the deepest level, for the empowerment of the soul.

All the matters of this region heighten or intensify our astral awareness and put us in touch with potent emotional compulsions and a deep power to deal with attachments and control mechanisms which we need to outgrow, but this requires detection and probing of our deeper motives. Things are never just what they appear to be here. A chart with an emphasis on the 8th temple (natally or through its keys) will need to let go of an over-attachment to some physical or more often emotional things (often shown by planets here) and will either do this via the areas described above or a mix of them, and the sign here will colour our experience and assign its ruling planet these duties in the chart according to the maturity of the soul and what is necessary for its astral growth. But the sign also gives a key quality to use in effecting a deep transfiguration of the self through the separating out and transforming of inner qualities. Master this temple through its sign and planetary occupants and ruler and you experience a profound rebirth and discover your own hidden power. You exit the darkness in ways that will ripple throughout your lifetimes, forever. What other temple offers so great a treasure?

The axis of the 2nd/8th temples – which I define as the sensual polarity of ‘holding-releasing’ – is often associated with income and sex. That is, astrologers often talk about these two temples as being connected to financial and sexual affairs and the level of physical and astral security in our lives that these create. So it signifies a polarity connected with give and take, but fundamentally both the 2nd and the 8th concern themselves with building some kind of security, the 2nd in primarily a material form, the 8th in an astral. Both of these temples can influence our inherent sense of self worth, the worth we hold in our physical body and in our souls. When we are in debt or financially impoverished, when we have been traumatized or feel abused, self worth tends to plummet.

But the sensual polarity, as the name I chose for it implies, is about more than just material and emotional security, it is about sensuality, physical and emotional give and take on all levels. The 2nd temple provides material substance for sensual experience, the 8th emotional substance. Fundamentally, these two temples are about our approach to physical and emotional sensual experience of all kinds, from eating to buying to having sex or making love, and all the baggage we bring to the enjoyment and use of these things. Money is just our common medium of measuring access to sensory experience, a form of permission.

Concepts: Transformation, death and rebirth, survival instincts, debt and lending/borrowing, sexuality, the occult, counseling, natures secrets.

Ancient terms: The Idle Place, Place of Death.

Thats all for this moon, I hope you have enjoyed it and learned something! Next Moonth, the final part. 

The Temples (part 1)

Greetings, and welcome back to Journeys! I have had repeated requests to say more about the 12 houses, and am planning a number of articles on the subject. Today I present the first part of a three part series on the houses (or temples as I call them) with parts 2 and 3 to follow in the coming months. I hope these will give learners at all stages something to think about. This month, temples 1-4 are under discussion.


The 1st Temple: Being, Identity, Embodiment, Beginnings.

Location: The area of the sky that lies directly below the eastern horizon, upon which all celestial objects arise. The Sun is here every day in the hours before dawn – dawn actually marks the climactic end of the Suns daily passage through the 1st temple, as its light begins breaking the surface of the world in the east, heralding a new day. 

Discussion: Arguably this is the most important of the 12 temples because it is the front door to the chart and our primary way of influencing the Earth Zone (physical universe) and being influenced by it. This marks the point of entrance into life, the doorway into existence in the temporal sequential realm. From a hermetic standpoint at the moment of birth the individual physical, astral and mental body of the newborn emerges from the body of the mother still connected to her on the mental and astral planes. The mental body of the newborn separates from her with its first breath, and the astral body – which is the core transeiver of the substance of astral Light described by our astrology – remains connected to hers and does not begin to form its own discrete body until the umbilical cord is cut. This is the moment we should really be using as ‘birth’ from an astrological perspective, but emergence into the external material world is just as significant (astrology being a measurement of significance) and additionally the time between the two events is usually only a few seconds, and it would be extremely unusual for this amount of time to make a significant difference to the chart (although it might actually be up to as long as 20m before the cord is cut, in which case there is an issue). 

The degree of the ascendant that rises in the east at the place and time of this event delineates the 1st temple. Another way of saying this is that at the moment in which we took our first breath and the cord was then cut there was a particular zodiac sign placed in the east, rising into the sky. With the east being magically associated with the breath of life and the dawn or creation of things, this sign is ‘in the air’ at that time, being born with us, and so we inhale its essential meaning with our very first gasp of oxygen, and all of its significance acts to ‘close up’ the hole that once connected us to our mothers astral, at which point we become seperate people. The brain chemistry is imprinted with the occult significance of that moment and place, but this is just a product of the deeper astral conditioning which occurs. The sign that is on the 1st temple and all the qualities connected with the 1st temple in our chart describe the atmosphere in the room at this moment in time and space, the qualities of the observers, the events, the location, the overall impression that was present and became bound to the first experience of physical life. Thus it is our earliest and most primary astrological influence. It represents an astra-mental doorway into the physical universe, the living now moment and our deeply sourced memory of that cord to our mother being cut. That’s why it is so sensitive – it marks the beginning of time and independent existence, the birth of our unique and independent being. It says “I AM!”, and so it harbors truly tremendous creative power.

Astrologically (in many houses systems at least) the 1st temple opens with the degree of the ascendant which is a particularly powerful degree in the zodiac being the degree at the eastern horizon at the place and time we are born, so the 1st temple or house is the temple to bodily life itself. Its degree marks the metaphorical ‘place’ in the Earth Zone through which, with the help of our parents, our spirit-soul infused and crystallised its essence into our material form with the intake of our first breath. It is in a sense like the navel in the physical body, but is more like a knot or twist that is posited in our astra-mental body, a locus of attention in their Elements and in space-time. Our face, bodily gait, mannerisms, primary method of expression, degree and form of interaction with the outer world, what we are willing to consciously admit or show to others, quality of self sustainability, our overall health (as it is known to us – not unknown conditions) and the projection of our total character are among the primary relevant analogies here.


More significantly, as the ascendant is the degree of the astrological zodiac rising on the eastern horizon at the moment you were born, the ascendant and to a degree the 1st temple are the symbolic ‘now’ moment in which you entered this world, the doorway through which you came into time, space and life, and this doorway is the framework or lens which you will always use in your perception of life and your expression of the total Self, the quality of ‘now’ moment in which your identity exists and is known to you (see this article by Leslie Polzer on the zodiac signs and the now moment). The ascendant and the 1st temple describe your experience of the now moment. This is a vital point to remember. As an angular temple (the 1st, 4th, 7th and 10th, the ‘turning points’ of the sky) the 1st denotes action – these are places where the astrology is often obvious and is directly encountered as a highly active influence –  and as part of the trinity of the temples of existence (1st, 5th & 9th) its essence is therefore well described as “Awareness of Existence in Action”. It is thus the Temple of Being or Life, and was anciently called the Temple of Mercury, the planet which joys here, signifying (to the ancient mind) its connection to our spirit taking temporal form (the joy of a planet is the temple it naturally flourishes in). Other descriptions for it are the helm of the chart, the hour marker or the place of ascension.

The helm is a nice Mercurial word that aptly expresses the navigational power of this place. Objects here become so intrinsically a part of our being that we literally identify the self with them and their powers – our form of being becomes a living incarnation of their presence, thus we become a kind of planetary personification and navigate by that planets beacons. Think of the word ‘avatar’ here – a manifestation of a deity or spiritual being in bodily form on Earth. We are wearing a wardrobe that befits the planet and its beings are pleased with this, drawn to it – perhaps to our detriment. Such planets or stars are (often literally) ‘in our face’ throughout life and assume significance on a par with the Sun sign, especially if the planet (or star) is close to the ascendant. As old mythologies of personal human contact and union with the gods will attest, this is not always a good thing and it is never easy. Even Venus has her curse in the form of unwanted admirers, though some planets are more difficult for us mere mortals to be avatars of. Powerfully placed planets, like those in the 1st, can literally overpower and devour our own identities. This is not to say they must be tamed and made obedient as if they were unruly pets or demons, it is to say that you must be aware of a power within you which threatens to easily overpower your other motivations and character traits and that you must be consciously aware of that within your identity before you can master its amazingly positive potential.

Even when no planets are present in this area of the sky our relationship or connection to the sign of the ascendant and the Element it belongs to along with that signs planetary ruler (and the planets temporarily moving through the 1st temple as time passes) all become critical in terms of our overall vitality, our appearance, health and the way we project the energies of the entire horoscope directly onto the world at large, as well as how we view the external world and experience the now moment. This sign, Element and its planetary ruler become very dominant in our nature even when no other influences enforce it. They are the ones who open the doorway into physical life for our soul. The planet ruling the ascendant is the overall designer of our physical life, informed by our karma and by Divine Providence. It opens the double doors of the horizon, and the universe pours in. 


For this reason this temple also has a direct relationship to our bodily wellbeing, our state of health. However, the analysis of health and the potential for illness in a chart is complex and involves many different considerations. The role of the 1st temple in health is in determining our conscious awareness of our well being, level of fortitude, our constitution and the conditions affecting our physical form which have a bearing on it such as our weight, bone structure, physique, etc. It also expresses our path to integrating the mental, astral and physical being into a consciously guided whole. The 1st temple provides us with vital powers with which to fight off disease and disturbance, so if there are strong planets here these can be used for self healing work, and sometimes also radiated to others through the aura, although this can be depletive and also result in transference of qualities we do not wish to transfer – we need a pure form of contact with that planet to conduct such healing safely.

In temple cycles we begin from the 1st temple because it has a direct connection to beginnings and the birth of things. When there are activations in the 1st temple key they result in not only changes to our identity but the new beginnings in life that naturally arise from such changes. Sometimes this happens in reverse, with changes in identity coming after major new life beginnings. We may try to figure out which causes what, but the truth is more that the true cause is an astral stimulus for a new beginning in life to take place, a new chapter to begin.

The trick with the 1st temple is to look within you seeking the connection you have with such influences (including the activators when they pass through here) and finding ways of bringing this awareness into the present moment of physical life. This increases the flow of you into life and thus the flow of life into you. You must work towards a place where these forces guide you in practical ways without leading to the self destructive pitfalls they can bring. This means you must raise your consciousness of them. For example, with Saturn you must introduce discipline but without becoming rigid, fearful, stern or inflexible, and you must try to embody the highest Saturnian virtues that you can. If you experience any of these negative things (being rigid, fearful, etc) disharmony in the health will be likely to follow, its a kind of indigestion as you are failing to absorb and process the raw essential meaning of the planet concerned and this leads to disruptions which attempt to clear the accumulated energy for you.

The sign that rises, the ascendant, will show the basic qualities we use to engage and interact with the world and its expression in our body form and astral aura, but these qualities will be slightly modified in most cases by the sign position of the planetary ruler of the ascendant and any planets in this temple or aspecting the ascendant.

Concepts: How we are seen by others, what we will admit to in ourselves, our image (hair, clothes, ‘look’), our mask, our constitution, our vitality, our mannerisms, our self expression, our way of interacting with the outer world, our general window of perception on life, our experience of the now moment. 
Ancient terms: hour marker, helm, place of ascension.


The 2nd Temple: Worth, Value, Resources, Gear

Location: The area of sky approximately midway between the eastern horizon and the ‘bottom of the sky’, the IC (see 4th temple).

Discussion: This temple lies further below the horizon than the 1st and following on from it, so it is completely below the horizon. It is therefore an invisible region of the sky connected with things that are earthly (of the ground) and relates to private (unseen and personal) experiences. The key emphasis of the 2nd temple is ‘Awareness of Physical Security’ and I call it the Temple of Acquisitions. It says ‘I HAVE’. We could also call it the temple of property, values, receiving, providence and, most fundamentally of all, self worth and self esteem. On the most basic level it is about what we have to call on in terms of resources, what we value and what we use, have access to and own and the relationship we have to our own innate self worth as a result of our experience with physical needs. If you cannot feed yourself then your self worth is also impoverished. It is thus also the temple that relates to all those issues we have about the resources and physical needs of our material existence. It governs our attachments to material and physical being, how comfortable we are with being in possession of the body and all that this means – its capacity for sensual fulfillment and satisfaction, the attitude to possession, our resources and resourcefulness, income and earnings, our acquisitive need for certain solid objects, material security, savings and money, our tangible need for sensual contact and the sense of values which underlies all these things – anything that our physical experience tells us we need (food, water, shelter) or want (that new gadget) to have and hold onto in order to be physically secure. Planets here are like physical attachments, they often manifest as objects we own, income or resources, but they always represent something we value. And this temple also governs our self worth, how valued we feel and why. No planet has its joy in this temple; it is equally supportive of all planets natures.

Magically, then, this temple has a connection with the subterranean world, literal and metaphorical, it’s a place where things are literally coming out of the ground. It’s a place where things are coming towards the 1st temple (our being and identity) by primary motion (daily rotation of the Earth which causes all planets to cycle in a clockwise direction through all 12 houses in 24 hours) and this gives it its association with possessions, property, land, wealth, and the connections to material objects we bring with us into this life, all of which are extracted from the land. They are all things that come to us from out of the ground and so wealth and property are described here. If we accept the doctrine of reincarnation then it is possible for treasured objects to remain in our hands for many generations – a family heirloom, for example, passed down to a young grandson from his grandfather, may have been passed down to that grandfather by that grandson when he was his grandfather, for example. Objects can stay in families or just in our own hands for generations, magnetized by the astral connection that people create with them.They may even be destroyed and reform as something different that expresses the same significance, essentially reincarnating, surviving with us because the ideas and feelings that they represent as objects remain strong and magnetically bound to our spirit. For example, a person who loves transportation may have a treasured horse in one life, a much loved carriage in the next, and a valued car in the present. What reincarnates along with us here is the idea or spirit of an object and the feelings that accompany its possession. Yet, none of these things ever really belong to us; they are their own, bound to us only by the value we have placed in them, and our recognition of this is the magic that transforms the experience we have in this temple. It invests meaning into the things we receive and teaches us our most valuable lesson with respect to the matters of this house: everything is alive.


All of this means the 2nd temple is primarily focused on the karma we have generated through experiences with being in a material body, specifically with wealth and poverty and the relationship these conditions have to the measurement of self esteem. If a person has powerful supportive influences in this temple it does not automatically make them prosperous and rich, but it does make them resourceful and it helps them to value themselves. If the influences in this temple are challenging and overbearing, it is because we have important lessons to learn about self worth and possibly karmic limitations on how much we can earn, perhaps so that we become more resourceful and learn how not to measure our self worth from what we own or earn. What is important in this temple, then, is not whether it shows whether we are going to make lots of money or be driven to material ruin, but what it reveals about what we find to be valuable and how much we recognize this as a part of our own inner nature. If we can see through the attachment to an object and perceive the attachment to the value that we see in that object and examine the value instead, we can perceive a map of the mind and soul in everything that we have surrounded ourselves with, a material representation of all the things we value, the feelings and thoughts they represent, and it is this that our astrology is revealing in the 2nd temple. The objects themselves act to secure this value in a form we can hold, touch and tangibly appreciate. They are material anchors for the significance we have invested into their essential meaning. Thus there is a tangible craving for the things represented by our astrology here, craving both for certain things and for a way of getting them.

This sensual, tangible craving is the tricky but juicy part of the 2nd temple to investigate– our senses are by their nature designed to gorge themselves on sensory input, our eyes are designed to see, our tongues to taste, our lips to kiss and our hands to hold. Our whole attitude to being in a physical body with all that implies is at the heart of this temple and when we perceive that we are also looking at what we value about it and thus what we value about physical life. For example, you might like a certain flavour of ice cream more than any other. When you examine that flavour and think about it, you find it says all kinds of things about you – perhaps you like the fruitiness and liveliness of mango, or the creamy cool of coconut. This is the 2nd temple and the entire mechanism of commerce and marketing is built upon it. In fact, consumerism blinds us to the true significance behind all these likes and dislikes and keeps us trapped in an endless hunger for more, better or next. This is a primary trap within the 2nd temple as it stands today.

Concepts: Possessions, manner or standard of living, attachments, receiving, self esteem, physical security, survival needs, stability, savings, resourcefulness, earning and spending habits.
Ancient Terms: Subterranean place, Gate of Hades, shadowy place


The 3rd Temple: Siblings, Messages, Neighbourhoods, Whispers in the Wind

Location: The 3rd temple is an area that lies to one side of the nadir, next to the bottom of the sky, and so it is another buried place, hidden from view near the base of things.

Discussion: The 3rd temple is the Temple of Communication or Perception and of Thought Kinship (in the sense of ideas being siblings of one another via the law of attraction on the mental plane), and its key concept is ‘Mental Awareness Learning’, or mental and social integration with the local environment through private personal perceptions. This integration and learning takes place through areas of intellectual and social activity such as reading, writing, gossip, neighbouring and chatting, our earliest schooling and the mental behaviour we develop from any brothers and sisters, cousins or other ‘neighbourly’ family members. It also signifies short and accustomed journeys such as those in the car or train and those modes of transport or the non-exotic trips we make regularly. It is essentially all the fields of experience where we gather information from the local environment which shape the perceptions of our individual mental body, the integration of the different perspectives of the local mental realm as they manifest in the physical Earth nearby, in our neighbourhood. This is similar to the essential meaning of the planet Mercury but as a temple this place forms experience for us to encounter in the world rather than substance which we encounter within and around us, but there is an overlap between them. Broadly speaking, if Mercury is the way we think and its temple position is where we do our thinking and what we think about, then our 3rd temple is more descriptive of why we think what we do and the processing of localised information we undertake. If both Mercury and the 3rd temple are pumped with influences we will simply think far too much and encounter the problems that arise from this. Thoughts will be streaming, random and restless until we learn how to empty the mind completely, and then the disruptive effects cease and the sheer creativity can be expressed in an empowering way rather than a way which exhausts and scatters. Perhaps the easiest way to conceptualise what the 3rd temple expresses is to say that this part of our astrology is the running commentary in our head, the voice that we alone hear that is constantly reporting and chattering away about what it is currently witnessing, whereas Mercury is more about how we will pick it all apart later. I have seen this born out in people who have Mercury in the 3rd, because they have the quick witted kind of mind that is able to think and analyse on the fly. 

This region, which lies below the horizon and thus out of sight like our thoughts, is traditionally the place of the joy of the Moon and the temple of written and verbal communication, thus of letters and messages and of learning through the application of endless speculation and observation, opinion and reason, curiosity, gossip, the latest scandal or juicy tattle, short or regular trips, experiences with siblings and people in the neighbourhoods we inhabit. Today we can add text messages, emails, tweets and other more modern forms of fast, disposable communication. It may seem strange to us that Mercury is not the planet that joys here. The Moons joy in this region can be traced back to its role as messenger of astrological effects – as a satellite (sister) of the Earth the Moon is the transceiver between Earth and the rest of the solar system and this function is given free and joyous expression by the 3rd temple. Just as Luna collects, shapes and transmits the influence of the planets, touching each in every possible way every month, so too does our mental awareness collect, shape and transmit the intelligences of the mental plane around us.


Another reason that the Moon joys in the 3rd temple is that very long ago the 3rd temple seems to have signified the influence of the private practice of religion and spirituality and (often but not always) the influence of a High Priestess and female wisdom in the community and the practise of lunar magic, thus it perhaps came to be known as the temple of the Moon Goddess for this reason. In other words it was about domestic and agricultural applications of spiritual wisdom, and so connected with midwifery and planting seeds. This also implies a connection to weather forecasting and the more traditional arts of divination that involve reading messages from clouds or birds in the sky. or the behaviour of wind. Its opposite, the 9th, is traditionally called the temple of the Sun God, the temple of solar worship. We can infer that this means that the 3rd temple can show our private spiritual and religious practices and the internal attitude we have to learning about the spiritual realms. The 3rd and 9th temples represent, for example, the complementary difference between book learning (3rd) and instruction by a guru or mentor at a temple (9th). Here in the 3rd there is also our long lost connection with nature spirits – the Tuatha de Danaan and the ‘little folk’, enshrined in the hearsay of folklore, to whom the Moon is as vital to life as the Sun is to us. In my experience it is by working with the 3rd temple that relations with these beings can be resumed, which means that you have to reopen the dialog with them which we closed ourselves off from (causing no small amount of offense, I might add).

The 3rd temple therefore polarises with the 9th temple (I will discuss polarity in the context of astrology in more detail in the discussion of the 7th temple). Where in the 3rd we learn information, opinion and facts, in the 9th we can place them in a broader context and hypothesize what they mean. Furthermore, because the 3rd temple influences our communicative mentality the forces in this region have an influence on the way we express our thinking, how we talk and speak and on the process of learning through communications (like our manner on telephones); and finally, since the nature of the mental plane itself is that like notions will attract one another, the 3rd temple brings us into contact with reflective images of our thoughts in the form of neighbours, and with a variety of different but sibling, twinned perspectives, – brother, sister (siblings are especially of the 3rd temple), next door neighbour, guy who bangs on the floor upstairs, book or magazine article, hidden faerie of the backyard who keeps unpegging your laundry – all of which are an emblematic representation reflecting our own conceptual thinking patterns back to us and allowing us to integrate them. But that doesn’t mean they are not alive and exist independently of us! Each of the mentally and socially focused temples – the 3rd, 7th and 11th – operate by this law of attraction on the mental plane but in different respects. The 7th focuses on our partners and face to face encounters; the 11th on our allies or groups with common ideals, our cohorts; the 3rd, virtually everyone else we encounter, even if we only hear their voices on the end of a phone line or receive regular spam email from them, but it specifically focuses on those we would call ‘brothers’ or ‘sisters’, regardless of blood ties.

In sum then, the 3rd temple is not only about the mysteries of why and how we communicate, the experience of schooling and early education and of siblings, but also of the mysteries of the mind, the magic of mental attraction whereby ideas which are like one another are drawn closer together, and the individuals task of finding a unique way to communicate their uniqueness to other minds. So it is the temple of sisterhood and brotherhood, the place where our activity on the mental plane is reflected in sibling relationships, the temple of communication where we discover our own power of mental transmission. The sign and Elemental and planetary qualities shaping life and expressing themselves through this region of the sky describe the activity and quality of our perception and our internal chatter, our ability to learn intellectually and interact socially at a local level and to grasp the connections between related notions.

Concepts: News, messages, book learning, study, regular or localised travel, siblings, neighbourhoods, covens, sacred places and nature spirits, means of conveyance of the mental body (mental wandering).
Ancient Terms: Place of the Goddess, Place of Brothers


The 4th Temple: Memory, Lineage, Domain and Anchoring

Location: The region of the sky directly below the observers position where objects are turning towards the horizon to rise again.

Discussion: This region is the nadir or bottom of the horoscope, the underbelly of the chart, and I call it the Temple of Memory because it is the cargo hold of our history. Like the 1st temple cusp of the temple of being, known also as the ascendant or rising sign, this is one of the angles of the horoscope, a primary temple of power (the power being referred to here is in terms of ability to impact the physical dimension):

• Being (1st temple)
• Memory (4th temple)
• Partnership (7th temple)
• Destiny (10th temple)

This reflects the quadrapolar magnet in the realm of experiences as it is principally through these four sensitive degrees of the Earth Zone that the essential meaning of astrological influences held by planets and signs is transmitted and made physically manifest as experience in each person’s life. Essentially, regardless of which Elements control them, these 4 temples are the places of output where astrological influences have their greatest effects. So, as a place of power, its degree is one of the four most sensitive degrees in the Earth Zone. It is called the Imum Coeli, or IC – Latin for “bottom of the sky”. It is the place where the planets are at the lowest point in the sky beneath the Earth, the realm of the midnight Sun, but are approaching the point at which they will begin to arise again towards the eastern horizon. In mythic language, it is the place where the gods come to rest before they begin their journey back to the world of people. This is the realm of the ancestors, whose bones our present world stands upon and whose dust is in the air. It is a place to tread quietly, softly and with reverence.

This is a deep region which has an effect on the early shaping of the astral body, ingraining it with habits formed (at least on the surface) from parental mimicry or rebellion when we are young children – our relationship to our guardians is the mundane basis upon which the characterisation of the personal astral body proceeds. Regardless of which Element controls it, the essential quality of the 4th temple is “Astral Awareness in Action”. It is the realm of emotional or astral memory and habitual programmed response patterns, our fundamental connection to the history of our own soul. This is largely an area over which we have no conscious control; if an impulse passes through the astral and we have a strong memory and feeling inculcated into us by our past which matches that quality (or kicks against it) then there is always reciprocation, an automatic conditioned response which arises from this root. The fundamentals of this conditioning are inherited mainly from the soul’s inherent memory of its past and its childhood upbringing, and as time passes we experience it as a process whereby our adult persona forms from out of this nascent embryonic state, often meeting with realities through unfolding degrees of maturity, or repression. However, as we grow older this temple also begins to resonate will all past issues which we have not resolved, and so it can factor in ‘history is repeating’ experiences.

For example, first, we dream of and play at being an astronaut and exploring all the planets in the solar system as children; this is our 4th temple materia. As we grow, and wizen to the realities involved, we probably don’t get to become an astronaut but we might get to become an astrologer instead, perhaps a meteorologist, maybe simply a cashier in a late night store. We might even forget entirely that we ever dreamed of being an astronaut, but it is still there, and its astral impression inevitably informs where we are coming from. Whenever we look up at the stars we will stir this early memory, and we will get a whimsical feeling of something we cannot quite place. Any movie about space will stir this inner child. If we look deep enough, then, we see it is still there, and this awareness can then change the persistence and substance of the conditioning simply by unearthing it.


This is a temple of memories, then, but more specifically, the persistence of memory as astral conditioning. Its challenge is to unearth the deeper, buried significance behind our habitual behaviour. In unearthing the root of our habitual behaviour, we find an even deeper level of memories and astral influences stirring below the surface, pulsing with life – an underworld of behaviour patterns layered upon deeper or older behaviour patterns. It is these most deeply rooted factors of the personality which are within the realm of the 4th temple, which appropriately lies at the base of every horoscope. In other words, this temple is like an archaeological dig, a site that can be continually excavated to unearth a deep wealth of self knowledge, and the main sites of initial exploration are our earliest memories of childhood and our parents and the feelings which grow from them, but it inevitably leads beyond the grave to the experiences of other lifetimes, lost worlds and the domain of our ancestral DNA. We find the fossils of creatures we never even knew existed, but they are there and we are a product of them.

However, this is usually not easy to confront; there is fear associated with this region, as the ancients gave it an association with death and the grave. The old cliché from horror films “don’t go into the cellar” aptly expresses this fear in modern terms. Yet if we do not go down into the cellar, the Thing in the basement will eventually come up the stairs for us or cause all hell to break loose down there…so we are forced to go down and find the heart of the mystery. We have to excavate the foundation of this temple to uncover all its bones so that we can see what we are resting our whole lives upon. This is somewhat like the 8th, but with an important difference – in the 8th, if the situation is ignored then what is hidden will ultimately arise from the deeps, uncontrolled, ravenous and starved of light, while in the 4th it will remain buried, rooting us in a blockage, and perhaps lead to a slow rot that eventually collapses the foundation of the house that is our life. And it is also somewhat like the 12th, but where the 12th leaves us with no other course but to accept the results of the past and chalk up any failures to experience, the 4th as an angular temple empowers us to do something with what we inherit from it. So, it says, your parents hit you when you were a kid? That sucks. What will you do about that now? Are you going to let that continue to hurt you, long after it is history?


A large part of the initial part of this excavating is in coming to terms with our relationship to our parents and any experiences in our life with them that may have shaped us in a certain way. Traditionally this place is often called the place of the father, but this is clearly a product of the misogynistic way in which boys and girls were given different value by society. Some astrologers divide our mother and father between the 4th and the 10th temples, but they have differing philosophies and ideas about why and which parent belongs to which temple. In my experience the 10th temple does have a connection to our parents but it is much stronger and far more direct in the 4th, and it has always worked well for me to just consider both parents as being represented by the 4th, but especially the parent we bonded with or the one we had the most domestic time with.

Whatever the specifics, whether they are biological parents, adoptive parents, guardian angels or secret aunts, the 4th resonates with their early conditioning of our character. This includes their total absence because we are talking about the emotional needs of a child to be protected and nurtured here. Because this is a place of power the symbolism can be very literal in some cases. For instance, from my own father I learned about mortality because he died a week before I turned 13. I learned from him the fragility of life, how it can change in an instant and never be the same, and for many years the intensity of these impressions overwhelmed all other memories of him. Later, however, I was able to look back and uncover many memories and impressions that were made before he left, which lay beneath the emotive power of the memories surrounding his death. I could then remember the times he played with me and taught me how joyful and wondrous life was, without the pain of losing him overwhelming my emotions. I could remember him planting daffodil bulbs with me when I was 3 years old, showing me how deep they needed to be and which way they needed to be inserted, getting my hands and nails into the cold soil with glee, and then watching them grow day by day in the back of our garden with even more. So he gave me a very early appreciation of nature which has stayed with me ever since, but until I came to remember this gift it remained buried within me, underneath the disturbing memories of his death. I have Taurus on the cusp of the 4th temple, and Taurus is the sign of nature and planting. I also have Saturn on the cusp of this temple – the planet of separation, maturation and death. The consequences of his death – Saturn – had occluded my vision of the (Taurus themed) memory – I only knew it as ‘planting flowers makes me feel strangely sad’. It took a long time and lots of patient and continued effort (Saturn) but eventually I excavated those lost memories. So it is with every memory, not just those which make powerful impressions on our astral body. They are all infinitely deep. Our astral body is in effect the sum total of all our personal impressions of and reactions to personal events. ALL of them. When you think about that, its mind bogglingly complicated.


When we genuflect on this it becomes quickly apparent that our parents also carried such conditioning and theirs too, and so on in a line we cannot trace back to its origins, for it stretches into complete obscurity, back beyond the recorded memories of even our most distant ancestors. Vast tapestries of connected memory palaces then reveal themselves, half hidden in the shade at all times but often anchored in place by family lines that can be traced and tell its tales. So our parents or more specifically our relationship to our early guardians and protectors and our progenitors are fundamental properties of this region of space, which lies below where we are born, in the direction of our ancestral bones in the ground. Yet even underneath this layer there are more, for the causes of our childhood experiences are not just the way our parents treat us but the way theirs treated them, and so on back, and we may then see the workings of karma in the 4th temple, because in large part its content must arise from the choices we have made in other lives, sometimes as our own ancestors. This is what is truly buried here – the complex foundation or memory of previous being, a staggering trove of treasures with which we have emerged into this world through having clothed ourselves in it pre-natally. Most people will only see their mother, father or guardians from childhood reflected here. Only the deepest introspection can lay a path to the deeper pre-natal memories, but they and the process of uncovering them are encoded here in astrological script. The other astrally focused temples – the 8th and 12th – are also founded in their own way on karmic circumstances arising from the past, but neither have the direct relevance and impact of the 4th as a place of power. It must also be made clear that all planets and all of astrology are rooted in past life memories and experiences, and that karma is therefore present in every part of the chart, however the 4th temple is especially concerned with the past and so with these matters and furthermore with the specific human experience of recovering memories of them. The Tail of the Dragon is another very significant point in this regard, as are the influences of Saturn.

Of course, our nationality is also a major theme of our early conditioning – a person born and raised in India will have a very different experience than one born in Brazil, for example, and while it does not show which culture we belong to, the 4th temple does show the connection we have to that native culture, our experience of being part of it, in much the same way as it shows our experience of being part of a family. This too is a very powerful factor in our lives overall and can be a major pattern in our incarnation cycle. We get karma with nations and tribes and families of all kinds. The ancient texts also attribute this place with the events that occur following ones death, when we are in the grave ourselves and observe events from the astral, but this has fallen out of use in modern astrology as our cultures have moved away from celebrating life in death towards a more fearful and taboo attitude to burial. In other words I suggest that our cultures move towards a less enlightened view of death (trying to forget it as soon as possible, and discarding most of the cultural rituals that honour our ancestors) has eroded our knowledge of this part of the 4th temples meaning, it is a part of the temple abandoned and in poor condition. This is partly why the meanings of astrological temples vary slightly from culture to culture and time to time – they are translated by human culture. The temples step down the vast cosmic play of forces (displayed by planets and signs and aspects) into temporal and spatial experience – consequently, we shape them as they shape us. Meditation on this matter considering that the temples are formed from the daily rotation of the Earth (primary motion) unfolds many deep mysteries on the nature of time, space and the mechanism by which astrological effects are produced. These revelations are not easy to put into words.

So in summation the 4th is the influence of the past, especially childhood and the guardians of childhood, the connection we have to our native culture and our buried memories of past lives which have a direct but often ‘underground’ bearing on the current one. Furthermore, since it is sourced in these foundational experiences the 4th temple is connected with establishing a base, hence, with our homes and our private life behind closed doors as adults, and with the basis or basics of anything. In a temple cycle, whatever was begun and born by the 1st temple lays a foundation – finds a home – in the 4th. In this way astrology draws a direct parallel between the place we call our own home, the influence of our parents in childhood, and the deep patterns of our incarnation history. Its challenge is to uncover the buried significance to our habits and early life experiences as a child. It shows us an ideal kind of home for our inner nature, one that will support and nurture us, the kind of quality we should invite into our homes in order for them to be healthy environments for us to live, and if we have an emphasis in this area of life (by the birth chart or through the 26 keys), we will spend our time laying down all kinds of platforms upon which future structures or even empires can be built. It can in adult life show our role as parents, based on our experience with our own parents – another example of how karmic influences shape family down generations, but our role as a parent shows up more directly in the 5th temple. Finally, from a hermetic perspective, and as the ancient texts state, this temple describes the qualities of the astral realm inhabited by the soul prior to and following its incarnation, the astral foundation of being which occurs before physical incarnation in the womb and its immediate resting place after death. In this temple we can investigate some of the reasons for our current incarnation, as it can reveal what they were and more significantly why they have a bearing now. We can see what we are founding this existence upon, the bottom line upon which it all rests. Without a strong anchor here, any chart will be cast adrift on the seas of change that life will inevitably bring, and there will be little we can call a haven from the storm. The sign opening this temple and its ruling planet as well as any planets found within this temple will be extremely sensitive to all these issues.

Concepts: Privacy, domestic life, family and parents, childhood, background, roots, basis, landed property, memories, influence of the past, end of life, way we may be remembered after death.
Ancient Terms: Underground Place, Bottom of the Heavens, Lake or Heart of Duat. 

On Conduction

Greetings, and welcome back to Journeys! This month I’m sharing with you a re-written and edited selection of some of the sections on conduction which I had to remove from The 26 Keys for space reasons and a discussion on involving astrological aspects in conduction which was completely removed for clarity reasons. See “Between the Lights” for more on this topic. journey deeper…